WoRMS taxon details

Polydora Bosc, 1802

129619  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129619)

accepted
Genus
Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (type by monotypy)
Leucodore Johnston, 1838 (subjective synonym)
Metadasydytes Roszczak, 1971 (it's a polychaeta larva)
Subgenus Polydora (Leucodore)
  » Species Polydora (Leucodore) polybranchia Haswell, 1885 accepted as Boccardia polybranchia (Haswell, 1885) (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Polydora (Polydora)
  » Species Polydora (Polydora) caulleryi Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Dipolydora caulleryi (Mesnil, 1897) (superseded combination)
  » Species Polydora (Polydora) coeca Örsted, 1843 accepted as Dipolydora coeca (Örsted, 1843) (superseded combination)
  » Species Polydora (Polydora) flava Claparède, 1870 accepted as Dipolydora flava (Claparède, 1870) (superseded alternate representation)
  » Species Polydora (Polydora) giardi Mesnil, 1893 accepted as Dipolydora giardi (Mesnil, 1893) (superseded original combination with subsequent subgeneric combination)
  » Species Polydora (Polydora) quadrilobata Jacobi, 1883 accepted as Dipolydora quadrilobata (Jacobi, 1883) (synonym)
  » Species Polydora (Polydora) socialis (Schmarda, 1861) accepted as Dipolydora socialis (Schmarda, 1861) (synonym)
Species Polydora aggregata Blake, 1969
Species Polydora alloporis Light, 1970
Species Polydora anoculata Moore, 1907
Species Polydora anophthalma Rioja, 1962
Species Polydora attenuata Claparède, 1868
Species Polydora aura Sato-Okoshi, 1998
Species Polydora bioccipitalis Blake & Woodwick, 1972
Species Polydora brevipalpa Zachs, 1933
Species Polydora calcarea (Templeton, 1836)
Species Polydora carinhosa Radashevsky, Lana & Nalesso, 2006
Species Polydora carunculata Radashevsky, 1993
Species Polydora cavitensis Pillai, 1965
Species Polydora ciliata (Johnston, 1838)
Species Polydora cirrosa Rioja, 1943
Species Polydora colonia Moore, 1907
Species Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802
Species Polydora curiosa Radashevsky, 1994
Species Polydora ecuadoriana Blake, 1983
Species Polydora fulva Grube, 1878
Species Polydora fusca Radashevsky & Hsieh, 2000
Species Polydora gaikwadi Day, 1973
Species Polydora glycymerica Radashevsky, 1993
Species Polydora haswelli Blake & Kudenov, 1978
Species Polydora hermaphroditica Hannerz, 1956
Species Polydora heterochaeta Rioja, 1939
Species Polydora hoplura Claparède, 1868
Species Polydora hornelli Willey, 1905
Species Polydora kaneohe Ward, 1981
Species Polydora laticephala Hartmann-Schröder, 1959
Species Polydora latispinosa Blake & Kudenov, 1978
Species Polydora limicola Annenkova, 1934
Species Polydora lingshuiensis Ye, Tang, Wu, Su, Wang, Yu & Wang, 2015
Species Polydora mabinii Williams, 2001
Species Polydora maculata Day, 1963
Species Polydora magna Berkeley, 1927
Species Polydora manchenkoi Radashevsky & Pankova, 2006
Species Polydora monilaris Ehlers, 1905
Species Polydora nanomon Orensky & Williams, 2009
Species Polydora narica Light, 1969
Species Polydora neocaeca Williams & Radashevsky, 1999
Species Polydora neocardalia Hartman, 1961
Species Polydora nuchalis Woodwick, 1953
Species Polydora pacifica Takahashi, 1937
Species Polydora paucibranchis Ehlers, 1913
Species Polydora penicillata Hutchings & Rainer, 1979
Species Polydora plena Berkeley & Berkeley, 1936
Species Polydora posthamata Jones, 1962
Species Polydora punctata Hartmann-Schröder, 1959
Species Polydora pygidialis Blake & Woodwick, 1972
Species Polydora quintanarooensis Delgado-Blas, 2008
Species Polydora rickettsi Woodwick, 1961
Species Polydora robi Williams, 2000
Species Polydora rogeri Martin, 1996
Species Polydora spondylana Mohammad, 1973
Species Polydora spongicola Berkeley & Berkeley, 1950
Species Polydora triglanda Radashevsky & Hsieh, 2000
Species Polydora umangivora Williams, 2001
Species Polydora variegata Imajima & Sato, 1984
Species Polydora villosa Radashevsky & Hsieh, 2000
Species Polydora vulgaris Mohammad, 1972
Species Polydora websteri Hartman in Loosanoff & Engle, 1943
Species Polydora wobberi Light, 1970
Species Polydora wolokowensis Zachs, 1925
Species Polydora woodwicki Blake & Kudenov, 1978

