WoRMS source details

Samaai, T.; Gibbons, M.J.; Kelly, M. (2006). Revision of the genus Latrunculia du Bocage, 1869 (Porifera: Demospongiae: Latrunculiidae) with descriptions of new species from New Caledonia and the Northeastern Pacific. Zootaxa. 1127: 1-71.
9230
Samaai, T.; Gibbons, M.J.; Kelly, M.
2006
Revision of the genus Latrunculia du Bocage, 1869 (Porifera: Demospongiae: Latrunculiidae) with descriptions of new species from New Caledonia and the Northeastern Pacific
Zootaxa
1127: 1-71
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Axos spinipoculum Carter, 1879 accepted as Diacarnus spinipoculum (Carter, 1879) (additional source)
Diacarnus debeauforti (Burton, MS) (basis of record)
Diacarnus laevis (Lindgren, 1897) (basis of record)
Didiscus acerata (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Didiscus aceratus (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Latrunculia du Bocage, 1869 (additional source)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 (original description)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) austini Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 accepted as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) austini Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 (original description)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) citharistae Vacelet, 1969 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) duckworthi Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) kaakaariki Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) kaikoura Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) lunaviridis Samaai, Gibbons, Kelly & Davies-Coleman, 2003 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) microacanthoxea Samaai, Gibbons, Kelly & Davies-Coleman, 2003 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) millerae Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) oparinae Samaai & Krasokhin, 2002 accepted as Latrunculia (Uniannulata) oparinae Samaai & Krasokhin, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) procumbens Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) purpurea Carter, 1881 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) spinispiraefera Brøndsted, 1924 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) wellingtonensis Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) du Bocage, 1869 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) apicalis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) basalis Kirkpatrick, 1908 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) basilis sensu Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 accepted as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) basalis Kirkpatrick, 1908 (redescription)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) biformis Kirkpatrick, 1908 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) bocagei Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) brevis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) cratera du Bocage, 1869 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) crenulata Lévi, 1993 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) fiordensis Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) ikematsui Tanita, 1968 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) multirotalis Topsent, 1927 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) novaecaledoniae Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 (original description)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) oxydiscorhabda Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) palmata Lévi, 1964 (basis of record)
Latrunculia (Latrunculia) triverticillata Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia acerata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Didiscus aceratus (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Latrunculia antarctica Tanita, 1959 accepted as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) basalis Kirkpatrick, 1908 (basis of record)
Latrunculia apicalis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) apicalis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (basis of record)
Latrunculia austini Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) austini Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 (original description)
Latrunculia biannulata Topsent, 1892 accepted as Sceptrella biannulata (Topsent, 1892) (basis of record)
Latrunculia biformis Kirkpatrick, 1908 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) biformis Kirkpatrick, 1908 (basis of record)
Latrunculia citharistae Vacelet, 1969 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) citharistae Vacelet, 1969 (basis of record)
Latrunculia clavigera Kirkpatrick, 1900 accepted as Didiscus aceratus (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Latrunculia conulosa Hallmann, 1912 accepted as Sigmosceptrella fibrosa (Dendy, 1897) (additional source)
Latrunculia corticata Carter, 1879 accepted as Negombata corticata (Carter, 1879) (additional source)
Latrunculia crenulata Lévi, 1993 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) crenulata Lévi, 1993 (basis of record)
Latrunculia debeauforti Burton accepted as Diacarnus debeauforti (Burton, MS) (basis of record)
Latrunculia duckworthi Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) duckworthi Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia fiordensis Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) fiordensis Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia globosa Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 accepted as Diacarnus globosus (Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976) (basis of record)
Latrunculia hallmani Wiedenmayer, 1989 accepted as Diacarnus spinipoculum (Carter, 1879) (basis of record)
Latrunculia hospitalis Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 (original description)
Latrunculia ikematsui Tanita, 1968 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) ikematsui Tanita, 1968 (basis of record)
Latrunculia insignis Topsent, 1890 accepted as Sceptrella insignis (Topsent, 1890) (basis of record)
Latrunculia kaakaariki Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) kaakaariki Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia kaikoura Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) kaikoura Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia laevis Lindgren, 1897 accepted as Diacarnus laevis (Lindgren, 1897) (basis of record)
Latrunculia lendenfeldi Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) basalis Kirkpatrick, 1908 (basis of record)
Latrunculia lunaviridis Samaai, Gibbons, Kelly & Davies-Coleman, 2003 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) lunaviridis Samaai, Gibbons, Kelly & Davies-Coleman, 2003 (basis of record)
Latrunculia magnifica Keller, 1889 accepted as Negombata magnifica (Keller, 1889) (basis of record)
