WoRMS taxon details

Leucandra Haeckel, 1872

131704  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131704)

accepted
Genus
Sycinula egedii Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Leucandra egedii (Schmidt, 1870) (type by subsequent designation)
Dyssycum Haeckel, 1870 (junior synonym)
Leucortis Haeckel, 1872 (junior synonym)
Mlea Haeckel, 1872 (junior synonym)
Species Leucandra abratsbo Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra algoaensis (Bowerbank, 1864)
Species Leucandra amakusana Tanita, 1943
Species Leucandra amorpha Poléjaeff, 1883
Species Leucandra ananas (Montagu, 1814)
Species Leucandra anfracta (Urban, 1908)
Species Leucandra anguinea (Ridley, 1884)
Species Leucandra apicalis Urban, 1906
Species Leucandra armata (Urban, 1908)
Species Leucandra aspera (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Leucandra astricta Tanita, 1942
Species Leucandra australiensis (Carter, 1886)
Species Leucandra balearica Lackschewitz, 1886
Species Leucandra barbata (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Leucandra bathybia (Haeckel, 1869)
Species Leucandra belemnifera (Tsurnamal, 1975)
Species Leucandra bleeki (Haeckel, 1872)
Species Leucandra bolivari Ferrer-Hernandez, 1916
Species Leucandra brumalis Jenkin, 1908
Species Leucandra bulbosa Hanitsch, 1895
Species Leucandra caminus Haeckel, 1872
Species Leucandra capillata (Poléjaeff, 1883)
Species Leucandra caribea Cóndor-Luján, Louzada, Hajdu & Klautau, 2018
Species Leucandra cerebrum Hôzawa & Tanita, 1941
Species Leucandra cirrhosa (Urban, 1908)
Species Leucandra claviformis Schuffner, 1877
Species Leucandra coimbrae (Breitfuss, 1898)
Species Leucandra comata Brøndsted, 1931
Species Leucandra compacta (Carter, 1886)
Species Leucandra conica Lendenfeld, 1885
Species Leucandra connectens Brøndsted, 1927
Species Leucandra crambessa Haeckel, 1872
Species Leucandra crassior Ridley, 1881
Species Leucandra crosslandi Thacker, 1908
Species Leucandra crustacea (Haeckel, 1872)
Species Leucandra cumberlandensis Lambe, 1900
Species Leucandra curva (Schuffner, 1877)
Species Leucandra cylindrica Fristedt, 1887
Species Leucandra donnani Dendy, 1905
Species Leucandra dwarkaensis Dendy, 1916
Species Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877
Species Leucandra echinata (Carter, 1886)
Species Leucandra egedii (Schmidt, 1870)
Species Leucandra elegans (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Leucandra erinacea Lendenfeld, 1888
Species Leucandra falakra Klautau, Imesek, Azevedo, Plese, Nikolic & Cetkovic, 2016
Species Leucandra falcigera Schuffner, 1877
Species Leucandra fernandensis (Breitfuss, 1898)
Species Leucandra fistulosa (Johnston, 1842)
Species Leucandra foliata Hôzawa, 1918
Species Leucandra fragilis Hôzawa, 1940
Species Leucandra frigida Jenkin, 1908
Species Leucandra gausapata Brøndsted, 1931
Species Leucandra gaussii (Brøndsted, 1931)
Species Leucandra glabra Hôzawa, 1940
Species Leucandra gladiator Dendy, 1893
Species Leucandra globosa Tanita, 1943
Species Leucandra gossei (Bowerbank, 1862)
Species Leucandra haurakii Brøndsted, 1927
Species Leucandra heathi Urban, 1906
Species Leucandra helena (Lendenfeld, 1885)
Species Leucandra hentschelii Brøndsted, 1931
Species Leucandra hispida (Carter, 1886)
Species Leucandra hozawai Tanita, 1942
Species Leucandra impigra Tanita, 1942
Species Leucandra intermedia (Haeckel, 1872)
Species Leucandra irregularis (Burton, 1930)
Species Leucandra kagoshimensis Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra kerguelensis (Urban, 1908)
