WoRMS taxon details

Myliobatidae Bonaparte, 1835

105710  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105710)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Mobulinae Gill, 1893
  » Genus Aodon Lacepède, 1798
  » Genus Manta Bancroft, 1829
    » Species Manta alfredi (Krefft, 1868) accepted as Mobula alfredi (Krefft, 1868)
    » Species Manta americana Bancroft, 1829 accepted as Mobula birostris (Walbaum, 1792)
    » Species Manta birostris (Walbaum, 1792) accepted as Mobula birostris (Walbaum, 1792)
    » Species Manta brevirostris Auctorum accepted as Mobula birostris (Walbaum, 1792) (misspelling)
    » Species Manta ehrenbergii (Müller & Henle, 1841) accepted as Mobula birostris (Walbaum, 1792)
    » Species Manta fowleri Whitley, 1936 accepted as Mobula alfredi (Krefft, 1868)
    » Species Manta hamiltoni (Hamilton & Newman, 1849) accepted as Mobula birostris (Walbaum, 1792)
    » Species Manta mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788) accepted as Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
    » Species Manta pakota Whitley, 1936 accepted as Mobula alfredi (Krefft, 1868)
    » Species Manta raya Baer, 1899 accepted as Mobula birostris (Walbaum, 1792)
  » Genus Mobula Rafinesque, 1810
    » Species Mobula alfredi (Krefft, 1868)
    » Species Mobula birostris (Walbaum, 1792)
    » Species Mobula eregoodootenkee (Bleeker, 1859)
    » Species Mobula hypostoma (Bancroft, 1831)
    » Species Mobula japanica (Müller & Henle, 1841)
    » Species Mobula kuhlii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
    » Species Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
    » Species Mobula munkiana Notarbartolo-di-Sciara, 1987
    » Species Mobula rochebrunei (Vaillant, 1879)
    » Species Mobula tarapacana (Philippi, 1892)
    » Species Mobula thurstoni (Lloyd, 1908)
    » Species Mobula auriculata Rafinesque, 1810 accepted as Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
    » Species Mobula coilloti Cadenat & Rancurel, 1960 accepted as Mobula tarapacana (Philippi, 1892)
    » Species Mobula diabolus (Shaw, 1804) accepted as Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788) (ambiguous synonym)
    » Species Mobula eregoodoo (Cantor, 1849) accepted as Mobula eregoodootenkee (Bleeker, 1859)
    » Species Mobula formosana Teng, 1962 accepted as Mobula tarapacana (Philippi, 1892)
    » Species Mobula japonica (Müller & Henle, 1841) accepted as Mobula japanica (Müller & Henle, 1841) (misspelling)
    » Species Mobula lucasana Beebe & Tee-Van, 1938 accepted as Mobula thurstoni (Lloyd, 1908)
    » Species Mobula olfersii (Müller, 1834) accepted as Mobula hypostoma (Bancroft, 1831)
    » Species Mobula rancureli Cadenat, 1959 accepted as Mobula japanica (Müller & Henle, 1841)
    » Species Mobula robertsi (Boulenger, 1897) accepted as Mobula hypostoma (Bancroft, 1831) (misspelling)
    » Species Mobula tarapanaca (Philippi, 1892) accepted as Mobula tarapacana (Philippi, 1892) (misspelling)
    » Species Mobula tobijei (Bleeker, 1854) accepted as Myliobatis tobijei Bleeker, 1854
  » Genus Apterurus Rafinesque, 1810 accepted as Mobula Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Brachioptilon Hamilton, 1849 accepted as Manta Bancroft, 1829
  » Genus Cephaloptera Cuvier (ex Duméril), 1816 accepted as Mobula Rafinesque, 1810 (synonym)
    » Species Cephaloptera eregoodootenkee Bleeker, 1859 accepted as Mobula eregoodootenkee (Bleeker, 1859)
    » Species Cephaloptera giorna (Lacepède, 1803) accepted as Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
    » Species Cephaloptera japanica Müller & Henle, 1841 accepted as Mobula japanica (Müller & Henle, 1841)
    » Species Cephaloptera kuhlii Müller & Henle, 1841 accepted as Mobula kuhlii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
    » Species Cephaloptera massenoidea Hill, 1862 accepted as Mobula hypostoma (Bancroft, 1831)
    » Species Cephaloptera olfersii Müller, 1834 accepted as Mobula hypostoma (Bancroft, 1831)
    » Species Cephaloptera rochebrunei Vaillant, 1879 accepted as Mobula rochebrunei (Vaillant, 1879)
    » Species Cephaloptera stelligera Günther, 1870 accepted as Mobula birostris (Walbaum, 1792)
    » Species Cephaloptera tarapacana Philippi, 1892 accepted as Mobula tarapacana (Philippi, 1892)
    » Species Cephaloptera tatraniana van Hasselt, 1823 accepted as Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  » Genus Cephalopterus Risso, 1810 accepted as Mobula Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Ceratobatis Boulenger, 1897 accepted as Mobula Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Ceratoptera Müller & Henle, 1837 accepted as Manta Bancroft, 1829
  » Genus Deratoptera accepted as Ceratoptera Müller & Henle, 1837 (misspelling)
    » Species Deratoptera alfredi Krefft, 1868 accepted as Mobula alfredi (Krefft, 1868) (misspelling)
  » Genus Dicerobatis Blainville, 1825 accepted as Mobula Rafinesque, 1810
Subfamily Myliobatinae Bonaparte, 1835
  » Genus Aetobatus Blainville, 1816
  » Genus Aetomylaeus Garman, 1908
    » Species Aetomylaeus asperrimus (Gilbert, 1898)
    » Species Aetomylaeus bovinus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
    » Species Aetomylaeus caeruleofasciatus White, Last & Baje, 2015
    » Species Aetomylaeus maculatus (Gray, 1834)
    » Species Aetomylaeus milvus (Müller & Henle, 1841)
    » Species Aetomylaeus nichofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
    » Species Aetomylaeus vespertilio (Bleeker, 1852)
    » Species Aetomylaeus huletti Smith, 1953 accepted as Pteromylaeus bovinus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
    » Species Aetomylaeus huletti Smith, 1953 accepted as Aetomylaeus nichofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
    » Species Aetomylaeus nichofi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) accepted as Aetomylaeus nichofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (misspelling)
    » Species Aetomylaeus niehofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) accepted as Aetomylaeus nichofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
    » Species Aetomylaeus ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823) accepted as Aetobatus ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823)
    » Species Aetomylaeus reticulatus (Teng, 1962) accepted as Aetomylaeus vespertilio (Bleeker, 1852)
  » Genus Myliobatis Cuvier, 1816
    » Species Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Myliobatis australis MacLeay, 1881
    » Species Myliobatis californica Gill, 1865
    » Species Myliobatis chilensis Philippi, 1892
    » Species Myliobatis freminvillei Lesueur, 1824
    » Species Myliobatis goodei Garman, 1885
    » Species Myliobatis hamlyni Ogilby, 1911
    » Species Myliobatis longirostris Applegate & Fitch, 1964
    » Species Myliobatis peruvianus Garman, 1913
    » Species Myliobatis ridens Ruocco, Lucifora, Díaz de Astarloa, Mabragaña & Delpiani, 2012
    » Species Myliobatis tenuicaudatus Hector, 1877
    » Species Myliobatis tobijei Bleeker, 1854
    » Species Myliobatis asperrimus Gilbert, 1898 accepted as Pteromylaeus asperrimus (Gilbert, 1898)
    » Species Myliobatis bonaparti Duméril, 1865 accepted as Pteromylaeus bovinus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
    » Species Myliobatis bovina Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817 accepted as Pteromylaeus bovinus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
    » Species Myliobatis californicus Gill, 1865 accepted as Myliobatis californica Gill, 1865 (misspelling)
    » Species Myliobatis cervus Smith, 1935 accepted as Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Myliobatis cyclura van Hasselt, 1823 accepted as Aetomylaeus maculatus (Gray, 1834) (synonym)
    » Species Myliobatis eeltenkee Rüppell, 1837 accepted as Aetobatus ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823)
    » Species Myliobatis equila (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
    » Species Myliobatis freminvillii Lesueur, 1824 accepted as Myliobatis freminvillei Lesueur, 1824
    » Species Myliobatis macroptera McClelland, 1841 accepted as Aetobatus ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823)
    » Species Myliobatis maculatus Gray, 1834 accepted as Aetomylaeus maculatus (Gray, 1834)
    » Species Myliobatis marginata Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817 accepted as Rhinoptera marginata (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
    » Species Myliobatis milvus Müller & Henle, 1841 accepted as Aetomylaeus milvus (Müller & Henle, 1841)
