WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcinus maenas (Linnaeus, 1758)

107381 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:107381)
accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer maenas Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Nova Scotia to Virginia  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Nova Scotia to Virginia [details]
Fransen, C.; Türkay, M. (2007). Carcinus maenas. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=107381 on 2017-11-24

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-06-12 14:12:52Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer maenas Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Türkay, M. (2001). Decapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 284-292 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Crosnier, A. (1962). Faune de Madagascar. XVI Crustaces Decapodes: Portunidae. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf
page(s): 291 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer maenas Linnaeus, 1758) Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer granulatus Say, 1817) Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer granulatus Say, 1817) Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer granarius Herbst, 1783) Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer granarius Herbst, 1783) Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer viridis Herbst, 1783) Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer viridis Herbst, 1783) Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCarcinus granulatus Smith, 1857) Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCarcinus granulatus Smith, 1857) Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Introduced species) Fofonoff, P.W.; Ruiz, G.M.; Steves, B.; Carlton, J.T. (2014). National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS), available online at http://invasions.si.edu/nemesis [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Kei LWK. & Lau SCK. (1994). Baseline information survey of shelter island - a potential marine park. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture and Fisheries Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Australian part of the Great Australian Bight (Marine Region) : Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in United States Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Sri Lanka (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Madagascar (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Myanmar (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Red Sea (IHO Sea Area) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Pakistan (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Australian part of the Exclusive Econmic Zone (EEZ) : On the East and West coasts of North America, and in Australia Carcinus maenas has had serious impacts on shore communities; primarily as one of the chief predators of the intertidal zone. It can affect the survival and recruitment of gastropods, bivalves, other crabs, and probably a wide range of other invertebrates (Vermeij 1982a; Vermeij 1982b; Williams 1984; Grosholz and Ruiz 2002). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In United States Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) : It is a major predator of Mercenaria mercenaria (Quahog or Hard Clam) in southern New England (Walton et al. 2001). On the West Coast, Carcinus maenas is regarded as a potential predator on commercially important clams, including introduced Softshell Clams, Japanese Littlenecks (Venerupis philippinarum), and the Mediterranean Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis), as well as the native Pacific Littleneck (Leukoma staminea) (Grosholz et al. 2011). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Canadian part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : The Green Crab was likely introduced to the West Coast through the live-bait trade, or less likely, in the ballast water of ships (Cohen et al. 1995; Grosholz and Ruiz 1995).  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in United States (Nation) : Natural dispersal [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in United States (Nation) : Research data strongly suggest that the introductions to Oregon, Washington and British Columbia occurred through larval transport via strong ocean currents associated with an unusually large El Nino event in 1997 and 1998. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Eats other invertebrates. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Nova Scotia to Virginia [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Primarily intertidal and shallow subtidal areas, 0-60 m depth, rarely to 200 m, common under rocks and algae, tide pools, marshes and seagrass beds, found in low to full salinity areas. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstrandkrabbeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoralmindelig strandkrabbe  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstrandkrabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlandkrabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgewone strandkrabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgewone krab  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorshore crabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorharbour crabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreen shore crabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreen crabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean shore-crabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcommon shore crab  [details]
Finnish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrantataskurapu  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcrabe vertUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcrabe enragé  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorStrandkrabbeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgemeine Strandkrabbe  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcangrejo verde europeoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcangrejo de mar común  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstrandkrabba  [details]