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Samaai, T.; Gibbons, M.J. (2005). Demospongiae taxonomy and biodiversity of the Benguela region on the west coast of South Africa. African Natural History. 1: 1-96.
9877
Samaai, T.; Gibbons, M.J.
2005
Demospongiae taxonomy and biodiversity of the Benguela region on the west coast of South Africa
African Natural History
1: 1-96
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
South Africa
Systematics, Taxonomy
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BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Aaptos alphiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Anchinoe bardajii Uriz, 1988 accepted as Phorbas bardajii (Uriz, 1988) (source of synonymy)
Ancorina corticata Lévi, 1964 (additional source)
Antho (Acarnia) kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Biemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Biemna rhabdostyla Uriz, 1988 (additional source)
Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa (Linnaeus, 1759) (redescription)
Clathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Clathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Clathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Cliona celata Grant, 1826 (additional source)
Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960 accepted as Crambe acuata (Lévi, 1958) (additional source)
Craniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Desmacidon ectyofibrosa accepted as Isodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (basis of record)
Echinoclathria dichotoma (Lévi, 1963) (basis of record)
Ectyonopsis flabellata (Lévi, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Esperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Amphilectus informis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Fibulia ectyofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) accepted as Isodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (basis of record)
Geodia littoralis Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Guitarra flamenca Carballo & Uriz, 1998 (additional source)
Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Haliclona (Gellius) flagellifer accepted as Haliclona (Flagellia) flagellifera (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (basis of record)
Haliclona (Haliclona) anonyma (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Haliclona (Haliclona) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 (basis of record)
Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933 (redescription)
Haliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Hamigera ternatensis Thiele, 1903 accepted as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) (source of synonymy)
Hexadella kirkpatricki Burton, 1926 (additional source)
Homoeodictya grandis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Isodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Hymeniacidon sublittoralis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881) (additional source)
Ircinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889) accepted as Sarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (additional source)
Isodictya compressa (Esper, 1797) (basis of record)
Isodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) (basis of record)
Isodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Isodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Lissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) stephensoni Burton, 1936 (basis of record)
Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) (additional source)
Mycale (Aegogropila) meridionalis Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Mycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Mycale (Carmia) levii Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 accepted as Mycale (Carmia) samaaii Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (original description)
Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Myxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963) (additional source)
Myxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906) (new combination reference)
Myxilla simplex (Baer, 1906) represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906) (basis of record)
Petrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Phorbas bardajii (Uriz, 1988) (basis of record)
Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Polymastia bouryesnaultae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Polymastia littoralis Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Protosuberites hendricksi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Stelletta agulhana Lendenfeld, 1907 (additional source)
Stelletta trisclera Lévi, 1967 (additional source)
Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Suberites stilensis Burton, 1933 (additional source)
Tedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (basis of record)
Tedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Tedania scotiae Stephens, 1915 represented as Tedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (source of synonymy)
Tethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 accepted as Tethya samaaii Ribeiro & Muricy, 2011 (original description)
Trachycladus spinispirulifera accepted as Trachycladus spinispirulifer (Carter, 1879) (basis of record)
Weberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (original description)
Agulhas Bank for Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) 
Agulhas Bank for Tedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 
Galapagos Islands for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Aaptos alphiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Ancorina corticata Lévi, 1964 
Namaqua for Antho (Acarnia) kellyae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Biemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Biemna rhabdostyla Uriz, 1988 
Namaqua for Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa (Linnaeus, 1759) 
Namaqua for Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa (Linnaeus, 1759) 
Namaqua for Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa (Linnaeus, 1759) 
Namaqua for Clathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005  (origin: native)
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Clathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Clathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960 
Namaqua for Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960 
Namaqua for Craniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Craniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Craniella australis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Ectyonopsis flabellata (Lévi, 1963) 
Namaqua for Esperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Fibulia ectyofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) 
Namaqua for Fibulia ectyofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) 
Namaqua for Geodia littoralis Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Geodia littoralis Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Guitarra flamenca Carballo & Uriz, 1998 
Namaqua for Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Haliclona (Gellius) flagellifer  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Haliclona (Haliclona) anonyma (Stephens, 1915) 
Namaqua for Haliclona (Haliclona) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 
Namaqua for Haliclona (Haliclona) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 
Namaqua for Haliclona (Haliclona) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1933 
Namaqua for Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933 
Namaqua for Hexadella kirkpatricki Burton, 1926 
Namaqua for Hymeniacidon sublittoralis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Ircinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889) 
Namaqua for Ircinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889) 
Namaqua for Isodictya compressa (Esper, 1797) 
Namaqua for Isodictya compressa (Esper, 1797) 
Namaqua for Isodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) 
Namaqua for Isodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) 
Namaqua for Isodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) 
Namaqua for Isodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) 
Namaqua for Isodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) 
Namaqua for Lissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Lissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) coralgardeniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) stephensoni Burton, 1936 
Namaqua for Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) 
Namaqua for Mycale (Aegogropila) meridionalis Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Mycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Mycale (Carmia) levii Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Mycale (Carmia) pulvinus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Myxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963) 
Namaqua for Myxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963) 
Namaqua for Myxilla (Myxilla) simplex (Baer, 1906) 
Namaqua for Petrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Phorbas bardajii (Uriz, 1988) 
Namaqua for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Polymastia bouryesnaultae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Polymastia littoralis Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Polymastia littoralis Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Protosuberites hendricksi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Stelletta agulhana Lendenfeld, 1907 
Namaqua for Stelletta agulhana Lendenfeld, 1907 
Namaqua for Stelletta trisclera Lévi, 1967 
Namaqua for Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Suberites stilensis Burton, 1933 
Namaqua for Tedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Tedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Tedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Tedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Tethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namaqua for Trachycladus spinispirulifera 
Namaqua for Trachycladus spinispirulifera 
Namaqua for Weberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namib for Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 
Namib for Haliclona (Haliclona) stilensis Burton, 1933 
Namib for Haliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 
Namib for Isodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) 
Namib for Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
Namib for Suberites stilensis Burton, 1933 
Namib for Suberites stilensis Burton, 1933 
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Cliona celata Grant, 1826 
Natal for Cyclacanthia mzimayiensis Samaai & Kelly, 2004 
South African Exclusive Economic Zone for Cliona celata Grant, 1826 
Holotype BMNH 1997.5.12.124, geounit Namaqua, identified as Tethya rubra Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Holotype SAMC H4891, geounit Namaqua, identified as Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Holotype SAMC H4892, geounit Namaqua, identified as Weberella namibiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Holotype SAMC H4893, geounit Namaqua, identified as Polymastia bouryesnaultae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Holotype SAMC H4908, geounit Namaqua, identified as Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Holotype SAMC H4933, geounit Namaqua, identified as Mycale (Aegogropila) tapetum Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Holotype SAMC H4937, geounit Namaqua, identified as Mycale (Oxymycale) stephensae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Holotype SAMC H4944, geounit Namib, identified as Haliclona (Haliclona) urizae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
 Additional Material

SAM-H4939 (fragment BMNH 1997.5.12.46) (Ts 208), Coral Gardens, Oudekraal (33°59’S, 17°23’E), depth 15 ... [details]

 Additional Material

SAM-H4919 (Ts 172), South Paw, Oudekraal (33°56’S, 17°21’E), depth 17–20 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 23 ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - SAM-H4941 (Ts 191), South Paw, Oudekraal (33°56’S, 17°21’E), depth 17–20 m, collected by P. ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - SAM-H4943 (fragment BMNH 1997.5.12.48) (Ts 249), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 7–9 m, ... [details]

 Additional material

Namibia - Ts 403, 406, 410, 414, 423, Black Rock, Namibia (24°50’S, 14°40’E), depth 12 m, collected by K. ... [details]

 Additional Material

SAM-H4942 (Ts 202), Vulcan Rock (34°04’S, 18°18’E), depth 25 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 26 April 1996. ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - SAM-H4943 (fragment BMNH 1997.5.12.48) (Ts 249), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 7–9 m, ... [details]

 Additional material

Namibia - Ts 403, 406, 410, 414, 423, Black Rock, Namibia (24°50’S, 14°40’E), depth 12 m, collected by K. ... [details]

 Additional Material

SAM-H4942 (Ts 202), Vulcan Rock (34°04’S, 18°18’E), depth 25 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 26 April 1996. BMNH ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - SAM-H4923 (SAF–96–056), Vulcan Rock, Cape Town (34°04’S, 18°18’E), depth 25 m, collected ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - Other material: BMNH 1997.5.12.81 + 82 (fragment Ts 491), Coral Gardens, Oudekraal (33°59’S, ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - SAM-H4916 (Ts 486), Coral Gardens, Oudekraal (33°59’S, 17°23’E), depth 15 m, collected by M.J. ... [details]

 Additional Material

South Africa - Ts 368, Ts 372, Ts 362, Groenrivier (30°29’S, 17°20’E), depth 1–3 m, collected by T. ... [details]

 Additional Material

SAM-H4925 (fragment BMNH 1997.5.12.27) (Ts 254), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 6–8 metres, collected ... [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4912 (fragment of holotype BMNH 1997.5.12.11) (Ts 173), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E,) depth 15 m, ... [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4910 (fragment of holotype BMNH 1997.5.12.9) (Ts 213), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 15 m, ... [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4911 (fragment of holotype BMNH 1997.5.12.10) (Ts 241), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 6 m, ... [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4915 (fragment of holotype BMNH 1997.5.12.63) (Ts 477), Oudekraal, Cape Town (33°60’S, 18°22’E), depth ... [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4936 (Ts 365), Groenrivier (30°29’S, 17°20’E), depth 1–3 m, collected by T. Samaai, 15 November 1997. [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4935 (Ts 256), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 12 m, collected by T. Samaai, 5 June 1997. [details]

 Holotype

SAM-H4945 (Ts 178), Vulcan Rock (34°04’S, 18°18’E), depth 25 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 26 April 1996. [details]

 Paratype

BMNH 1997.5.12.11 (Ts 173), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E,) depth 15 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 22 April 1996. [details]

 Paratype

BMNH 1997.5.12.9 (Ts 213), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 15 m, collected by P. Coetzee, 22 April 1996. [details]

 Paratype

BMNH 1997.5.12.10 (Ts 241), Oudekraal (33°59’S, 18°22’E), depth 6 m, collected by T. Samaai, Z. Toeffie and ... [details]

 Paratype

BMNH 1997.5.12.63 (Ts 477), Oudekraal, Cape Town (33°60’S, 18°22’E), depth 12 m, collected by M.J. Gibbons, ... [details]

 Specimen

BMNH 1997.5.12.114 (fragment Ts 217), Vulcan Rock (34°04’S, 18°18’E), depth 20–27 m, collected by P. ... [details]

 Spelling

Not only did Samaai & Gibbons misspell the species name ectofibrosa as ectyofibrosa, but they also misspelled the ... [details]