    » Species Myliobatis nieuhofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) accepted as Aetomylaeus nichofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (misspelling)
    » Species Myliobatis noctula Bonaparte, 1833 accepted as Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Myliobatis ocellatus Kuhl, 1823 accepted as Aetobatus ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823)
    » Species Myliobatis peruanus Garman, 1913 accepted as Myliobatis peruvianus Garman, 1913 (misspelling)
    » Species Myliobatis punctatus Miklukho-Maclay & MacLeay, 1886 accepted as Aetobatus ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823)
    » Species Myliobatis tenuicandatus Hector, 1877 accepted as Myliobatis tenuicaudatus Hector, 1877 (misspelling)
    » Species Myliobatis tenuicaudatis Hector, 1877 accepted as Myliobatis tenuicaudatus Hector, 1877 (misspelling)
    » Species Myliobatis tobije Bleeker, 1854 accepted as Myliobatis tobijei Bleeker, 1854 (misspelling)
    » Species Myliobatis vespertilio Bleeker, 1852 accepted as Aetomylaeus vespertilio (Bleeker, 1852)
    » Species Myliobatis vultur Müller & Henle, 1841 accepted as Aetomylaeus nichofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (synonym)
  » Genus Pteromylaeus Garman, 1913
  » Genus Myliobates Agassiz, 1843 (nomen dubium)
  » Genus Aetobates accepted as Aetobatus Blainville, 1816 (misspelling)
  » Genus Aetobatis accepted as Aetobatus Blainville, 1816 (misspelling)
  » Genus Aetomyleus accepted as Aetomylaeus Garman, 1908 (misspelling)
  » Genus Aetomylus accepted as Aetomylaeus Garman, 1908 (misspelling)
  » Genus Miliobatis accepted as Myliobatis Cuvier, 1816 (misspelling)
  » Genus Myliobates Schinz (ex Duméril), 1822 accepted as Myliobatis Cuvier, 1816
  » Genus Myliobatus accepted as Myliobatis Cuvier, 1816 (misspelling)
  » Genus Raia accepted as Raja Linnaeus, 1758
    » Species Raia aguja Kendall & Radcliffe, 1912 accepted as Bathyraja aguja (Kendall & Radcliffe, 1912)
    » Species Raia alba Lacepède, 1803 accepted as Rostroraja alba (Lacepède, 1803) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia albalinea von Bonde & Swart, 1923 accepted as Rajella caudaspinosa (von Bonde & Swart, 1923)
    » Species Raia americana DeKay, 1842 accepted as Amblyraja radiata (Donovan, 1808)
    » Species Raia andamanica Lloyd, 1909 accepted as Cruriraja andamanica (Lloyd, 1909) (synonym)
    » Species Raia aspera Risso, 1810 accepted as Raja clavata Linnaeus, 1758
    » Species Raia australis MacLeay, 1884 accepted as Dipturus australis (MacLeay, 1884) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia bicolor Risso, 1827 accepted as Rostroraja alba (Lacepède, 1803)
    » Species Raia blanda Holt, 1894 accepted as Raja brachyura Lafont, 1871 (misspelling)
    » Species Raia brachyura Lafont, 1871 accepted as Raja brachyura Lafont, 1871 (misspelling)
    » Species Raia brevicaudata Marini, 1933 accepted as Zearaja chilensis (Guichenot, 1848) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia caudaspinosa von Bonde & Swart, 1923 accepted as Rajella caudaspinosa (von Bonde & Swart, 1923) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia chantenay Lesueur, 1824 accepted as Raja eglanteria Bosc, 1800
    » Species Raia chilensis Guichenot, 1848 accepted as Zearaja chilensis (Guichenot, 1848) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia chinensis Basilewsky, 1855 accepted as Raja chinensis Basilewsky, 1855 (misspelling)
    » Species Raia columnae Blainville, 1816 accepted as Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Raia cyclophora Regan, 1903 accepted as Atlantoraja cyclophora (Regan, 1903) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia desmarestia Lesueur, 1824 accepted as Raja eglanteria Bosc, 1800
    » Species Raia durbanensis von Bonde & Swart, 1923 accepted as Cruriraja durbanensis (von Bonde & Swart, 1923)
    » Species Raia erinacea Mitchill, 1825 accepted as Leucoraja erinacea (Mitchill, 1825) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia extenta Garman, 1913 accepted as Psammobatis extenta (Garman, 1913)
    » Species Raia fabroniana Lacepède, 1800 accepted as Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
