WoRMS name details

Bugula simplex Hincks, 1886

111162  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:111162)

 unaccepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Hincks, T. (1886). XXVI.— The Polyzoa of the Adriatic: a Supplement to Prof. Heller's ‘Die Bryozoen des adriatischen Meeres,’ 1867. <em>Journal of Natural History Series 5.</em> 17(99): 254-271. (look up in IMIS), available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222938609460142 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Distribution south of Virginia; south side of Cape cod, and extending northward of the subprovince limits, including Cobscook Bay  
Distribution south of Virginia; south side of Cape cod, and extending northward of the subprovince limits, including Cobscook Bay [details]

Distribution A recent immigrant from Southern Hemisphere: South Australia (Brock, 1985) and New Zealand (Gordon and Mawatari, 1992)  
Distribution A recent immigrant from Southern Hemisphere: South Australia (Brock, 1985) and New Zealand (Gordon and Mawatari, 1992) [details]
Bock, P.; Gordon, D. (2018). World List of Bryozoa. Bugula simplex Hincks, 1886. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=111162 on 2018-12-11
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-02-01 08:42:39Z
checked
2015-02-13 20:19:42Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Hincks, T. (1886). XXVI.— The Polyzoa of the Adriatic: a Supplement to Prof. Heller's ‘Die Bryozoen des adriatischen Meeres,’ 1867. <em>Journal of Natural History Series 5.</em> 17(99): 254-271. (look up in IMIS), available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222938609460142 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Schelde) (2010). Bedreiging voor biodiversiteit. Indicatoren voor het Schelde-estuarium. <em>Opgemaakt in opdracht van Afdeling Maritieme Toegang, projectgroep EcoWaMorSe, Vlaams Nederlandse Scheldecommissie. VLIZ Information Sheets, 200. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende.</em> 7 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Hayward, P.J. (2001). Bryozoa, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 325-333 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. <em>John Wiley & Sons, Inc.</em> 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. <em>Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B.</em> 68: p. [details]   

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C  [details]   

additional source Ryland, J.S., and P.J. Hayward. 1991. Marine flora and fauna of the northeastern United States: erect Bryozoa. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 99. 48 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Gordon, D. P.; Taylor, P. D.; Bigey, F. P. (2009). Phylum Bryozoa: moss animals, sea mats, lace corals. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 271-297. [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. <em>Northeastern Naturalist.</em> 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Diet Small microorganisms, including diatoms and other unicellular algae. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom part of the English Channel (Marine Region) : Ships: general [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Ireland (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom part of the Celtic Sea (Marine Region) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom part of the Celtic Sea (Marine Region) : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Alien species The bryozoan Bugula simplex was transported on hulls of cargo ships and yachts from the Mediterranean Sea to the Belgian regions. Its actual origin however is unknown. The species is bushy in appearance and was first reported in Belgium in 2000 in the marina of Ostend. Almost all observations of this species are made in ports and marinas.  [details]

Dimensions up to 3 cm tall [details]

Distribution south of Virginia; south side of Cape cod, and extending northward of the subprovince limits, including Cobscook Bay [details]

Distribution A recent immigrant from Southern Hemisphere: South Australia (Brock, 1985) and New Zealand (Gordon and Mawatari, 1992) [details]

Habitat common associated with docks, harbours and piers; sessile, colonial on hard substratum epifauna in the marine environment [details]

Predators grazing organisms such as sea urchins and fish; also subject to competition and overgrowth from sponges, algae, and tunicates [details]

Reproduction sexual and asexual; bryozoan colonies consist of replicated series of zooids, each budded asexually from a predecessor. The founding zooid metamorphoses from the sexually produced larva. Hermaphroditic. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch geel vogelkopmosdiertje  [details]