WoRMS source details

Samaai, T.; Gibbons, M.J. (2005). Demospongiae taxonomy and biodiversity of the Benguela region on the west coast of South Africa. African Natural History. 1: 1-96.
9877
Samaai, T.; Gibbons, M.J.
2005
Demospongiae taxonomy and biodiversity of the Benguela region on the west coast of South Africa
African Natural History
1: 1-96
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
South Africa
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Aaptos alphiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Anchinoe bardajii Uriz, 1988 accepted as Phorbas bardajii (Uriz, 1988) (source of synonymy)
Antho (Acarnia) kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Antho kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Antho (Acarnia) kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Biemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Biemna rhabdostyla Uriz, 1988 (additional source)
Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa sensu (Esper, 1797) (redescription)
Clathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Clathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Clathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Clathria benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Clathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Clathria hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Clathria omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Clathria oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Clathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Cliona celata Grant, 1826 (additional source)
Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960 accepted as Crambe acuata (Lévi, 1958) (additional source)
Craniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Dendoryx simplex Baer, 1906 accepted as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (source of synonymy)
Desmacidon ectofibrosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Isodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (additional source)
Desmacidon elastica Vosmaer, 1880 accepted as Isodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) (additional source)
Echinoclathria dichotoma (Lévi, 1963) (basis of record)
Ectyonopsis flabellata (Lévi, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Esperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Amphilectus informis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Fibulia ectyofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) accepted as Isodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Geodia littoralis Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Guitarra flamenca Carballo & Uriz, 1998 (additional source)
Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Halichondria capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Halichondria gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Haliclona (Gellius) flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Haliclona (Flagellia) flagellifera (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (redescription)
Haliclona (Haliclona) anonyma (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Haliclona (Haliclona) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 (additional source)
Haliclona (Haliclona) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 (basis of record)
Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933 (redescription)
Haliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Haliclona anonyma (Stephens, 1915) represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) anonyma (Stephens, 1915) (basis of record)
Haliclona ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 represented as Haliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 (additional source)
Haliclona stilensis Burton, 1933 represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933 (redescription)
Haliclona urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Hamigera ternatensis Thiele, 1903 accepted as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) (source of synonymy)
Hexadella kirkpatricki Burton, 1926 (additional source)
Homoeodictya grandis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Isodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Homoeodictya multiformis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Isodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) (source of synonymy)
Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Hymeniacidon sublittoralis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881) (misapplication)
Ircinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889) accepted as Sarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (additional source)
Isodictya compressa (Esper, 1794) (basis of record)
Isodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) (basis of record)
Isodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Isodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Lissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) stephensoni Burton, 1936 (basis of record)
Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) (additional source)
Lissodendoryx coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Lissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Mycale (Aegogropila) meridionalis Lévi, 1963 (redescription)
Mycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Mycale (Carmia) levii Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Mycale meridionalis Lévi, 1963 represented as Mycale (Aegogropila) meridionalis Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Mycale pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Mycale stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Mycale tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Mycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Myxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963) (additional source)
Myxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906) accepted as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (additional source)
Myxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906) accepted as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (new combination reference)
Myxilla simplex (Baer, 1906) accepted as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (basis of record)
Petrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Petrosia vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Petrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Phorbas bardajii (Uriz, 1988) (basis of record)
Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Polymastia bouryesnaultae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Polymastia littoralis Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Protosuberites hendricksi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Stelletta agulhana Lendenfeld, 1907 (additional source)
Stelletta trisclera Lévi, 1967 (additional source)
Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842) (misapplication)
Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842) (misapplication)
Suberites stilensis Burton, 1933 (additional source)
Tedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (basis of record)
Tedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Tedania scotiae Stephens, 1915 represented as Tedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (source of synonymy)
Tethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 accepted as Tethya samaaii Ribeiro & Muricy, 2011 (original description)
Trachycladus spinispirulifera Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 accepted as Trachycladus spinispirulifer (Carter, 1879) (original description)
Weberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Agulhas Bank for Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) 
Agulhas Bank for Tedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 
Galapagos Islands for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)  (inaccurate)
Groen River for Mycale (Carmia) levii Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Hout Bay for Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Aaptos alphiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Ancorina corticata Lévi, 1964 
Namaqua for Antho (Acarnia) kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Biemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Biemna rhabdostyla Uriz, 1988 
Namaqua for Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa sensu (Esper, 1797) 
Namaqua for Clathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (origin: native - endemic)
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Clathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Clathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960 
Namaqua for Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960 
Namaqua for Ectyonopsis flabellata (Lévi, 1963) 
Namaqua for Esperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Fibulia ectyofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) 
Namaqua for Fibulia ectyofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) 
Namaqua for Geodia littoralis Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Haliclona (Gellius) flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Haliclona (Haliclona) anonyma (Stephens, 1915) 
Namaqua for Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933 
Namaqua for Haliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 
Namaqua for Hexadella kirkpatricki Burton, 1926 
Namaqua for Hymeniacidon sublittoralis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Ircinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889) 
Namaqua for Isodictya compressa (Esper, 1794) 
Namaqua for Isodictya compressa (Esper, 1794) 
Namaqua for Isodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) 
Namaqua for Isodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) 
Namaqua for Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) 
Namaqua for Mycale (Aegogropila) meridionalis Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Mycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Myxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963) 
Namaqua for Myxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963) 
Namaqua for Myxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906) 
Namaqua for Petrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Phorbas bardajii (Uriz, 1988) 
Namaqua for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Polymastia bouryesnaultae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Polymastia littoralis Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Protosuberites hendricksi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Stelletta agulhana Lendenfeld, 1907 
Namaqua for Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Tedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Tedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Tedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Tedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Tethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Trachycladus spinispirulifera Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Trachycladus spinispirulifera Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Weberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namib for Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 
Namib for Haliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namib for Isodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) 
Namib for Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
Namib for Suberites stilensis Burton, 1933 
Namibia for Craniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namibia for Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933 
Namibia for Haliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namibia for Haliclona stilensis Burton, 1933 
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Cliona celata Grant, 1826 
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Haliclona urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Suberites stilensis Burton, 1933 
Oudekraal for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Antho kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Clathria benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Clathria hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Clathria omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Clathria oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Cyclacanthia mzimayiensis Samaai, Govender & Kelly, 2004 
South Africa for Halichondria capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Halichondria gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Hymeniacidon sublittoralis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Lissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Lissodendoryx coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Mycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Mycale pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Mycale stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Mycale tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa for Petrosia vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa (country) for Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (origin: native - endemic)
South Africa (country) for Craniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
South Africa (country) for Guitarra flamenca Carballo & Uriz, 1998 
South Africa (country) for Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (origin: native - endemic)
Holotype BMNH 1997.5.12.124, locality Namaqua, identified as Tethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Holotype SAMC H4891, locality Namaqua, identified as Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Holotype SAMC H4892, locality Namaqua, identified as Weberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Holotype SAMC H4893, locality Namaqua, identified as Polymastia bouryesnaultae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Holotype SAMC H4908, locality Namaqua, identified as Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
 Additional material

