WoRMS source details

Smith, J.L.B. (1960). Coral Fishes of the Family Pomacentridae from the Western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Ichthyological Bulletin No. 19: 317-349
6186
Smith, J. L. B.
1960
Coral Fishes of the Family Pomacentridae from the Western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea
Ichthyological Bulletin No
19: 317-349
Publication
Gives a Key to the genera and descriptions of species in the family Pomacentridae, found in the Western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. There are 68 species divided into 12 genera given; 8 new species are described, while at least 20 are apparently endemic. Some of the species present problems in classification; malidentifications are common and the synonymy of some species is involved
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Abudefduf Forsskål, 1775 (additional source)
Abudefduf anabatoides (Bleeker, 1847) accepted as Neopomacentrus anabatoides (Bleeker, 1847) (basis of record)
Abudefduf bankieri (Richardson, 1846) accepted as Neopomacentrus bankieri (Richardson, 1846) (basis of record)
Abudefduf bengalensis (Bloch, 1787) (basis of record)
Abudefduf cingulum (Klunzinger, 1871) accepted as Plectroglyphidodon leucozonus (Bleeker, 1859) (additional source)
Abudefduf coelestinus (Cuvier, 1830) accepted as Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède, 1801) (source of synonymy)
Abudefduf dickii (Liénard, 1839) accepted as Plectroglyphidodon dickii (Liénard, 1839) (basis of record)
Abudefduf fallax (Peters, 1855) accepted as Neopomacentrus fallax (Peters, 1855) (basis of record)
Abudefduf glaucus (Cuvier, 1830) accepted as Chrysiptera glauca (Cuvier, 1830) (additional source)
Abudefduf leucogaster (Bleeker, 1847) accepted as Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster (Bleeker, 1847) (basis of record)
Abudefduf leucozona (Bleeker, 1859) accepted as Plectroglyphidodon leucozonus (Bleeker, 1859) (source of synonymy)
Abudefduf melanopus (Bleeker, 1856) accepted as Neoglyphidodon melas (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Abudefduf melanopus (Bleeker, 1856) accepted as Neoglyphidodon melas (Cuvier, 1830) (basis of record)
Abudefduf notatus (Day, 1870) (basis of record)
Abudefduf quinquilineatus von Bonde, 1934 accepted as Abudefduf vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Abudefduf rhyncholepis (Bleeker, 1869) accepted as Abudefduf margariteus (Cuvier, 1830) (basis of record)
Abudefduf saxatilis (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Abudefduf septemfasciatus (Cuvier, 1830) (basis of record)
Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède, 1801) (additional source)
Abudefduf sordidus (Forsskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Abudefduf sparoides (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (basis of record)
Abudefduf xanthozona (Bleeker, 1853) accepted as Chrysiptera brownriggii (Bennett, 1828) (basis of record)
Abudefduf xanthozonus (Bleeker, 1853) accepted as Chrysiptera brownriggii (Bennett, 1828) (source of synonymy)
Abudefduf xanthozonus (Bleeker, 1853) accepted as Chrysiptera brownriggii (Bennett, 1828) (basis of record)
Abudefduf zonatus (Cuvier, 1830) accepted as Chrysiptera biocellata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (additional source)
Amphiprion Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (basis of record)
Amphiprion akallopisos Bleeker, 1853 (basis of record)
Amphiprion chrysogaster Cuvier, 1830 (basis of record)
Amphiprion ephippium (Bloch, 1790) (basis of record)
Amphiprion fusciventer Bennett, 1832 accepted as Amphiprion chrysogaster Cuvier, 1830 (source of synonymy)
Amphiprion mauritiensis Schultz, 1953 accepted as Amphiprion chrysogaster Cuvier, 1830 (basis of record)
Amphiprion sebae Bleeker, 1853 (source of synonymy)
Amphiprion trifasciatus Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Amphiprion polymnus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Amphiprion xanthurus Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Amphiprion clarkii (Bennett, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Chaetodon bengalensis Bloch, 1787 accepted as Abudefduf bengalensis (Bloch, 1787) (source of synonymy)
