WoRMS source details

Bruce, A.J. (1976). A synopsis of the pontoniid shrimp fauna of Central East Africa. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. India 16 (2): 462-490
5918
Publication
The pontoniinid shrimp fauna of central East Africa, Kenya and Tanzania, is summarised. One hundred and thirty-four species, of thirty-six different genera are recorded, of which sixty-seven species are reported for the first time and twenty-one species are newly recorded from the Indian Ocean. The available information on the associated host animals of these commensal shrimps, in East African waters is provided. The incidence of commensalism in the subfamily and its distribution among the different invertebrate host types, is outlined and the fauna of East Africa is compared with that reported from other localities in the Indo-West Pacific region. The East African fauna shows almost double the number of species found in the Indonesian-Philippine region, often considered the dispersal centre of the Indo-West Pacific shallow- water marine fauna.
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllopontonia iaini Bruce, 1972 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllopontonia brockii (de Man, 1888) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchistioides compressus Paul'son, 1875 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchistus custos (Forskål, 1775) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchistus pectinis Kemp, 1925 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoralliocaris venusta Kemp, 1922 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoralliocaris nudirostris (Heller, 1861) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDasycaris ceratops Holthuis, 1952 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDasycaris zanzibarica Bruce, 1973 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpipontonia spongicola Bruce, 1977 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHamodactyloides incompletus (Holthuis, 1958) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorJocaste japonica (Ortmann, 1890) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOnycocaris Nobili, 1904 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOnycocaris amakusensis Fujino & Miyake, 1969 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOnycocaris callyspongiae Fujino & Miyake, 1969 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaemonella crosnieri Bruce, 1978 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaemonella lata Kemp, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaemonella pottsi (Borradaile, 1915) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaemonella pusilla Bruce, 1975 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus Borradaile, 1915 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus arabicus (Calman, 1939) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus ardeae Bruce, 1970 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus bidentatus Bruce, 1970 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus djiboutensis Bruce, 1970 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus fimbriatus Borradaile, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaclimenaeus fimbriatus (Borradaile, 1915) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus hebedactylus Bruce, 1970 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus hecate (Nobili, 1904) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus leptodactylus Fujino & Miyake, 1968 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus minutus Holthuis, 1952 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus quadridentatus (Rathbun, 1906) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus trispinosus Bruce, 1969 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus truncatus (Rathbun) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClimeniperaeus truncatus (Rathbun, 1906) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus tuamotae Bruce, 1969 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus uropodialis Barnard, 1958 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus usitatus Bruce, 1969 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus zanzibaricus Bruce, 1969 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes aesopus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncylomenes aesopius (Spence Bate, 1863) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes commensalis Borradaile, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCristimenes commensalis (Borradaile, 1915) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes consobrinus (de Man) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarpilius consobrinus de Man, 1902 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes incertus Borradaile, 1915 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes jugalis Holthuis, 1952 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes lanipes Kemp, 1922 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes (Periclimenes) lanipes Kemp, 1922 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLipkemenes lanipes (Kemp, 1922) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes latipollex Kemp, 1922 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMichaelimenes latipollex (Kemp, 1922) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes lutescens accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarpilius lutescens Dana, 1852 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes nilandensis Borradaile represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes (Falciger) nilandensis Borradaile, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCuapetes nilandensis (Borradaile, 1915) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes obscurus Kemp, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes ornatus Bruce, 1969 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinimenes ornatus (Bruce, 1969) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes petittbouarsi (Audouin) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenella petitthouarsii (Audouin, 1826) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes psamathe (de Man, 1902) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorManipontonia psamathe (de Man, 1902) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes tenuis Bruce, 1969 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrucecaris tenuis (Bruce, 1969) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes toloensis Bruce, 1969 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes ungujaensis Bruce, 1969 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCuapetes ungujaensis (Bruce, 1969) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPliopontonia furtiva Bruce, 1973 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontonia katoi Kubo, 1940 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontonia katoi (Kubo, 1940) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontonia okai Kemp, 1922 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDactylonia okai (Kemp, 1922) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontonia stylirostris Holthuis, 1952 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRostronia stylirostris (Holthuis, 1952) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontonides maldivensis (Borradaile, 1915) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTectopontonia maziwiae Bruce, 1973 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThaumastocaris streptopus Kemp, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTuleariocaris holthuisi Hipeau-Jacquotte, 1965 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTypton bawii Bruce, 1972 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTypton wasini Bruce, 1977 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZenopontonia noverca (Kemp, 1922) (basis of record)
