WoRMS taxon details

Pentacta Goldfuss, 1820

123488  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:123488)

accepted
Genus
Actinia Pallas, 1766 (suppressed by ICZN Opinion 1295 in favor of Actinia Linnaeus, 1767)
Species Pentacta doliolum (Pallas, 1766)
Species Pentacta guinensis (Heding, 1943)
Species Pentacta hedingi Panning, 1940
Species Pentacta nipponensis Clark, 1938
Species Pentacta panamensis Verrill, 1867
Species Pentacta peterseni Ancona Lopez, 1965
Species Pentacta verrucula Cherbonnier, 1988

Species Pentacta kowalevskii Jarzynsky in Théel, 1886 (nomen nudum)

Species Pentacta arae Boone, 1938 accepted as Pseudocolochirus violaceus (Théel, 1886)
Species Pentacta australis (Ludwig, 1875) accepted as Plesiocolochirus australis (Ludwig, 1875)
Species Pentacta calcigera Stimpson, 1851 accepted as Pentamera calcigera Stimpson, 1851 (synonym)
Species Pentacta coerulea (Semper, 1868) accepted as Colochirus quadrangularis Troschel, 1846
Species Pentacta colloradiatus (Haacke, 1880) accepted as Colochirus colloradiatus Haacke, 1880
Species Pentacta dispar (Lampert, 1889) accepted as Pseudocolochirus dispar (Lampert, 1889) accepted as Plesiocolochirus dispar (Lampert, 1889)
Species Pentacta frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) accepted as Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) (incorrect generic attribution)
Species Pentacta gravieri (Vaney) accepted as Plesiocolochirus dispar (Lampert, 1889)
Species Pentacta inornatus (Marenzeller, 1881) accepted as Plesiocolochirus inornatus (Marenzeller von, 1881)
Species Pentacta jagorii (Semper, 1867) accepted as Colochirus quadrangularis Troschel, 1846
Species Pentacta löppenthini Heding, 1940 accepted as Plesiocolochirus armatus (Marenzeller von, 1881)
Species Pentacta minuta (Ludwig, 1875) accepted as Colochirus minutus Ludwig, 1875 accepted as Plesiocolochirus australis (Ludwig, 1875)
Species Pentacta piperata Stimpson, 1864 accepted as Cucumaria piperata (Stimpson, 1864)
Species Pentacta planciana Delle Chiaje, 1841 accepted as Cucumaria planciana (Delle Chiaje, 1841)
Species Pentacta populifer Stimpson, 1864 accepted as Pentamera populifera (Stimpson, 1864)
Species Pentacta propinqua (Haacke) accepted as Colochirus propinquus Haacke, 1880
Species Pentacta pusilla (Helfer, 1912) accepted as Colochirus pusillus Helfer, 1912
Species Pentacta pygmaea (Théel, 1886) accepted as Aslia pygmaea (Théel, 1886) (superseded combination)
Species Pentacta robustus (Östergren, 1898) accepted as Colochirus robustus Östergren, 1898
Species Pentacta squamosa Cherbonnier, 1970 accepted as Ocnus capensis (Théel, 1886)
Species Pentacta tessellara Cherbonnier, 1970 accepted as Plesiocolochirus tessellarus (Cherbonnier, 1970)
Species Pentacta trimorpha Clark, 1921 accepted as Plesiocolochirus dispar (Lampert, 1889)
Species Pentacta tristis (Ludwig, 1875) accepted as Colochirus quadrangularis Troschel, 1846
marine
Goldfuss, G.A. (1820). Handbuch der Zoologie. In: Schubert, G.H. (ed.). Handbuch der Naturgeschichte, zum Gebrauch bei Vorlesungen. Erste Abteilung 1-696, pls. 1-2; Zweite Abteilung: i-xxiv, 1-510, pls. 3-4., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=x8ATAAAAYAAJ [details]   
WoRMS (2018). Pentacta Goldfuss, 1820. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123488 on 2018-11-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-09-27 07:06:07Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2012-11-15 00:36:24Z
checked
2013-06-10 08:43:23Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Goldfuss, G.A. (1820). Handbuch der Zoologie. In: Schubert, G.H. (ed.). Handbuch der Naturgeschichte, zum Gebrauch bei Vorlesungen. Erste Abteilung 1-696, pls. 1-2; Zweite Abteilung: i-xxiv, 1-510, pls. 3-4., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=x8ATAAAAYAAJ [details]   

original description  (ofActinia Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P.S. (1766) Miscellanea zoologica. Quibus novae imprimis atque obscurae animalium species describuntur et observationibus iconibusque illustrantur. Petrum van Cleef. Hagí Comitum., xii + 224 pp.;14 pls., available online at https://archive.org/details/pspallasmedicina00pall [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i>. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Nomenclator Zoologicus Online. , available online at http://uio.mbl.edu/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

additional source Cherbonnier, G. (1952). Contributions a la connaissance des Holothuries de l'Afrique du Sud. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, Vol 33(4): 469-508. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Remark The universal use of the generic name Pantacta Goldfuss, 1820 (type species: Pentacta doliolum (Pallus, 1766) by monotypy) is rejected in Rowe & Gates (1995). Pentacta, sensu stricto may well be restricted to South African waters (Rowe & Gates, 1995); it includes the type species and Pentacta capensis Theél, 1886. The type species, and others included in Cercodemas Selenka, 1877, ColochirusTroschel, 1846 and Plesiocolochirus Cherbonnier, 1946, are not considered congeneric with Pentacta doliolum as supposed by Clark, H.L. (1946). [details]