Species Leucandra kurilensis Hôzawa, 1918
Species Leucandra laptevi Koltun, 1952
Species Leucandra levis (Poléjaeff, 1883)
Species Leucandra lobata (Carter, 1886)
Species Leucandra loricata (Poléjaeff, 1883)
Species Leucandra losangelensis (Laubenfels, 1930)
Species Leucandra magna Tanita, 1942
Species Leucandra masatierrae (Breitfuss, 1898)
Species Leucandra mawsoni Dendy, 1918
Species Leucandra meandrina Lendenfeld, 1885
Species Leucandra mediocancellata Hôzawa, 1940
Species Leucandra minima Row & Hôzawa, 1931
Species Leucandra minor (Urban, 1908)
Species Leucandra mitsukurii Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra mozambiquensis Van Soest & De Voogd, 2018
Species Leucandra multifida (Carter, 1886)
Species Leucandra multiformis Poléjaeff, 1883
Species Leucandra multituba Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra nakamurai Tanita, 1942
Species Leucandra nausicaae (Schuffner, 1877)
Species Leucandra nicolae Wörheide & Hooper, 2003
Species Leucandra odawarensis Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra okinoseana Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra onigaseana Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra ovata (Poléjaeff, 1883)
Species Leucandra pacifica Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra palaoensis Tanita, 1943
Species Leucandra pallida Row & Hôzawa, 1931
Species Leucandra pandora (Haeckel, 1872)
Species Leucandra paucispina Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra phillipensis Dendy, 1893
Species Leucandra pilula Van Soest & De Voogd, 2018
Species Leucandra platei (Breitfuss, 1898)
Species Leucandra poculiformis Hôzawa, 1918
Species Leucandra polejaevi (Breitfuss, 1896)
Species Leucandra prava (Breitfuss, 1898)
Species Leucandra pulvinar (Haeckel, 1870)
Species Leucandra pumila (Bowerbank, 1866)
Species Leucandra pyriformis (Lambe, 1893)
Species Leucandra ramosa (Burton, 1934)
Species Leucandra regina Brøndsted, 1927
Species Leucandra reniformis Tanita, 1943
Species Leucandra rigida Hôzawa, 1940
Species Leucandra riojai Ferrer-Hernandez, 1918
Species Leucandra rodriguezi (Lackschewitz, 1886)
Species Leucandra rudifera (Poléjaeff, 1883)
Species Leucandra sagmiana Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra secutor Brøndsted, 1927
Species Leucandra serrata Azevedo & Klautau, 2007
Species Leucandra seychellensis Hôzawa, 1940
Species Leucandra sola Tanita, 1942
Species Leucandra solida Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra sphaeracella Wörheide & Hooper, 2003
Species Leucandra spinifera Klautau, Imesek, Azevedo, Plese, Nikolic & Cetkovic, 2016
Species Leucandra spinosa Hôzawa, 1940
Species Leucandra spissa (Urban, 1909)
Species Leucandra splendens Hôzawa, 1918
Species Leucandra sulcata Ferrer-Hernandez, 1918
Species Leucandra taylori Lambe, 1900
Species Leucandra thulakomorpha Row & Hôzawa, 1931
Species Leucandra tomentosa Tanita, 1940
Species Leucandra topsenti Breitfuss, 1929
Species Leucandra tropica Tanita, 1943
Species Leucandra tuba Hôzawa, 1918
Species Leucandra tuberculata Hôzawa, 1929
Species Leucandra typica (Poléjaeff, 1883)
Species Leucandra uschuariensis Tanita, 1942
Species Leucandra vaginata Lendenfeld, 1885
Species Leucandra valida Lambe, 1900
Species Leucandra verdensis Thacker, 1908
Species Leucandra vermiformis Tanita, 1941
Species Leucandra vesicularis Brøndsted, 1927
Species Leucandra villosa Lendenfeld, 1885
Species Leucandra vitrea (Urban, 1908)
Species Leucandra yuriagensis Hôzawa, 1933

