WoRMS source details

Madsen, F.J.; Hansen, B. (1994). Echinodermata Holothurioidea. Marine invertebrates of Scandinavia, 9. Scandinavian University Press: Oslo, Norway. ISBN 82-00-03936-6. 143 pp.
662
Madsen, FJ.; Hansen, B.
1994
Echinodermata Holothurioidea.
Mar Invertebr Scand
9:1–143
Publication
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
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by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaudinidae Heding, 1931 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota Eschscholtz, 1829 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridotidae Östergren, 1898 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria de Blainville, 1830 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria communis Forbes & Goodsir in Forbes, 1841 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyonidium drummondii (Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria elongata Düben & Koren, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptopentacta elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria glacialis Ljungman, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus glacialis (Ljungman, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria hyndmanni Wyville Thompson, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanningia hyndmanni (W. Thompson, 1840) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanningia hyndmani (Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria lactea (Forbes, 1839) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria lactea (Forbes, 1839) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria mosterensis Grieg, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria pentactes Forbes, 1841 non (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptopentacta elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumariidae Ludwig, 1894 (identification resource)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumariidae Ludwig, 1894 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocucumis typica M. Sars, 1859 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania Hansen & McKenzie, 1991 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupyrgus scaber Lütken, 1857 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria drummondii Thompson, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyonidium drummondii (Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria frondosa Gunnerus, 1767 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria fusus Müller, 1776 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria hyndmani Thompson, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanningia hyndmanni (W. Thompson, 1840) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanningia hyndmani (Thompson, 1840) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria hyndmani Thompson, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanningia hyndmanni (W. Thompson, 1840) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanningia hyndmani (Thompson, 1840) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria lactea Forbes & Goodsir, 1839 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) (additional source)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHolothurioidea accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuroidea (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaetmogone Théel, 1879 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaetmogone violacea Théel, 1879 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaetmogonidae Ekman, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptopentacta Clark, 1938 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptopentacta elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadia Cuvier, 1817 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadia borealis Sars M, 1859 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadiidae Müller, 1850 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla Deichmann, 1944 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus Forbes & Goodsir in Forbes, 1841 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus brunneus (Forbes in Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus glacialis (Ljungman, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus planci (Brandt, 1835) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrcula Troschel, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania Hansen & McKenzie, 1991 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrcula barthii Troschel, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanningia Cherbonnier, 1958 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanningia curvata Cherbonnier, 1958 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta calcigera Stimpson, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentamera calcigera Stimpson, 1851 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentamera Ayres, 1852 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentamera calcigera Stimpson, 1851 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentamera pulcherrima Ayres, 1852 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllophoridae Östergren, 1907 (identification resource)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocucumis Ludwig, 1875 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladolabes Brandt, 1835 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocucumis mixta Östergren, 1898 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudothyone Panning, 1949 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudothyone raphanus (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudothyone serrifera (Östergren, 1898) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone Jaeger, 1833 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone Oken, 1815 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone cherbonnieri Reys, 1959 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone flexus Hodge, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone gadeana Perrier R., 1898 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone raphanus Düben & Koren, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudothyone raphanus (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone serrifera Östergren, 1898 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudothyone serrifera (Östergren, 1898) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone subvillosa Hérouard, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone wahrbergi Madsen, 1941 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone gadeana Perrier R., 1898 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyonidium Düben & Koren, 1846 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyonidium hyalinum (Forbes, 1841) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyonidium pellucidum Düben & Koren, 1846, non Vahl, 1808 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone auct. [non Studer, 1876] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptopentacta Clark, 1938 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptopentacta elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone muricata Studer, 1876 (basis of record)
Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta minuta (Becher, 1906) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorElpidia glacialis Théel, 1876 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupyrgus scaber Lütken, 1857 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKolga hyalina Danielssen & Koren, 1879 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadia borealis Sars M, 1859 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyriotrochus eurycyclus Heding, 1935 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyriotrochus rinkii Steenstrup, 1851 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentamera calcigera Stimpson, 1851 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrochoderma elegans Théel, 1877 
Atlantic Europe for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyplotes natans (M. Sars, 1868) 
Atlantic Europe for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKolga hyalina Danielssen & Koren, 1879 
Barents Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) 
Barents Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) 
Barents Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Barents Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupyrgus scaber Lütken, 1857 
Barents Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadia borealis Sars M, 1859 
Barents Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyriotrochus eurycyclus Heding, 1935 
Barents Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus glacialis (Ljungman, 1879) 
Barents Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
Bay of Biscay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyplotes natans (M. Sars, 1868) 
Bay of Biscay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780)  (doubtful)
Bay of Biscay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta inhaerens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Bay of Biscay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMesothuria (Allantis) intestinalis (Ascanius, 1805) Östergren, 1896 
Bay of Biscay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
Bay of Biscay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudothyone serrifera (Östergren, 1898) 
Bay of Biscay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone gadeana Perrier R., 1898 
Bay of Cadiz for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyplotes natans (M. Sars, 1868) 
Bay of Cadiz for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone cherbonnieri Reys, 1959 
Bay of Cadiz for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone gadeana Perrier R., 1898 
Belgian Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus planci (Brandt, 1835) 
Bretagne for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudothyone raphanus (Düben & Koren, 1846) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax buskii (McIntosh, 1866) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax digitata (Montagu, 1815) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta bergensis (Östergren, 1905) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta inhaerens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta minuta (Becher, 1906) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMesothuria (Allantis) intestinalis (Ascanius, 1805) Östergren, 1896 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyonidium drummondii (Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyonidium hyalinum (Forbes, 1841) 
Danish Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Danish Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
English Channel for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
English Channel for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhabdomolgus ruber Keferstein, 1862 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthotrochus mirabilis Danielssen & Koren, 1881 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyplotes natans (M. Sars, 1868) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrpa abyssicola Danielssen & Koren, 1879 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax buskii (McIntosh, 1866) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaetmogone violacea Théel, 1879 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta bergensis (Östergren, 1905) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta inhaerens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMesothuria (Allantis) intestinalis (Ascanius, 1805) Östergren, 1896 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadia borealis Sars M, 1859 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyriotrochus vitreus (M. Sars, 1872) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudothyone serrifera (Östergren, 1898) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolus squamatus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichopus tremulus (Gunnerus) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyonidium drummondii (Thompson, 1840) 
Faeroes for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrochoderma elegans Théel, 1877 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria hyndmanni Wyville Thompson, 1840 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax buskii (McIntosh, 1866) 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta bergensis (Östergren, 1905) 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta inhaerens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
French Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
Galicia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta minuta (Becher, 1906) 
German Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
German Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta bergensis (Östergren, 1905) 
German Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorElpidia glacialis Théel, 1876 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupyrgus scaber Lütken, 1857 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria minuta Fabricius, 1780  (doubtful)
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKolga hyalina Danielssen & Koren, 1879 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadia borealis Sars M, 1859 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyriotrochus eurycyclus Heding, 1935 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyriotrochus rinkii Steenstrup, 1851 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentamera calcigera Stimpson, 1851 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrochoderma elegans Théel, 1877 
Helgoland for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta minuta (Becher, 1906) 
Helgoland for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhabdomolgus ruber Keferstein, 1862 
Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota laevis (O. Fabricius, 1780) 
Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) 
Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) 
Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) 
Lectotype, locality Trondheim, identified as Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

