WoRMS taxon details

Ircinia Nardo, 1833

131751  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131751)

accepted
Genus
Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (type by subsequent designation)
Species Ircinia akaroa Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Ircinia anomala (Dendy, 1905)
Species Ircinia arbuscula (Hyatt, 1877)
Species Ircinia aruensis (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Ircinia arundinacea (Carter, 1880)
Species Ircinia atrovirens (Keller, 1889)
Species Ircinia aucklandensis Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Ircinia bakusi Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
Species Ircinia bergquistia Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
Species Ircinia cactiformis (Rao, 1941)
Species Ircinia cactus (Lendenfeld, 1889)
Species Ircinia caliculata (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Ircinia campana (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Ircinia canus Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017
Species Ircinia chevreuxi (Topsent, 1894)
Species Ircinia chupoensis Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017
Species Ircinia clavata (Thiele, 1905)
Species Ircinia collectrix (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Ircinia colossa Calcinai, Bastari, Bertolino & Pansini, 2017
Species Ircinia condensa (Topsent, 1894)
Species Ircinia conulosa (Ridley, 1884)
Species Ircinia cuspidata (Wilson, 1902)
Species Ircinia cylindracea Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976
Species Ircinia dendroides (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Ircinia dendroides (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Ircinia dickinsoni (Laubenfels, 1936)
Species Ircinia digitata (Topsent, 1894)
Species Ircinia echinata (Keller, 1889)
Species Ircinia ectofibrosa (George & Wilson, 1919)
Species Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Ircinia filamentosa (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Ircinia fistulosa Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Ircinia flagelliformis (Carter, 1886)
Species Ircinia friabilis (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Ircinia fusca (Carter, 1880)
Species Ircinia gapaensis Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
Species Ircinia globulosa Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
Species Ircinia hummelincki van Soest, 1978
Species Ircinia incrustans Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
Species Ircinia intertexta (Hyatt, 1877)
Species Ircinia irregularis (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Ircinia jejuensis Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
Species Ircinia lacuna Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017
Species Ircinia lapillus Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
Species Ircinia lendenfeldi de Laubenfels, 1948
Species Ircinia marginalis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Ircinia microconulosa Pulitzer-Finali, 1982
Species Ircinia munsumensis Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
Species Ircinia mureungensis Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
Species Ircinia mutans (Wilson, 1925)
Species Ircinia novaezealandiae Bergquist, 1961
Species Ircinia oligoceras (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Ircinia oros (Schmidt, 1864)
Species Ircinia pauciarenaria Boury-Esnault, 1973
Species Ircinia paucifilamentosa Vacelet, 1961
Species Ircinia paupera (Thiele, 1905)
Species Ircinia pellita (Rao, 1941)
Species Ircinia pilosa Pulitzer-Finali, 1982
Species Ircinia pinna (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Ircinia procumbens (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Ircinia radicula Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017
Species Ircinia ramodigitata (Burton, 1934)
Species Ircinia ramosa (Keller, 1889)
Species Ircinia rectilinea (Hyatt, 1877)
Species Ircinia repens Sandes & Pinheiro, 2014
Species Ircinia reteplana (Topsent, 1923)
Species Ircinia retidermata Pulitzer-Finali & Pronzato, 1981
Species Ircinia rubra (Lendenfeld, 1889)
Species Ircinia schulzei (Dendy, 1905)
Species Ircinia selaginea (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Ircinia sergipana Sandes & Pinheiro, 2014
Species Ircinia solida (Esper, 1794)
Species Ircinia spiculosa (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Ircinia stipitata (Topsent, 1894)
Species Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816)
Species Ircinia subaspera Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Ircinia tintinnabula (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Ircinia tristis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Ircinia truncata (Topsent, 1894)
Species Ircinia tuberosa (Dendy, 1905)
Species Ircinia tunica Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017
Species Ircinia turrita Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Ircinia undulans Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Ircinia vallata (Dendy, 1887)
Species Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Ircinia vestibulata (Szymanski, 1904)
Species Ircinia wistarii Wilkinson, 1978

Species Ircinia favosa (Lieberkühn, 1859) (taxon inquirendum, incertae sedis)
Species Ircinia solida (Carter, 1885) (taxon inquirendum)

Species Ircinia formosana Shen, Lo, Lin, Khalil, Kuo & Shih, 2006 (nomen nudum)

