WoRMS source details

Madsen, F.J.; Hansen, B. (1994). Echinodermata Holothurioidea. Marine invertebrates of Scandinavia, 9. Scandinavian University Press: Oslo, Norway. ISBN 82-00-03936-6. 143 pp.
662
Madsen, FJ.; Hansen, B.
1994
Echinodermata Holothurioidea.
Mar Invertebr Scand
9:1–143
Publication
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BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Caudinidae Heding, 1931 (basis of record)
Chiridota Eschscholtz, 1829 (additional source)
Chiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) (additional source)
Chiridotidae Östergren, 1898 (additional source)
Cucumaria de Blainville, 1830 (additional source)
Cucumaria communis Forbes & Goodsir in Forbes, 1841 accepted as Thyonidium drummondii (Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Cucumaria elongata Düben & Koren, 1846 accepted as Leptopentacta elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) (additional source)
Cucumaria glacialis Ljungman, 1879 accepted as Ocnus glacialis (Ljungman, 1879) (additional source)
Cucumaria hyndmanni Wyville Thompson, 1840 accepted as Panningia hyndmanni (W. Thompson, 1840) accepted as Panningia hyndmani (Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Cucumaria lactea (Forbes, 1839) accepted as Ocnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) (basis of record)
Cucumaria lactea (Forbes, 1839) accepted as Ocnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) (source of synonymy)
Cucumaria mosterensis Grieg, 1889 accepted as Ocnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) (additional source)
Cucumaria pentactes Forbes, 1841 non (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Leptopentacta elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Cucumariidae Ludwig, 1894 (identification resource)
Cucumariidae Ludwig, 1894 (additional source)
Echinocucumis typica M. Sars, 1859 accepted as Echinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) (additional source)
Ekmania Hansen & McKenzie, 1991 (additional source)
Eupyrgus scaber Lütken, 1857 (additional source)
Holothuria drummondii Thompson, 1840 accepted as Thyonidium drummondii (Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Holothuria frondosa Gunnerus, 1767 accepted as Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) (additional source)
Holothuria fusus Müller, 1776 accepted as Thyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Holothuria hyndmani Thompson, 1840 accepted as Panningia hyndmanni (W. Thompson, 1840) accepted as Panningia hyndmani (Thompson, 1840) (basis of record)
Holothuria hyndmani Thompson, 1840 accepted as Panningia hyndmanni (W. Thompson, 1840) accepted as Panningia hyndmani (Thompson, 1840) (source of synonymy)
Holothuria lactea Forbes & Goodsir, 1839 accepted as Ocnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) (additional source)
Holothurioidea accepted as Holothuroidea (basis of record)
Laetmogone Théel, 1879 (additional source)
Laetmogone violacea Théel, 1879 (additional source)
Laetmogonidae Ekman, 1926 (additional source)
Leptopentacta Clark, 1938 (additional source)
Leptopentacta elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Molpadia Cuvier, 1817 (additional source)
Molpadia borealis Sars M, 1859 (additional source)
Molpadiidae Müller, 1850 (additional source)
Neopentadactyla Deichmann, 1944 (additional source)
Neopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 (additional source)
Ocnus Forbes & Goodsir in Forbes, 1841 (additional source)
Ocnus brunneus (Forbes in Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Ocnus glacialis (Ljungman, 1879) (additional source)
Ocnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) (additional source)
Ocnus planci (Brandt, 1835) (additional source)
Orcula Troschel, 1846 accepted as Ekmania Hansen & McKenzie, 1991 (additional source)
Orcula barthii Troschel, 1846 accepted as Ekmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) (additional source)
Panningia Cherbonnier, 1958 (additional source)
Panningia curvata Cherbonnier, 1958 (basis of record)
Pentacta calcigera Stimpson, 1851 accepted as Pentamera calcigera Stimpson, 1851 (additional source)
Pentamera Ayres, 1852 (additional source)
Pentamera calcigera Stimpson, 1851 (additional source)
Pentamera pulcherrima Ayres, 1852 (basis of record)
Phyllophoridae Östergren, 1907 (identification resource)
Pseudocucumis Ludwig, 1875 accepted as Cladolabes Brandt, 1835 (additional source)
Pseudocucumis mixta Östergren, 1898 accepted as Neopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 (additional source)
Pseudothyone Panning, 1949 (additional source)
Pseudothyone raphanus (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Pseudothyone serrifera (Östergren, 1898) (additional source)
Thyone Jaeger, 1833 accepted as Thyone Oken, 1815 (additional source)
Thyone cherbonnieri Reys, 1959 (additional source)
Thyone flexus Hodge, 1865 accepted as Thyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Thyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Thyone gadeana Perrier R., 1898 (additional source)
Thyone raphanus Düben & Koren, 1846 accepted as Pseudothyone raphanus (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Thyone serrifera Östergren, 1898 accepted as Pseudothyone serrifera (Östergren, 1898) (source of synonymy)
Thyone subvillosa Hérouard, 1889 accepted as Thyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Thyone wahrbergi Madsen, 1941 accepted as Thyone gadeana Perrier R., 1898 (additional source)
Thyonidium Düben & Koren, 1846 (additional source)
Thyonidium hyalinum (Forbes, 1841) (additional source)
Thyonidium pellucidum Düben & Koren, 1846, non Vahl, 1808 accepted as Ekmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) (additional source)
Trachythyone auct. [non Studer, 1876] accepted as Leptopentacta Clark, 1938 (additional source)
Trachythyone elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) accepted as Leptopentacta elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) (basis of record)
Trachythyone muricata Studer, 1876 (basis of record)
Africa for Leptosynapta minuta (Becher, 1906) 
Arctic Ocean for Chiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) 
Arctic Ocean for Ekmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Arctic Ocean for Elpidia glacialis Théel, 1876 
Arctic Ocean for Eupyrgus scaber Lütken, 1857 
Arctic Ocean for Kolga hyalina Danielssen & Koren, 1879 
Arctic Ocean for Molpadia borealis Sars M, 1859 
Arctic Ocean for Myriotrochus eurycyclus Heding, 1935 
Arctic Ocean for Myriotrochus rinkii Steenstrup, 1851 
Arctic Ocean for Pentamera calcigera Stimpson, 1851 
Arctic Ocean for Psolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
Arctic Ocean for Trochoderma elegans Théel, 1877 
Atlantic Europe for Bathyplotes natans (M. Sars, 1868) 
Atlantic Europe for Kolga hyalina Danielssen & Koren, 1879 
Barents Sea for Chiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) 
Barents Sea for Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) 
Barents Sea for Ekmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Barents Sea for Eupyrgus scaber Lütken, 1857 
Barents Sea for Molpadia borealis Sars M, 1859 
Barents Sea for Myriotrochus eurycyclus Heding, 1935 
Barents Sea for Ocnus glacialis (Ljungman, 1879) 
Barents Sea for Psolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
Bay of Biscay for Bathyplotes natans (M. Sars, 1868) 
Bay of Biscay for Chiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780)  (doubtful)
Bay of Biscay for Leptosynapta inhaerens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Bay of Biscay for Mesothuria (Allantis) intestinalis (Ascanius, 1805) Östergren, 1896 
Bay of Biscay for Neopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
Bay of Biscay for Pseudothyone serrifera (Östergren, 1898) 
Bay of Biscay for Thyone gadeana Perrier R., 1898 
Bay of Cadiz for Bathyplotes natans (M. Sars, 1868) 
Bay of Cadiz for Thyone cherbonnieri Reys, 1959 
Bay of Cadiz for Thyone gadeana Perrier R., 1898 
Belgian Exclusive Economic Zone for Ocnus planci (Brandt, 1835) 
Bretagne for Pseudothyone raphanus (Düben & Koren, 1846) 
British Isles for Echinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) 
British Isles for Labidoplax buskii (McIntosh, 1866) 
British Isles for Labidoplax digitata (Montagu, 1815) 
British Isles for Leptosynapta bergensis (Östergren, 1905) 
British Isles for Leptosynapta inhaerens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Leptosynapta minuta (Becher, 1906) 
British Isles for Mesothuria (Allantis) intestinalis (Ascanius, 1805) Östergren, 1896 
British Isles for Neopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
British Isles for Psolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
British Isles for Thyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Thyonidium drummondii (Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Thyonidium hyalinum (Forbes, 1841) 
Danish Exclusive Economic Zone for Ekmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Danish Exclusive Economic Zone for Psolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
English Channel for Neopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
English Channel for Rhabdomolgus ruber Keferstein, 1862 
Faeroes for Acanthotrochus mirabilis Danielssen & Koren, 1881 
Faeroes for Bathyplotes natans (M. Sars, 1868) 
Faeroes for Chiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) 
Faeroes for Echinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) 
Faeroes for Ekmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Faeroes for Irpa abyssicola Danielssen & Koren, 1879 
Faeroes for Labidoplax buskii (McIntosh, 1866) 
Faeroes for Laetmogone violacea Théel, 1879 
Faeroes for Leptosynapta bergensis (Östergren, 1905) 
Faeroes for Leptosynapta inhaerens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Faeroes for Mesothuria (Allantis) intestinalis (Ascanius, 1805) Östergren, 1896 
Faeroes for Molpadia borealis Sars M, 1859 
Faeroes for Myriotrochus vitreus (M. Sars, 1872) 
Faeroes for Neopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
Faeroes for Pseudothyone serrifera (Östergren, 1898) 
Faeroes for Psolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
Faeroes for Psolus squamatus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Faeroes for Stichopus tremulus (Gunnerus) 
Faeroes for Thyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Faeroes for Thyonidium drummondii (Thompson, 1840) 
Faeroes for Trochoderma elegans Théel, 1877 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Cucumaria hyndmanni Wyville Thompson, 1840 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Echinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Labidoplax buskii (McIntosh, 1866) 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Leptosynapta bergensis (Östergren, 1905) 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Leptosynapta inhaerens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Neopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
Galicia for Leptosynapta minuta (Becher, 1906) 
German Exclusive Economic Zone for Ekmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
German Exclusive Economic Zone for Leptosynapta bergensis (Östergren, 1905) 
German Exclusive Economic Zone for Psolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Chiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Ekmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Elpidia glacialis Théel, 1876 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Eupyrgus scaber Lütken, 1857 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Holothuria minuta Fabricius, 1780  (doubtful)
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Kolga hyalina Danielssen & Koren, 1879 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Molpadia borealis Sars M, 1859 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Myriotrochus eurycyclus Heding, 1935 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Myriotrochus rinkii Steenstrup, 1851 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Pentamera calcigera Stimpson, 1851 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Psolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Trochoderma elegans Théel, 1877 
Helgoland for Leptosynapta minuta (Becher, 1906) 
Helgoland for Rhabdomolgus ruber Keferstein, 1862 
Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Chiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) 
Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) 
Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) 
Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Ekmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Lectotype, locality Trondheim, identified as Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767)
 Authority

