WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia Nardo, 1833

Ircinia sp., 50-110 m Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-FGBNMS/UNCW-UVP. Identifications by C. Savarese and K. Ruetzler. For more information see: http://flowergarden.noaa.gov/document_library/scidocs/spongeposter.pdf 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor 

131751  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131751)

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (type by subsequent designation)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia akaroa Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia anomala (Dendy, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia arbuscula (Hyatt, 1877)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia aruensis (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia arundinacea (Carter, 1880)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia atrovirens (Keller, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia aucklandensis Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia cactiformis (Rao, 1941)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia cactus (Lendenfeld, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia caliculata (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia campana (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia chevreuxi (Topsent, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia clavata (Thiele, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia collectrix (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia colossa Calcinai, Bastari, Bertolino & Pansini, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia condensa (Topsent, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia conulosa (Ridley, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia cuspidata (Wilson, 1902)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia cylindracea Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia dendroides (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia dendroides (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia dickinsoni (Laubenfels, 1936)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia digitata (Topsent, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia echinata (Keller, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia ectofibrosa (George & Wilson, 1919)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia filamentosa (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fistulosa Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia flagelliformis (Carter, 1886)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia friabilis (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fusca (Carter, 1880)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia hummelincki van Soest, 1978
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia intertexta (Hyatt, 1877)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia irregularis (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia lendenfeldi de Laubenfels, 1948
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia marginalis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia microconulosa Pulitzer-Finali, 1982
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia mutans (Wilson, 1925)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia novaezealandiae Bergquist, 1961
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia oligoceras (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia oros (Schmidt, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia pauciarenaria Boury-Esnault, 1973
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia paucifilamentosa Vacelet, 1961
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia paupera (Thiele, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia pellita (Rao, 1941)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia pilosa Pulitzer-Finali, 1982
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia pinna (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia procumbens (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia ramodigitata (Burton, 1934)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia ramosa (Keller, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia rectilinea (Hyatt, 1877)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia repens Sandes & Pinheiro, 2014
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia reteplana (Topsent, 1923)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia retidermata Pulitzer-Finali & Pronzato, 1981
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia rubra (Lendenfeld, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia schulzei (Dendy, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia selaginea (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia sergipana Sandes & Pinheiro, 2014
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia solida (Esper, 1794)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia spiculosa (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia stipitata (Topsent, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia subaspera Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia tintinnabula (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia tristis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia truncata (Topsent, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia tuberosa (Dendy, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia turrita Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia undulans Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia vallata (Dendy, 1887)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia vestibulata (Szymanski, 1904)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia wistarii Wilkinson, 1978

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia favosa (Lieberkühn, 1859) (taxon inquirendum, incertae sedis)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia solida (Carter, 1885) (taxon inquirendum)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia formosana Shen, Lo, Lin, Khalil, Kuo & Shih, 2006 (nomen nudum)

