WoRMS name details

Hircinia Nardo, 1834

131750  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131750)

 unaccepted (unjustified emendation)
Genus
Ircinia spongiastrum Nardo, 1833 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (type by subsequent designation)

Species Hircinia communis Carter, 1876 (taxon inquirendum)

Subgenus Hircinia (Dysidicinia) Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Ircinia Nardo, 1833 (junior synonym)
Subgenus Hircinia (Euricinia) Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Ircinia Nardo, 1833 (junior synonym)
Subgenus Hircinia (Hircinella) Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Ircinia Nardo, 1833 (junior synonym)
Subgenus Hircinia (Polyfibrospongia) Bowerbank, 1877 accepted as Carteriospongia Hyatt, 1877 (junior synonym)
  » Species Hircinia (Polyfibrospongia) flabellifera (Bowerbank, 1877) accepted as Carteriospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Hircinia (Polyfibrospongia) gigantea Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Ircinia irregularis (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Subgenus Hircinia (Psammocinia) Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Psammocinia Lendenfeld, 1889 (rank elevation)
  » Species Hircinia (Psammocinia) arenosa Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Psammocinia arenosa (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Hircinia (Psammocinia) compacta (Poléjaeff, 1884) accepted as Psammocinia compacta (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer)
  » Species Hircinia (Psammocinia) halmiformis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Psammocinia halmiformis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
  » Species Hircinia (Psammocinia) irregularis Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Ircinia lendenfeldi de Laubenfels, 1948
  » Species Hircinia (Psammocinia) rugosa Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Psammocinia vesiculifera (Poléjaeff, 1884)
  » Species Hircinia (Psammocinia) tenella Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Psammocinia vesiculifera (Poléjaeff, 1884)
  » Species Hircinia (Psammocinia) vallata Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Psammocinia vesiculifera (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Hircinia (Psammocinia) verrucosa (Lieberkühn, 1859) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816)
Subgenus Hircinia (Sarcotragus) Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Sarcotragus Schmidt, 1862 (status change)
  » Species Hircinia (Sarcotragus) arbuscula Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Sarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Hircinia (Sarcotragus) australis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Sarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Hircinia (Sarcotragus) caliculata Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Ircinia caliculata (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Hircinia (Sarcotragus) campana (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Ircinia campana (Lamarck, 1814)
  » Species Hircinia (Sarcotragus) fasciculata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Sarcotragus fasciculatus (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
  » Species Hircinia (Sarcotragus) favosa (Lieberkühn, 1859) accepted as Ircinia favosa (Lieberkühn, 1859)
  » Species Hircinia (Sarcotragus) foetida (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862
  » Species Hircinia (Sarcotragus) muscarum Schmidt, 1864 accepted as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862
  » Species Hircinia (Sarcotragus) spinosula Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia acuta (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia anomala Dendy, 1905 accepted as Fasciospongia anomala (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia arbuscula Hyatt, 1877 accepted as Ircinia arbuscula (Hyatt, 1877) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia arbuscula Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Sarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia arenosa Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Psammocinia arenosa (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia armata (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia aruensis Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Ircinia aruensis (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia arundinacea Carter, 1880 accepted as Ircinia arundinacea (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia atra Whitfield, 1901 accepted as Iotrochota atra (Whitfield, 1901) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia atrovirens Keller, 1889 accepted as Ircinia atrovirens (Keller, 1889) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia australis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Sarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia cactiformis Rao, 1941 accepted as Ircinia cactiformis (Rao, 1941) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia cactus Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Ircinia cactus (Lendenfeld, 1889) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia caliculata Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Ircinia caliculata (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia campana (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Ircinia campana (Lamarck, 1814) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia caracasensis Carter, 1882 accepted as Hyrtios caracasensis (Carter, 1882) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia cartilaginea (Esper, 1794) accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) cartilaginea (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia chevreuxi Topsent, 1894 accepted as Ircinia chevreuxi (Topsent, 1894) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia clathrata Carter, 1881 accepted as Hyattella intestinalis (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia clavata Thiele, 1905 accepted as Ircinia clavata (Thiele, 1905) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia collectrix (Poléjaeff, 1884) accepted as Ircinia collectrix (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia communis Carter, 1885 accepted as Hyrtios communis (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia condensa Topsent, 1894 accepted as Ircinia condensa (Topsent, 1894) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia dendroides Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Ircinia dendroides (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia dendroides (Poléjaeff, 1884) accepted as Ircinia dendroides (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia dickinsoni Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Ircinia dickinsoni (Laubenfels, 1936) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia digitata Topsent, 1894 accepted as Ircinia digitata (Topsent, 1894) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia echinata Keller, 1889 accepted as Ircinia echinata (Keller, 1889) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia ectofibrosa George & Wilson, 1919 accepted as Ircinia ectofibrosa (George & Wilson, 