WoRMS taxon details

Axinella Schmidt, 1862

131774  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131774)

accepted
Genus
Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862 (type by subsequent designation)
Species Axinella acanthelloides Pattanayak, 2006
Species Axinella alba (Descatoire, 1966)
Species Axinella alborana Sitjà & Maldonado, 2014
Species Axinella amorpha Tanita & Hoshino, 1989
Species Axinella anamesa (de Laubenfels, 1957)
Species Axinella antarctica (Koltun, 1964)
Species Axinella arborescens Ridley & Dendy, 1886
Species Axinella arctica (Vosmaer, 1885)
Species Axinella aruensis (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Axinella australiensis Bergquist, 1970
Species Axinella babici Vacelet, 1961
Species Axinella badungensis Alvarez, de Voogd & van Soest, 2016
Species Axinella balinensis Alvarez, de Voogd & van Soest, 2016
Species Axinella bidderi Burton, 1959
Species Axinella blanca Koltun, 1959
Species Axinella brondstedi Bergquist, 1970
Species Axinella bubarinoides Dendy, 1922
Species Axinella cannabina (Esper, 1794)
Species Axinella centrotylota Pansini, 1984
Species Axinella ceylonensis (Dendy, 1905)
Species Axinella cinnamomea (Nardo, 1833)
Species Axinella clathrata Dendy, 1897
Species Axinella columna Sim, Kim & Byeon, 1990
Species Axinella convexa Hoshino, 1981
Species Axinella copiosa Thiele, 1898
Species Axinella cornua Sim, Kim & Byeon, 1990
Species Axinella corrugata (George & Wilson, 1919)
Species Axinella crassa (Carter, 1885)
Species Axinella crinita Thiele, 1905
Species Axinella cylindratus Hoshino, 1981
Species Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794)
Species Axinella digitiformis Lehnert & van Soest, 1996
Species Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866)
Species Axinella donnani (Bowerbank, 1873)
Species Axinella dragmaxioides Burton, 1959
Species Axinella egregia sensu Topsent, 1892
Species Axinella elegans (Dendy, 1924)
Species Axinella estacioi Carballo & Garcia-Gomez, 1995
Species Axinella flabelloreticulata Burton, 1959
Species Axinella flustra Topsent, 1892
Species Axinella globula Brøndsted, 1924
Species Axinella guiteli Topsent, 1896
Species Axinella halichondrioides Dendy, 1905
Species Axinella hispida Koltun, 1959
Species Axinella incrustans Thiele, 1898
Species Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759)
Species Axinella kirki Dendy, 1897
Species Axinella labyrinthica Dendy, 1889
Species Axinella lamellata (Dendy, 1905)
Species Axinella lesueuri Topsent, 1932
Species Axinella lifouensis Lévi & Lévi, 1983
Species Axinella loribellae Alvarez & Hooper, 2009
Species Axinella macrostyla Babiç, 1922
Species Axinella mahonensis Ferrer-Hernandez, 1916
Species Axinella manus Dendy, 1905
Species Axinella massalis Burton, 1959
Species Axinella meandroides Alvarez, van Soest & Rützler, 1998
Species Axinella meloniformis Carter, 1885
Species Axinella minor Thomas, 1981
Species Axinella minuta Lévi, 1957
Species Axinella natalensis (Kirkpatrick, 1903)
Species Axinella parva Picton & Goodwin, 2007
Species Axinella perlucida Topsent, 1896
Species Axinella pilifera Carter, 1885
Species Axinella plumosa (Lévi & Lévi, 1983)
Species Axinella polycapella de Laubenfels, 1953
Species Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862
Species Axinella pomponiae Alvarez, van Soest & Rützler, 1998
Species Axinella profunda Ridley & Dendy, 1886
Species Axinella proliferans Ridley, 1884
Species Axinella pseudominuta Bibiloni, 1993
Species Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922
Species Axinella pyramidata Stephens, 1916
Species Axinella quercifolia (Keller, 1889)
Species Axinella richardsoni Bergquist, 1970
Species Axinella rugosa (Bowerbank, 1866)
Species Axinella salicina Schmidt, 1868
Species Axinella setosa Hentschel, 1929
Species Axinella shoemakeri (Laubenfels, 1936)
Species Axinella sinoxea Alvarez & Hooper, 2009
Species Axinella solenoeides de Laubenfels, 1957
Species Axinella spatula Sitjà & Maldonado, 2014
Species Axinella symbiotica Whitelegge, 1907
Species Axinella tenuidigitata Dendy, 1905
Species Axinella tenuis Thiele, 1898
Species Axinella torquata Brøndsted, 1924
Species Axinella trichophora Hentschel, 1929
Species Axinella vaceleti Pansini, 1984
Species Axinella vasonuda Topsent, 1904
Species Axinella vellerea Topsent, 1904
Species Axinella ventilabrum Burton, 1959
Species Axinella vermiculata Whitelegge, 1907
Species Axinella verrucosa (Esper, 1794)
Species Axinella villosa Carter, 1885
Species Axinella waltonsmithi (de Laubenfels, 1953)
Species Axinella weltnerii (Lendenfeld, 1897)

