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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis fortii Pavillard, 1923 
AphiaID: 109624

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChromista (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarosa (Subkingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlveolata (Infrakingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyzozoa (Phylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinozoa (Subphylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinoflagellata (Infraphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophyceae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysiales (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysiaceae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis Ehrenberg, 1839
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis brevisulca Tai & Skogsberg, 1934 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis brevisulcus Tai & Skogsberg, 1934 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895 sensu Martin, 1929 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis ovum Schütt, 1895
Sources  original description Pavillard J. 1916. Recherches sur les Péridiniens du Golfe du Lion. Trav. Inst. Bot. Univ. Montpellier 4: 9-70. [details]

new combination reference Pavillard J. 1923. A propos de la systématique des Péridiniens. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 70: 876-882. [details]

[show all]
Environment marine
Distribution  Trusted: edited by a thematic editortype locality Gulf of Lions [details]
From other sources
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLebanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublished in AlgaeBase Logo AlgaeBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (8 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (19 nucleotides; 1 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47046 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorDistribution neritic and oceanic; cold temperate to tropical waters worldwide [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorHarmful effect The first species of Dinophysis identified as the causative agent of DSP outbreaks(Yasumoto et al. 1980). Producer of okadaic acid (OA), dinophysis toxins (DTX1)and pectenotoxins (PTX2), toxins implicated in DSP. The main agent of DSP outbreaks in Japan and the Adriatic Sea. Accompanies other species of Dinophysis during DSP events in many parts of the world.
Analyses of picked cells by HPLC-FD showed some Japanese strains contained OA (23 pg/cell) and other contained very high levels of DTX1 (13-191.5 pg/cell) and PTX2 (42.5 pg/cell) (Lee et al. 1989). More recent analyses by LC-MS showed cells containing DTX1 (8-11 pg/cell) and PTX2 (51-64 pg/cell) (Suzuki et al. 2009). Populations from the Adriatic Sea had dominance of PTX but also contained OA (15 pg/cell) (Draisci et al. 1996). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSynonymy Apparently no recent synonym other than Dinophysis lapidistrigiliformis Abé, reported by some authors as 'small cells' in the life cycle of D. fortii (Fukuyo et al. 1981, Otsuchi Mar. Res. Cent., Rep. 7: 3-23; Uchida et al. 1999, Bull. Fish. Environ. Inland Sea 1: 163-165). [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet general for group: both heterotrophic (eat other organisms) and autotrophic (photosynthetic) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat pelagic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance General: known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators marine microorganisms and animal larvae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction general for group: both sexual and asexual [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Dinophysis fortii
Dinophysis fortii
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109624
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Brandt, Sue
2006-07-20 06:41:05Z  changed  Camba Reu, Cibran
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z  checked  Moestrup, Øjvind
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Dinophysis fortii Pavillard, 1923. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2014). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109624 on 2014-09-24
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License