Species Polydora gracilis Verrill, 1880 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable from description)

Species Polydora californica Treadwell, 1914 (nomen dubium)

Subgenus Polydora (Boccardia) Carazzi, 1893 represented as Boccardia Carazzi, 1893
  » Species Polydora (Boccardia) columbiana (Berkeley, 1927) accepted as Boccardia columbiana Berkeley, 1927 (superseded recombination)
  » Species Polydora (Boccardia) perata Chlebovitsch, 1959 accepted as Boccardia perata (Chlebovitsch, 1959) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Polydora (Boccardia) uncata (Berkeley, 1927) accepted as Boccardiella hamata (Webster, 1879) (superseded recombination of junior synonym)
Subgenus Polydora (Boccardiella) (Blake & Kudenov, 1978) represented as Boccardiella Blake & Kudenov, 1978

Subgenus Polydora (Carazzia) Mesnil, 1896 accepted as Pseudopolydora Czerniavsky, 1881 (subjective synonym)
  » Species Polydora (Carazzia) bassarginensis Zachs, 1933 accepted as Pseudopolydora bassarginensis (Zachs, 1933) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Polydora (Carazzia) derjugini Zachs, 1933 accepted as Pseudopolydora paucibranchiata (Okuda, 1937) (subjective synonym)
  » Species Polydora (Carazzia) kempi Southern, 1921 accepted as Pseudopolydora kempi (Southern, 1921) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Polydora (Carazzia) orientalis Annenkova, 1937 accepted as Pseudopolydora paucibranchiata (Okuda, 1937) (subjective synonym)
  » Species Polydora (Carazzia) paucibranchiata Okuda, 1937 accepted as Pseudopolydora paucibranchiata (Okuda, 1937) (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Polydora (Pseudopolydora) accepted as Pseudopolydora Czerniavsky, 1881 (synonym)
Species Polydora abranchiata Hartman, 1953 accepted as Amphipolydora abranchiata (Hartman, 1953) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora aciculata Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Dipolydora aciculata (Blake & Kudenov, 1978) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora adunca Harris, 1971 accepted as Polydora posthamata Jones, 1962 (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora agassizii Claparède, 1869 accepted as Polydora ciliata (Johnston, 1838) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora alborectalis Radashevsky, 1993 accepted as Dipolydora alborectalis (Radashevsky, 1993) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora amarincola Hartman, 1936 accepted as Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora ancistrata Jones, 1962 accepted as Polydora colonia Moore, 1907 (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora antennata Claparède, 1869 accepted as Pseudopolydora antennata (Claparède, 1869) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora antonbruunae Blake, 1983 accepted as Dipolydora antonbruunae (Blake, 1983) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora armata Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Dipolydora armata (Langerhans, 1880) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora audax Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Polydora ciliata (Johnston, 1838) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora barbilla Blake, 1981 accepted as Dipolydora barbilla (Blake, 1981) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora bidentata Zachs, 1933 accepted as Dipolydora bidentata (Zachs, 1933) (superseded combination)
Species Polydora bifurcata Blake, 1981 accepted as Dipolydora bifurcata (Blake, 1981) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora blakei Maciolek, 1984 accepted as Dipolydora blakei (Maciolek, 1984) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora brachycephala Hartman, 1936 accepted as Dipolydora caulleryi (Mesnil, 1897) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora caeca (Örsted, 1843) accepted as Dipolydora coeca (Örsted, 1843) (superseded combination, alternative spelling)
Species Polydora capensis Day, 1955 accepted as Dipolydora capensis (Day, 1955) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora carazzi McIntosh, 1909 accepted as Polydora caulleryi Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Dipolydora caulleryi (Mesnil, 1897) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora cardalia Berkeley, 1927 accepted as Dipolydora cardalia (Berkeley, 1927) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora caulleryi Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Dipolydora caulleryi (Mesnil, 1897) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora ciliate [auct. misspelling for 'ciliata'] accepted as Polydora ciliata (Johnston, 1838)
Species Polydora citrona Hartman, 1941 accepted as Carazziella citrona (Hartman, 1941) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora commensalis Andrerws, 1891 accepted as Dipolydora commensalis (Andrews, 1891) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora concharum Verrill, 1880 accepted as Dipolydora concharum (Verrill, 1880) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora convexa Blake & Woodwick, 1972 accepted as Dipolydora bidentata (Zachs, 1933) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora dorsomaculata Rainer, 1973 accepted as Dipolydora flava (Claparède, 1870) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora elegantissima Blake & Woodwick, 1972 accepted as Dipolydora elegantissima (Blake & Woodwick, 1972) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora euryhalina Hartmann-Schröder, 1960 accepted as Boccardia polybranchia (Haswell, 1885) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora flava Claparède, 1870 accepted as Dipolydora flava (Claparède, 1870) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora giardi Mesnil, 1893 accepted as Dipolydora giardi (Mesnil, 1893) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora goreensis Augener, 1918 accepted as Dipolydora goreensis (Augener, 1918) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora guillei Laubier & Ramos, 1974 accepted as Atherospio guillei (Laubier & Ramos, 1974) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora hamata Webster, 1879 accepted as Boccardiella hamata (Webster, 1879) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora hamata Langerhans, 1880 accepted as Polydora posthamata Jones, 1962 (homonym; replacement name provided)