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia (Sarcotragus) Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus Schmidt, 1862 (status change)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia acuta (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia aligera (Burton, 1928) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus aliger (Burton, 1928) (genus transfer)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia cartilaginea (Esper, 1794) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) cartilaginea (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia clathrata (Carter, 1881) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyattella intestinalis (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fasciculata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus fasciculatus (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fasciculata sensu de Laubenfels, 1949 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fistularis (Verrill, 1907) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia flavescens (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia foetida (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus assignment and junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia funiculata Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammocinia vesiculifera (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia gigantea (Lendenfeld, 1888) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia irregularis (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia hebes (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia hirsuta (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia hospitum Nardo, 1833 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia jacksoniana Bergquist, 1980 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia lendenfeldi de Laubenfels, 1948 (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia lingua (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia linguiformis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia longispina (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia muscarum (Schmidt, 1864) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus assignment and junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia panicea (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia pipetta (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus pipetta (Schmidt, 1868) (genus transfer)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia rigida Nardo, 1833 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia spinosula (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia spongiastrum Nardo, 1833 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia tenax Nardo, 1833 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia typica (Nardo, 1847) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia verrucosa (Lieberkühn, 1869) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).  [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy All Nardo's 1833 Ircinia names are nomina...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy All Nardo's 1833 Ircinia names are nomina nuda. Pronzato et al. (2004) proposed to indicate Ircinia spongiastrum as type species. This is very likely a growth form of the common Adriatic species Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862). This type species designation counteracts earlier attempts at type species designation by a.o. De Laubenfels (1948) and Cook & Bergquist (2002) which involved species not originally included in Ircinia when Nardo erected the genus. [details]
Boury-Esnault, N.; van Soest, R. (2011). Ircinia Nardo, 1833. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131751 on 2017-12-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-04-18 08:09:46Z
changed
2011-07-25 12:16:09Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia Nardo, 1834) Nardo, G.D. (1834). De Spongiis. Isis (Oken), Coll.: 714-716. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia (Euricinia) Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von. (1889). Die Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der Hornschwämme. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik,Geographie und Biologie der Thiere. 4(1): 1-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolytherses Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P.; Michelotti, G. (1864). Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem. 21(2): 1-124, pls I-XXV.
page(s): 67-68 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorStematumenia Bowerbank, 1845) Bowerbank, J.S. 1845b. Observations on the Spongiadae, with descriptions of some new genera. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (1) 16 (107): 400-410, pls XIII-XIV. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFilifera Lieberkühn, 1859) Lieberkühn, N. (1859). Neue Beiträge zur Anatomie der Spongien. Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie. 30(3): 353-382, 515-529, pls IX-XI. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysidicinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von 1889a. A Monograph of the Horny Sponges.(Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinella Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von 1889a. A Monograph of the Horny Sponges.(Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuricinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von 1889a. A Monograph of the Horny Sponges.(Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuricinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von. (1889). Die Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der Hornschwämme. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik,Geographie und Biologie der Thiere. 4(1): 1-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia (Hircinella) Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von 1889a. A Monograph of the Horny Sponges.(Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 564 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia (Dysidicinia) Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von 1889a. A Monograph of the Horny Sponges.(Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 565 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFilifera (Hircinia) Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 32 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Cook, S.D.C.; Bergquist, P.R. 2002. Family Irciniidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1022-1027. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pronzato, R.; Malva, R. & Manconi, R. (2004). The taxonomic status of Ircinia fasciculata, Ircinia felix, and Ircinia variabilis (Dictyoceratida, Irciinidae). Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici della Univertità di Genova. 68: 553-563. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fol, H. (1890). On the Anatomy of Horny Sponges belonging to the Genus Hircinia, and on a new Genus. The Annals and Magazine of natural History, 6: 172-174.
page(s): 172 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Garrone, R.; Vacelet, J.; Pavans de Ceccatty, M; Junqua, S.; Robert , L..; Huc, A. (1973). Une formation de collagène particulière: les filaments des éponges cornées Ircinia. Etude ultrastructurale, physico-chimique & biochimique. Journal de Microscopie. 17: 241-260. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Vacelet, J. (1959). Répartition générale des éponges et systématique des éponges cornées de la région de Marseille et de quelques stations méditerranéennes. Recueil des Travaux de la Station marine d’Endoume. 16 (26): 39-101, pls 1-3.
page(s): 89 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Bergquist, P.R. 1980b. A revision of the supraspecific classification of the orders Dictyoceratida, Dendroceratida and Verongida (class Demospongiae). New Zealand Journal of Zoology 7(4): 443-503.
page(s): 464-466 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia Nardo, 1834) Cook, S.D.C.; Bergquist, P.R. 2002. Family Irciniidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1022-1027. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia Nardo, 1834) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia Nardo, 1834) Lendenfeld, R. Von 1889a. A Monograph of the Horny Sponges.(Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 526-554 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia (Euricinia) Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von 1889a. A Monograph of the Horny Sponges.(Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 554 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolytherses Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Van Soest, R.W.M. (1978). Marine sponges from Curaçao and other Caribbean localities. Part I. Keratosa. In: Hummelinck, P.W. & Van der Steen, L.J. (Eds), Uitgaven van de Natuurwetenschappelijke Studiekring voor Suriname en de Nederlandse Antillen. No. 94. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 56 (179): 1–94. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolytherses Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Wiedenmayer, F. (1977). Shallow-water sponges of the western Bahamas. Experientia Supplementum. 28: 1-287, pls 1-43. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuricinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Hooper, J.N.A.; Wiedenmayer, F. (1994). Porifera. Zoological Catalogue of Australia (CSIRO: Melbourne). 12: 1-620., available online at http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/PORIFERA/checklist#selected [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysidicinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Cook, S.D.C.; Bergquist, P.R. 2002. Family Irciniidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1022-1027. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinella Lendenfeld, 1889) Hooper, J.N.A.; Wiedenmayer, F. (1994). Porifera. Zoological Catalogue of Australia (CSIRO: Melbourne). 12: 1-620., available online at http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/PORIFERA/checklist#selected [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFilifera Lieberkühn, 1859) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 30-31 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysidicinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Hooper, J.N.A.; Wiedenmayer, F. (1994). Porifera. Zoological Catalogue of Australia (CSIRO: Melbourne). 12: 1-620., available online at http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/PORIFERA/checklist#selected [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy All Nardo's 1833 Ircinia names are nomina nuda. Pronzato et al. (2004) proposed to indicate Ircinia spongiastrum as type species. This is very likely a growth form of the common Adriatic species Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862). This type species designation counteracts earlier attempts at type species designation by a.o. De Laubenfels (1948) and Cook & Bergquist (2002) which involved species not originally included in Ircinia when Nardo erected the genus. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
 



Ircinia sp., 50-110 m Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-FGBNMS/UNCW-UVP. Identifications by C. Savarese and K. Ruetzler. For more information see: http://flowergarden.noaa.gov/document_library/scidocs/spongeposter.pdf 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor 

Ircinia sp., 50-110 m Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-FGBNMS/UNCW-UVP. Identifications by C. Savarese and K. Ruetzler. For more information see: http://flowergarden.noaa.gov/document_library/scidocs/spongeposter.pdf 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor 

Ircinia sp., 50-110 m Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-FGBNMS/UNCW-UVP. Identifications by C. Savarese and K. Ruetzler. For more information see: http://flowergarden.noaa.gov/document_library/scidocs/spongeposter.pdf 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor