WoRMS source details

Monniot, F.; Monniot, C. (1997). Ascidians Collected in Tanzania. Journal of East African Natural History. 86(1), 1-35.
6389
10.2982/0012-8317(1997)86[1:acit]2.0.co;2 [view]
Monniot, F.; Monniot, C.
1997
Ascidians Collected in Tanzania
Journal of East African Natural History
86(1), 1-35
Publication
Published in 1999
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Ascidians were collected in Tanzania in january 1996 by SCUBA diving. Among 31 species reported here, nine are new. Several species were also recently collected in Mozambique. Full descriptions are given with figures and colour plates. The present collection of Tanzanian ascidians significantly increases the number of species known in the tropical western Indian Ocean, and enlargens the range of other ascodians previously unrecorded from the Indian Ocean.
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphicarpa inhacae (Millar, 1956) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStolonica inhacae (Millar, 1956) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAplidium colini Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAplidium solidum (Ritter & Forsyth, 1917) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArchidistoma murrayi Kott, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudistoma murrayi (Kott, 1957) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCynthia mytiligera Savigny, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycarpa mytiligera (Savigny, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum brevioris Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum captivum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum contortum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum dicolla Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum granulatum Tokioka, 1954 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum molle (Herdmann, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum nocturnum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum perlucidum Monniot F., 1983 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum psammathodes (Sluiter, 1895) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum psammatodes (Sluiter, 1895) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum yolky Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1997 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplosoma listerianum (Milne Edwards, 1841) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudistoma amplum (Sluiter, 1909) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudistoma atrum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudistoma hospitale Monniot F., 1998 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudistoma murrayi (Kott, 1957) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissoclinum bistratum (Sluiter, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyandrocarpa inhacae Millar, 1956 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStolonica inhacae (Millar, 1956) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycarpa mytiligera (Savigny, 1816) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycarpa nigricans Heller, 1878 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycitor africanus Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyclinum constellatum Savigny, 1816 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolysyncraton millepore Vasseur, 1968 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolysyncraton rostrum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammaplidium solidum Herdman, 1891 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAplidium solidum (Ritter & Forsyth, 1917) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRitterella dispar Kott, 1957 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRitterella pedunculata Tokioka, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRitterella tokioka Kott, 1992 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRitterella tokiokai Kott, 1992 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRitterella tokioka Kott, 1992 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStyela plicata (Lesueur, 1823) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSymplegma rubra Monniot C., 1972 (basis of record)
Chwaka Bay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum brevioris Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Djibouti for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898) 
Djibouti for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum dicolla Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Djibouti for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudistoma atrum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycitor africanus Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolysyncraton millepore Vasseur, 1968 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphicarpa inhacae (Millar, 1956) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum yolky Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1997 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycarpa mytiligera (Savigny, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycarpa nigricans Heller, 1878 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycitor africanus Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolysyncraton millepore Vasseur, 1968 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRitterella dispar Kott, 1957 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRitterella tokiokai Kott, 1992 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSymplegma rubra Monniot C., 1972 
Pemba for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAplidium solidum (Ritter & Forsyth, 1917) 
Pemba for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898) 
Pemba for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum yolky Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1997 
Pemba for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudistoma murrayi (Kott, 1957) 
Pemba for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycarpa nigricans Heller, 1878 
Prison Island for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRitterella dispar Kott, 1957 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycarpa mytiligera (Savigny, 1816) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum brevioris Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycitor africanus Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolysyncraton millepore Vasseur, 1968 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphicarpa inhacae (Millar, 1956) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAplidium colini Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAplidium solidum (Ritter & Forsyth, 1917) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum brevioris Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum captivum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum contortum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum dicolla Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum granulatum Tokioka, 1954 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum molle (Herdmann, 1886) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum nocturnum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum perlucidum Monniot F., 1983 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum psammathodes (Sluiter, 1895) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDidemnum yolky Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1997 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplosoma listerianum (Milne Edwards, 1841) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudistoma amplum (Sluiter, 1909) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudistoma atrum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudistoma hospitale Monniot F., 1998 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudistoma murrayi (Kott, 1957) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissoclinum bistratum (Sluiter, 1905) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycarpa mytiligera (Savigny, 1816) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycarpa nigricans Heller, 1878 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycitor africanus Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyclinum constellatum Savigny, 1816 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolysyncraton millepore Vasseur, 1968 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolysyncraton rostrum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRitterella dispar Kott, 1957 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRitterella tokiokai Kott, 1992 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStyela plicata (Lesueur, 1823) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSymplegma rubra Monniot C., 1972 
Zanzibar Channel for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSymplegma rubra Monniot C., 1972 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

