WoRMS source details

Geiger, D.L. (1999). Distribution and biogeography of the recent Haliotidae (Gastropoda : Vetigastropoda) World-wide, Bollettino Malacologico, Roma, 35(5-12) - Società Italiana di Malacologica.
The distribution of all 56 abalone species is documented based on specimen records. The three models for the origin of the family (Pacific Rim, Indo-Pacific, Tethys) are evaluated. The area cladogram, which treats the distribution of the individual species as characters and the areas as taxa, is in general agreement with an unrooted phylogenetic tree of the taxa for which the geographic occurrence is superimposed. The basal node of the area cladogram is a fairly large polytomy uniting rather distant provinces such as the north Pacific, Australia, and Africa. A similar pattern emerges from the taxon cladogram. Accordingly, a very general Indo-Pacific origin emerges, best in agreement with the Indo-Pacific model for the origin of the family. The apparent discrepancy with the fossil record is discussed. Although the earliest fossils from the Upper Creatceous have been found in the Caribbean and in California, a major hiatus of on the order of 200 miilion years can easily account for the discrepancy between the earliest fossils and the biogeographical reconstruction, as well as for the large basal polytomy in the biogeographical analysis. All species are illustrated, including some distinct juvenile forms, and 30 photographs of live animals.
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Haliotidae Rafinesque, 1815 (additional source)
Aldabra for Haliotis clathrata Reeve, 1846 
Aldabra for Haliotis unilateralis Lamarck, 1822 
Chagos for Haliotis clathrata Reeve, 1846 
Comores for Haliotis clathrata Reeve, 1846 
Comores for Haliotis pustulata Reeve, 1846 
Kenya for Haliotis clathrata Reeve, 1846 
Kenya for Haliotis pustulata Reeve, 1846 
Kenya for Haliotis unilateralis Lamarck, 1822 
Madagascar for Haliotis clathrata Reeve, 1846 
Madagascar for Haliotis pustulata Reeve, 1846 
Madagascar for Haliotis squamosa Gray, 1826 
Madagascar for Haliotis unilateralis Lamarck, 1822 
Mauritius for Haliotis clathrata Reeve, 1846 
Mauritius for Haliotis unilateralis Lamarck, 1822 
Mauritius for Haliotis varia Linnaeus, 1758  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Haliotis pustulata Reeve, 1846 
Mozambique for Haliotis unilateralis Lamarck, 1822 
Red Sea for Haliotis mariae W. Wood, 1828  (doubtful)
Red Sea for Haliotis pustulata Reeve, 1846 
Red Sea for Haliotis unilateralis Lamarck, 1822 
Rodriguez for Haliotis clathrata Reeve, 1846 
Seychelles for Haliotis clathrata Reeve, 1846 
Seychelles for Haliotis pustulata Reeve, 1846 
Somalia for Haliotis pustulata Reeve, 1846 
South Africa (country) for Haliotis midae Linnaeus, 1758 
South Africa (country) for Haliotis parva Linnaeus, 1758 
South Africa (country) for Haliotis queketti E. A. Smith, 1910 
South Africa (country) for Haliotis spadicea Donovan, 1808 
Tanzania for Haliotis mariae W. Wood, 1828  (doubtful)
Tanzania for Haliotis pustulata Reeve, 1846 
Tanzania for Haliotis unilateralis Lamarck, 1822 
Tanzania for Haliotis varia Linnaeus, 1758  (doubtful)

An Indo-Pacific and Central Pacific Species. [details]


Certainly distributed around Oman and Jemen. [details]