Species Leucandra pumila sensu Topsent, 1897 (taxon inquirendum)

Species Leucandra alcicornis (Gray, 1858) accepted as Aphroceras alcicornis Gray, 1858 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Leucandra caespitosa Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Aphroceras caespitosa (Haeckel, 1872) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra callaea Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Leucandra crambessa Haeckel, 1872 (junior synonym)
Species Leucandra carteri Dendy, 1893 accepted as Leucetta microraphis Haeckel, 1872 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Leucandra cataphracta Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Aphroceras cataphracta (Haeckel, 1872) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra cirrata Jenkin, 1908 accepted as Grantia hirsuta (Topsent, 1907) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Leucandra cladocora Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Aphroceras cladocora (Haeckel, 1872) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra cliarensis Stephens, 1912 accepted as Aphroceras ensata (Bowerbank, 1858) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Leucandra cristata Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Leucandra crambessa Haeckel, 1872 (junior synonym)
Species Leucandra cucumis Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Paraleucilla cucumis (Haeckel, 1872) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra cyathus Verrill, 1873 accepted as Vosmaeropsis cyathus (Verrill, 1873) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra dura Hôzawa, 1929 accepted as Leuconia dura (Hôzawa, 1929) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra echinus (Haeckel, 1870) accepted as Leucilla echina (Haeckel, 1870) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra elongata Schuffner, 1877 accepted as Aphroceras elongata (Schuffner, 1877) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra gelatinosa Jenkin, 1908 accepted as Leucetta gelatinosa (Jenkin, 1908) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra gemmipara Thacker, 1908 accepted as Leucandra crosslandi Thacker, 1908 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Leucandra goliath (Poléjaeff, 1883) accepted as Leucandra multiformis Poléjaeff, 1883 (junior synonym)
Species Leucandra hiberna Jenkin, 1908 accepted as Jenkina hiberna (Jenkin, 1908) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra hirsuta Topsent, 1907 accepted as Grantia hirsuta (Topsent, 1907) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra indica Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Leucandra pulvinar (Haeckel, 1870) (junior synonym)
Species Leucandra infesta Dendy & Row, 1913 accepted as Leucandrilla intermedia (Row, 1909) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Leucandra innominata Dendy & Row, 1913 accepted as Paraleucilla crosslandi (Row, 1909) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Leucandra johnstoni (Carter, 1871) accepted as Leuconia johnstoni Carter, 1871 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Leucandra joubini Topsent, 1907 accepted as Leuconia joubini (Topsent, 1907) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra lanceolata (Row & Hôzawa, 1931) accepted as Leucandrilla lanceolata (Row & Hôzawa, 1931) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra leptoraphis Jenkin, 1908 accepted as Leucetta leptoraphis (Jenkin, 1908) accepted as Leucascus leptoraphis (Jenkin, 1908) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra lesinensis Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Leucandra aspera (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Leucandra lunulata Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Sycon lunulatum (Haeckel, 1872) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra nivea (Grant, 1826) accepted as Leuconia nivea (Grant, 1826) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra ohshimai Tanita, 1939 accepted as Leuconia dura (Hôzawa, 1929) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Leucandra primigenia (Haeckel, 1872) accepted as Leucetta primigenia Haeckel, 1872 (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra saccharata Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Paraleucilla saccharata (Haeckel, 1872) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra sacculata (Carter, 1890) accepted as Leucilla sacculata (Carter, 1890) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra sagamiana Hôzawa, 1929 accepted as Leucandra sagmiana Hôzawa, 1929 (misspelling of species name)
Species Leucandra schauinslandi (Preiwisch, 1904) accepted as Leucilla schauinslandi (Preiwisch, 1904)
Species Leucandra sericata (Ridley, 1881) accepted as Vosmaeropsis sericata (Ridley, 1881) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra stylifera (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Leucopsila stylifera (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
Species Leucandra wasinensis (Jenkin, 1908) accepted as Leucandrilla wasinensis (Jenkin, 1908) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Haeckel, E. (1872). Die Kalkschwämme. Eine Monographie in zwei Bänden Text und einem Atlas mit 60 Tafeln Abbildungen. G. Reimer:Berlin. (1: 1-484) 2: 1-418 (3: pls 1-60). [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Leucandra Haeckel, 1872. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131704 on 2018-06-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2011-02-07 16:04:27Z
changed
2018-03-01 15:11:42Z
changed

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original description Haeckel, E. (1872). Die Kalkschwämme. Eine Monographie in zwei Bänden Text und einem Atlas mit 60 Tafeln Abbildungen. G. Reimer:Berlin. (1: 1-484) 2: 1-418 (3: pls 1-60). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofLeucortis Haeckel, 1872) Haeckel, E. (1872). Die Kalkschwämme. Eine Monographie in zwei Bänden Text und einem Atlas mit 60 Tafeln Abbildungen. G. Reimer:Berlin. (1: 1-484) 2: 1-418 (3: pls 1-60).
page(s): 162 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofMedon Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P.; Michelotti, G. (1864). Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem. 21(2): 1-124, pls I-XXV.
page(s): 110 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Borojevic, R.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Manuel, M.; Vacelet, J. (2002). Order Leucosolenida Hartman, 1958, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 1157-1184 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofLeucogypsia Bowerbank, 1862) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofDyssycum Haeckel, 1870) Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.). (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-306-47260-0. xix, 1-1101, 1103-1706 (2 volumes) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofMedon Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Macfarlane, R.P.; Maddison, P.A.; Andrew, I.G.; Berry, J.A.; Johns, P.M.; Hoarre, R.J.B.; Larivière, M.; Greenslade, P.; Henderson, R.C.; Smithers, C.N.; Palma, R.L.; Ward, J.B.; Pilgrim, R.L.C.; Towns, D.R.; McLellan, I.; Teulon, D.A.J.; Hitchings, T.R.; Eastop, V.F.; Martin, N.A.; Fletcher, M.J.; Stufkens, A.W.; Dale, P.J.; Burckhardt, D.; Buckley, T.R. (2010). Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum Hexapoda: Protura, springtails, Diplura, insects. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2010). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 2. Kingdom Animalia: Chaetognatha, Ecdysozoa, Ichnofossils. pp. 233-467. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMlea Haeckel, 1872) Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.). (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-306-47260-0. xix, 1-1101, 1103-1706 (2 volumes) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMedon Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Burton, M. (1963). A revision of the Classification of the Calcareous Sponges. With a Catalogue of the specimens in the British Museum (Natural History). W. Clowes and Sons Ltd.: London. 693 pp. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality