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Bruce, A.J. (1976). A synopsis of the pontoniid shrimp fauna of Central East Africa. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. India 16 (2): 462-490
5918
Publication
The pontoniinid shrimp fauna of central East Africa, Kenya and Tanzania, is summarised. One hundred and thirty-four species, of thirty-six different genera are recorded, of which sixty-seven species are reported for the first time and twenty-one species are newly recorded from the Indian Ocean. The available information on the associated host animals of these commensal shrimps, in East African waters is provided. The incidence of commensalism in the subfamily and its distribution among the different invertebrate host types, is outlined and the fauna of East Africa is compared with that reported from other localities in the Indo-West Pacific region. The East African fauna shows almost double the number of species found in the Indonesian-Philippine region, often considered the dispersal centre of the Indo-West Pacific shallow- water marine fauna.
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Allopontonia iaini Bruce, 1972 accepted as Allopontonia brockii (de Man, 1888) (basis of record)
Anchistioides compressus Paul'son, 1875 (basis of record)
Anchistus custos (Forskål, 1775) (additional source)
Anchistus pectinis Kemp, 1925 (basis of record)
Coralliocaris venusta Kemp, 1922 accepted as Coralliocaris nudirostris (Heller, 1861) (basis of record)
Dasycaris ceratops Holthuis, 1952 (basis of record)
Dasycaris zanzibarica Bruce, 1973 (basis of record)
Epipontonia spongicola Bruce, 1977 (basis of record)
Hamodactyloides incompletus (Holthuis, 1958) (basis of record)
Jocaste japonica (Ortmann, 1890) (basis of record)
Onycocaris Nobili, 1904 (basis of record)
Onycocaris amakusensis Fujino & Miyake, 1969 (basis of record)
Onycocaris callyspongiae Fujino & Miyake, 1969 (basis of record)
Palaemonella crosnieri Bruce, 1978 (basis of record)
Palaemonella lata Kemp, 1922 (basis of record)
Palaemonella pottsi (Borradaile, 1915) (basis of record)
Palaemonella pusilla Bruce, 1975 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus Borradaile, 1915 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus arabicus (Calman, 1939) (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus ardeae Bruce, 1970 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus bidentatus Bruce, 1970 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus djiboutensis Bruce, 1970 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus fimbriatus Borradaile, 1915 accepted as Paraclimenaeus fimbriatus (Borradaile, 1915) (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus hebedactylus Bruce, 1970 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus hecate (Nobili, 1904) (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus leptodactylus Fujino & Miyake, 1968 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus minutus Holthuis, 1952 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus quadridentatus (Rathbun, 1906) (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus trispinosus Bruce, 1969 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus truncatus (Rathbun) accepted as Climeniperaeus truncatus (Rathbun, 1906) (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus tuamotae Bruce, 1969 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus uropodialis Barnard, 1958 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus usitatus Bruce, 1969 (basis of record)
Periclimenaeus zanzibaricus Bruce, 1969 (basis of record)
Periclimenes aesopus accepted as Ancylomenes aesopius (Spence Bate, 1863) (source of synonymy)
Periclimenes commensalis Borradaile, 1915 accepted as Cristimenes commensalis (Borradaile, 1915) (basis of record)
Periclimenes consobrinus (de Man) accepted as Harpilius consobrinus de Man, 1902 (basis of record)
Periclimenes incertus Borradaile, 1915 (basis of record)
Periclimenes jugalis Holthuis, 1952 (basis of record)
Periclimenes lanipes Kemp, 1922 represented as Periclimenes (Periclimenes) lanipes Kemp, 1922 accepted as Lipkemenes lanipes (Kemp, 1922) (basis of record)
Periclimenes latipollex Kemp, 1922 accepted as Michaelimenes latipollex (Kemp, 1922) (basis of record)
Periclimenes lutescens accepted as Harpilius lutescens Dana, 1852 (basis of record)
Periclimenes nilandensis Borradaile represented as Periclimenes (Falciger) nilandensis Borradaile, 1915 accepted as Cuapetes nilandensis (Borradaile, 1915) (basis of record)
Periclimenes obscurus Kemp, 1922 (basis of record)
Periclimenes ornatus Bruce, 1969 accepted as Actinimenes ornatus (Bruce, 1969) (basis of record)
Periclimenes petittbouarsi (Audouin) accepted as Periclimenella petitthouarsii (Audouin, 1826) (basis of record)
Periclimenes psamathe (de Man, 1902) accepted as Manipontonia psamathe (de Man, 1902) (basis of record)
Periclimenes tenuis Bruce, 1969 accepted as Brucecaris tenuis (Bruce, 1969) (basis of record)
Periclimenes toloensis Bruce, 1969 (basis of record)
Periclimenes ungujaensis Bruce, 1969 accepted as Cuapetes ungujaensis (Bruce, 1969) (basis of record)
Pliopontonia furtiva Bruce, 1973 (basis of record)
Pontonia katoi Kubo, 1940 accepted as Odontonia katoi (Kubo, 1940) (basis of record)
Pontonia okai Kemp, 1922 accepted as Dactylonia okai (Kemp, 1922) (basis of record)
Pontonia stylirostris Holthuis, 1952 accepted as Rostronia stylirostris (Holthuis, 1952) (basis of record)
Pontonides maldivensis (Borradaile, 1915) (basis of record)