    » Species Raia flossada Risso, 1827 accepted as Dipturus batis (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia fluviatilis Hamilton, 1822 accepted as Himantura fluviatilis (Hamilton, 1822) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia gaimardi Gaimard, 1851 accepted as Dipturus batis (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Raia gesneri Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Dasyatis centroura (Mitchill, 1815)
    » Species Raia granulata Gill, 1879 accepted as Dipturus laevis (Mitchill, 1818)
    » Species Raia halavi Forsskål, 1775 accepted as Glaucostegus halavi (Forsskål, 1775) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia inornata Jordan & Gilbert, 1881 accepted as Raja inornata Jordan & Gilbert, 1881 (misspelling)
    » Species Raia intermedia Parnell, 1837 accepted as Dipturus batis (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia interrupta Gill & Townsend, 1897 accepted as Bathyraja interrupta (Gill & Townsend, 1897) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia jamaicensis Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Urobatis jamaicensis (Cuvier, 1816)
    » Species Raia kincaidii Garman, 1908 accepted as Bathyraja interrupta (Gill & Townsend, 1897) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia lemprieri Richardson, 1845 accepted as Dentiraja lemprieri (Richardson, 1845) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia leopardus von Bonde & Swart, 1923 accepted as Rajella leoparda (von Bonde & Swart, 1923) (synonym)
    » Species Raia lintea Fries, 1838 accepted as Dipturus linteus (Fries, 1838) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia maculata Montagu, 1818 accepted as Raja montagui Fowler, 1910
    » Species Raia maderensis Lowe, 1838 accepted as Raja maderensis Lowe, 1838 (misspelling)
    » Species Raia marplatensis Marini, 1935 accepted as Sympterygia bonapartii Müller & Henle, 1841
    » Species Raia melitensis Clark, 1926 accepted as Leucoraja melitensis (Clark, 1926) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia microocellata Montagu, 1818 accepted as Raja microocellata Montagu, 1818 (misspelling)
    » Species Raia mobular Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
    » Species Raia nidrosiensis Storm, 1881 accepted as Dipturus nidarosiensis (Storm, 1881) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia obtusa Gill & Townsend, 1897 accepted as Bathyraja parmifera (Bean, 1881)
    » Species Raia ocellifera Regan, 1906 accepted as Raja miraletus Linnaeus, 1758
    » Species Raia oculata Stephan, 1779 accepted as Raja miraletus Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
    » Species Raia parcomaculata von Bonde & Swart, 1923 accepted as Cruriraja parcomaculata (von Bonde & Swart, 1923) (synonym)
    » Species Raia parmifera Bean, 1881 accepted as Bathyraja parmifera (Bean, 1881) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia philipi Lloyd, 1906 accepted as Okamejei philipi (Lloyd, 1906)
    » Species Raia polystigma Regan, 1923 accepted as Raja polystigma Regan, 1923 (misspelling)
    » Species Raia pullopunctata Smith, 1964 accepted as Dipturus pullopunctatus (Smith, 1964) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia punctata Risso, 1810 accepted as Raja asterias Delaroche, 1809
    » Species Raia quadrimaculata Risso, 1827 accepted as Raja miraletus Linnaeus, 1758
    » Species Raia quinqueaculeata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Aetobatus ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia reversa Lloyd, 1906 accepted as Amblyraja reversa (Lloyd, 1906) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia rhina Jordan & Gilbert, 1880 accepted as Raja rhina Jordan & Gilbert, 1880 (misspelling)
    » Species Raia rhizacanthus Regan, 1906 accepted as Raja clavata Linnaeus, 1758
    » Species Raia rhombus Larrañaga, 1923 accepted as Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Raia rosispinis Gill & Townsend, 1897 accepted as Bathyraja parmifera (Bean, 1881)
    » Species Raia rostellata Risso, 1810 accepted as Rostroraja alba (Lacepède, 1803)
    » Species Raia rubus Bloch, 1784 accepted as Raja clavata Linnaeus, 1758
    » Species Raia sancur Hamilton, 1822 accepted as Pastinachus sephen (Forsskål, 1775) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia scabra Ogilby, 1888 accepted as Dipturus whitleyi (Iredale, 1938)