Subgenus Ircinia (Sarcotragus) Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Sarcotragus Schmidt, 1862 (status change)
Species Ircinia acuta (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
Species Ircinia aligera (Burton, 1928) accepted as Sarcotragus aliger (Burton, 1928) (genus transfer)
Species Ircinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889) accepted as Sarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Ircinia cartilaginea (Esper, 1794) accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) cartilaginea (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer)
Species Ircinia clathrata (Carter, 1881) accepted as Hyattella intestinalis (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Ircinia fasciculata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Sarcotragus fasciculatus (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Ircinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Ircinia fasciculata sensu de Laubenfels, 1949 accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Ircinia fistularis (Verrill, 1907) accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (junior synonym)
Species Ircinia flavescens (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer)
Species Ircinia foetida (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus assignment and junior synonym)
Species Ircinia funiculata Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 accepted as Psammocinia vesiculifera (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Ircinia gigantea (Lendenfeld, 1888) accepted as Ircinia irregularis (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Ircinia grobulosa Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016 accepted as Ircinia globulosa Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016 (misspelling of species name (lapsus calami))
Species Ircinia hebes (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Ircinia hirsuta (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Ircinia hospitum Nardo, 1833 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Ircinia jacksoniana Bergquist, 1980 accepted as Ircinia lendenfeldi de Laubenfels, 1948 (junior synonym)
Species Ircinia lingua (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Ircinia linguiformis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
Species Ircinia longispina (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
Species Ircinia muscarum (Schmidt, 1864) accepted as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus assignment and junior synonym)
Species Ircinia panicea (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Ircinia pipetta (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Sarcotragus pipetta (Schmidt, 1868) (genus transfer)
Species Ircinia rigida Nardo, 1833 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
Species Ircinia spinosula (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Ircinia spongiastrum Nardo, 1833 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
Species Ircinia tenax Nardo, 1833 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
Species Ircinia typica (Nardo, 1847) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
Species Ircinia verrucosa (Lieberkühn, 1869) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).  [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Taxonomy All Nardo's 1833 Ircinia names are nomina nuda. Pronzato et al. (2004) proposed to indicate Ircinia spongiastrum as type...  
Taxonomy All Nardo's 1833 Ircinia names are nomina nuda. Pronzato et al. (2004) proposed to indicate Ircinia spongiastrum as type species. This is very likely a growth form of the common Adriatic species Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862). This type species designation counteracts earlier attempts at type species designation by a.o. De Laubenfels (1948) and Cook & Bergquist (2002) which involved species not originally included in Ircinia when Nardo erected the genus. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Ircinia Nardo, 1833. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131751 on 2018-07-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-04-18 08:09:46Z
changed
2011-07-25 12:16:09Z
changed
2018-05-05 14:05:17Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofHircinia Nardo, 1834) Nardo, G.D. (1834). De Spongiis. Isis (Oken), Coll.: 714-716. [details]   

original description  (ofHircinia (Euricinia) Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von. (1889). Die Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der Hornschwämme. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik,Geographie und Biologie der Thiere. 4(1): 1-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPolytherses Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P.; Michelotti, G. (1864). Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem. 21(2): 1-124, pls I-XXV.
page(s): 67-68 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofStematumenia Bowerbank, 1845) Bowerbank, J.S. (1845). Observations on the Spongiadae, with descriptions of some new genera. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (1) 16 (107): 400-410, pls XIII-XIV.
page(s): 406-408 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofFilifera Lieberkühn, 1859) Lieberkühn, N. (1859). Neue Beiträge zur Anatomie der Spongien. Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie. 30(3): 353-382, 515-529, pls IX-XI. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofDysidicinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50. , available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1 [details]   

original description  (ofHircinella Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50. , available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1 [details]   

original description  (ofEuricinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50. , available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1 [details]   

original description  (ofEuricinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von. (1889). Die Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der Hornschwämme. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik,Geographie und Biologie der Thiere. 4(1): 1-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofHircinia (Hircinella) Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50. , available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 564 [details]   

original description  (ofHircinia (Dysidicinia) Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50. , available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 565 [details]   