(Ljungman, 1880) [details]

 Authority

Madsen & Hansen (1994) refer to (Sars, 1866) as species authority source. [details]

 Authority

R. Perrier, 1902 [details]

 Classification

Madsen & Hansen (1994) prefer to keep hyndmani under Cucumaria Blainville, 1830. [details]

 Identification

Some misidentifications occurred. Siberian specimens of Holothuria minuta are referable to Ocnus glacialis. ... [details]

 Spelling

Madsen & Hansen (1994) use M. rinki as spelling form. Type locality = SW Greenland [details]

 Spelling

Madsen & Hansen (1994) use L. buski as spelling form [details]

 Synonymy

Madsen & Hansen (1994) regard Parastichopus H.L. Clark, 1922 as a synonym of Stichopus[details]

 Synonymy

Madsen & Hansen (1994) are using the genus name Cucumaria for this species. The reason to keep hyndmani under ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymised with Trachythyone elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) [details]

 Taxonomy

T. hyalinum(Forbes) was re-established by Hansen & McKenzie (1991) after T. pellucidum sensu Düben & Koren was not ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Family Molpadiidae restricted by Heding, 1931 [details]

 Taxonomy

Madsen (1941) referred the Mediterranean specimens of Tyone fusus to a new subspecies T. fusus mediterranea[details]

 Taxonomy

Pawson & Fell (1965) subdivided the order Dendrochirota into the new order Dactylochirotida and the Dendrochirotida ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Reys (1959) referred the specimens identified as T. gadeana by Madsen to a new species T. cherbonnieri on the basis ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Synonymy established by Ekman (1923). [details]

 Taxonomy

The species is here transferred from Thyone to Pseudothyone since Panning (1949) restricted Thyone to species with ... [details]

 Taxonomy

The taxonomic status of O. brunneus is uncertain, due to geographical and intra-specific variation in body colour, ... [details]

 Type species

probably lost or not kept [details]

 Type specimen

This species is known only from the description of the now lost type specimen taken off Northumberland. T. flexus ... [details]

 Validity

considered as a valid subspecies by Madsen & Hansen (1994) [details]