WoRMS source details

Benayahu, Y (1993). Corals of the South-west Indian Ocean. I. Alcyonacea from Sodwana Bay, South Africa. Oceanographic Research Institute, Investigational Report No. 67. 16 pp.
Used for taxonomy only - does not list distribution records outside South Africa.
A list of 37 species of Alcyonacea is presented for the coral reefs of Sodwana Bay in Southern Natal, South Africa, including two new species. The latter are Sinularia schleyeri and Efflatounaria sodwanae, both of which are described and illustrated. This is the first description of an Efflatounaria species using scanning electron microscopy, revealing the fine structure of its platelets. In addition, a description of Anthelia flava (May, 1899) is also given and the structure of its sclerites, presented by scanning electron microscopy, indicates that they are unique in structure, consisting of needle-like skeletal units.
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z

Anthelia Lamarck, 1816 (additional source)
Anthelia flava (May, 1899) accepted as Sansibia flava (May, 1899) (basis of record)
Heteroxenia Koelliker, 1874 (basis of record)
Heteroxenia fuscescens (Ehrenberg, 1834) (basis of record)
Lobophytum Marenzeller, 1886 (basis of record)
Lobophytum crassum von Marenzeller, 1886 (basis of record)
Lobophytum depressum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 (basis of record)
Lobophytum latilobatum Verseveldt, 1971 (basis of record)
Lobophytum venustum Tixier-durivault, 1957 (basis of record)
Sarcophyton crassum Tixier-Durivault, 1946 (basis of record)
Sarcophyton flexuosum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 (basis of record)
Sarcophyton infundibuliforme Tixier-Durivault, 1958 (basis of record)
Sinularia May, 1898 (basis of record)
Sinularia brassica May, 1898 (basis of record)
Sinularia dura (Pratt, 1903) accepted as Sinularia brassica May, 1898 (basis of record)
Sinularia erecta Tixier-Durivault, 1945 (basis of record)
Sinularia firma Tixier-Durivault, 1970 (basis of record)
Sinularia gardineri (Pratt, 1903) (basis of record)
Sinularia gyrosa (Klunzinger, 1877) (basis of record)
Sinularia hirta (Pratt, 1903) (basis of record)
Sinularia muralis (May, 1899) (basis of record)
Sinularia querciformis (Pratt, 1903) (basis of record)
Sinularia schleyeri Benayahu, 1993 (basis of record)
Sinularia triangula Tixier-Durivault, 1970 (basis of record)
Sinularia variabilis Tixier-Durivault, 1945 (basis of record)
Sympodium Ehrenberg, 1834 (basis of record)
Sympodium caeruleum Ehrenberg, 1834 (basis of record)
Xenia Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Xenia crassa Schenk, 1896 (basis of record)
Xenia garciae Bourne, 1894 (basis of record)
Xenia kukenthali Roxas, 1933 (basis of record)

Distribution: also known from the Maldives and from Andaman (Verseveldt, 1970). [details]


Holotype: ZMTAU Co 27902. Type locality: Nine-mile Reef, Sodwana Bay, South Africa. [details]


Holotype: ZMTAU co 27900. Type locality: Nine-mile Reef, Sodwana By, Natal, South Africa. [details]