Namibia - Ts 403, 406, 410, 414, 423, Black Rock, Namibia (24°50’S, 14°40’E), depth 12 m, collected by K. ... [details]

 Additional material

Namibia - Ts 403, 406, 410, 414, 423, Black Rock, Namibia (24°50’S, 14°40’E), depth 12 m, collected by K. ... [details]

 Additional Material

SAM-H4919 (Ts 172), South Paw, Oudekraal (33°56’S, 17°21’E), depth 17–20 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 23 ... [details]

 Additional Material

SAM-H4925 (fragment BMNH 1997.5.12.27) (Ts 254), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 6–8 metres, collected ... [details]

 Additional Material

SAM-H4939 (fragment BMNH 1997.5.12.46) (Ts 208), Coral Gardens, Oudekraal (33°59’S, 17°23’E), depth 15 ... [details]

 Additional Material

SAM-H4942 (Ts 202), Vulcan Rock (34°04’S, 18°18’E), depth 25 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 26 April 1996. BMNH ... [details]

 Additional Material

SAM-H4942 (Ts 202), Vulcan Rock (34°04’S, 18°18’E), depth 25 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 26 April 1996. ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - Other material: BMNH 1997.5.12.81 + 82 (fragment Ts 491), Coral Gardens, Oudekraal (33°59’S, ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - SAM-H4916 (Ts 486), Coral Gardens, Oudekraal (33°59’S, 17°23’E), depth 15 m, collected by M.J. ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - SAM-H4923 (SAF–96–056), Vulcan Rock, Cape Town (34°04’S, 18°18’E), depth 25 m, collected ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - SAM-H4941 (Ts 191), South Paw, Oudekraal (33°56’S, 17°21’E), depth 17–20 m, collected by P. ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - SAM-H4943 (fragment BMNH 1997.5.12.48) (Ts 249), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 7–9 m, ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - SAM-H4943 (fragment BMNH 1997.5.12.48) (Ts 249), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 7–9 m, ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - Ts 368, Ts 372, Ts 362, Groenrivier (30°29’S, 17°20’E), depth 1–3 m, collected by T. ... [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4910 (fragment of holotype BMNH 1997.5.12.9) (Ts 213), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 15 m, ... [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4911 (fragment of holotype BMNH 1997.5.12.10) (Ts 241), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 6 m, ... [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4912 (fragment of holotype BMNH 1997.5.12.11) (Ts 173), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E,) depth 15 m, ... [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4915 (fragment of holotype BMNH 1997.5.12.63) (Ts 477), Oudekraal, Cape Town (33°60’S, 18°22’E), depth ... [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4935 (Ts 256), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 12 m, collected by T. Samaai, 5 June 1997. [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4936 (Ts 365), Groenrivier (30°29’S, 17°20’E), depth 1–3 m, collected by T. Samaai, 15 November 1997. [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4944 (Ts 419), Black Rock, Namibia (24°50’S, 14°40’E), depth 12 m, collected by K. Grobbelar, 10 March ... [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4945 (Ts 178), Vulcan Rock (34°04’S, 18°18’E), depth 25 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 26 April 1996. [details]

 Paratype

BMNH 1997.5.12.10 (Ts 241), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 6 m, collected by T. Samaai, Z. Toeffie and ... [details]

 Paratype

BMNH 1997.5.12.11 (Ts 173), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E,) depth 15 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 22 April 1996. [details]

 Paratype

BMNH 1997.5.12.63 (Ts 477), Oudekraal, Cape Town (33°60’S, 18°22’E), depth 12 m, collected by M.J. Gibbons, ... [details]

 Paratype

BMNH 1997.5.12.9 (Ts 213), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 15 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 22 April 1996. [details]

 Specimen

BMNH 1997.5.12.114 (fragment Ts 217), Vulcan Rock (34°04’S, 18°18’E), depth 20–27 m, collected by P. ... [details]

 Type Locality

South Africa (Groenrivier) [details]

 Type Locality

South Africa (Houtbay) [details]

 Type locality

South Africa (Oudekraal) [details]