    » Species Raia scabrata Garman, 1913 accepted as Amblyraja radiata (Donovan, 1808)
    » Species Raia spinacidermis Barnard, 1923 accepted as Malacoraja spinacidermis (Barnard, 1923) (misspelling)
    » Species Raia stabuliforis Garman, 1913 accepted as Dipturus laevis (Mitchill, 1818) (ambiguous synonym)
    » Species Raia stellata Garman, 1913 accepted as Raja asterias Delaroche, 1809
    » Species Raia stellulata Jordan & Gilbert, 1880 accepted as Raja stellulata Jordan & Gilbert, 1880 (misspelling)
    » Species Raia texana Chandler, 1921 accepted as Raja texana Chandler, 1921 (misspelling)
    » Species Raia trachura Gilbert, 1892 accepted as Bathyraja trachura (Gilbert, 1892) (misspelling)
Subfamily Rhinopterinae Jordan & Evermann, 1896
  » Genus Rhinoptera Cuvier, 1829
    » Species Rhinoptera adspersa Müller & Henle, 1841
    » Species Rhinoptera bonasus (Mitchill, 1815)
    » Species Rhinoptera brasiliensis Müller, 1836
    » Species Rhinoptera javanica Müller & Henle, 1841
    » Species Rhinoptera jayakari Boulenger, 1895
    » Species Rhinoptera marginata (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
    » Species Rhinoptera neglecta Ogilby, 1912
    » Species Rhinoptera steindachneri Evermann & Jenkins, 1891
    » Species Rhinoptera affinis Bleeker, 1863 accepted as Rhinoptera bonasus (Mitchill, 1815)
    » Species Rhinoptera encenadae Smith, 1886 accepted as Myliobatis californica Gill, 1865
    » Species Rhinoptera lalandii Müller & Henle, 1841 accepted as Rhinoptera bonasus (Mitchill, 1815)
    » Species Rhinoptera peli Bleeker, 1863 accepted as Rhinoptera marginata (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
    » Species Rhinoptera vespertilio Girard, 1856 accepted as Myliobatis californica Gill, 1865
  » Genus Rhinopthera accepted as Rhinoptera Cuvier, 1829 (misspelling)

Genus Goniobatis Agassiz, 1858 accepted as Aetobatus Blainville, 1816 (synonym)
Genus Stoasodon Cantor, 1849 accepted as Aetobatus Blainville, 1816 (synonym)
marine
Description Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, mainly inshore in temperate and tropical seas. Medium to large, heavy-bodied fishes...  
Description Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, mainly inshore in temperate and tropical seas. Medium to large, heavy-bodied fishes with a lozenge-shaped disc that is much wider than long. Head differentiated from disc and elevated; the mouth is broad, located ventrally, and has plate-like teeth arranged in 1-7 rows. Eyes and spiracles on sides of head. Size of gill openings almost the length of eye. Length of tail much greater than disc. Some with poison spines. Dorsal fin small. Caudal fin lacking. Pectoral fins opposite the eyes very small or absent. Anterior subdivision of pectoral fin fuses below tip of snout giving rise to a subrostral lobe. Some known for their leaping ability high into the air. Viviparous with 2-6 young.  [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Myliobatidae Bonaparte, 1835. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105710 on 2018-04-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. Zootaxa. 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
From other sources
Description Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, mainly inshore in temperate and tropical seas. Medium to large, heavy-bodied fishes with a lozenge-shaped disc that is much wider than long. Head differentiated from disc and elevated; the mouth is broad, located ventrally, and has plate-like teeth arranged in 1-7 rows. Eyes and spiracles on sides of head. Size of gill openings almost the length of eye. Length of tail much greater than disc. Some with poison spines. Dorsal fin small. Caudal fin lacking. Pectoral fins opposite the eyes very small or absent. Anterior subdivision of pectoral fin fuses below tip of snout giving rise to a subrostral lobe. Some known for their leaping ability high into the air. Viviparous with 2-6 young.  [details]
 



LanguageName 
English manta rayseagle rays  [details]
Japanese トビエイ  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål ørneskatefamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk ørneskatefamilien  [details]
Swedish örnrockor  [details]