Chaetodon sordidus Forsskål, 1775 accepted as Abudefduf sordidus (Forsskål, 1775) (source of synonymy)
Chromis Cuvier, 1814 (additional source)
Chromis agilis Smith, 1960 (basis of record)
Chromis analis (Cuvier, 1830) (basis of record)
Chromis axillaris (Bennett, 1831) (basis of record)
Chromis caerulea (Cuvier, 1830) (basis of record)
Chromis cinerascens (Cuvier, 1830) (basis of record)
Chromis dimidiata (Klunzinger, 1871) (basis of record)
Chromis frenatus Cuvier & Valenciennes accepted as Chromis caerulea (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Chromis lepidurus Cuvier & Valenciennes accepted as Chromis caerulea (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Chromis pembae Smith, 1960 (basis of record)
Chromis weberi Fowler & Bean, 1928 (basis of record)
Chromis xanthochir (Bleeker, 1851) accepted as Chromis xanthochira (Bleeker, 1851) (basis of record)
Dascyllus Cuvier, 1829 (basis of record)
Dascyllus axillaris Smith, 1935 accepted as Dascyllus trimaculatus (Rüppell, 1829) (source of synonymy)
Dascyllus cyanurus Rüppell, 1838 accepted as Chromis viridis (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Dascyllus trimaculatus (Rüppell, 1829) (basis of record)
Glyphidodon bankieri Angot, 1950 accepted as Glyphisodon bankieri Richardson, 1846 accepted as Neopomacentrus bankieri (Richardson, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Glyphidodon bengalensis Capello, 1871 accepted as Glyphisodon bengalensis Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1830 accepted as Abudefduf bengalensis (Bloch, 1787) (source of synonymy)
Glyphidodon coelestinus Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1830 accepted as Glyphisodon sexfasciatus Bleeker (source of synonymy)
Glyphidodon dickii Bleeker & Pollen, 1875 accepted as Glyphisodon dickii Liénard, 1839 accepted as Plectroglyphidodon dickii (Liénard, 1839) (source of synonymy)
Glyphidodon fallax Peters, 1855 accepted as Neopomacentrus fallax (Peters, 1855) (basis of record)
Glyphidodon leucogaster Gunther, 1866 accepted as Glyphisodon leucogaster Bleeker, 1847 accepted as Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster (Bleeker, 1847) (source of synonymy)
Glyphidodon modestus Pfeffer, 1893 accepted as Glyphisodon modestus Schlegel & Müller, 1839 accepted as Chrysiptera glauca (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Glyphidodon notatus Day, 1870 accepted as Abudefduf notatus (Day, 1870) (source of synonymy)
Glyphidodon plagiometopon Peters, 1876 accepted as Glyphisodon plagiometopon Bleeker, 1852 accepted as Hemiglyphidodon plagiometopon (Bleeker, 1852) (source of synonymy)
Glyphidodon rhyncholepis Bleeker, 1869 accepted as Abudefduf margariteus (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Glyphidodon saxatilis (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Abudefduf saxatilis (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Glyphidodon sexfasciatus Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1830 accepted as Glyphisodon sexfasciatus Bleeker (source of synonymy)
Glyphidodon sparoides Peters, 1855 accepted as Glyphisodon sparoides Quoy & Gaimard, 1825 accepted as Abudefduf sparoides (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (basis of record)
Glyphisodon bengalensis Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1830 accepted as Abudefduf bengalensis (Bloch, 1787) (source of synonymy)
Glyphisodon coelestinus Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède, 1801) (source of synonymy)
Glyphisodon dickii Liénard, 1839 accepted as Plectroglyphidodon dickii (Liénard, 1839) (basis of record)
Glyphisodon geant Liénard, 1829 accepted as Abudefduf sordidus (Forsskål, 1775) (source of synonymy)
Glyphisodon rahti Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Abudefduf vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Glyphisodon saxatilis accepted as Abudefduf saxatilis (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Glyphisodon septemfasciatus Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Abudefduf septemfasciatus (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Glyphisodon sordidus accepted as Abudefduf sordidus (Forsskål, 1775) (source of synonymy)
