WoRMS source details

Monniot, F.; Monniot, C. (1997). Ascidians Collected in Tanzania. Journal of East African Natural History. 86(1), 1-35.
6389
10.2982/0012-8317(1997)86[1:acit]2.0.co;2 [view]
Monniot, F.; Monniot, C.
1997
Ascidians Collected in Tanzania
Journal of East African Natural History
86(1), 1-35
Publication
Published in 1999
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Ascidians were collected in Tanzania in january 1996 by SCUBA diving. Among 31 species reported here, nine are new. Several species were also recently collected in Mozambique. Full descriptions are given with figures and colour plates. The present collection of Tanzanian ascidians significantly increases the number of species known in the tropical western Indian Ocean, and enlargens the range of other ascodians previously unrecorded from the Indian Ocean.
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Amphicarpa inhacae (Millar, 1956) accepted as Stolonica inhacae (Millar, 1956) (additional source)
Aplidium colini Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Aplidium solidum (Ritter & Forsyth, 1917) (basis of record)
Archidistoma murrayi Kott, 1957 accepted as Eudistoma murrayi (Kott, 1957) (source of synonymy)
Botryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898) (basis of record)
Cynthia mytiligera Savigny, 1816 accepted as Polycarpa mytiligera (Savigny, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Didemnum brevioris Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Didemnum captivum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Didemnum contortum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Didemnum dicolla Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Didemnum granulatum Tokioka, 1954 (basis of record)
Didemnum molle (Herdmann, 1886) (basis of record)
Didemnum nocturnum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Didemnum perlucidum Monniot F., 1983 (basis of record)
Didemnum psammathodes (Sluiter, 1895) accepted as Didemnum psammatodes (Sluiter, 1895) (basis of record)
Didemnum yolky Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1997 (basis of record)
Diplosoma listerianum (Milne Edwards, 1841) (additional source)
Eudistoma amplum (Sluiter, 1909) (basis of record)
Eudistoma atrum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Eudistoma hospitale Monniot F., 1998 (basis of record)
Eudistoma murrayi (Kott, 1957) (basis of record)
Lissoclinum bistratum (Sluiter, 1905) (basis of record)
Polyandrocarpa inhacae Millar, 1956 accepted as Stolonica inhacae (Millar, 1956) (source of synonymy)
Polycarpa mytiligera (Savigny, 1816) (basis of record)
Polycarpa nigricans Heller, 1878 (basis of record)
Polycitor africanus Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Polyclinum constellatum Savigny, 1816 (basis of record)
Polysyncraton millepore Vasseur, 1968 (basis of record)
Polysyncraton rostrum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 (original description)
Psammaplidium solidum Herdman, 1891 accepted as Aplidium solidum (Ritter & Forsyth, 1917) (source of synonymy)
Ritterella dispar Kott, 1957 (basis of record)
Ritterella pedunculata Tokioka, 1953 accepted as Ritterella tokioka Kott, 1992 (source of synonymy)
Ritterella tokiokai Kott, 1992 accepted as Ritterella tokioka Kott, 1992 (basis of record)
Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823) (additional source)
Symplegma rubra Monniot C., 1972 (basis of record)
Chwaka Bay for Didemnum brevioris Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Djibouti for Botryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898) 
Djibouti for Didemnum dicolla Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Djibouti for Eudistoma atrum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Madagascar for Polycitor africanus Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Madagascar for Polysyncraton millepore Vasseur, 1968 
Mozambique for Amphicarpa inhacae (Millar, 1956) 
Mozambique for Botryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898) 
Mozambique for Didemnum yolky Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1997 
Mozambique for Polycarpa mytiligera (Savigny, 1816) 
Mozambique for Polycarpa nigricans Heller, 1878 
Mozambique for Polycitor africanus Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Mozambique for Polysyncraton millepore Vasseur, 1968 
Mozambique for Ritterella dispar Kott, 1957 
Mozambique for Ritterella tokiokai Kott, 1992 
Mozambique for Symplegma rubra Monniot C., 1972 
Pemba for Aplidium solidum (Ritter & Forsyth, 1917) 
Pemba for Botryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898) 
Pemba for Didemnum yolky Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1997 
Pemba for Eudistoma murrayi (Kott, 1957) 
Pemba for Polycarpa nigricans Heller, 1878 
Prison Island for Ritterella dispar Kott, 1957 
Red Sea for Polycarpa mytiligera (Savigny, 1816) 
South Africa (country) for Didemnum brevioris Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
South Africa (country) for Polycitor africanus Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
South Africa (country) for Polysyncraton millepore Vasseur, 1968 
Tanzania for Amphicarpa inhacae (Millar, 1956) 
Tanzania for Aplidium colini Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Aplidium solidum (Ritter & Forsyth, 1917) 
Tanzania for Botryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898) 
Tanzania for Didemnum brevioris Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Didemnum captivum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Didemnum contortum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Didemnum dicolla Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Didemnum granulatum Tokioka, 1954 
Tanzania for Didemnum molle (Herdmann, 1886) 
Tanzania for Didemnum nocturnum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Didemnum perlucidum Monniot F., 1983 
Tanzania for Didemnum psammathodes (Sluiter, 1895) 
Tanzania for Didemnum yolky Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1997 
Tanzania for Diplosoma listerianum (Milne Edwards, 1841) 
Tanzania for Eudistoma amplum (Sluiter, 1909) 
Tanzania for Eudistoma atrum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Eudistoma hospitale Monniot F., 1998 
Tanzania for Eudistoma murrayi (Kott, 1957) 
Tanzania for Lissoclinum bistratum (Sluiter, 1905) 
Tanzania for Polycarpa mytiligera (Savigny, 1816) 
Tanzania for Polycarpa nigricans Heller, 1878 
Tanzania for Polycitor africanus Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Polyclinum constellatum Savigny, 1816 
Tanzania for Polysyncraton millepore Vasseur, 1968 
Tanzania for Polysyncraton rostrum Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1997 
Tanzania for Ritterella dispar Kott, 1957 
Tanzania for Ritterella tokiokai Kott, 1992 
Tanzania for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823) 
Tanzania for Symplegma rubra Monniot C., 1972 
Zanzibar Channel for Symplegma rubra Monniot C., 1972 
 Description

