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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcinus maenas (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 107381

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArthropoda (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrustacea (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacostraca (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumalacostraca (Subclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEucarida (Superorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecapoda (Order) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPleocyemata (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachyura (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEubrachyura (Section) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterotremata (Subsection) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPortunoidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPortunidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcininae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcinus (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcinus Leach, 1814
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer granarius Herbst, 1783 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer granulatus Say, 1817 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer maenas Linnaeus, 1758 (basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer pygmeus Fabricius, 1787
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer rhomboidalis Montagu, 1804
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancer viridis Herbst, 1783 (synonym)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCarcinus granulatus Smith, 1857 (synonym)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCarcinus moenas (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegalopa montagui Leach, 1817
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstrandkrabbeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoralmindelig strandkrabbe  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstrandkrabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlandkrabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgewone strandkrabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgewone krab  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorshore crabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorharbour crabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreen shore crabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreen crabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean shore-crabUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcommon shore crab  [details]
Finnish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrantataskurapu  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcrabe vertUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcrabe enragé  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorStrandkrabbeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgemeine StrandkrabbeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgemeine Standkrabbe  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcangrejo verde europeoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcangrejo de mar común  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstrandkrabba  [details]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFAO fishing area 34 [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFAO fishing area 47 [details]
From regional or thematic species database
Australia
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorAustralia (introduced: alien[details]
Canada
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCanada (introduced: alien[details]
Caribbean Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCaribbean Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Coastal Waters of Southeast Alaska and British Columbia
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCoastal Waters of Southeast Alaska and British Columbia (introduced: alien[details]
Gulf of Guinea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorGulf of Guinea (introduced: alien[details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorGulf of St. Lawrence (introduced: alien[details]
Indian Ocean
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIndian Ocean (introduced: alien[details]
Japan
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorJapan (introduced: alien[details]
Madagascar
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorMadagascar (introduced: alien[details]
Mauritania
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorMauritania [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Myanmar
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBurma (introduced: alien[details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNorth Atlantic (introduced: alien[details]
North Pacific Ocean
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNorth Pacific (introduced: alien[details]
Pakistan
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorPakistan (introduced: alien[details]
Red Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorRed Sea (introduced: alien[details]
South Africa
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSouth Africa (country) (introduced: alien[details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorWest Coast of South Africa [details]
South Atlantic Ocean
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSaldanha Bay (introduced: alien[details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSouth Atlantic (introduced: alien[details]
Sri Lanka
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSri Lanka (introduced: alien[details]
United States
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorUnited States (introduced: alien[details]
(no group)
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEast Atlantic [details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEast Pacific [details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorHout Bay [details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorTable Bay (introduced: alien[details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorWest Atlantic [details]
From other sources
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Coast [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBredene [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Haan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Panne [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLombardsijde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMiddelkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostduinkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpuikom [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeebrugge [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanada [details]
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEnglish Channel [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBray-Dunes [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGrevelingen [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOosterschelde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSas van Goes [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchelde estuary [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorVoordelta [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWesterschelde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeeschelde [details]
Norway
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Coast of Norway [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Coast of Norway  [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom [details]
United States
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUSA [details]
Wadden Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWadden Sea [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIcelandic Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-Pacific [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMoroccan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Africa [details]
Feedingtype  carnivore [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChoniosphaera maenadis (Bloch & Gallien, 1933) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPortunion maenadis (Giard, 1886) (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlanktonNet Image 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (147 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (527 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (15830 nucleotides; 275 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Decapod Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in United States (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Australia (Nation) : Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Myanmar (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Pakistan (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Madagascar (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Red Sea (IHO Sea Area) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Sri Lanka (Nation) : The failure to become established in these warm waters is probably related to temperature tolerances of adult and larval stages. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In United States (Nation) : It is a major predator of Mercenaria mercenaria (Quahog or Hard Clam) in southern New England (Walton et al. 2001). On the West Coast, Carcinus maenas is regarded as a potential predator on commercially important clams, including introduced Softshell Clams, Japanese Littlenecks (Venerupis philippinarum), and the Mediterranean Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis), as well as the native Pacific Littleneck (Leukoma staminea) (Grosholz et al. 2011). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Australia (Nation) : On the East and West coasts of North America, and in Australia Carcinus maenas has had serious impacts on shore communities; primarily as one of the chief predators of the intertidal zone. It can affect the survival and recruitment of gastropods, bivalves, other crabs, and probably a wide range of other invertebrates (Vermeij 1982a; Vermeij 1982b; Williams 1984; Grosholz and Ruiz 2002). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Canada (Nation) : The Green Crab was likely introduced to the West Coast through the live-bait trade, or less likely, in the ballast water of ships (Cohen et al. 1995; Grosholz and Ruiz 1995).  [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Eats other invertebrates. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Nova Scotia to Virginia [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Primarily intertidal and shallow subtidal areas, 0-60 m depth, rarely to 200 m, common under rocks and algae, tide pools, marshes and seagrass beds, found in low to full salinity areas. [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:107381
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Türkay, Michael
2007-06-12 14:12:52Z  checked  Fransen, Charles
  
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  Citation: Fransen, C. (2014). Carcinus maenas (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=107381 on 2014-07-31
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License