original description  (ofFilifera (Hircinia) Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 32 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R. (2002). Family Irciniidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1022-1027. In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pronzato, R.; Malva, R.; Manconi, R. (2004). The taxonomic status of Ircinia fasciculata, Ircinia felix, and Ircinia variabilis (Dictyoceratida, Irciinidae). In: Pansini M, Pronzato R, Bavestrello G, Manconi R, Sarà M (eds) Sponge Science in the New Millenium. Papers contributed to the VI International Sponge Conference Rapallo (Italy) 29 September – 5 October 2002. Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici della Univertità di Genova. 68: 553-563. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fol, H. (1890). On the Anatomy of Horny Sponges belonging to the Genus Hircinia, and on a new Genus. The Annals and Magazine of natural History, 6: 172-174.
page(s): 172 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Garrone, R.; Vacelet, J.; Pavans de Ceccatty, M; Junqua, S.; Robert , L..; Huc, A. (1973). Une formation de collagène particulière: les filaments des éponges cornées Ircinia. Etude ultrastructurale, physico-chimique & biochimique. Journal de Microscopie. 17: 241-260. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Vacelet, J. (1959). Répartition générale des éponges et systématique des éponges cornées de la région de Marseille et de quelques stations méditerranéennes. Recueil des Travaux de la Station marine d’Endoume. 16 (26): 39-101, pls 1-3.
page(s): 89 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Bergquist, P.R. (1980). A revision of the supraspecific classification of the orders Dictyoceratida, Dendroceratida and Verongida (class Demospongiae). New Zealand Journal of Zoology. 7 (4): 443-503.
page(s): 464-466 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofHircinia Nardo, 1834) Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R. (2002). Family Irciniidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1022-1027. In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofHircinia Nardo, 1834) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofHircinia Nardo, 1834) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50. , available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 526-554 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHircinia (Euricinia) Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50. , available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 554 [details]   

basis of record  (ofPolytherses Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Van Soest, R.W.M. (1978). Marine sponges from Curaçao and other Caribbean localities. Part I. Keratosa. In: Hummelinck, P.W. & Van der Steen, L.J. (Eds), Uitgaven van de Natuurwetenschappelijke Studiekring voor Suriname en de Nederlandse Antillen. No. 94. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 56 (179): 1–94. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofPolytherses Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Wiedenmayer, F. (1977). Shallow-water sponges of the western Bahamas. Experientia Supplementum. 28: 1-287, pls 1-43. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofEuricinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Hooper, J.N.A.; Wiedenmayer, F. (1994). Porifera. Zoological Catalogue of Australia (CSIRO: Melbourne). 12: 1-620., available online at https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/PORIFERA [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofDysidicinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R. (2002). Family Irciniidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1022-1027. In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofHircinella Lendenfeld, 1889) Hooper, J.N.A.; Wiedenmayer, F. (1994). Porifera. Zoological Catalogue of Australia (CSIRO: Melbourne). 12: 1-620., available online at https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/PORIFERA [details]   

basis of record  (ofFilifera Lieberkühn, 1859) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 30-31 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofDysidicinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Hooper, J.N.A.; Wiedenmayer, F. (1994). Porifera. Zoological Catalogue of Australia (CSIRO: Melbourne). 12: 1-620., available online at https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/PORIFERA [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy All Nardo's 1833 Ircinia names are nomina nuda. Pronzato et al. (2004) proposed to indicate Ircinia spongiastrum as type species. This is very likely a growth form of the common Adriatic species Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862). This type species designation counteracts earlier attempts at type species designation by a.o. De Laubenfels (1948) and Cook & Bergquist (2002) which involved species not originally included in Ircinia when Nardo erected the genus. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
 



Ircinia sp., 50-110 m Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-FGBNMS/UNCW-UVP. Identifications by C. Savarese and K. Ruetzler. For more information see: http://flowergarden.noaa.gov/document_library/scidocs/spongeposter.pdf 
 

Ircinia sp., 50-110 m Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-FGBNMS/UNCW-UVP. Identifications by C. Savarese and K. Ruetzler. For more information see: http://flowergarden.noaa.gov/document_library/scidocs/spongeposter.pdf 
 

Ircinia sp., 50-110 m Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-FGBNMS/UNCW-UVP. Identifications by C. Savarese and K. Ruetzler. For more information see: http://flowergarden.noaa.gov/document_library/scidocs/spongeposter.pdf