Latrunculia microacanthoxea Samaai, Gibbons, Kelly & Davies-Coleman, 2003 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) microacanthoxea Samaai, Gibbons, Kelly & Davies-Coleman, 2003 (additional source)
Latrunculia millerae Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) millerae Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia multirotalis Topsent, 1927 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) multirotalis Topsent, 1927 (basis of record)
Latrunculia natalensis Kirkpatrick, 1903 accepted as Podospongia natalensis (Kirkpatrick, 1903) (basis of record)
Latrunculia novaecaledoniae Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) novaecaledoniae Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 (original description)
Latrunculia oparinae Samaai & Krasokhin, 2002 represented as Latrunculia (Uniannulata) oparinae Samaai & Krasokhin, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia oxydiscorhabda Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) oxydiscorhabda Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia palmata Lévi, 1964 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) palmata Lévi, 1964 (basis of record)
Latrunculia procumbens Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) procumbens Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia purpurea Carter, 1881 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) purpurea Carter, 1881 (basis of record)
Latrunculia regularis Topsent accepted as Sceptrella regularis (Topsent) accepted as Sceptrella regalis Schmidt, 1870 (basis of record)
Latrunculia spinipoculum (Carter, 1879) accepted as Diacarnus spinipoculum (Carter, 1879) (basis of record)
Latrunculia spinispiraefera Brøndsted, 1924 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) spinispiraefera Brøndsted, 1924 (basis of record)
Latrunculia tarentina Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 accepted as Negombata corticata (Carter, 1879) (additional source)
Latrunculia triverticillata Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 represented as Latrunculia (Latrunculia) triverticillata Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Latrunculia wellingtonensis Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) wellingtonensis Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 (basis of record)
Negombata purpurea (Carter, 1881) accepted as Latrunculia (Biannulata) purpurea Carter, 1881 (basis of record)
Podospongia natalensis (Kirkpatrick, 1903) (basis of record)
Podospongia normani (Stephens, 1915) accepted as Neopodospongia normani (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Sceptrella regalis Schmidt, 1870 (additional source)
Sceptrella regularis (Topsent) accepted as Sceptrella regalis Schmidt, 1870 (basis of record)
Sigmosceptrella carlinae (Boury-Esnault & van Beveren, 1982) accepted as Neopodospongia carlinae (Boury-Esnault & Van Beveren, 1982) (basis of record)
Sigmosceptrella laevis (Lindgren, 1897) accepted as Diacarnus laevis (Lindgren, 1897) (additional source)
Antarctic 200NM zone beyond the coastline  for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) basilis sensu Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 
Antarctic 200NM zone beyond the coastline  for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) biformis Kirkpatrick, 1908 
Antarctic 200NM zone beyond the coastline  for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) oxydiscorhabda Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 
Antarctic 200NM zone beyond the coastline  for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) oxydiscorhabda Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 
Ariake Sea for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) ikematsui Tanita, 1968 
Australia for Latrunculia conulosa Hallmann, 1912 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Latrunculia (Biannulata) citharistae Vacelet, 1969 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Latrunculia (Biannulata) citharistae Vacelet, 1969 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Latrunculia (Biannulata) citharistae Vacelet, 1969 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Latrunculia (Biannulata) citharistae Vacelet, 1969 
Balleny Islands for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) basilis sensu Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 
British Columbia for Latrunculia (Biannulata) austini Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 
Falkland Islands for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) basilis sensu Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 
Fiordland for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) fiordensis Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 
Japan for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) ikematsui Tanita, 1968 
Malvinas/Falklands for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) bocagei Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Namibia for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) basilis sensu Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 
New Caledonia for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) novaecaledoniae Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 
New Caledonia for Latrunculia novaecaledoniae Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 
New Zealand for Latrunculia (Biannulata) duckworthi Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 
New Zealand for Latrunculia (Biannulata) kaakaariki Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 
New Zealand for Latrunculia (Biannulata) kaakaariki Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 
New Zealand for Latrunculia (Biannulata) procumbens Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 
New Zealand for Latrunculia (Biannulata) spinispiraefera Brøndsted, 1924 
New Zealand for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) oxydiscorhabda Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 
New Zealand for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) triverticillata Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 
Oregon, Washington, Vancouver Coast and Shelf for Latrunculia (Biannulata) austini Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 
Papua for Diacarnus debeauforti (Burton, MS) 
Puget Trough/Georgia Basin for Latrunculia austini Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006 
South Australia (state) for Latrunculia (Biannulata) purpurea Carter, 1881 
Spirits Bay for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) oxydiscorhabda Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 
Tasmania for Latrunculia (Latrunculia) triverticillata Alvarez, Bergquist & Battershill, 2002 
Uruguay-Buenos Aires Shelf for Latrunculia brevis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Holotype RBCPM 982-62-1, locality Puget Trough/Georgia Basin, identified as Latrunculia (Biannulata) austini Samaai, Gibbons & Kelly, 2006
 Additional Material

Additional (paratype) material. PIBOC O2-28-1, Kurile Islands, Is. Urup, Russia, 45° 42.5'N, 149° 56.0' E, 127 m ... [details]

 Additional material

Holotype (part of) BMNH 1887.5.2.238, ethanol preserved sample and microscope-slides, Kerguelen Challenger ... [details]

 Additional material

MKB 723 (cross ref. Ts 11 and UAZA 6.3) Cape Brett, New Zealand, depth unknown. QM 310718 (cross ref. Q66C2025-R ... [details]

 Additional material

NZNM POR 607 (cross ref. Ts 105) unidentified sponge in NZM collection, Three Kings Islands, New Zealand, 34º ... [details]

 Additional material

NZNM POR 613 (NZNM) (cross ref. TS 106), between Pandora Bank and Cape Maria van Diemen, New Zealand, ... [details]

 Additional material

NZNM POR 618 (Ts 107), SE of Three Kings Islands, New Zealand, 34º 16.6'S, 172º 15.7'E, depth 133 m, collected ... [details]

 Additional material

NZOI P-1258 (99TKI2-6), NZOI P-1259 (99TKI2-13), 99TKI (1-1, 1- 2, 1-3, 1-4, 2-2, 2-3, 2-4, 2.5). [NIWA ... [details]

 Additional material

NZOI stn A521 (Ts 51), New Zealand, 73 54.0–52.0'S, 177 44.0–46.0'W, depth 569–547 m, NIWA collection [details]

 Additional material

NZOI stn W452 (cross ref. Ts 56) unidentified sponge in NIWA collection, 43º 26.99'S; 175º 08.10'E, depth ... [details]

 Additional material

Other material examined. ZMB 4812 (holotype), Labeled Latrunculia lendenfeldi Hentschel, 1914, seven ... [details]

 Additional material

QM 310738 (cross ref. Q66C2065-L and Ts 121) labeled Latrunculia brevis identified by CNB, Fiordlands, New ... [details]

 Additional material

QM 310897 (cross ref. Q66C 2463-S and Ts 16), Horseshoe Reef 3 km of Margaret Brock Lighthouse, Cape Jaff, 36º ... [details]

 Additional Material

SAM H-4962: Rheeders Bay, Tsitsikamma National Park, South Africa, 34º 10'S; 23º 54'E, 28 m, collected by P. ... [details]

 Additional material

T.S 15545 (cross ref. Ts 462), Tas., D'Entrecasteaux Channel, Tinderbox, E. of boat ramp, depth 1–3 m, collected ... [details]

 Additional material

Ts 110, Barrets reef, Wellington, New Zealand, depth 10–15 m, collected by Allan Duckworth, xxx September, 1997. [details]

 Holotype

BMNH 1840.5.6.56-58 [details]

 Holotype

BMNH 1846.10.14.174 [details]

 Holotype

BMNH 1846.10.14.174 (Type) [details]

 Holotype

BMNH 1887.5.2.88, [details]

 Holotype

BMNH 1908.2.5.70, labeled Latrunculia apicalis var. biformis by Kirkpatrick, Winter Quarters, Antarctica, National ... [details]

 Holotype

BMNH1887.5.2.79 (Type) [details]

 Holotype

BMNH1900.10.19.14 (Type) [details]

 Holotype

BMNH1929.xi.26.5 (Type) [details]

 Holotype

BMNH1931.11.7.44 (Type) [details]

 Holotype

Holotype BMNH 1887.5.2.237 [details]

 Holotype

Holotype BMNH 1954.3.9.455, specimen destroyed during war [details]

 Holotype

Holotype BMNH1887.5.2.79 (Type), locality unknown. [details]

 Holotype

Holotype MNHN L.B.I.M. No D.CL. 1265 [details]

 Holotype

L.B.I.M. No D.CL. 1390 [details]

 Holotype

L.B.I.M. no. D.T. 860 (Type) [details]

 Holotype

MOM: L.B.I.M no. 65 (157) (Type) [details]

 Holotype

MOM: L.B.I.M. no. D.T. 861 (Type) [details]

 Holotype

NZOI H-794 (99 TKI2-32) [NIWA collection-station and locality data details are outlined in Appendix 1, Alvarez et ... [details]

 Holotype

NZOI H-795 (97TUT1-29) NIWA collection [NIWA collection-station and locality data details are outlined in Appendix ... [details]

 Holotype

NZOI H-797 (97KK3-1), Niwa collection. [details]

 Holotype

ZMB: BMNH 1908.9.24.118 (Type) [details]

 Original Combination

ZMA Por. 01482 and ZMA Por. 07442 are species of Sigmosceptrella and not Latrunculia biannulata (sceptrella biannulata) [details]

 Paratype

BMNH 1908.2.5.69 b & c (Paratypes) labeled Latrunculia apicalis var. biformis by Kirkpatrick, Winter Quarters, ... [details]

 Paratype

BMNH 1926.4.14.71(Paratype); BMNH 1926.4.14.72 (Paratype); BMNH 1926.4.14.73 (Paratype) [details]

 Paratype

BMNH 1926.4.14.71(Paratype); BMNH 1926.4.14.72 (Paratype); BMNH 1926.4.14.73 (Paratype) [details]

 Paratype

L.B.I.M. no. D.T. 1352 (Paratype) [details]

 Paratype

L.B.I.M. no.D.T. 1237 (Paratype) [details]

 Paratype

NZOI P-1261 (97TUT1-5), NZOI P-1262 (97TUT1-26) NIWA collection [NIWA collection-station and locality data details ... [details]

 Paratype

NZOI P-1263 (98BR7), NZOI P-1264, 97PH (4, 5, 21, 27), 98BR (2, 7, 25, 29). [details]

 Paratype

NZOI P-1265 (97KK1-1); NZOI P-1266 (97KK2-4), Niwa collection. [details]

 Paratype

NZOI P-1267 (95DS8-9); NZOI P-1268 (95DS8-10). [details]

 Paratype

ZMA Por 01483 (Paratype) [details]

 Paratype

ZMA Por 11005 (Paratype) [details]

 Specimen

ZMA Por 01484 & ZMA Por. 01485. These are species of Diacarnus laevis [details]

 Taxonomy

This record is dubious. It is based on a Table in Samaai et al. where Latrunculia hospitalis is assigned to ... [details]

 Type designation

HBOM 003:00931 was given as holotype of the undescribed Latrunculia hospitalis Samaai et al. 2006 (assigned to ... [details]

 Type Locality

Ariake Sea, Japan, dredged at St. 13, depth unknown, collected by Tanita, September, 1957. [details]

 Type locality

Australia [details]

 Type Locality

Balleney Island, Antarctic; depth 462 m, [details]

 Type locality

Kerguelen, off Christmas Harbour [details]

 Type locality

New Zealand. 34°22.6’S, 172°46.5’E, depth 44 m, collected by FV Ben Gunn, February, 1997. [details]

 Type Locality

Ouderkraal, Southpaw, Cape Town, South Africa, 33° 59’S, 18° 22’E, collected by P. Coetzee, University of ... [details]

 Type Locality

Rheeders Bay, Tsitsikamma National Park, South Africa, 34º 10'S; 23º 54'E, collected by P. Coetzee, University ... [details]

 Type specimen

a schizotype has been deposited in the South African Museum, Cape Town (SAM H-4960). [details]

 Type specimen

BMNH 1954.3.9.458 (slide). Originally identified as L. corticata. [details]

 Type specimen

Sigmosceptrella sp: 95-009 (Capon). This specimen is not a species of Latrunculia laevis, but an unidentified ... [details]

 Type specimen

Sigmosceptrella sp: 95-010 (Capon); 95-037 (Capon), ZMA Por 09318. These specimens are not species Latrunculia ... [details]

 Type specimen

Sigmosceptrella sp: ZMA Por. 01482; ZMA Por. 07442 This species is not a species Latrunculia biannulata as identified ... [details]

 Type specimen

ZMUC. The holotype contains spicules of Trachycladus stylifer and this was not recognized by Brøndsted. ... [details]