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NameSamaai, T.; Gibbons, M.J. 2005. Demospongiae taxonomy and biodiversity of the Benguela region on the west coast of South Africa. African Natural History, 1: 1-96
Type Publication
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available [request]
Geographical
term
South Africa
Bibliographical
term
Systematics, Taxonomy
Taxonomic
term
Porifera
Taxa
(95)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAaptos alphiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchinoe bardajii Uriz, 1988 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas bardajii (Uriz, 1988) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntho (Acarnia) kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntho kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntho (Acarnia) kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna rhabdostyla Uriz, 1988 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa sensu (Esper, 1797) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCliona celata Grant, 1826 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrambe chelastra Lévi, 1960 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrambe acuata (Lévi, 1958) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCraniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDendoryx simplex Baer, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacidon ectofibrosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacidon ectyofibrosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacidon elastica Vosmaer, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoclathria dichotoma (Lévi, 1963) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonancora flabellata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonopsis flabellata (Lévi, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonopsis flabellata (Lévi, 1963) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEsperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilectus informis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibulia ectyofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia littoralis Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra flamenca Carballo & Uriz, 1998 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) flagellifera (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) anonyma (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona anonyma (Stephens, 1915) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) anonyma (Stephens, 1915) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona stilensis Burton, 1933 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHamigera ternatensis Thiele, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) flagellifera (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexadella kirkpatricki Burton, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomoeodictya grandis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomoeodictya multiformis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon sublittoralis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIophon proximum (Ridley, 1881) (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya compressa (Esper, 1794) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) stephensoni Burton, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Aegogropila) meridionalis Lévi, 1963 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Carmia) levii Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale meridionalis Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Aegogropila) meridionalis Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla simplex (Baer, 1906) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosia vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas bardajii (Uriz, 1988) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolymastia bouryesnaultae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolymastia littoralis Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtosuberites hendricksi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStelletta agulhana Lendenfeld, 1907 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStelletta trisclera Lévi, 1967 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSuberites ficus (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSuberites stilensis Burton, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania scotiae Stephens, 1915 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania scotiae Stephens, 1915 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania tubulifera Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachycladus spinispirulifera Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachycladus spinispirulifer (Carter, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWeberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Distributions
(146)
Agulhas Bank for Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903)
Agulhas Bank for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Aldabra for Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960
Antarctica for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)
Australia for Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814)
Australia for Trachycladus spinispirulifera Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Galapagos Islands for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)  (inaccurate)
Groen River for Mycale (Carmia) levii Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Hout Bay for Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Indian Ocean for Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
Madagascar for Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960
Namaqua for Aaptos alphiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Antho (Acarnia) kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Biemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Biemna rhabdostyla Uriz, 1988
Namaqua for Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa sensu (Esper, 1797)
Namaqua for Clathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (introduced: native - endemic)
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915
Namaqua for Clathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Clathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Haliclona (Haliclona) anonyma (Stephens, 1915)
Namaqua for Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933
Namaqua for Haliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933
Namaqua for Hymeniacidon sublittoralis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Isodictya compressa (Esper, 1794)
Namaqua for Mycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Petrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Polymastia bouryesnaultae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Protosuberites hendricksi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Stelletta agulhana Lendenfeld, 1907
Namaqua for Tedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Tethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namib for Haliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namib for Myxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963)
Namib for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namib for Suberites stilensis Burton, 1933
Namib for Weberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibia for Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915
Namibia for Craniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibia for Haliclona (Gellius) flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
Namibia for Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933
Namibia for Haliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibia for Haliclona stilensis Burton, 1933
Namibia for Hemigellius flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
Namibia for Isodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880)
Namibia for Myxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906)
Namibia for Myxilla simplex (Baer, 1906)
Namibia for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibia for Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
Namibia for Trachycladus spinispirulifera Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibia for Weberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (introduced: native - endemic)
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Aplysilla rosea (Barrois, 1876)  (inaccurate)
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Cliona celata Grant, 1826
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Haliclona urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Hexadella kirkpatricki Burton, 1926
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Suberites stilensis Burton, 1933
New Zealand for Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814)
New Zealand for Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
New Zealand for Trachycladus spinispirulifera Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Oudekraal for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Patagonian Shelf for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)
South Africa for Antho kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Clathria benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Clathria hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Clathria omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Clathria oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Cyclacanthia mzimayiensis Samaai, Govender & Kelly, 2004
South Africa for Halichondria capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Halichondria gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Hymeniacidon sublittoralis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Lissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Lissodendoryx coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Petrosia vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Tethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa (country) for Ancorina corticata Lévi, 1964
South Africa (country) for Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa sensu (Esper, 1797)
South Africa (country) for Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (introduced: native - endemic)
South Africa (country) for Craniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa (country) for Dendoryx simplex Baer, 1906
South Africa (country) for Guitarra flamenca Carballo & Uriz, 1998
South Africa (country) for Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (introduced: native - endemic)
South Africa (country) for Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (introduced: native - endemic)
South Africa (country) for Haliclona (Gellius) flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
South Africa (country) for Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933
South Africa (country) for Haliclona anonyma (Stephens, 1915)

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