Species Axinella inflata Lendenfeld, 1888 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Axinella obtusa Lendenfeld, 1888 (taxon inquirendum)

Subgenus Axinella (Homaxinella) Topsent, 1916 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862
Subgenus Axinella (Stylissa) Hallmann, 1914 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862
Species Axinella acanthifera George & Wilson, 1919 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) acanthifera (George & Wilson, 1919) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella acerata Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) stelliderma (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Axinella agariciformis (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Dragmacidon agariciforme (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella agnata Topsent, 1896 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) agnata (Topsent, 1896) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella appressa Verrill, 1907 accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Axinella atropurpurea Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) atropurpurea (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella aurantiaca Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Ceratopsion aurantiacum (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella axifera Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Ceratopsion axiferum (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella balfourensis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Homaxinella balfourensis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Clathria (Clathria) barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella bookhouti Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960 accepted as Axinella polycapella de Laubenfels, 1953 (junior synonym)
Species Axinella calyciformis (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Axinella arctica (Vosmaer, 1885) (synonym)
Species Axinella carteri (Dendy, 1889) accepted as Stylissa carteri (Dendy, 1889) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella chalinoides Carter, 1885 accepted as Echinoclathria chalinoides (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella cladoflagellata Carter, 1886 accepted as Echinoclathria chalinoides (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Axinella clava Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Rhizaxinella clava (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella coccinea Carter, 1886 accepted as Iotrochota coccinea (Carter, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella colvillii Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Ciocalypta tyleri Bowerbank, 1873 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Axinella conulosa (Dendy, 1922) accepted as Stylissa conulosa (Dendy, 1922) (genus transfer & Synonym)
Species Axinella cristagalli Maas, 1894 accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella distorta (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866) (junior synonym)
Species Axinella durissima (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Dragmacidon durissimum (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella echidnaea sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Reniochalina stalagmitis Lendenfeld, 1888 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Axinella egregia (Ridley, 1881) accepted as Dragmacidon egregium (Ridley, 1881) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella erecta (Carter, 1876) accepted as Acanthella erecta (Carter, 1876) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella euctimena (Hentschel, 1912) accepted as Phakettia euctimena (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella fibrosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Dragmacidon fibrosum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella flabellata Carter, 1885 accepted as Sigmaxinella flabellata (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella foveolaria (Nardo, 1833) accepted as Axinella cannabina (Esper, 1794) (junior synonym)
Species Axinella frondula Whitelegge, 1907 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) frondula (Whitelegge, 1907) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella glabrata Burton, 1954 accepted as Hymeniacidon glabrata Burton, 1954 (junior synonym)
Species Axinella gracilis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) gracilis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella hirondellei (Topsent, 1890) accepted as Phakellia hirondellei Topsent, 1890 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Axinella hispida (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) hispida (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella lamellata Bergquist, 1961 accepted as Cymbastela lamellata (Bergquist, 1961) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella lunaecharta Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Dragmacidon lunaecharta (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella mammillata Hanitsch, 1890 accepted as Polymastia spinula Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Axinella mariana Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) mariana (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella massa Carter, 1887 accepted as Stylissa massa (Carter, 1887) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella mastigophora Lindgren, 1897 accepted as Phakellia radiata (Dendy, 1916) (erroneous authorship and misspelling)
Species Axinella mastophora Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Acanthella mastophora (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella mexicana de Laubenfels, 1935 accepted as Dragmacidon mexicanum (de Laubenfels, 1935) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella microdragma (Lendenfeld, 1897) accepted as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (junior synonym)
Species Axinella monticularis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Aulospongus monticularis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella multiformis (Vosmaer, 1885) accepted as Acanthella multiformis Vosmaer, 1885 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Axinella nanaspiculata Hartman, 1955 accepted as Amphimedon nanaspiculata (Hartman, 1955) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (misapplied genus name)
Species Axinella padina Topsent, 1896 accepted as Axinella flustra Topsent, 1892 (junior synonym)
Species Axinella paradoxa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Axinyssa paradoxa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella pedunculata Topsent, 1896 accepted as Auletta pedunculata (Topsent, 1896) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella phrix (Laubenfels, 1954) accepted as Phakettia phrix (Laubenfels, 1954) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella pocillum (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (junior synonym)
Species Axinella pumila Keller, 1889 accepted as Higginsia pumila (Keller, 1889) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella ramosa Burton, 1954 accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Axinella retepora (Lendenfeld, 1887) accepted as Echinoclathria retepora (Lendenfeld, 1887) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella rosacea Verrill, 1907 accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer and status change)
Species Axinella rudis Verrill, 1907 accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Axinella rugosa Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Ceratopsion rugosum (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella sanguinea Burton, 1933 accepted as Dragmacidon sanguineum (Burton, 1933) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella setacea Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) pinnatifida (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Axinella sinclairi (Gray, 1843) accepted as Pararhaphoxya sinclairi (Gray, 1847) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella solida Carter, 1885 accepted as Rhaphoxya solida (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella stelliderma Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) stelliderma (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella subdola (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Homaxinella subdola (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella supratumescens Topsent, 1907 accepted as Homaxinella balfourensis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Axinella tenella Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) tenella (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella thielei (Topsent, 1898) accepted as Higginsia thielei Topsent, 1898 (genus transfer)
Species Axinella tricalyciformis Bergquist, 1970 accepted as Cymbastela lamellata (Bergquist, 1961) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Axinella tuberosa (Topsent, 1928) accepted as Dragmacidon tuberosum Topsent, 1928 (genus transfer)
Species Axinella tubulosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Auletta tubulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Axinella variabilis (Vosmaer, 1882) accepted as Semisuberites cribrosa (Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Axinella vermiculata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Bubaris vermiculata (Bowerbank, 1866)
Species Axinella verrucosa Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Axinella brondstedi Bergquist, 1970 (preoccupied)
Species Axinella virgultosa Carter, 1887 accepted as Phakettia virgultosa (Carter, 1887) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Axinella Schmidt, 1862. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131774 on 2018-07-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-07-26 10:32:29Z
changed
2007-08-10 14:08:54Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPseudaxinella Schmidt, 1875) Schmidt, O. (1875). Spongien. Die Expedition zur physikalisch-chemischen und biologischen Untersuchung der Nordsee im Sommer 1872. Jahresbericht der Commission zur Wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der Deutschen Meere in Kiel. 2-3: 115-120, pl. I. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofTragosia Gray, 1867) Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofAxinosia Hallmann, 1914) Hallmann, E.F. (1914). A revision of the monaxonid species described as new in Lendenfeld’s ‘Catalogue of the Sponges in the Australian Museum. Part I, II, III. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 39: 263-315, 327-376, 398-446, pls XV-XXIV. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChalinissa Lendenfeld, 1887) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1887). Die Chalineen des australischen Gebietes. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Jena. 2: 723-828, pls XVIII-XXVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofTeichaxinella Laubenfels, 1936) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication. 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 128 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofAxidragma Hallmann, 1917) Hallmann, E.F. (1917 [1916]). A revision of the genera with microscleres included, or provisionally included, in the family Axinellidae; with descriptions of some Australian species. Part III. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 41 (164): 634-675, pls XXIX, figs 3, 5, 6; XXXIII, fig. 6; XXXVIII, figs 5-9. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofQuerciclona Laubenfels, 1936) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication. 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 46 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Alvarez, B.; Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Axinellidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 724-747. In Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Nomenclator Zoologicus Online. , available online at http://uio.mbl.edu/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

