WoRMS taxon details

Echinaster Müller & Troschel, 1840

123275  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:123275)

accepted
Genus
Echinaster (Othilia) Gray, 1840· accepted, alternate representation
Othilia Gray, 1840 (Subgenus of Echinaster Muller & Troschel, 1840)
Rhopia Gray, 1840 (Synonym according to Fisher (1919))
Thyraster Ives, 1890 (Synonym according to Downey (1973).)
Verrillaster Downey, 1973 (synonym according to Tortonese & Downey (1977).)
Subgenus Echinaster (Echinaster) Müller & Troschel, 1840
Species Echinaster arcystatus H.L. Clark, 1914
Species Echinaster callosus Marenzeller, 1895
Species Echinaster colemani Rowe & Albertson, 1987
Species Echinaster cylindricus Meissner, 1892
Species Echinaster echinatus Koehler, 1920
Species Echinaster farquhari Benham, 1909
Species Echinaster glomeratus H.L. Clark, 1916
Species Echinaster lacunosus Grube, 1857
Species Echinaster luzonicus (Gray, 1840)
Species Echinaster panamensis Leipoldt, 1895
Species Echinaster parvispinus A.H. Clark, 1916
Species Echinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840)
Species Echinaster smithi Ludwig, 1903
Species Echinaster stereosomus Fisher, 1913
Species Echinaster superbus H.L. Clark, 1916
Species Echinaster varicolor H.L. Clark, 1938

Species Echinaster crassus Müller & Troschel, 1842 (nomen dubium)
Species Echinaster cribella Lutken, 1871 (nomen dubium)
Species Echinaster deplanatus Grube, 1857 (nomen dubium)
Species Echinaster gracilis Müller & Troschel, 1842 (nomen dubium)
Species Echinaster rigidus Grube, 1857 (nomen dubium)

Subgenus Echinaster (Othilia) Gray, 1840 represented as Echinaster Müller & Troschel, 1840
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) aculeata (Gray, 1840)
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) brasiliensis Müller & Troschel, 1842
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) echinophorus (Lamarck, 1816)
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) graminicola Campbell & Turner, 1984
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) guyanensis A.M. Clark, 1987
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) paucispinus A.M. Clark, 1987
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) sentus (Say, 1825)
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) serpentarius Müller & Troschel, 1842
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) spinulosus Verrill, 1869
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) tenuispina Verrill, 1871
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) robustus Verrill, 1914 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) antonioensis deLoriol, 1904 accepted as Echinaster (Othilia) brasiliensis Müller & Troschel, 1842 (Synonym)
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) crassispina Verrill, 1868 accepted as Echinaster (Othilia) echinophorus (Lamarck, 1816) (Synonym according to Verrill (1915))
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) densispinulosus Tommasi, 1970 accepted as Echinaster (Othilia) brasiliensis Müller & Troschel, 1842 (Synonym according to de Avila Pires (1983).)
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) doriae De Filippi, 1859 accepted as Echinaster (Othilia) brasiliensis Müller & Troschel, 1842 (Probable synonym according to A.M. Clark in Clark & Downey (1992).)
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) lepidus de Loriol, 1904 accepted as Echinaster (Othilia) brasiliensis Müller & Troschel, 1842 (Synonymy according to A.M. Clark in Clark & Downey (1992).)
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) modestus Perrier, 1881 accepted as Echinaster (Othilia) spinulosus Verrill, 1869 (Synonymy according to A.M. Clark in Clark & Downey (1992).)
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) nudus Tommasi, 1970 accepted as Echinaster (Othilia) brasiliensis Müller & Troschel, 1842 (Synonymy according to A.M. Clark in Clark & Downey (1992).)
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) spinosus Muller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Echinaster (Othilia) sentus (Say, 1825) ((at least part) Synonym according to Sladen (1889) and Verrill (1915).)
  » Species Echinaster (Othilia) tribulus De Filippi, 1859 accepted as Echinaster (Othilia) brasiliensis Müller & Troschel, 1842 (Synonym according to A.M. Clark in Clark & Downey (1992).)
Species Echinaster modestus Perrier, 1881 represented as Echinaster (Echinaster) modestus Perrier, 1881
Species Echinaster reticulatus H.L. Clark, 1923 represented as Echinaster (Echinaster) reticulatus H.L. Clark, 1923
Species Echinaster sepositus (Retzius, 1783) represented as Echinaster (Echinaster) sepositus (Retzius, 1783)