(Ljungman, 1880) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Madsen & Hansen (1994) refer to (Sars, 1866) as species authority source. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

R. Perrier, 1902 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Madsen & Hansen (1994) prefer to keep hyndmani under Cucumaria Blainville, 1830. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Identification

Some misidentifications occurred. Siberian specimens of Holothuria minuta are referable to Ocnus glacialis. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Madsen & Hansen (1994) use M. rinki as spelling form. Type locality = SW Greenland [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Madsen & Hansen (1994) use L. buski as spelling form [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Madsen & Hansen (1994) regard Parastichopus H.L. Clark, 1922 as a synonym of Stichopus[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Madsen & Hansen (1994) are using the genus name Cucumaria for this species. The reason to keep hyndmani under ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Synonymised with Trachythyone elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

T. hyalinum(Forbes) was re-established by Hansen & McKenzie (1991) after T. pellucidum sensu Düben & Koren was not ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Family Molpadiidae restricted by Heding, 1931 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Madsen (1941) referred the Mediterranean specimens of Tyone fusus to a new subspecies T. fusus mediterranea[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Pawson & Fell (1965) subdivided the order Dendrochirota into the new order Dactylochirotida and the Dendrochirotida ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Reys (1959) referred the specimens identified as T. gadeana by Madsen to a new species T. cherbonnieri on the basis ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Synonymy established by Ekman (1923). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

The species is here transferred from Thyone to Pseudothyone since Panning (1949) restricted Thyone to species with ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

The taxonomic status of O. brunneus is uncertain, due to geographical and intra-specific variation in body colour, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type species

probably lost or not kept [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type specimen

This species is known only from the description of the now lost type specimen taken off Northumberland. T. flexus ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Validity

considered as a valid subspecies by Madsen & Hansen (1994) [details]