The shape and size of the colonies and the zooids correspond well to Kott's description. [details]

 Description

The species differ from Eudistoma hospitale of other localities by their deep blue colour. [details]

 Description

This species corresponds well to the description given by Knott(1992). The general organization is rather similar ... [details]

 Description

This species differs from other Didemnum species with large gemmiparous larvae by virtue of dark blue colour, of ... [details]

 Description

This species has no unique character except the high number of elongated ampullae around the adhesive papillae of ... [details]

 Description

This species has the same colour as Didemnum yolky Monniot & Monnoit 1997, described from Bahrain and also present ... [details]

 Description

This species is closely related to Polysyncraton thallomorphaF. Monniot described from New Caledonia. It differs in ... [details]

 Description

This species looks like Didemnum spengioidesSluiter, 1909, or Didemnum roberti Michaelsen, 1930, or Didemnum ... [details]

 Description

This species shows some similarities with P. poro Monniot & Monniot from Polynesia, in the colour and shape of the ... [details]

 Description

With eight oral lobes, a tubular cloacal siphon prolonged as a languet with three lobes, numerous stigmatal rows, ... [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: originally only known from the western Atlantic [details]

 Remark

Millar, 1955 placed this species in Synoicidae [details]

 synonymy

R. pedunculata preoccupied by Psammaplidium pedunculatum Herdman, 1899 (Monniot & Monniot, 1997) [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 Type locality

Arabia Stations: Tanzania, Pemba Island, 05°23.45'S-039°37.86'E, 18 m on sandy channel (CRRF coll.), MNHN A3 Eud ... [details]

 Type locality

Madagascar, Tuléar. Stations: Tanzania, Pemba island, 05°0029'S-039°39.25'E, 30 m (CRRF coll.), MNHN A2 Pol 82. ... [details]

 Type locality

Mozambique Station: Tanzania, Pemba Island, Shalufu Bank 1 mile offshore, 5°26.58'S-39°39.43'E, 7 m mat on ... [details]

 Type locality

Mozambique, Ibo Island, 20 m, Type MNHN A3 Pol A 24.Several stations around Ibo Island, 5 to 20 m, MNHN A3 Pol A 25 ... [details]

 Type locality

Station: Tanzania, Pemba Island, 05°27.41'S-039°41.90'E, 15 m on coral reef (CRRF coll.), MNHN A1 Apl B 386 ... [details]

 Type locality

Station: Tanzania, Pemba island, 05°26.58'S-039°39.43'E, 3 m (CRRF coll.) MNHN A2 Did C 393 (Monniot & Monniot, 1997). [details]

 Type locality

Station: Tanzania, Zanzibar, Chwaka Bay, intertidal (Richmond coll.), Type: MNHN A2 Did C 344 ( Monniot & Monniot, ... [details]

 Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, south of Zanzibar, Menai Bay, 6°24.48'S-039°24.64'E 1.5 m on sea grass bed (CRRF ... [details]

 Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, Zanzibar, Prison Island, mid-shore (Richmond coll.), MNHN A1 Rit 21 (Monniot & Monniot, 1997). [details]

 Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, Pemba Island, 05°27.18'S-039°43.07'E, 15 m (CRRF coll.), MNHN A1 Rit 23. Mozambique, Ibo ... [details]

 Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, West of Zanzibar town, Pange Reef, 6°09.45'S-39°09.30'E, 18 m (CRRF coll.), MNHN S1 Sym 60. ... [details]

 Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, 15 m channel between Makongwei and Pemba Island, 5°23.45'S-39°37.86'E (CRRF coll.), MNHN S1 ... [details]

 Type locality

Stations: Tanzania, Mnemba Island, 05°50.40'S-39°23.51'E, 15 m open reef, (CRRF coll.), MNHN A3 Eud 159. Leven ... [details]

 Type locality

Tanzania, 6 miles west of Zanzibar town 06°11.30'S-39°07.70'E, 21 m on sand (CRRF coll.), Type: MNHN A2 Did C 404 ... [details]

 Type locality

Tanzania, Pemba island: 05°23.07'S-039°35.24'E and 05°27.18'S-039°43.07'E, 1 to 6 m (CRRF coll.), Type: MNHN A2 ... [details]

 Type locality

Tanzania, Pemba Island, 05°23.45'S-039°37.86'E; 18 m (CRRF coll.), Type: MNHN A1 Apl B 384 (Monniot & Monniot, 1997). [details]

 Type locality

Tanzania, Pemba Island, 05°27.18'S-039°43.07'E, 8 m on coarse sand and rubble (CRRF coll.), Type: MNHN A3 Eud ... [details]

 Type locality

Tanzania, west of Zanzibar town, Neange Reef, 27 m, 6°12.00'S-039°07.80'E (CRRF coll.), Type: MNHN A2 Did C 410 ... [details]

 Type locality

Tanzania, Zanzibar, Prison Island, 6 m on corals (Richmond coll.), Type: MNHN A2 Did C 346 (Monniot & Monniot, 1997). [details]