Species Polydora hartmanae Blake, 1971 accepted as Dipolydora hartmanae (Blake, 1971) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora kempi Southern, 1921 accepted as Pseudopolydora kempi (Southern, 1921) (superseded original combination (alternate representation of))
Species Polydora langerhansi Mesnil, 1896 accepted as Dipolydora langerhansi (Mesnil, 1896) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora ligni Webster, 1879 accepted as Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora littorea Verrill, 1881 accepted as Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (subjective synonym, first published as a nomen nudum)
Species Polydora magellanica Blake, 1983 accepted as Dipolydora magellanica (Blake, 1983) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora natrix Söderström, 1920 accepted as Boccardia natrix (Söderström, 1920) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora normalis Day, 1957 accepted as Dipolydora normalis (Day, 1957) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora notialis Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Dipolydora notialis (Blake & Kudenov, 1978) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora peristomialis Hartman, 1976 accepted as Dipolydora peristomialis (Hartman, 1976) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora pilikia Ward, 1981 accepted as Dipolydora pilikia (Ward, 1981) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora pilocollaris Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Dipolydora pilocollaris (Blake & Kudenov, 1978) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora polybranchia Haswell, 1885 accepted as Boccardia polybranchia (Haswell, 1885) (Original combination)
Species Polydora protuberata Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Dipolydora protuberata (Blake & Kudenov, 1978) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora pulchra Carazzi, 1893 accepted as Pseudopolydora pulchra (Carazzi, 1893) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora pusilla Saint-Joseph, 1894 accepted as Dipolydora flava (Claparède, 1870) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora quadricirrata Rainer, 1973 accepted as Carazziella quadricirrata (Rainer, 1973) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora quadrilobata Jacobi, 1883 accepted as Dipolydora quadrilobata (Jacobi, 1883) (Comb. nov.)
Species Polydora redeki Horst, 1920 accepted as Boccardiella ligerica (Ferronnière, 1898) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora saintjosephi Eliason, 1920 accepted as Dipolydora saintjosephi (Eliason, 1920) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora socialis (Schmarda, 1861) accepted as Dipolydora socialis (Schmarda, 1861) (recombination)
Species Polydora soederstroemi Annenkova, 1938 accepted as Dipolydora cardalia (Berkeley, 1927) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora tentaculata Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Dipolydora tentaculata (Blake & Kudenov, 1978) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora tetrabranchia Hartman, 1945 accepted as Dipolydora tetrabranchia (Hartman, 1945) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora tricuspa Hartman, 1939 accepted as Boccardia tricuspa (Hartman, 1939) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora tridenticulata Woodwick, 1964 accepted as Dipolydora tridenticulata (Woodwick, 1964) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora trilobata Radashevsky, 1993 accepted as Dipolydora trilobata (Radashevsky, 1993) (superseded original combination)
Species Polydora truncata (Hartman, 1936) accepted as Boccardiella truncata (Hartman, 1936) (superseded recombination; lapsus calami in Hartman (1936))
Species Polydora tubifex Verrill, 1885 accepted as Dipolydora quadrilobata (Jacobi, 1883) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora uncatiformis Monro, 1938 accepted as Boccardiella ligerica (Ferronnière, 1898) (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora uncinata Sato-Okoshi, 1998 accepted as Polydora hoplura Claparède, 1868 (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora uschakovi Buzhinskaja, 1971 accepted as Polydora spongicola Berkeley & Berkeley, 1950 (subjective synonym)
Species Polydora vulcanica Radashevsky, 1994 accepted as Dipolydora vulcanica (Radashevsky, 1994) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Bosc, L. A. G. (1802). [Bosc. Vol 1 only. USE FOR POLYCHAETA CONTEXT] Histoire naturelle des vers contenant leur description et leurs moeurs, avec figures dessinées d'après nature. Tome Premiere. De l'imprimerie de Guilleminet; a Paris, chez Deterville., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41757836
page(s): 150-151 [details]   
Note Type species: P. Cornuta Bosc 1802 in Fauchald...  
Type species Type species: P. Cornuta Bosc 1802 in Fauchald (1977). [details]
Etymology The genus is named after Polydora, one of the Oceanides of the Ancient Greek mythology, minor goddesses and water nymphs of...  
Etymology The genus is named after Polydora, one of the Oceanides of the Ancient Greek mythology, minor goddesses and water nymphs of rivers, fountains, subterranean springs, wells, lakes, clouds, winds, breezes, sunsets and sunrises, and daughters of the gods Oceanus and his wife Tethys. According to Bosc (1802: 151) ''Il [Bosc himself] l'a appelé [the genus] Polydore, nom d'une nymphe de la mer de la suite de Nérée.'' [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Polydora Bosc, 1802. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129619 on 2018-02-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-03-30 22:28:39Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Bosc, L. A. G. (1802). [Bosc. Vol 1 only. USE FOR POLYCHAETA CONTEXT] Histoire naturelle des vers contenant leur description et leurs moeurs, avec figures dessinées d'après nature. Tome Premiere. De l'imprimerie de Guilleminet; a Paris, chez Deterville., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41757836
page(s): 150-151 [details]   

