WoRMS taxon details

Amphidinium carterae Hulburt, 1957

109723  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109723)

Hulburt E.M.1957. The taxonomy of unarmored Dinophyceae of shallow embayments off Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Biol. Bull. 112: 196., available online at https://doi.org/10.2307/1539198 [details]   
Type locality contained in Woods Hole  
type locality contained in Woods Hole [details]
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47680  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47680 [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2021). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Amphidinium carterae Hulburt, 1957. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109723 on 2021-10-20
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2007-11-02 20:34:05Z
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z
2010-10-12 08:08:29Z
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z

Copyright notice: the information originating from AlgaeBase may not be downloaded or replicated by any means, without the written permission of the copyright owner (generally AlgaeBase). Fair usage of data in scientific publications is permitted.

original description Hulburt E.M.1957. The taxonomy of unarmored Dinophyceae of shallow embayments off Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Biol. Bull. 112: 196., available online at https://doi.org/10.2307/1539198 [details]   

taxonomy source S. Murray, M. Flø Jørgensen, N. Daugbjerg & L. Rhodes (2004) <i>Amphidinium</i> revisited. II. Resolving species boundaries in the <i>Amphidinium operculatum</i> species complex (Dinophyceae), including the descriptions of <i>Amphidinium trulla</i> sp. nov. and <i>Amphidinium gibbosum</i> comb. nov. J. Phycol. 40: 366-382. [details]   

basis of record Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2020). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

toxicology source Rhodes L.L., Smith K.F., Munday R., Selwood A.I., McNabb P.S., Holland P.T., Bottein M.-Y. (2009). Toxic dinoflagellates (Dinophyceae) from Rarotonga, Cook Islands. Toxicon, 56:751-758. [details]   

toxicology source Yasumoto T., Seino N., Murakami Y. & Murata M. 1987. Toxins produced by benthic dinoflagellates. Biol. Bull. 172: 128-131. [details]   

ecology source Leles, S. G.; Mitra, A.; Flynn, K. J.; Tillmann, U.; Stoecker, D.; Jeong, H. J.; Burkholder, J.; Hansen, P. J.; Caron, D. A.; Glibert, P. M.; Hallegraeff, G.; Raven, J. A.; Sanders, R. W.; Zubkov, M. (2019). Sampling bias misrepresents the biogeographical significance of constitutive mixotrophs across global oceans. <em>Global Ecology and Biogeography.</em> 28(4): 418-428., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12853 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47680 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Harmful effect Haemolysins have been isolated and fish toxicity is also known. [details]

From other sources
Diet general for group: both heterotrophic (eat other organisms) and autotrophic (photosynthetic) [details]

Habitat pelagic [details]

Importance General: known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans. [details]

Predators marine microorganisms and animal larvae [details]

Reproduction general for group: both sexual and asexual [details]
Japanese ヒメズキンハダカオビムシ  [details]