Glyphisodon sparoides Quoy & Gaimard, 1825 accepted as Abudefduf sparoides (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Glyphisodon zonatus Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Chrysiptera biocellata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Heliases analis Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Chromis analis (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Heliases caeruleus Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Chromis caerulea (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Heliases cinerascens Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Chromis cinerascens (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Heliases frenatus Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Chromis viridis (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Heliases lepisurus Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Chromis viridis (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Heliases xanthochir Bleeker, 1851 accepted as Heliases xanthochirus Bleeker, 1851 accepted as Chromis xanthochira (Bleeker, 1851) (source of synonymy)
Heliastes axillaris Bennett, 1831 accepted as Heliases axillaris Bennett, 1831 accepted as Chromis axillaris (Bennett, 1831) (source of synonymy)
Heliastes chysurus Bliss, 1883 accepted as Heliastes chrysurus Bliss, 1883 accepted as Chromis chrysura (Bliss, 1883) (basis of record)
Heliastes cinctus Playfair, 1868 accepted as Chrysiptera biocellata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (basis of record)
Heliastes dimidiatus Klunzinger, 1871 accepted as Chromis dimidiata (Klunzinger, 1871) (source of synonymy)
Heliastes opercularis Günther, 1867 accepted as Chromis opercularis (Günther, 1867) (basis of record)
Hemiglyphidodon Bleeker, 1877 (basis of record)
Hemiglyphidodon plagiometopon (Bleeker, 1852) (basis of record)
Labrus sexfasciatus Lacepède, 1801 accepted as Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède, 1801) (source of synonymy)
Lepidochromis Fowler & Bean, 1928 accepted as Chromis Cuvier, 1814 (basis of record)
Lepidozygus Günther, 1862 (basis of record)
Lutianus ephippium Bloch, 1790 accepted as Lutjanus ephippium Bloch, 1790 accepted as Amphiprion ephippium (Bloch, 1790) (source of synonymy)
Phalerebus akallopisos (Bleeker, 1853) accepted as Amphiprion akallopisos Bleeker, 1853 (source of synonymy)
Plectroglyphidodon Fowler & Ball, 1924 (basis of record)
Pomacentrus Lacepède, 1802 (basis of record)
Pomacentrus annulatus Peters, 1855 accepted as Chrysiptera annulata (Peters, 1855) (basis of record)
Pomacentrus bankanensis Bleeker, 1854 (source of synonymy)
Pomacentrus biocellatus Rüppell, 1838 accepted as Pomacentrus trilineatus Cuvier, 1830 (source of synonymy)
Pomacentrus cyanostigma Klunziger, 1871 accepted as Pristotis cyanostigma Rüppell, 1838 (source of synonymy)
Pomacentrus grandidieri Steindachner, 1891 accepted as Pomacentrus sulfureus Klunzinger, 1871 (source of synonymy)
Aldabra for Abudefduf bankieri (Richardson, 1846) 
Aldabra for Abudefduf dickii (Liénard, 1839) 
Aldabra for Abudefduf glaucus (Cuvier, 1830) 
Aldabra for Abudefduf imparipennis (Vaillant & Sauvage, 1875) 
Aldabra for Abudefduf lacrymatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) 
Aldabra for Abudefduf melanopus (Bleeker, 1856) 
Aldabra for Abudefduf melas (Cuvier, 1830) 
Aldabra for Abudefduf xanthonotus (Bleeker, 1859) 
Aldabra for Abudefduf xanthozona (Bleeker, 1853) 
Aldabra for Amphiprion ephippium (Bloch, 1790) 
Aldabra for Chromis caerulea (Cuvier, 1830) 
Aldabra for Chromis dimidiata (Klunzinger, 1871) 
Aldabra for Chromis nigrura Smith, 1960 
Aldabra for Chromis xanthochir (Bleeker, 1851) 
Aldabra for Glyphidodon bankieri Angot, 1950 
Aldabra for Glyphidodon notatus Day, 1870 
Aldabra for Heliastes opercularis Günther, 1867 
Aldabra for Lepidozygus anthioides Smith, 1956 
Aldabra for Phalerebus akallopisos (Bleeker, 1853) 
Aldabra for Plectroglyphidodon nitidus Smith, 1956 
Aldabra for Pomacentrus annulatus Peters, 1855 
Aldabra for Pomacentrus littoralis Cuvier, 1830 
Aldabra for Pomacentrus luteobrunneus Smith, 1960 
Aldabra for Pomacentrus nigricans (Lacepède, 1802) 
