WoRMS taxon details

Carcinus maenas (Linnaeus, 1758)

107381  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:107381)

accepted
Species
marine
recent only
(of Cancer maenas Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Distribution Nova Scotia to Virginia  
Distribution Nova Scotia to Virginia [details]
WoRMS (2020). Carcinus maenas (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=107381 on 2020-10-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-06-12 14:12:52Z
checked
2020-09-02 19:03:26Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Cancer granulatus Say, 1817 [in Say, 1817-1818]) Say, T. (1817-1818). An account of the Crustacea of the United States. <em>Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.</em> 1(1):57-63, 65-80 (pl.), 97-101, 155-169 (1817); 1(2): 235-253, 313-319, 374-401, 423-441 (1818)., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/part/244401#/summary [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Cancer maenas Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Cancer rhomboidalis Montagu, 1804) Montagu, G. (1804). Description of several marine animals found on the south coast of Devonshire. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society, London.</em> 7: 61-85, pl. 6-7., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/756268 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Megalopa montagui Leach, 1817 [in Leach, 1815-1875]) Leach, W.E. (1815-1875). Malacostraca Podophthalmata Britanniae; or descriptions of such British species of the Linnean genus Cancer as have their eyes elevated on footstalks. Illustrated with figures of all species by John Sowerby, F.L.S. G.S. & W.S. &c. John Sowerby, Lambeth, London, 124 pp., Pls. 1–45. [Part 1 (Pls. 8, 14, 22): 1 January 1815; Part 2 (Pls. 4, 15, 40): 1 March 1815; Part 3 (Pls. 17, 28A, 28B): 1 May 1815; Part 4 (Pls. 19, 29, 41): 1 July 1815; Part 5 (Pls. 23, 30): 1 Sept. 1815; Part 6 (Pls. 1, 2, 26): 1 November 1815; Part 7 (Pls. 24, 36): 1 January 1816; Part 8 (Pls. 3, 12, 13): 1 March 1816; Part 9 (Pls. 7, 42, 43): 1 May 1816; Part 10 (Pls. 6, 31, 32): 1 July 1816; Part 11 (Pls. 9, 11, 33): 1 September 1816; Part 12 (Pls. 5, 21A, 21B): 1 November 1816; Part 1 (Pls. 18, 20): 1 January 1817; Part 14 (Pls. 10, 25, 44): 1 March 1817; Part 15 (Pls. 22B, 37A, 37B): 1 July 1817; Part 16 (Pls. 22C, 36, 39): 1 December 1817; Part 17 (Pls. 9B, 10): 1 March 1820; Parts 18, 19 (Pls. 9A, 24A, 27, 34, 35, 37C, 45): November 1875]. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12003115#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Portunus carcinoides Kinahan, 1857) Kinahan, J.R. (1857). On Xantho rivulosa and other decapodous Crustacea occurring at Valentia Island, Co. Kerry. <em>The Natural History Review.</em> 4: 57-70. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Introduced species) Fofonoff, P.W.; Ruiz, G.M.; Steves, B.; Carlton, J.T. (2014). National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS), available online at http://invasions.si.edu/nemesis [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Kei LWK. & Lau SCK. (1994). Baseline information survey of shelter island - a potential marine park. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture and Fisheries Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (BeRMS 2020) Marine Biology Section, Ugent. Belgium. INRAM. Benthic fauna monitoring- SSD - Belgian Science Policy., available online at http://www.vliz.be/projects/inram/imers.php. [details]   

basis of record Türkay, M. (2001). Decapoda, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 284-292 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Crosnier, A. (1962). Faune de Madagascar. XVI Crustaces Decapodes: Portunidae. <em>Faune de Madagascar.</em> 16: 1-154, pls. 1-13. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. <em>Northeastern Naturalist.</em> 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf
page(s): 291 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. <em>Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands.</em> ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species impact in United States Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Introduced species impact in Australian part of the Great Australian Bight (Marine Region) : Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

Introduced species population trend in Red Sea (IHO Sea Area) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Introduced species population trend in Pakistan (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Introduced species population trend in Myanmar (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Introduced species population trend in Sri Lanka (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Introduced species population trend in Madagascar (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Introduced species remark In United States Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) : It is a major predator of Mercenaria mercenaria (Quahog or Hard Clam) in southern New England (Walton et al. 2001). On the West Coast, Carcinus maenas is regarded as a potential predator on commercially important clams, including introduced Softshell Clams, Japanese Littlenecks (Venerupis philippinarum), and the Mediterranean Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis), as well as the native Pacific Littleneck (Leukoma staminea) (Grosholz et al. 2011). [details]

Introduced species remark In Australian part of the Exclusive Econmic Zone (EEZ) : On the East and West coasts of North America, and in Australia Carcinus maenas has had serious impacts on shore communities; primarily as one of the chief predators of the intertidal zone. It can affect the survival and recruitment of gastropods, bivalves, other crabs, and probably a wide range of other invertebrates (Vermeij 1982a; Vermeij 1982b; Williams 1984; Grosholz and Ruiz 2002). [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United States (Nation) : Research data strongly suggest that the introductions to Oregon, Washington and British Columbia occurred through larval transport via strong ocean currents associated with an unusually large El Nino event in 1997 and 1998. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United States (Nation) : Natural dispersal [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Canadian part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : The Green Crab was likely introduced to the West Coast through the live-bait trade, or less likely, in the ballast water of ships (Cohen et al. 1995; Grosholz and Ruiz 1995).  [details]

From other sources
Diet Eats other invertebrates. [details]

Distribution Nova Scotia to Virginia [details]

Habitat Primarily intertidal and shallow subtidal areas, 0-60 m depth, rarely to 200 m, common under rocks and algae, tide pools, marshes and seagrass beds, found in low to full salinity areas. [details]
LanguageName 
Danish strandkrabbealmindelig strandkrabbe  [details]
Dutch strandkrablandkrabgewone strandkrabgewone krab  [details]
English shore crabNorth Atlantic shore crabharbour crabgreen shore crabgreen crabEuropean shore-crabcommon shore crab  [details]
Finnish rantataskurapu  [details]
French crabe vertcrabe enragé  [details]
German StrandkrabbeNordatlantik-Strandkrabbegemeine Strandkrabbe  [details]
Spanish cangrejo verde europeocangrejo de mar común  [details]
Swedish strandkrabba  [details]