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NameSamaai, T.; Gibbons, M.J. (2005). Demospongiae taxonomy and biodiversity of the Benguela region on the west coast of South Africa. African Natural History. 1: 1-96.
SourceID9877
AuthorsSamaai, T.; Gibbons, M.J.
Year2005
TitleDemospongiae taxonomy and biodiversity of the Benguela region on the west coast of South Africa
JournalAfrican Natural History
Suffix1: 1-96
Type Publication
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available [request]
Geographical
term
South Africa
Bibliographical
term
Systematics, Taxonomy
Taxonomic
term
Porifera
Taxa
(95)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAaptos alphiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchinoe bardajii Uriz, 1988 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas bardajii (Uriz, 1988) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntho (Acarnia) kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntho kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntho (Acarnia) kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna rhabdostyla Uriz, 1988 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa sensu (Esper, 1797) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCliona celata Grant, 1826 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrambe chelastra Lévi, 1960 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrambe acuata (Lévi, 1958) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCraniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDendoryx simplex Baer, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacidon ectofibrosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacidon ectyofibrosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacidon elastica Vosmaer, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoclathria dichotoma (Lévi, 1963) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonancora flabellata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonopsis flabellata (Lévi, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonopsis flabellata (Lévi, 1963) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEsperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilectus informis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibulia ectyofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia littoralis Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra flamenca Carballo & Uriz, 1998 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) flagellifera (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) anonyma (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona anonyma (Stephens, 1915) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) anonyma (Stephens, 1915) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona stilensis Burton, 1933 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHamigera ternatensis Thiele, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) flagellifera (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexadella kirkpatricki Burton, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomoeodictya grandis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomoeodictya multiformis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon sublittoralis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIophon proximum (Ridley, 1881) (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya compressa (Esper, 1794) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) stephensoni Burton, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Aegogropila) meridionalis Lévi, 1963 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Carmia) levii Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale meridionalis Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Aegogropila) meridionalis Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla simplex (Baer, 1906) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosia vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas bardajii (Uriz, 1988) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolymastia bouryesnaultae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolymastia littoralis Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtosuberites hendricksi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStelletta agulhana Lendenfeld, 1907 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStelletta trisclera Lévi, 1967 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSuberites ficus (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSuberites stilensis Burton, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania scotiae Stephens, 1915 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania scotiae Stephens, 1915 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania tubulifera Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachycladus spinispirulifera Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachycladus spinispirulifer (Carter, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWeberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Distributions
(137)
Agulhas Bank for Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903)
Agulhas Bank for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Antarctica for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)
Australia for Trachycladus spinispirulifera Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Galapagos Islands for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)  (inaccurate)
Groen River for Mycale (Carmia) levii Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Hout Bay for Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Aaptos alphiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Antho (Acarnia) kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Biemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Biemna rhabdostyla Uriz, 1988
Namaqua for Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa sensu (Esper, 1797)
Namaqua for Clathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (origin: native - endemic)
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915
Namaqua for Clathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Clathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960
Namaqua for Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960
Namaqua for Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Haliclona (Haliclona) anonyma (Stephens, 1915)
Namaqua for Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933
Namaqua for Haliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933
Namaqua for Hymeniacidon sublittoralis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Isodictya compressa (Esper, 1794)
Namaqua for Mycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Petrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Polymastia bouryesnaultae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Protosuberites hendricksi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namaqua for Stelletta agulhana Lendenfeld, 1907
Namaqua for Tedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Tethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namib for Haliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namib for Myxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963)
Namib for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namib for Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
Namib for Suberites stilensis Burton, 1933
Namib for Weberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibia for Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915
Namibia for Craniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibia for Haliclona (Gellius) flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
Namibia for Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933
Namibia for Haliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibia for Haliclona stilensis Burton, 1933
Namibia for Hemigellius flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
Namibia for Isodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880)
Namibia for Myxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906)
Namibia for Myxilla simplex (Baer, 1906)
Namibia for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibia for Trachycladus spinispirulifera Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibia for Weberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (origin: native - endemic)
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Cliona celata Grant, 1826
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Haliclona urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Hexadella kirkpatricki Burton, 1926
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Suberites stilensis Burton, 1933
New Zealand for Trachycladus spinispirulifera Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Oudekraal for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Patagonian Shelf for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)
South Africa for Antho kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Clathria benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Clathria hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Clathria omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Clathria oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Cyclacanthia mzimayiensis Samaai, Govender & Kelly, 2004
South Africa for Halichondria capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Halichondria gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Hymeniacidon sublittoralis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Lissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Lissodendoryx coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Mycale tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Petrosia vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa for Tethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa (country) for Ancorina corticata Lévi, 1964
South Africa (country) for Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa sensu (Esper, 1797)
South Africa (country) for Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (origin: native - endemic)
South Africa (country) for Craniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
South Africa (country) for Dendoryx simplex Baer, 1906
South Africa (country) for Guitarra flamenca Carballo & Uriz, 1998
South Africa (country) for Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (origin: native - endemic)
South Africa (country) for Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (origin: native - endemic)
South Africa (country) for Haliclona (Gellius) flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
South Africa (country) for Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933
South Africa (country) for Haliclona anonyma (Stephens, 1915)
South Africa (country) for Hemigellius flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
South Africa (country) for Ircinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889)
South Africa (country) for Isodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
South Africa (country) for Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) stephensoni Burton, 1936
South Africa (country) for Mycale (Carmia) levii Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (origin: native - endemic)
South Africa (country) for Myxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906)

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