WoRMS taxon details

Dinophysis fortii Pavillard, 1923

109624  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109624)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Pavillard J. 1916. Recherches sur les Péridiniens du Golfe du Lion. Trav. Inst. Bot. Univ. Montpellier 4: 9-70. [details]   
Type locality contained in Gulf of Lions  
type locality contained in Gulf of Lions [details]
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47046  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47046 [details]

Distribution neritic and oceanic; cold temperate to tropical waters worldwide  
Distribution neritic and oceanic; cold temperate to tropical waters worldwide [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Dinophysis fortii Pavillard, 1923. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109624 on 2018-02-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-20 06:41:05Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z
checked
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

Copyright notice: the information originating from AlgaeBase may not be downloaded or replicated by any means, without the written permission of the copyright owner (generally AlgaeBase). Fair usage of data in scientific publications is permitted.


original description Pavillard J. 1916. Recherches sur les Péridiniens du Golfe du Lion. Trav. Inst. Bot. Univ. Montpellier 4: 9-70. [details]   

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Horner, R.A. 2002. A taxonomic guide to some common marine phytoplankton. Biopress Ltd. Bristol. 195 p.  [details]   

additional source Abé, T.H. (1967). The armoured Dinoflagellata: II. Prorocentridae and Dinophysidae (B) - Dinophysis and its allied genera. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory. 2: 37-78. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Yasumoto T., Oshima Y., Sugawara W., Fukuyo Y., Oguri H., Igarashi T. & Fujita N. 1980. Identification of Dinophysis fortii as the causative organism of diarrhetic shellfish poisoning. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 46: 1405-1411. [details]   

additional source Lee J.S., lgarashi T., Fraga S., Dahl E., Hovgaard P. & Yasumoto T. (1989). Determination of diarrhetic shellfish toxins in various dinoflagellate species. J. Appl. Phycol. 1, 147-152. [details]   

additional source Suzuki T., Mitsuya T., Imai M. & Yamasaki M. 1997. DSP toxin contents in Dinophysis fortii and scallops collected at Mutsu Bay, Japan. J. Appl. Phycol. 8: 509-515.

Sato S., Koike K. & Kodama M. 1996. Seasonal variation of okadaic acid and dinophysistoxin-1 in Dinophysis spp. in association with the toxicity of scallop. In: Harmful and Toxic Algal Blooms (Ed. by T. Yasumoto, Y. Oshima & Y. Fukuyo), pp. 285-288. IOC, UNESCO, Paris. [details]   

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Balech, E. (1962). Tintinnoinea y Dinoflagellata del Pacífico según material de las expediciones Norpac y Downwind del Instituto Scripps de Oceanografía. Rev. Mus. Arg. Cs. Nat. “B. Rivadavia”, C. Zool. 7(1): 1-253, 26 pl. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lakkis, S. (2011). Le phytoplancton marin du Liban (Méditerranée orientale): biologie, biodiversité, biogéographie. Aracne: Roma. ISBN 978-88-548-4243-4. 293 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

additional source Steidinger, K.A.; Tangen, K. (1997). Dinoflagellates. pp. 387-584. In: C.R. Tomas (ed.) (1997). Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780126930184500057 [details]   

additional source Kofoid, C.A.; Skogsberg, T. (1928). Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross" from October 1904 to March 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding. [No.] XXXV. The Dinoflagellata: the Dinophysoidae. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy, at Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass. 51: 1-766., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/25654#page/1/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Balech, E. (2002). Dinoflagelados tecados tóxicos en el Cono Sur Americano. En: SAR, E.A., FERRARIO, M.E. & REGUERA, B. (Eds.). Floraciones Algales Nocivas en el Cono Sur Americano. Instituto Español de Oceanografía. pp. 123-144. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference Pavillard J. 1923. A propos de la systématique des Péridiniens. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 70: 876-882. [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895 sensu Martin, 1929) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895 sensu Martin, 1929) Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895 sensu Martin, 1929) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895) Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895) Raho, N., Pizarro, G., Escalera, L., Reguera, B. & Marín, I. 2008. Morphology, toxin composition and molecular analysis of Dinophysis ovum Schütt, a dinoflagellate of the "Dinophysis acuminata complex". Harmful Algae 7, 839-848 , available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hal.2008.04.006 [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895) Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis intermedia Pavillard, 1916) Abé, T.H. (1927). Report of the biological survey of Mutsu Bay. 3. Notes on the protozoan fauna of Mutsu Bay. I. Peridiniales. Science Reports of the Tohoku Imperial University, Series 4. 2: 383-438. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895 sensu Martin, 1929) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofDinophysis brevisulcus Tai & Skogsberg, 1934) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofDinophysis brevisulcus Tai & Skogsberg, 1934) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895 sensu Martin, 1929) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

basis of record  (ofDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofDinophysis brevisulca Tai & Skogsberg, 1934) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofDinophysis intermedia Pavillard, 1916) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895 sensu Martin, 1929) Scott, F.J.; Marchant, H.J. (Ed.). (2005). Antarctic marine protists. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra. ISBN 0-642-56835-9. 563 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis brevisulcus Tai & Skogsberg, 1934) Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895 sensu Martin, 1929) Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofDinophysis brevisulcus Tai & Skogsberg, 1934) Balech, E. (1979). Dinoflagelados. Campaña oceanográfica argentina Islas Orcadas 06/75. Servicio de Hidrografia Naval. H 655: 1-76, 10 lám. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47046 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Distribution neritic and oceanic; cold temperate to tropical waters worldwide [details]

Harmful effect The first species of Dinophysis identified as the causative agent of DSP outbreaks(Yasumoto et al. 1980). Producer of okadaic acid (OA), dinophysis toxins (DTX1)and pectenotoxins (PTX2), toxins implicated in DSP. The main agent of DSP outbreaks in Japan and the Adriatic Sea. Accompanies other species of Dinophysis during DSP events in many parts of the world.
Analyses of picked cells by HPLC-FD showed some Japanese strains contained OA (23 pg/cell) and other contained very high levels of DTX1 (13-191.5 pg/cell) and PTX2 (42.5 pg/cell) (Lee et al. 1989). More recent analyses by LC-MS showed cells containing DTX1 (8-11 pg/cell) and PTX2 (51-64 pg/cell) (Suzuki et al. 2009). Populations from the Adriatic Sea had dominance of PTX but also contained OA (15 pg/cell) (Draisci et al. 1996). [details]

Synonymy Apparently no recent synonym other than Dinophysis lapidistrigiliformis Abé, reported by some authors as 'small cells' in the life cycle of D. fortii (Fukuyo et al. 1981, Otsuchi Mar. Res. Cent., Rep. 7: 3-23; Uchida et al. 1999, Bull. Fish. Environ. Inland Sea 1: 163-165). [details]

From other sources
Diet general for group: both heterotrophic (eat other organisms) and autotrophic (photosynthetic) [details]

Habitat pelagic [details]

Importance General: known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans. [details]

Predators marine microorganisms and animal larvae [details]

Reproduction general for group: both sexual and asexual [details]