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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtherospio Mackie & Duff, 1986 
AphiaID: 129607

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpioniformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtherospio (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtherospio disticha Mackie & Duff, 1986 (type by original designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionidae Grube, 1850
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtherospio Mackie & Duff, 1986
Sources  original description Mackie, A.S.Y.; Duff, A.A. (1986). Atherospio disticha gen. et sp. nov. (Polychaeta: Spionidae) from Loch Tuirnaig, West Coast of Scotland. Ophelia. 25(3): 139-146., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00785326.1986.10429745
page(s): 140 [details]

source of synonymy Blake, J.A. 1996. Family Spionidae Grube, 1850. pages 81-223. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul H. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 6 - The Annelida Part 3. Polychaeta: Orbiniidae to Cossuridae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara
page(s): 152-153; note: to Pygospiopsis [details]

status source Meißner, K.; Bick, A. (2005). Atherospio guillei (Laubier and Ramos, 1974) comb. nov. (Polychaeta: Spionidae) and closest relatives. Zoologischer Anzeiger. 244(2): 115-123., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcz.2005.07.001
page(s): 116; note: synonymy with Pygospiopsis rejected [details]

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taxa (2)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtherospio disticha Mackie & Duff, 1986
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtherospio guillei (Laubier & Ramos, 1974)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Diagnosis from Meißner & Bick (2005: 116): ''Prostomium deeply incised, longer than wide, posteriorly tapered and not extended into a distinct caruncle; occipital antenna present or absent or minute process at the position of this antenna present. Nuchal organ small or indistinct. Dorsal branchiae on chaetiger 7 and following 4–6 chaetigers; branchiae with distal digitate process, outer branchial margin completely fused with notopodial postchaetal lamella. Parapodia biramous with well developed postchaetal lamellae and alimbate mostly hirsute capillaries in noto- and neuropodia. Chaetigers 4 and 5 or solely chaetiger 5 with modified chaetae in the neuropodium being falcate and pointed or aristate spines, modified chaetae in a irregular short row superior to several capillary chaetae. Postbranchial neuropodial hooks alongside capillaries; hooks uni-or bidentate, secondary tooth below main fang; hook distally with closely applied sheath. Notopodial hooks absent. Sabre chaetae absent but several capillaries in inferiormost position throughout the body. Genital pouches absent. Pygidium surrounded by several pairs of lateral cirri.'' [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The new generic name is composed by the Greek noun ather, meaning 'awn' or 'arista', and the name of the genus Spio Fabricius, 1785, the type of the family Spionidae named from a Greek sea nymph, and refers to the characteristic aristate chaetae present in some anterior neuropodia.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Blake (1996) synonymised Atherospio with his earlier Pygospiopsis. Meißner & Bick (2005) preferred to keep them separate, based on uncertainties over some characters in Pygospiopsis. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129607
Edit history
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2006-09-06 06:55:51Z  changed  Martinez, Olga
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2016-03-29 21:02:21Z  changed  Gil, João
2016-05-10 11:00:22Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
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  Citation: Read, G.; Gil, J.; Bellan, G. (2016). Atherospio. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129607 on 2017-08-24
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