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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta Goldfuss, 1820 
AphiaID: 123488

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuroidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDendrochirotida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumariidae (Family)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinia doliolum Pallas, 1766 (type by monotypy)
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentactidae Gray, 1842
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumariidae Ludwig, 1894
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinia Pallas, 1766 (suppressed by ICZN Opinion 1295 in favor of Actinia Linnaeus, 1767)
Sources  original description Goldfuss, G.A.. 1820. Handbuch der Zoologie. In: Schubert, G.H. (ed.). Handbuch der Naturgeschichte, zum Gebrauch bei Vorlesungen. Erste Abteilung 1-696, pls. 1-2; Zweite Abteilung: i-xxiv, 1-510, pls. 3-4., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=x8ATAAAAYAAJ [details]

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Direct child
taxa (29)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta coerulea
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta doliolum (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta guinensis (Heding, 1943)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta hedingi Panning, 1940
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta minuta Ludwig, 1875
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta nipponensis Clark, 1938
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta panamensis Verrill, 1867
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta peterseni Ancona Lopez, 1965
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta verrucula Cherbonnier, 1988

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta kowalevskii Jarzynsky in Théel, 1886 (nomen nudum)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta arae Boone, 1938 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocolochirus violaceus (Théel, 1886)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta australis (Ludwig, 1875) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlesiocolochirus australis (Ludwig, 1875)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta calcigera Stimpson, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentamera calcigera Stimpson, 1851
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta colloradiatus (Haacke, 1880) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColochirus colloradiatus Haacke, 1880
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta dispar (Lampert, 1889) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocolochirus dispar (Lampert, 1889) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlesiocolochirus dispar (Lampert, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta dolichurum (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta doliolum (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta gravieri (Vaney) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlesiocolochirus dispar (Lampert, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta jagorii (Semper, 1867) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColochirus quadrangularis Troschel, 1846
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta löppenthini Heding, 1940 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlesiocolochirus armatus (Marenzeller von, 1881)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta piperata Stimpson, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria piperata (Stimpson, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta planciana Delle Chiaje, 1841 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria planciana (Delle Chiaje, 1841)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta populifer Stimpson, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentamera populifera (Stimpson, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta propinqua (Haacke) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColochirus propinquus Haacke, 1880
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta pusilla (Helfer, 1912) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColochirus pusillus Helfer, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta robustus (Östergren, 1898) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColochirus robustus Östergren, 1898
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta squamosa Cherbonnier, 1970 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus capensis (Théel, 1886)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta tessellara Cherbonnier, 1970 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlesiocolochirus tessellarus (Cherbonnier, 1970)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta trimorpha Clark, 1921 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlesiocolochirus dispar (Lampert, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta tristis (Ludwig, 1875) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColochirus quadrangularis Troschel, 1846
Environment marine
Feedingtype  suspension feeder [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark The universal use of the generic name Pantacta Goldfuss, 1820 (type species: Pentacta doliolum (Pallus, 1766) by monotypy) is rejected in Rowe & Gates (1995). Pentacta, sensu stricto may well be restricted to South African waters (Rowe & Gates, 1995); it includes the type species and Pentacta capensis Theél, 1886. The type species, and others included in Cercodemas Selenka, 1877, ColochirusTroschel, 1846 and Plesiocolochirus Cherbonnier, 1946, are not considered congeneric with Pentacta doliolum as supposed by Clark, H.L. (1946). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:123488
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Hansson, Hans
2006-09-27 07:06:07Z  changed  Martinez, Olga
2012-11-15 00:36:24Z  checked  Paulay, Gustav
2013-06-10 08:43:23Z  changed  Paulay, Gustav
  
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  Citation: Paulay, G. (2014). Pentacta Goldfuss, 1820. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123488 on 2014-07-26
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License