Aldabra for Pomacentrus pavo (Bloch, 1787) 
Aldabra for Pomacentrus taeniurus Bleeker, 1856 
Comores for Abudefduf sparoides (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) 
Comores for Abudefduf xanthozona (Bleeker, 1853) 
Comores for Chromis dimidiata (Klunzinger, 1871) 
Comores for Pomacentrus nigricans (Lacepède, 1802) 
Comores for Pomacentrus pavo (Bloch, 1787) 
Comores for Pomacentrus sulfureus Klunzinger, 1871 
East Africa for Abudefduf fallax (Peters, 1855) 
East Africa for Abudefduf glaucus (Cuvier, 1830) 
East Africa for Abudefduf imparipennis (Vaillant & Sauvage, 1875) 
East Africa for Abudefduf xanthozonus (Bleeker, 1853) 
East Africa for Dascyllus aruanus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
East Africa for Glyphidodon leucogaster Gunther, 1866 
East Africa for Glyphidodon modestus Pfeffer, 1893 
East Africa for Heliases frenatus Cuvier, 1830 
East Africa for Pomacentrus annulatus Peters, 1855 
East Africa for Pomacentrus pavo (Bloch, 1787) 
East Africa for Pomacentrus pulcherrimus Smith, 1960 
East Africa for Pomacentrus sulfureus Klunzinger, 1871 
East Africa for Pomacentrus taeniurus Bleeker, 1856 
East Africa for Pomacentrus trichourus Günther, 1867 
East Africa for Pomacentrus tripunctatus Cuvier, 1830 
Kenya for Abudefduf annulatus (Peters, 1855) 
Kenya for Abudefduf bankieri (Richardson, 1846) 
Kenya for Abudefduf leucogaster (Bleeker, 1847) 
Kenya for Abudefduf melanopus (Bleeker, 1856) 
Kenya for Abudefduf zonatus (Cuvier, 1830) 
Kenya for Lepidochromis brunneus Smith, 1960 
Madagascar for Abudefduf bankieri (Richardson, 1846) 
Madagascar for Abudefduf bengalensis (Bloch, 1787) 
Madagascar for Abudefduf melas (Cuvier, 1830) 
Madagascar for Dascyllus trimaculatus (Rüppell, 1829) 
Madagascar for Glyphidodon bankieri Angot, 1950 
Madagascar for Glyphidodon bengalensis Capello, 1871 
Madagascar for Glyphidodon dickii Bleeker & Pollen, 1875 
Madagascar for Glyphidodon sparoides Peters, 1855 
Madagascar for Glyphidodon xanthozona Peters, 1876 
Madagascar for Heliases frenatus Cuvier, 1830 
Madagascar for Heliastes opercularis Günther, 1867 
Madagascar for Pomacentrus annulatus Peters, 1855 
Madagascar for Pomacentrus grandidieri Steindachner, 1891 
Madagascar for Pomacentrus madagascariensis Sauvage, 1882 
Madagascar for Pomacentrus pavo (Bloch, 1787) 
Madagascar for Premnas biaculeatus (Bloch, 1790) 
Mauritius for Abudefduf dickii (Liénard, 1839) 
Mauritius for Amphiprion chrysogaster Cuvier, 1830 
Mauritius for Amphiprion fusciventer Bennett, 1832 
Mauritius for Amphiprion mauritiensis Schultz, 1953 
Mauritius for Amphiprion trifasciatus Cuvier, 1830 
Mauritius for Chromis axillaris (Bennett, 1831) 
Mauritius for Chromis chrysura (Bliss, 1883) 
Mauritius for Glyphidodon dickii Bleeker & Pollen, 1875 
Mauritius for Glyphidodon plagiometopon Peters, 1876 
Mauritius for Glyphidodon sparoides Peters, 1855 
Mauritius for Glyphidodon xanthozona Peters, 1876 
Mauritius for Glyphisodon dickii Liénard, 1839 
Mauritius for Glyphisodon geant Liénard, 1829 
Mauritius for Glyphisodon septemfasciatus Cuvier, 1830 
Mauritius for Heliastes chysurus Bliss, 1883 
Mauritius for Hemiglyphidodon plagiometopon (Bleeker, 1852) 
Mauritius for Holocentrus sonnerat Lacepède, 1802 
Mauritius for Pomacentrus annulatus Peters, 1855 
Mauritius for Pomacentrus lividus Forster, 1801 
Mauritius for Pomacentrus nigricans (Lacepède, 1802) 
Mauritius for Pomacentrus pikei Bliss, 1883 
Mauritius for Premnas biaculeatus (Bloch, 1790) 
Mozambique for Abudefduf bankieri (Richardson, 1846) 
Mozambique for Abudefduf dickii (Liénard, 1839) 
Mozambique for Abudefduf fallax (Peters, 1855) 
Mozambique for Abudefduf imparipennis (Vaillant & Sauvage, 1875) 
Mozambique for Abudefduf leucogaster (Bleeker, 1847) 
Mozambique for Abudefduf notatus (Day, 1870) 
Mozambique for Abudefduf xanthozona (Bleeker, 1853) 
Mozambique for Abudefduf zonatus (Cuvier, 1830) 
Mozambique for Amphiprion ephippium (Bloch, 1790) 
English agile chromis for Chromis agilis Smith, 1960
English pemba chromis for Chromis pembae Smith, 1960
English spinecheek anemonefish for Premnas biaculeatus (Bloch, 1790)
English yellow-edge chromis for Chromis pembae Smith, 1960
 Description