Tectopontonia maziwiae Bruce, 1973 (basis of record)
Thaumastocaris streptopus Kemp, 1922 (basis of record)
Tuleariocaris holthuisi Hipeau-Jacquotte, 1965 (basis of record)
Typton bawii Bruce, 1972 (basis of record)
Typton wasini Bruce, 1977 (basis of record)
Zenopontonia noverca (Kemp, 1922) (basis of record)
Kenya for Allopontonia iaini Bruce, 1972 
Kenya for Anchistioides compressus Paul'son, 1875 
Kenya for Anchistioides willeyi (Borradaile, 1900) 
Kenya for Anchistus custos (Forskål, 1775) 
Kenya for Anchistus demani Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Anchistus miersi (de Man, 1888) 
Kenya for Cavicheles kempi Holthuis, 1952 
Kenya for Conchodytes biunguiculatus (Paul'son, 1875) 
Kenya for Conchodytes meleagrinae Peters, 1852 
Kenya for Conchodytes tridacnae Peters, 1852 
Kenya for Coralliocaris graminea (Dana, 1852) 
Kenya for Coralliocaris nudirostris (Heller, 1861) 
Kenya for Coralliocaris superba (Dana, 1852) 
Kenya for Coralliocaris venusta Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Coralliocaris viridis Bruce, 1974 
Kenya for Epipontonia spongicola Bruce, 1977 
Kenya for Fennera chacei Holthuis, 1951 
Kenya for Hamodactyloides incompletus (Holthuis, 1958) 
Kenya for Hamodactylus boschmai Holthuis, 1952 
Kenya for Hamodactylus noumeae Bruce, 1970 
Kenya for Harpiliopsis beaupresii (Audouin, 1826) 
Kenya for Harpiliopsis depressa (Stimpson, 1860) 
Kenya for Harpiliopsis spinigera (Ortmann, 1890) 
Kenya for Ischnopontonia lophos (Barnard, 1962) 
Kenya for Jocaste japonica (Ortmann, 1890) 
Kenya for Jocaste lucina (Nobili, 1901) 
Kenya for Metapontonia fungiacola Bruce, 1967 
Kenya for Onycocaris Nobili, 1904 
Kenya for Onycocaris seychellensis Bruce, 1971 
Kenya for Onycocaris zanzibarica Bruce, 1971 
Kenya for Palaemonella crosnieri Bruce, 1978 
Kenya for Palaemonella pottsi (Borradaile, 1915) 
Kenya for Palaemonella pusilla Bruce, 1975 
Kenya for Palaemonella rotumana (Borradaile, 1898) 
Kenya for Palaemonella spinulata Yokoya, 1936  (inaccurate)
Kenya for Paranchistus ornatus Holthuis, 1952 
Kenya for Paratypton siebenrocki Balss, 1914 
Kenya for Periclimenaeus Borradaile, 1915 
Kenya for Periclimenaeus arabicus (Calman, 1939) 
Kenya for Periclimenaeus ardeae Bruce, 1970 
Kenya for Periclimenaeus bidentatus Bruce, 1970 
Kenya for Periclimenaeus hecate (Nobili, 1904) 
Kenya for Periclimenaeus leptodactylus Fujino & Miyake, 1968 
Kenya for Periclimenaeus quadridentatus (Rathbun, 1906) 
Kenya for Periclimenaeus rhodope (Nobili, 1904) 
Kenya for Periclimenaeus robustus Borradaile, 1915  (doubtful)
Kenya for Periclimenaeus tuamotae Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Periclimenaeus uropodialis Barnard, 1958 
Kenya for Periclimenaeus zanzibaricus Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Periclimenes brevicarpalis (Schenkel, 1902) 
Kenya for Periclimenes ceratophthalmus Borradaile, 1915 
Kenya for Periclimenes commensalis Borradaile, 1915 
Kenya for Periclimenes consobrinus (de Man) 
Kenya for Periclimenes diversipes Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Periclimenes elegans (Paul'son, 1875) 
Kenya for Periclimenes galene Holthuis, 1952 
Kenya for Periclimenes gonioporae Bruce, 1989 
Kenya for Periclimenes grandis (Stimpson, 1860) 
Kenya for Periclimenes imperator Bruce, 1967 
Kenya for Periclimenes incertus Borradaile, 1915 
Kenya for Periclimenes inornatus Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Periclimenes kempi Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Periclimenes lanipes Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Periclimenes latipollex Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Periclimenes lepidus Bruce, 1978 
Kenya for Periclimenes lutescens 
Kenya for Periclimenes nilandensis Borradaile 
Kenya for Periclimenes obscurus Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Periclimenes ornatus Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Periclimenes petittbouarsi (Audouin) 
Kenya for Periclimenes psamathe (de Man, 1902) 
Kenya for Periclimenes seychellensis (Borradaile, 1915) 
Kenya for Periclimenes soror Nobili, 1904 
Kenya for Periclimenes spiniferus de Man, 1902 
Kenya for Periclimenes tenuipes Borradaile, 1898 
Kenya for Periclimenes ungujaensis Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Periclimenes watamuae Bruce, 1976 
Kenya for Periclimenes zanzibaricus Bruce, 1967 
Kenya for Philarius gerlachei (Nobili, 1905) 
Kenya for Philarius imperialis (Kubo, 1940) 
Kenya for Platycaris latirostris Holthuis, 1952 
Kenya for Pliopontonia furtiva Bruce, 1973 
Kenya for Pontonia anachoreta Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Pontonia okai Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Pontonides maldivensis (Borradaile, 1915) 
Kenya for Pontonides unciger Calman, 1939 
Kenya for Pontoniopsis comanthi Borradaile, 1915 
Kenya for Propontonia pellucida Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Stegopontonia commensalis Nobili, 1906 
Kenya for Thaumastocaris streptopus Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Tuleariocaris holthuisi Hipeau-Jacquotte, 1965 
Kenya for Tuleariocaris zanzibarica Bruce, 1967 
Kenya for Typton bawii Bruce, 1972 
Kenya for Typton wasini Bruce, 1977 
Kenya for Vir orientalis (Dana, 1852) 
Madagascar for Periclimenes lepidus Bruce, 1978 
Mauritius for Stegopontonia commensalis Nobili, 1906 
Red Sea for Pontoniopsis comanthi Borradaile, 1915 
Seychelles for Periclimenaeus fimbriatus Borradaile, 1915 
Seychelles for Periclimenaeus robustus Borradaile, 1915 
 Description

