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Griffin, D. J. G.; Tranter, H. A. (1974). Spider crabs of the Family Majidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from the Red Sea. Israel Journal of Zoology. 23: 162-198.
6030
Griffin, D. J. G.; Tranter, H. A.
1974
Spider crabs of the Family Majidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from the Red Sea
Israel Journal of Zoology
23: 162-198
Publication
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Collections of marine animals from the northrn Red Sea were made by Tel Aviv University and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem between 1950 and 1972, and from the southern Red Sea by the Sea Fisheries Research Station, Haifa, in 1957/58, and the Israel South Red Sea Expeditions in 1962 and 1965. This report is based on 485 specimens of spider crabs from those collections. A total of 37 species belonging to 26 genera are dealt with. The total number of species of the family Majidae now known from the Red Sea is 46, of which 12 are recorded here for the first time. One new species, Opthalmias longispinus n. sp., is described. The collection includes five species previously known only from the first record. Only seven (15%) of the species appear restricted to the Red Sea. These, in general, belong to genera occuring in the Atlantic and are, with one exception, poorly represented throughout the Indo-West Pacific and the remaining 13 (28%) occur in the Indian Ocean, principally off East Africa and in the Arabian Sea.
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Acanthonyx elongatus Miers, 1878 (basis of record)
Achaeus brevirostris (Haswell, 1879) (basis of record)
Achaeus erythraeus Balss, 1929 (basis of record)
Aepinus indicus (Alcock, 1895) accepted as Sunipea indicus (Alcock, 1895) (basis of record)
Cyclax spinicinctus Heller, 1861 (basis of record)
Cyphocarcinus minutus A. Milne-Edwards, 1868 (basis of record)
Dehaanius dentatus (Milne Edwards, 1834) accepted as Acanthonyx dentatus H. Milne Edwards, 1834 (additional source)
Entomonyx spinosus Miers, 1884 (basis of record)
Eurynome stimpsoni Miers, 1884 accepted as Eurynome stimpsonii Miers, 1884 accepted as Seiitaoides stimpsonii (Miers, 1884) (basis of record)
Eurynome verhoeffi Balss, 1929 accepted as Choniognathus verhoeffei (Balss, 1929) (basis of record)
Hoplophrys oatesii Henderson, 1893 (additional source)
Hyastenus (Chorilia) convexus Miers, 1884 accepted as Hyastenus convexus Miers, 1884 (basis of record)
Hyastenus diacanthus (De Haan, 1839 [in De Haan, 1833-1850]) (basis of record)
Hyastenus elongatus Ortmann, 1893 (basis of record)
Hyastenus hilgendorfi de Man, 1887 [in de Man, 1887-1888] (additional source)
Hyastenus inermis (Rathbun, 1911) (basis of record)
Inachoides dolichorhynchus Alcock & Anderson, 1894 accepted as Chorinachus dolichorhynchus (Alcock & Anderson, 1894) (basis of record)
Lambrachaeus ramifer Alcock, 1895 (basis of record)
Maxioides spinigera Borradaile, 1903 accepted as Naxioides taurus (Pocock, 1890) (basis of record)
Menaethiops contiguicornis (Klunzinger, 1906) (basis of record)
Menaethiops dubia Balss, 1929 accepted as Menaethiops dubius Balss, 1929 (basis of record)
Menaethiops nodulosa (Nobili, 1905) accepted as Menaethiops nodulosus (Nobili, 1905) (basis of record)
Oncinopus neptunus Adams & White, 1848 (basis of record)
Ophthalmias cervicornis (Herbst) accepted as Stilbognathus cervicornis (Herbst, 1803) (basis of record)
Ophthalmias curvirostris (A. Milne Edwards) accepted as Stilbognathus curvirostris (A. Milne-Edwards, 1865) (basis of record)
Ophthalmias longispinus Griffin & Tranter, 1974 accepted as Stilbognathus longispinus (Griffin & Tranter, 1974) (original description)
Perinia tumida Dana, 1851 (basis of record)
Phalangipus hystrix (Miers, 1886) (basis of record)
Pseudomicippe nodosa Heller, 1861 (basis of record)
Simocarcinus simplex (Dana, 1851) (basis of record)