Species Echinaster acanthodes H.L. Clark, 1916 accepted as Echinaster stereosomus Fisher, 1913 (Synonym according to Jangoux (1978).)
Species Echinaster affinis Perrier, 1869 accepted as Echinaster luzonicus (Gray, 1840) (Synonym according to Sladen (1889))
Species Echinaster clouei Valenciennes (MS) in Perrier, 1869 accepted as Echinaster gracilis Müller & Troschel, 1842 (Synonym )
Species Echinaster decanus Müller & Troschel, 1843 accepted as Plectaster decanus (Muller & Troschel, 1843)
Species Echinaster diffidens Koehler, 1923 accepted as Henricia diffidens (Koehler, 1923)
Species Echinaster echinulatus (Muller & Troschel, 1842) accepted as Mithrodia clavigera (Lamarck, 1816) (Synonym according to Sladen (1889))
Species Echinaster eridanella Muller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Echinaster luzonicus (Gray, 1840) (synonym according to H.L. Clark (1921))
Species Echinaster eschrichti Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Henricia eschrichti (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (original combination)
Species Echinaster fallax Muller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Cribrella fallax (Muller & Troschel, 1842) accepted as Echinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) (Synonym according to Sladen (1889))
Species Echinaster heteractis (H.L. Clark, 1909) accepted as Nepanthia belcheri (Perrier, 1875) (Synonym according to H.L. Clark (1938))
Species Echinaster hirsuta Koehler, 1920 accepted as Rhopiella hirsuta (Koehler, 1920)
Species Echinaster madseni A.M. Clark & Tortonese, 1986 accepted as Echinaster (Echinaster) sepositus madseni A.M. Clark & Tortonese, 1986
Species Echinaster multipapillatus Hoffman in Rowe, 1974 accepted as Echinaster luzonicus (Gray, 1840) (Nomen nudum/synonym according to Rowe (1974).)
Species Echinaster oculatus Düben & Koren, 1846 accepted as Henricia sanguinolenta (O.F. Müller, 1776) (synonym according to Madsen (1987))
Species Echinaster ornatus Perrier, 1869 accepted as Henricia ornata (Perrier, 1869)
Species Echinaster pterasteroides Koehler, 1920 accepted as Rhopiella pterasteroides (Koehler, 1920) accepted as Rhopiella hirsuta (Koehler, 1920) (Probable synonym according to A.M. Clark (1962).)
Species Echinaster sagenus (Bruzelius, 1805) accepted as Echinaster (Echinaster) sepositus (Retzius, 1783) (Synonym as restricted by Tortonese & Madsen (1979))
Species Echinaster sanguinolentus (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Henricia sanguinolenta (O.F. Müller, 1776)
Species Echinaster sarsii Müller & Troschel, 1844 accepted as Henricia sanguinolenta (O.F. Müller, 1776) (Synonym according to Fisher (1911) and Madsen (1987))
Species Echinaster scrobiculatus Danielssen & Koren, 1883 accepted as Henricia perforata (O.F. Müller, 1776) (Synonym according to Madsen (1987))
Species Echinaster sladeni de Loriol, 1893 accepted as Cistina columbiae Gray, 1840 (Synonym according to Clark and Rowe (1971))
Species Echinaster smilax Koehler, 1920 accepted as Henricia smilax (Koehler, 1920)
Species Echinaster solaris (Schreber, 1793) accepted as Acanthaster solaris (Schreber, 1793) (Synonym of Echinites, which is ultimately a synonym of Acanthaster)
Species Echinaster spinulifer (E. A. Smith, 1876) accepted as Henricia spinulfera (E. A. Smith, 1876)
Species Echinaster spinulifer Sladen, 1889 accepted as Rhopiella hirsuta kerguelenensis (Koehler, 1920) accepted as Rhopiella hirsuta (Koehler, 1920) (Synonym according to A.M. Clark (1962))
Species Echinaster vestitus Perrier, 1869 accepted as Echinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) (synonym according to H.L. Clark (1921))
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Müller, J. and Troschel, F. H. (1840). Ueber die Gattungen der Asterien. Archiv für Naturgeschichte. 6: 318-326., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31587#page/328/mode/1up
page(s): 321 [details]   
Mah, C.L. (2018). World Asteroidea Database. Echinaster Müller & Troschel, 1840. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123275 on 2018-07-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-19 09:31:50Z
changed
2008-10-25 14:18:49Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Müller, J. and Troschel, F. H. (1840). Ueber die Gattungen der Asterien. Archiv für Naturgeschichte. 6: 318-326., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31587#page/328/mode/1up
page(s): 321 [details]   

original description  (ofRhopia Gray, 1840) Gray, J. E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (Asterias, Linnaeus). Annals of the Magazine of Natural History. 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up
page(s): 282 [details]   

original description  (ofVerrillaster Downey, 1973) Downey, M.E. (1973). Starfishes from the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 126: 1-158., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/5506
page(s): 89 [details]   

original description  (ofThyraster Ives, 1890) Ives, J.E. (1890). Echinoderms from the Northern coast of Yucatan and the harbor of Vera Cruz. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 3 (42) : 317-340., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30128#page/321/mode/1up
page(s): 329-330 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinaster (Othilia) Gray, 1840) Gray, J. E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (Asterias, Linnaeus). Annals of the Magazine of Natural History. 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up
page(s): 281 [details]   

original description  (ofOthilia Gray, 1840) Gray, J. E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (Asterias, Linnaeus). Annals of the Magazine of Natural History. 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up
page(s): 281 [details]   

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Hansson, H. (2004). North East Atlantic Taxa (NEAT): Nematoda. Internet pdf Ed. Aug 1998., available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/taxa.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Clark, A.M. (1996). An index of names of recent Asteroidea, part 3. Velatida and Spinulosida, in: Jangoux, M.; Lawrence, J.M. (Ed.) (1996). Echinoderm Studies, 5: pp. 183-250 (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofThyraster Ives, 1890) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofEchinaster (Othilia) Gray, 1840) Clark, A.M. (1996). An index of names of recent Asteroidea, part 3. Velatida and Spinulosida, in: Jangoux, M.; Lawrence, J.M. (Ed.) (1996). Echinoderm Studies, 5: pp. 183-250 (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinaster (Othilia) Gray, 1840) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofEchinaster (Othilia) Gray, 1840) Clark, A.M.; Downey, M.E. (1992). Starfishes of the Atlantic. Chapman & Hall Identification Guides, 3. Chapman & Hall. London, UK. ISBN 0-412-43280-3. xxvi, 794 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofVerrillaster Downey, 1973) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Remark Type species: Asterias seposita Lamarck, 1816 (=Asterias sagenaRetzius, 1805) by subsequent designation in Fisher, W.K. (1913) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]