additional source Desqueyroux-Faúndez, R.; Stone, S.M. (1992). O. Schmidt Sponge Catalogue. An illustrated guide to the Graz Museum Collection, with notes on additional material. Muséum d’Histoire naturelle: Geneva. 1-190, pls 1-49. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofPseudaxinella Schmidt, 1875) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofPseudaxinella Schmidt, 1875) Alvarez, B.; Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Axinellidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 724-747. In Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofPseudaxinella Schmidt, 1875) Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofTragosia Gray, 1867) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofTragosia Gray, 1867) Dendy, A. (1922). Note on the Genus Tragosia, Gray. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 9 (50): 169-174. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofAxinella (Homaxinella) Topsent, 1916) Vacelet, J.; Vasseur, P.; Lévi, C. (1976). Spongiaires de la pente externe des récifs coralliens de Tuléar (Sud-Ouest de Madagascar). Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (A, Zoologie). 49:1-116, pls I-X.
page(s): 42 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofAxinella (Stylissa) Hallmann, 1914) Vacelet, J.; Vasseur, P.; Lévi, C. (1976). Spongiaires de la pente externe des récifs coralliens de Tuléar (Sud-Ouest de Madagascar). Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (A, Zoologie). 49:1-116, pls I-X.
page(s): 43 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofAxidragma Hallmann, 1917) Alvarez, B.; Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Axinellidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 724-747. In Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChalinissa Lendenfeld, 1887) Alvarez, B.; Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Axinellidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 724-747. In Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofAxinosia Hallmann, 1914) Alvarez, B.; Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Axinellidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 724-747. In Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 



Axinella polypoides
 Axinella polypoides
[image from typetaxon]

Original Plate of Schmidt's (1862) Axinella polypoides
 Original Plate of S...
[image from typetaxon]