original description  (ofMetadasydytes Roszczak, 1971) Roszczak, R. (1971). Metadasydytes quadrimaculatus g. n., sp. n. (Gastrotricha). Bull. Acad. Polonaise Sci. (Biol. Sci.). 19: 65-66. [details]   

original description  (ofLeucodore Johnston, 1838) Johnston, George 1838. Miscellanea Zoologica Ariciadae. Magazine of Zoology and Botany, Edinburgh, 2: 63-73,plates2., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/magazinezoology01johngoog
page(s): 66 [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Walker, Lexie M. 2011. A review of the current status of the Polydora-complex (Polychaeta: Spionidae) in Australia and a checklist of recorded species. Zootaxa 2751: 40-62. , available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2011/f/z02751p062f.pdf [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

identification resource Williams, Lee-Gavin; Karl, Stephen A.; Rice, Stanley; Simon, Carol. (2017). Molecular identification of polydorid polychaetes (Annelida: Spionidae): is there a quick way to identify pest and alien species?. African Zoology. 52(2): 105-117., available online at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15627020.2017.1313131
note: analysis of primers and molecular sequences for identifying similar pest Polydora and other genera [details]   

basis of record  (ofMetadasydytes Roszczak, 1971) van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofMetadasydytes Roszczak, 1971) Hummon, W. D. (2008). Brackish-Water Gastrotricha of the Polish Baltic Coast. Meiofauna Marina, Vol. 16, pp. 109-116, 6 figs., 4 tabs. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Etymology The genus is named after Polydora, one of the Oceanides of the Ancient Greek mythology, minor goddesses and water nymphs of rivers, fountains, subterranean springs, wells, lakes, clouds, winds, breezes, sunsets and sunrises, and daughters of the gods Oceanus and his wife Tethys. According to Bosc (1802: 151) ''Il [Bosc himself] l'a appelé [the genus] Polydore, nom d'une nymphe de la mer de la suite de Nérée.'' [details]

Synonymy The planktonic larva, Metadasydytes quadrimaculatus Roszczak, 1971, a genus and species described as a gastrotrich, is clearly a spionid larva. Hummon (2008: 115) refers it to Polydora ciliata, but notes the identification to that species is not certain. [details]

From other sources
Type species Type species: P. Cornuta Bosc 1802 in Fauchald (1977). [details]