Clearly differs from Dascyllus Cuvier, and from Chromis Cuvier, in its combination of characters<406>. [details]

 Description

Inhabits lagoons and outer reef slopes in 1 to 16 metres. Commensal with sea anemones, usually Radianthus gelam. ... [details]

 Description

Inhabits outer reef slopes. [details]

 Description

Occurs in clear lagoon and seaward reefs, usually in loose aggregations near caves and ledges. [details]

 Remark

Also genus Tetradrachmum in Smith, 1960 <406>. [details]

 Remark

Closely related to A. sexfasciatus Smith (1960). [details]

 Remark

Placed in the family Pomacentridae <406>. [details]

 Remark

Related to C. chrysurus<406> [details]

 Remark

Type species Chaetodon aculeatus Bloch, 1790 but Premnas biaculeatus in Fishbase <111>. [details]

 Remark

Type species Chaetodon aruanus Linn. 1758, also genus Dascyllus in Smith, 1960 <406> [details]

 Remark

Type species Chromis lepidolepis Bleeker, 1876 [details]

 Remark

Type species Lutianus ephippium Bloch, 1790. Two sub-genera recognised: Amphirion and Phalerebus<406>. [details]

 Remark

Type species of the genus but Chaetodon aculeatus in <406>. [details]

 Remark

Type species P. johnstonianus Fowler & Ball, 1924 [details]

 Remark

Type species Pomacentrus tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1856 [details]

 Remark

Type species Sparus chromis Linn, 1758 [details]

 Remark

Type species T. mossambicus Smith, 1953 = Pomacentrus obtusirostris Gunther, 1862 <406>. Related to Pristotis Ruppell, 1835. [details]

 Remark

Type species: Chaetodon pavo Bloch, 1787. [details]

 Remark

Type species: P. cyanostigma Ruppell, 1835. [details]

 Synonymy

Junior synonym [details]

 Synonymy

Other synonyms from Smith (1960): glyphisodon Lacepede, 1803; Chrysiptera Swainson, 1839; Stegastes Jenyns, 1842; Glyphidodon ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym in the family Pomacentridae<406>. [details]