WoRMS name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBugula simplex Hincks, 1886

111162  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:111162)

Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Hincks, T. (1886). XXVI.— The Polyzoa of the Adriatic: a Supplement to Prof. Heller's ‘Die Bryozoen des adriatischen Meeres,’ 1867. Journal of Natural History Series 5. 17(99): 254-271. (look up in IMIS), available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222938609460142 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution south of Virginia; south side of Cape cod, and...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution south of Virginia; south side of Cape cod, and extending northward of the subprovince limits, including Cobscook Bay [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution A recent immigrant from Southern Hemisphere:...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution A recent immigrant from Southern Hemisphere: South Australia (Brock, 1985) and New Zealand (Gordon and Mawatari, 1992) [details]
Bock, P.; Gordon, D.; Hayward, P. (2015). Bugula simplex. In: Bock, P.; Gordon, D. (2017). World List of Bryozoa. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=111162 on 2017-12-16

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-02-01 08:42:39Z
checked
2015-02-13 20:19:42Z
changed

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original description Hincks, T. (1886). XXVI.— The Polyzoa of the Adriatic: a Supplement to Prof. Heller's ‘Die Bryozoen des adriatischen Meeres,’ 1867. Journal of Natural History Series 5. 17(99): 254-271. (look up in IMIS), available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222938609460142 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Hayward, P.J. (2001). Bryozoa, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 325-333 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gordon, D. P.; Taylor, P. D.; Bigey, F. P. (2009). Phylum Bryozoa: moss animals, sea mats, lace corals. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 271-297. [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Ryland, J.S., and P.J. Hayward. 1991. Marine flora and fauna of the northeastern United States: erect Bryozoa. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 99. 48 p. [details]   

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C  [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Schelde) (2010). Bedreiging voor biodiversiteit. Indicatoren voor het Schelde-estuarium. Opgemaakt in opdracht van Afdeling Maritieme Toegang, projectgroep EcoWaMorSe, Vlaams Nederlandse Scheldecommissie. VLIZ Information Sheets, 200. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. 7 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorDiet Small microorganisms, including diatoms and other unicellular algae. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom part of the English Channel (Marine Region) : Ships: general [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Ireland (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom part of the Celtic Sea (Marine Region) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom part of the Celtic Sea (Marine Region) : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAlien species The bryozoan Bugula simplex was transported on hulls of cargo ships and yachts from the Mediterranean Sea to the Belgian regions. Its actual origin however is unknown. The species is bushy in appearance and was first reported in Belgium in 2000 in the marina of Ostend. Almost all observations of this species are made in ports and marinas.  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions up to 3 cm tall [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution south of Virginia; south side of Cape cod, and extending northward of the subprovince limits, including Cobscook Bay [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution A recent immigrant from Southern Hemisphere: South Australia (Brock, 1985) and New Zealand (Gordon and Mawatari, 1992) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat common associated with docks, harbours and piers; sessile, colonial on hard substratum epifauna in the marine environment [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators grazing organisms such as sea urchins and fish; also subject to competition and overgrowth from sponges, algae, and tunicates [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction sexual and asexual; bryozoan colonies consist of replicated series of zooids, each budded asexually from a predecessor. The founding zooid metamorphoses from the sexually produced larva. Hermaphroditic. [details]
 

Feeding Type
suspension feeder [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgeel vogelkopmosdiertje  [details]