The shape and size of the colonies and the zooids correspond well to Kott's description. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

The species differ from Eudistoma hospitale of other localities by their deep blue colour. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This species corresponds well to the description given by Knott(1992). The general organization is rather similar ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This species differs from other Didemnum species with large gemmiparous larvae by virtue of dark blue colour, of ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This species has no unique character except the high number of elongated ampullae around the adhesive papillae of ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This species has the same colour as Didemnum yolky Monniot & Monnoit 1997, described from Bahrain and also present ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This species is closely related to Polysyncraton thallomorphaF. Monniot described from New Caledonia. It differs in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This species looks like Didemnum spengioidesSluiter, 1909, or Didemnum roberti Michaelsen, 1930, or Didemnum ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This species shows some similarities with P. poro Monniot & Monniot from Polynesia, in the colour and shape of the ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

With eight oral lobes, a tubular cloacal siphon prolonged as a languet with three lobes, numerous stigmatal rows, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: originally only known from the western Atlantic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Millar, 1955 placed this species in Synoicidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

R. pedunculata preoccupied by Psammaplidium pedunculatum Herdman, 1899 (Monniot & Monniot, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Arabia Stations: Tanzania, Pemba Island, 05°23.45'S-039°37.86'E, 18 m on sandy channel (CRRF coll.), MNHN A3 Eud ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Madagascar, Tuléar. Stations: Tanzania, Pemba island, 05°0029'S-039°39.25'E, 30 m (CRRF coll.), MNHN A2 Pol 82. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Mozambique Station: Tanzania, Pemba Island, Shalufu Bank 1 mile offshore, 5°26.58'S-39°39.43'E, 7 m mat on ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Mozambique, Ibo Island, 20 m, Type MNHN A3 Pol A 24.Several stations around Ibo Island, 5 to 20 m, MNHN A3 Pol A 25 ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Station: Tanzania, Pemba Island, 05°27.41'S-039°41.90'E, 15 m on coral reef (CRRF coll.), MNHN A1 Apl B 386 ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Station: Tanzania, Pemba island, 05°26.58'S-039°39.43'E, 3 m (CRRF coll.) MNHN A2 Did C 393 (Monniot & Monniot, 1997). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Station: Tanzania, Zanzibar, Chwaka Bay, intertidal (Richmond coll.), Type: MNHN A2 Did C 344 ( Monniot & Monniot, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, south of Zanzibar, Menai Bay, 6°24.48'S-039°24.64'E 1.5 m on sea grass bed (CRRF ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, Zanzibar, Prison Island, mid-shore (Richmond coll.), MNHN A1 Rit 21 (Monniot & Monniot, 1997). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, Pemba Island, 05°27.18'S-039°43.07'E, 15 m (CRRF coll.), MNHN A1 Rit 23. Mozambique, Ibo ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, West of Zanzibar town, Pange Reef, 6°09.45'S-39°09.30'E, 18 m (CRRF coll.), MNHN S1 Sym 60. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, 15 m channel between Makongwei and Pemba Island, 5°23.45'S-39°37.86'E (CRRF coll.), MNHN S1 ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, Mnemba Island, 05°50.40'S-39°23.51'E, 15 m open reef, (CRRF coll.), MNHN A3 Eud 159. Leven ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Tanzania, 6 miles west of Zanzibar town 06°11.30'S-39°07.70'E, 21 m on sand (CRRF coll.), Type: MNHN A2 Did C 404 ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Tanzania, Pemba island: 05°23.07'S-039°35.24'E and 05°27.18'S-039°43.07'E, 1 to 6 m (CRRF coll.), Type: MNHN A2 ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Tanzania, Pemba Island, 05°23.45'S-039°37.86'E; 18 m (CRRF coll.), Type: MNHN A1 Apl B 384 (Monniot & Monniot, 1997). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Tanzania, Pemba Island, 05°27.18'S-039°43.07'E, 8 m on coarse sand and rubble (CRRF coll.), Type: MNHN A3 Eud ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Tanzania, west of Zanzibar town, Neange Reef, 27 m, 6°12.00'S-039°07.80'E (CRRF coll.), Type: MNHN A2 Did C 410 ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Tanzania, Zanzibar, Prison Island, 6 m on corals (Richmond coll.), Type: MNHN A2 Did C 346 (Monniot & Monniot, 1997). [details]