Found in association with the echinoid Salmaciella dussunieri erythracis (H.L. Clark) <120>. Also known from Great ... [details]

 Description

Common in Pinna muricata L. and P. bicolor Chemnitz <120>. Also in Yemen, Persian Gulf, Andaman and Nicobars (Bruce, ... [details]

 Description

Specimens referrable to this species have been collected from Acropora corals (Bruce, 1974) [details]

 Description

A pair of specimens of an underscribed species have been collected from Maziwi Island. <120> [details]

 Description

A single male specimen has been collected from the reef flat at LWS tide level at Leven reef, Mombasa. <120> [details]

 Description

The occurrence of a pair of specimens at Makunduchi, Zanzibar has been previously reported (Bruce, 1970). <120> [details]

 Description

A pair were collected on the crinoid Comanthus parvicirrus (J. Müller). <120> [details]

 Description

Known only from the single ovigerous female holotype specimen from Kisiti Island, Kenya. <120> [details]

 Description

Common in a variety of shallow sponges, often in association with anthistioides willeyi. <120> [details]

 Description

A pair collected from a specimen of the sponge Asteropus simplex (Carter), obtained from a depth of 126-140m, off ... [details]

 Description

Paratypes of this species were first reported by Bruce (1970) from Bawi Island, Zanzibar. <120> [details]

 Description

Two small specimens have been collected from the sponge Spongia officinalis var ceylonicus. <120> [details]

 Description

Known only from the pair of type specimens from 91.5m off Makunduchi, Zanzibar. <120> [details]

 Description

Three specimens have been reported from Watamu, Kenya. <120> [details]

 Description
 for 

Part of the type material for this species was collected from Pangani Bay, Tanganyika. <120> [details]

 Description

A pair of specimens of this species has been collected from 33m off the reef front of shelly Beach, Mombasa, Kenya. <120> [details]

 Description

Originally described from a pair collected from sponges from 25.5-27.5m from Mkokotoni Harbour, Zanzibar. <120> [details]

 Description

A single specimen of this species was found in the sponge Biemna fortis. <120> [details]

 Description

Moderately common in sponges, often with P. arabicus and Thaumastocaris streptopus. <120> [details]

 Description

No further specimens have been found since the original material was reported from Mafia Island. <120> [details]

 Description

Probably the commonest crinoid shrimp commensal in East African waters. <120> [details]

 Description

Moderately common in some species of Pocillopora corals. <120> [details]

 Description

Moderately common on a variety of sponges. <120> [details]

 Description

Common on large gorgonocephalid basket starts.<120> [details]

 Description

Common in small numbers on corals of the genus Acropora on all reefs. <120> [details]

 Description

Apparently associated with a variety of gorgonian and antipatharian hosts off the edges of the coral reefs. <120> [details]

 Description

This species appears to be associated with a variety of sponges. <120> [details]

 Description

A free-living browsing species, often found in live or dead coral colonies in shallow waters. <120> [details]

 Description

Also reported from Maldives Islands (Bruce, 1977). [details]

 Description

Known only from the holotype from Maziwi Is., Tanganyika (Bruce, 1973 c). <120> [details]

 Description

A common associate of a wide variety of sponges on most reefs. <120> [details]

 Spelling

Spelt as P. furtiva Bruce, 1973 in Fransen, 1994 <482>. [details]

 synonymy

Synonymy only indicated as 'probable'. According to A.J. Bruce (pers. comm. 2001), the type specimen is definitely ... [details]