1919) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia fasciculata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Sarcotragus fasciculatus (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia filamenta Hyatt, 1877 accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia fistularis Verrill, 1907 accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Hircinia flabellopalmata Carter, 1885 accepted as Phoriospongia flabellopalmata (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia flagelliformis Carter, 1886 accepted as Ircinia flagelliformis (Carter, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia flavescens Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia foetida Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia fusca Carter, 1880 accepted as Ircinia fusca (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia gigantea Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Ircinia irregularis (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia halmiformis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Psammocinia halmiformis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia hebes Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia hirsuta Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia horrens (Selenka, 1867) accepted as Dysidea horrens (Selenka, 1867)
Species Hircinia horrida Hyatt, 1877 accepted as Mycale (Arenochalina) laxissima (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia intertexta Carter, 1885 accepted as Fenestraspongia intertexta (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia irregularis Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Ircinia lendenfeldi de Laubenfels, 1948 (junior homonym)
Species Hircinia lingua Schmidt, 1868 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Hircinia mamillaris Schmidt, 1868 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia muscarum (Schmidt, 1864) accepted as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia mutans Wilson, 1925 accepted as Ircinia mutans (Wilson, 1925) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia nigra Hyatt, 1877 accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Hircinia oros Schmidt, 1864 accepted as Ircinia oros (Schmidt, 1864) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia panicea Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia pellita Rao, 1941 accepted as Ircinia pellita (Rao, 1941) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia pinna Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Ircinia pinna (Hentschel, 1912) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia pipetta Schmidt, 1868 accepted as Sarcotragus pipetta (Schmidt, 1868) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia procumbens (Poléjaeff, 1884) accepted as Ircinia procumbens (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia pulchra Carter, 1885 accepted as Hyrtios pulcher (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia purpurea Whitfield, 1901 accepted as Mycale (Arenochalina) laxissima (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia purpurea Hyatt, 1877 accepted as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) tenerrima Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia ramodigitata Burton, 1934 accepted as Ircinia ramodigitata (Burton, 1934) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia ramosa Keller, 1889 accepted as Ircinia ramosa (Keller, 1889) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia ramosa Laubenfels, 1934 accepted as Ircinia dickinsoni (Laubenfels, 1936) (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Species Hircinia reteplana Topsent, 1923 accepted as Ircinia reteplana (Topsent, 1923) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia rubra Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Ircinia rubra (Lendenfeld, 1889) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia rugosa Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Psammocinia vesiculifera (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia schulzei Dendy, 1905 accepted as Ircinia schulzei (Dendy, 1905) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia solida Carter, 1885 accepted as Ircinia solida (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia spiculosa Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Ircinia spiculosa (Hentschel, 1912) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia spinosula (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia spinulosa accepted as Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer and misspelling of species name)
Species Hircinia stipitata Topsent, 1894 accepted as Ircinia stipitata (Topsent, 1894) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia tenella Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Psammocinia vesiculifera (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia truncata Topsent, 1894 accepted as Ircinia truncata (Topsent, 1894) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia tuberosa Dendy, 1905 accepted as Ircinia tuberosa (Dendy, 1905) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia typica Nardo, 1847 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
Species Hircinia vallata Dendy, 1887 accepted as Ircinia vallata (Dendy, 1887) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia vallata Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Psammocinia vesiculifera (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia variabilis Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (genus name correction)
Species Hircinia variabilis sensu Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Hircinia verrucosa (Lieberkhün, 1859) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (genus transfer)
Species Hircinia vestibulata Szymanski, 1904 accepted as Ircinia vestibulata (Szymanski, 1904) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Nardo, G.D. (1834). De Spongiis. Isis (Oken), Coll.: 714-716. [details]   
Nomenclature Hircinia was erected by Nardo (1834) to replace his earlier (1833) name Ircinia without justification. Many authors,...  
Nomenclature Hircinia was erected by Nardo (1834) to replace his earlier (1833) name Ircinia without justification. Many authors, including the influential Schmidt followed him by using the incorrect replacement name.  [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Hircinia Nardo, 1834. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131750 on 2018-10-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-02-01 19:04:21Z
changed
2008-04-18 08:09:46Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Nardo, G.D. (1834). De Spongiis. Isis (Oken), Coll.: 714-716. [details]   

basis of record Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R. (2002). Family Irciniidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1022-1027. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50. , available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 526-554 [details]   

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature Hircinia was erected by Nardo (1834) to replace his earlier (1833) name Ircinia without justification. Many authors, including the influential Schmidt followed him by using the incorrect replacement name.  [details]