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NameEschmeyer, N.M., K.V. Rama-Rao & L.E. Hallacher (1979). Fishes of the Scorpionfish subfamily Choridactylinae from the Western Pacific and the Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. Fourth Series. Vol.XLI (21): 475-500.
AuthorsEschmeyer, N. M.; Rama-Rao, K. V.; Hallacher, L. E.
Year1979
TitleFishes of the Scorpionfish subfamily Choridactylinae from the Western Pacific and the Indian Ocean
JournalProceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. Fourth Series. Vol.XLI
Suffix21: 475-500
Type Publication
AbstractThe Indo-Pacific scorpionfish subfamily Choridactylinae Kaup contains two genera and 10 species. The subfamily synonyms include Pelorinae Gill and Inimicinae Gill, the latter being the subfamily name applied to this group until now. Two species, with three free lower pectoral rays, are placed in the genus Choridactylus Richardson, which includes the nominal genera Chorismodactylus Gunther and Choridactylodes Gilchrist. Eight species, with two free lower pectoral rays, are included in Inimicus. Three species groups are recognized in Inimicus: (1) I. filamentosus (Cuvier); (2) I. caledonicus (Sauvage), I. japonicus (Cuvier), and I. joubini (Chevey). Nine other nominal species are recognized as synonyms, including I. bifilis Fowler and I. cirrhosus McKay. Salient features used in the descriptions of species and separation of species groups include fin-ray counts, elevation of the orbits, head shape, height of interspinous membranes, and color pattern on the inside of the pectoral fin. Descriptions and figures are provided for all species. The subfamily is distributed throughout the Indian Ocean and the Western Pacific to Japan, the major islands of the Indo-Australian Archipelago to tropical Australia, and east to Melanesia. The species are bottom-dwelling fishes of silty and sandy substrates. They are nearshore or slightly offshore forms, most occurring shallower than 40 m. Certain morphological and behavioral features allow burying in the substrate, and these features are discussed and illustrated based on aquarium observations.
Taxa
(27)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlepocephalus macropterus Vaillant, 1888 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorConocara macropterum (Vaillant, 1888) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlosa fallax nilotica (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1809) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlosa agone (Scopoli, 1786) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAluterus heudelotii Hollard, 1855 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAluterus schoepfii (Walbaum, 1792) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApistus niger Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetraroge niger (Cuvier, 1829) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterropterix Rüppell, 1830 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterropteryx Rüppell, 1830 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterropteryx Rüppell, 1830 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChoridactylodes natalensis Gilchrist, 1902 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChoridactylus natalensis (Gilchrist, 1902) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChoridactylus multibarbis Richardson, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChoridactylus multibarbus Richardson, 1848 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChoridactylus multibarbus Richardson, 1848 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChoridactylus natalensis (Gilchrist, 1902) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChorismodactylus multibarbis Gunther, 1860 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChoridactylus multibarbus Richardson, 1848 (source of synonymy)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChorismodactylus multibarbus Bleeker, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChoridactylus multibarbus Richardson, 1848 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus Jordan & Starks, 1904 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus brachyrhynchus (Bleeker, 1874) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus caledonicus (Sauvage, 1878) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus cuvieri (Gray, 1835) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus didactylus (Pallas, 1769) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus filamentosus (Cuvier, 1829) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus japonicus (Cuvier, 1829) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus joubini (Chevey, 1927) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus sinensis (Valenciennes, 1833) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLesueurigobius Whitley, 1950 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPelor didactylum Regan, 1908 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus filamentosus (Cuvier, 1829) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPelor filamentosum Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus filamentosus (Cuvier, 1829) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPelor filamentosus Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInimicus filamentosus (Cuvier, 1829) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachyscorpia Ginsburg, 1953 (additional source)
Distributions
(15)
Madagascar for Inimicus filamentosus (Cuvier, 1829)
Madagascar for Pelor filamentosum Cuvier, 1829
Mauritius for Inimicus filamentosus (Cuvier, 1829)
Mauritius for Pelor filamentosum Cuvier, 1829
Mozambique for Choridactylus natalensis (Gilchrist, 1902)
Red Sea for Choridactylus multibarbis Richardson, 1848
Red Sea for Choridactylus multibarbus Richardson, 1848
Red Sea for Inimicus filamentosus (Cuvier, 1829)
Reunion for Inimicus filamentosus (Cuvier, 1829)
Reunion for Pelor filamentosus Cuvier, 1829
Seychelles for Choridactylus multibarbis Richardson, 1848
Seychelles for Choridactylus natalensis (Gilchrist, 1902)
South Africa (country) for Choridactylodes natalensis Gilchrist, 1902
South Africa (country) for Choridactylus natalensis (Gilchrist, 1902)
Tanzania for Inimicus filamentosus (Cuvier, 1829)
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
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