WoRMS taxon details

Penares Gray, 1867

131992  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131992)

accepted
Genus
Stelletta helleri Schmidt, 1864 accepted as Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) (type by original designation)
Papyrula Schmidt, 1868 (junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Taxonomy Penares helleri (type species of Penares) has been shown to be a Geodiidae, according to Cárdenas et al 2010 and 2011. For...  
Taxonomy Penares helleri (type species of Penares) has been shown to be a Geodiidae, according to Cárdenas et al 2010 and 2011. For that reason Penares, formerly assigned to Ancorinidae, is now (tentatively) reassigned to Geodiidae. This decision means that the the major synapomorphy of the family, sterrasters/aspidasters, is assumed to have become lost. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Penares Gray, 1867. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131992 on 2018-06-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-11-18 11:48:22Z
changed
2008-08-10 12:15:54Z
changed
2012-04-18 09:56:13Z
changed
2012-04-19 09:30:54Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofJasplakina de Laubenfels, 1954) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1954). The Sponges of the West-Central Pacific. Oregon State Monographs. Studies in Zoology. 7: i-x, 1-306,pls I-XII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPachamphilla Lendenfeld, 1907) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1907). Die Tetraxonia. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf der Dampfer Valdivia 1898-1899 11(1-2): i-iv, 59-374, pls IX-XLVI.  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPapyrula Schmidt, 1868) Schmidt, O. (1868). Die Spongien der Küste von Algier. Mit Nachträgen zu den Spongien des Adriatischen Meeres (Drittes Supplement). (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-iv, 1-44, pls I-V.  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Uriz, M.J. (2002). Family Ancorinidae Schmidt, 1870, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 108-126 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cárdenas, P.; Rapp, H.T.; Schander, C.; Tendal, O.S. (2010). Molecular taxonomy and phylogeny of the Geodiidae (Porifera,Demospongiae, Astrophorida) - combining phylogenetic and Linnaean classification. Zoologica Scripta. 39 (1): 89-106., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2009.00402.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cárdenas, P.; Xavier, J.R.; Reveillaud, J.; Schander, C.; Rapp, H.T. (2011). Molecular Phylogeny of the Astrophorida (Porifera, Demospongiaep) Reveals an Unexpected High Level of Spicule Homoplasy. PLoS ONE. 6 (4), e18318., available online at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018318 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Topsent, E. (1894). Etude monographique des spongiaires de France. I.Tetractinellida. Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale. (3) 2:259-400, pls XI-XVI.
page(s): 356 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Chombard, C.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Tillier, S. 1998. Reassessment of Homology of Morphological Characters in Tetractinellid Sponges Based on Molecular Data. Systematic Biology 47(3): 351-366. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofPapyrula Schmidt, 1868) Uriz, M.J. (2002). Family Ancorinidae Schmidt, 1870, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 108-126 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofPachamphilla Lendenfeld, 1907) Uriz, M.J. (2002). Family Ancorinidae Schmidt, 1870, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 108-126 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofJasplakina de Laubenfels, 1954) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J.; de Voogd, N.J. (2010). Skeletons in confusion: a review of astrophorid sponges with (dicho-)calthrops as structural megascleres (Porifera, Demospongiae, Astrophorida). Zookeys. 68: 1-88. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Type locality 
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy Penares helleri (type species of Penares) has been shown to be a Geodiidae, according to Cárdenas et al 2010 and 2011. For that reason Penares, formerly assigned to Ancorinidae, is now (tentatively) reassigned to Geodiidae. This decision means that the the major synapomorphy of the family, sterrasters/aspidasters, is assumed to have become lost. [details]