WoRMS taxon details

Sphaerodorum Örsted, 1843

129602  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129602)

accepted
Genus
Ephesia Rathke, 1843 (junior homonym, replaced by synonym)
Pollicita Johnston, 1845 (subjective synonym)
Species Sphaerodorum antarctica (McIntosh, 1885)
Species Sphaerodorum gracilis (Rathke, 1843)
Species Sphaerodorum greeffi Giard in Fauvel, 1923
Species Sphaerodorum indutum Fauchald, 1974
Species Sphaerodorum olgae Moreira & Parapar, 2011
Species Sphaerodorum ophiurophoretos Martin & Alva, 1988
Species Sphaerodorum papillifer Moore, 1909
Species Sphaerodorum recurvatum Fauchald, 1974
Species Sphaerodorum vietnamense Fauchald, 1974

Species Sphaerodorum abyssorum Hansen, 1878 accepted as Ephesiella abyssorum (Hansen, 1878) (synonym)
Species Sphaerodorum balticum Reimers, 1933 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis baltica (Reimers, 1933) (superseded original combination)
Species Sphaerodorum benguellarum Day, 1963 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis benguellarum (Day, 1963) (superseded original combination)
Species Sphaerodorum biserialis Berkeley & Berkeley, 1944 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis biserialis (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1944) (superseded original combination)
Species Sphaerodorum brevicapitis Moore, 1909 accepted as Ephesiella brevicapitis (Moore, 1909) (superseded original combination)
Species Sphaerodorum capense Day, 1963 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis capense (Day, 1963) (superseded original combination)
Species Sphaerodorum claparedii Greeff, 1866 accepted as Sphaerodoridium claparedii (Greeff, 1866) (superseded original combination)
Species Sphaerodorum distichum Eliason, 1962 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis disticha (Eliason, 1962) (superseded original combination)
Species Sphaerodorum flavum Örsted, 1843 accepted as Sphaerodorum gracilis (Rathke, 1843) (subjective synonym)
Species Sphaerodorum fusum Hartman, 1967 accepted as Clavodorum fusum (Hartman, 1967) (superseded original combination)
Species Sphaerodorum gracile accepted as Sphaerodorum gracilis (Rathke, 1843) (auct. misspelling)
Species Sphaerodorum minutum (Webster & Benedict, 1887) accepted as Sphaerodoropsis minuta (Webster & Benedict, 1887) accepted as Sphaerodoridium minutum (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (synonym)
Species Sphaerodorum pacificum Hartman, 1954 accepted as Eurysyllis pacificus (Hartman, 1954) (superseded original combination)
Species Sphaerodorum parvum Ehlers, 1913 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis parva (Ehlers, 1913) (superseded original combination)
Species Sphaerodorum pentadactylum Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Eunice schemacephala Schmarda, 1861 (subjective synonym)
Species Sphaerodorum peripatus (Johnston in Thompson, 1844) accepted as Sphaerodorum gracilis (Rathke, 1843) (superseded recombination)
Species Sphaerodorum philippi Fauvel, 1911 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis philippi (Fauvel, 1911) (basionym)
Species Sphaerodorum sphaerulifer Moore, 1909 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis sphaerulifer (superseded original combination)
Species Sphaerodorum spissum Benham, 1921 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis spissum (Benham, 1921) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Örsted, Anders Sandoe. 1843. Annulatorum danicorum conspectus. Volume Fasc. 1 Maricolae (Quæstio ab universitate Hafniensi ad solvendum proposita et proemio ornata). 1-52. Librariae Wahlianae. Hafniae (Copenhagen)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/11849
page(s): 42 [details]   
Etymology Not stated. The obvious derivation is as a reference to the spherical papillae on the dorsum. However, Örsted used the...  
Etymology Not stated. The obvious derivation is as a reference to the spherical papillae on the dorsum. However, Örsted used the unique (to him) spelling of 'dorum' instead of 'dorsum', a neuter Latin noun referring to the back. Possibly this was a lapsus. He used a neuter adjective for the species-group name 'flavum', thus Sphaerodorum, and all the genus names in the family that are variants of it, is/are neuter. [details]

Nomenclature Ephesia gracilis is senior subjective synonym to Sphaerodorum flavum as its publication date is earlier by a few months...  
Nomenclature Ephesia gracilis is senior subjective synonym to Sphaerodorum flavum as its publication date is earlier by a few months (Fauchald, 1974), but S. flavum (= S. gracilis) remains type species of Sphaerodorum [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Sphaerodorum Örsted, 1843. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129602 on 2018-07-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-04-23 21:59:12Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Örsted, Anders Sandoe. 1843. Annulatorum danicorum conspectus. Volume Fasc. 1 Maricolae (Quæstio ab universitate Hafniensi ad solvendum proposita et proemio ornata). 1-52. Librariae Wahlianae. Hafniae (Copenhagen)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/11849
page(s): 42 [details]   

original description  (ofPollicita Johnston, 1845) Johnston, George 1845. Miscellanea Zoologica. Classe Annelides [sic]; Order Errantes; Family Nereides. [continued from v.15] Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 1, 16: 4-10., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/19483#page/18/mode/1up
page(s): 4 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Reimers, Hans 1933. Morphologie der Polychaetengattung Sphaerodorum. Monographie. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere, 64(1): 41-110., available online at http://www.annelida.net/docs/scans.html [details]   

additional source  (ofEphesia Rathke, 1843) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

status source  (ofEphesia Rathke, 1843) Fauchald, K. (1974). Sphaerodoridae (Polychaeta: Errantia) from world-wide areas. Journal of Natural History. 8(3): 257-289., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222937400770241
page(s): 258 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofPollicita Johnston, 1845) Grube, Adolf Eduard. (1850). Die Familien der Anneliden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin. 16(1): 249-364., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6958350
page(s): 315; note: Grube places Pollicita peripatus as Sphaerodorum peripatus, 1 of 2 species in the genus [details]   

additional source  (ofPollicita Johnston, 1845) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
page(s): 287 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology Not stated. The obvious derivation is as a reference to the spherical papillae on the dorsum. However, Örsted used the unique (to him) spelling of 'dorum' instead of 'dorsum', a neuter Latin noun referring to the back. Possibly this was a lapsus. He used a neuter adjective for the species-group name 'flavum', thus Sphaerodorum, and all the genus names in the family that are variants of it, is/are neuter. [details]

Grammatical gender Sphaerodorum is neuter [details]

Nomenclature Ephesia gracilis is senior subjective synonym to Sphaerodorum flavum as its publication date is earlier by a few months (Fauchald, 1974), but S. flavum (= S. gracilis) remains type species of Sphaerodorum [details]

Spelling Nomenclator Zoologicus listings oddly cross-reference to a lapsus spelling 'spaerodorum' in a contents list on p.35 of Örsted (1843) as if this was the correct original spelling. However, Örsted used Sphaerodorum when he introduced the descriptions of both the genus on p.42, and the species on p.43. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]