Stilbognathus erythraeus von Martens, 1866 (basis of record)
Stilbognathus soikai Guinot, 1964 (basis of record)
Aldabra for Simocarcinus pyramidatus (Heller, 1861) 
East Africa for Aepinus indicus (Alcock, 1895) 
East Africa for Huenia proteus De Haan, 1839 [in De Haan, 1833-1850] 
East Africa for Hyastenus (Chorilia) convexus Miers, 1884 
East Africa for Hyastenus spinosus A. Milne-Edwards, 1872 
East Africa for Micippa thalia (Herbst, 1803) 
East Africa for Oncinopus neptunus Adams & White, 1848 
East Africa for Perinia tumida Dana, 1851 
East Africa for Schizophrys aspera (H. Milne Edwards, 1834) 
East Africa for Simocarcinus simplex (Dana, 1851) 
East Africa for Xenocarcinus tuberculatus White, 1847 
Eritrea for Entomonyx spinosus Miers, 1884 
Madagascar for Cyclax spinicinctus Heller, 1861 
Madagascar for Cyphocarcinus minutus A. Milne-Edwards, 1868 
Mauritius for Hyastenus inermis (Rathbun, 1911) 
Mauritius for Simocarcinus pyramidatus (Heller, 1861) 
Mozambique for Inachoides dolichorhynchus Alcock & Anderson, 1894 
Red Sea for Acanthonyx dentatus H. Milne Edwards, 1834 
Red Sea for Acanthonyx elongatus Miers, 1878 
Red Sea for Achaeus brevifalcatus Rathbun, 1911 
Red Sea for Achaeus brevirostris (Haswell, 1879) 
Red Sea for Achaeus erythraeus Balss, 1929 
Red Sea for Achaeus lorina (Adams & White, 1848) 
Red Sea for Aepinus indicus (Alcock, 1895) 
Red Sea for Camposcia retusa (Latreille, 1829) 
Red Sea for Cyclax spinicinctus Heller, 1861 
Red Sea for Cyclax suborbicularis (Stimpson, 1858) 
Red Sea for Cyphocarcinus minutus A. Milne-Edwards, 1868 
Red Sea for Entomonyx spinosus Miers, 1884 
Red Sea for Eurynome stimpsoni Miers, 1884 
Red Sea for Eurynome verhoeffi Balss, 1929 
Red Sea for Hoplophrys oatesii Henderson, 1893 
Red Sea for Huenia proteus De Haan, 1839 [in De Haan, 1833-1850] 
Red Sea for Hyastenus (Chorilia) convexus Miers, 1884 
Red Sea for Hyastenus diacanthus (De Haan, 1839 [in De Haan, 1833-1850]) 
Red Sea for Hyastenus elongatus Ortmann, 1893 
Red Sea for Hyastenus hilgendorfi de Man, 1887 [in de Man, 1887-1888] 
Red Sea for Hyastenus inermis (Rathbun, 1911) 
Red Sea for Hyastenus spinosus A. Milne-Edwards, 1872 
Red Sea for Inachoides dolichorhynchus Alcock & Anderson, 1894 
Red Sea for Lambrachaeus ramifer Alcock, 1895 
Red Sea for Maxioides spinigera Borradaile, 1903 
Red Sea for Menaethiops contiguicornis (Klunzinger, 1906) 
Red Sea for Menaethiops dubia Balss, 1929 
Red Sea for Menaethiops ninii Guinot, 1964 
Red Sea for Menaethiops nodulosa (Nobili, 1905) 
Red Sea for Menaethius monoceros (Latreille, 1825) 
Red Sea for Micippa platipes Rüppell, 1830 
Red Sea for Micippa thalia (Herbst, 1803) 
Red Sea for Oncinopus neptunus Adams & White, 1848 
Red Sea for Ophthalmias cervicornis (Herbst) 
Red Sea for Ophthalmias curvirostris (A. Milne Edwards) 
Red Sea for Ophthalmias longispinus Griffin & Tranter, 1974 
Red Sea for Perinia tumida Dana, 1851 
Red Sea for Phalangipus hystrix (Miers, 1886) 
Red Sea for Pseudomicippe nodosa Heller, 1861 
Red Sea for Schizophrys aspera (H. Milne Edwards, 1834) 
Red Sea for Simocarcinus pyramidatus (Heller, 1861) 
Red Sea for Simocarcinus simplex (Dana, 1851) 
Red Sea for Stilbognathus erythraeus von Martens, 1866 
Red Sea for Stilbognathus soikai Guinot, 1964 
Red Sea for Tylocarcinus styx (Herbst, 1803) 
Red Sea for Xenocarcinus tuberculatus White, 1847 
Somalia for Stilbognathus erythraeus von Martens, 1866 
South Africa (country) for Camposcia retusa (Latreille, 1829) 
South Africa (country) for Huenia proteus De Haan, 1839 [in De Haan, 1833-1850] 
South Africa (country) for Menaethius monoceros (Latreille, 1825) 
South Africa (country) for Schizophrys aspera (H. Milne Edwards, 1834) 
South Africa (country) for Xenocarcinus tuberculatus White, 1847 
Tanzania for Pseudomicippe nodosa Heller, 1861 
 Remark

Variety M. inermis Bouvier in Griffin & Tranter,1974<244>. [details]