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllopontonia iaini Bruce, 1972 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchistioides compressus Paul'son, 1875 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchistioides willeyi (Borradaile, 1900) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchistus custos (Forskål, 1775) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchistus demani Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchistus miersi (de Man, 1888) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCavicheles kempi Holthuis, 1952 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorConchodytes biunguiculatus (Paul'son, 1875) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorConchodytes meleagrinae Peters, 1852 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorConchodytes tridacnae Peters, 1852 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoralliocaris graminea (Dana, 1852) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoralliocaris nudirostris (Heller, 1861) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoralliocaris superba (Dana, 1852) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoralliocaris venusta Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoralliocaris viridis Bruce, 1974 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpipontonia spongicola Bruce, 1977 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFennera chacei Holthuis, 1951 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHamodactyloides incompletus (Holthuis, 1958) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHamodactylus boschmai Holthuis, 1952 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHamodactylus noumeae Bruce, 1970 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarpiliopsis beaupresii (Audouin, 1826) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarpiliopsis depressa (Stimpson, 1860) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarpiliopsis spinigera (Ortmann, 1890) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIschnopontonia lophos (Barnard, 1962) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorJocaste japonica (Ortmann, 1890) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorJocaste lucina (Nobili, 1901) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMetapontonia fungiacola Bruce, 1967 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOnycocaris Nobili, 1904 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOnycocaris seychellensis Bruce, 1971 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOnycocaris zanzibarica Bruce, 1971 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaemonella crosnieri Bruce, 1978 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaemonella pottsi (Borradaile, 1915) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaemonella pusilla Bruce, 1975 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaemonella rotumana (Borradaile, 1898) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaemonella spinulata Yokoya, 1936  (inaccurate)
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanchistus ornatus Holthuis, 1952 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParatypton siebenrocki Balss, 1914 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus Borradaile, 1915 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus arabicus (Calman, 1939) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus ardeae Bruce, 1970 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus bidentatus Bruce, 1970 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus hecate (Nobili, 1904) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus leptodactylus Fujino & Miyake, 1968 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus quadridentatus (Rathbun, 1906) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus rhodope (Nobili, 1904) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus robustus Borradaile, 1915  (doubtful)
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus tuamotae Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus uropodialis Barnard, 1958 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus zanzibaricus Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes brevicarpalis (Schenkel, 1902) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes ceratophthalmus Borradaile, 1915 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes commensalis Borradaile, 1915 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes consobrinus (de Man) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes diversipes Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes elegans (Paul'son, 1875) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes galene Holthuis, 1952 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes gonioporae Bruce, 1989 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes grandis (Stimpson, 1860) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes imperator Bruce, 1967 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes incertus Borradaile, 1915 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes inornatus Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes kempi Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes lanipes Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes latipollex Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes lepidus Bruce, 1978 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes lutescens 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes nilandensis Borradaile 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes obscurus Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes ornatus Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes petittbouarsi (Audouin) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes psamathe (de Man, 1902) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes seychellensis (Borradaile, 1915) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes soror Nobili, 1904 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes spiniferus de Man, 1902 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes tenuipes Borradaile, 1898 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes ungujaensis Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes watamuae Bruce, 1976 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes zanzibaricus Bruce, 1967 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhilarius gerlachei (Nobili, 1905) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhilarius imperialis (Kubo, 1940) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlatycaris latirostris Holthuis, 1952 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPliopontonia furtiva Bruce, 1973 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontonia anachoreta Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontonia okai Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontonides maldivensis (Borradaile, 1915) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontonides unciger Calman, 1939 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontoniopsis comanthi Borradaile, 1915 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPropontonia pellucida Bruce, 1969 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStegopontonia commensalis Nobili, 1906 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThaumastocaris streptopus Kemp, 1922 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTuleariocaris holthuisi Hipeau-Jacquotte, 1965 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTuleariocaris zanzibarica Bruce, 1967 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTypton bawii Bruce, 1972 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTypton wasini Bruce, 1977 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVir orientalis (Dana, 1852) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes lepidus Bruce, 1978 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStegopontonia commensalis Nobili, 1906 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontoniopsis comanthi Borradaile, 1915 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus fimbriatus Borradaile, 1915 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenaeus robustus Borradaile, 1915 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

A common associate of a wide variety of sponges on most reefs. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

A free-living browsing species, often found in live or dead coral colonies in shallow waters. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

A pair collected from a specimen of the sponge Asteropus simplex (Carter), obtained from a depth of 126-140m, off ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

A pair of specimens of this species has been collected from 33m off the reef front of shelly Beach, Mombasa, Kenya. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

A pair of specimens of an underscribed species have been collected from Maziwi Island. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

A pair were collected on the crinoid Comanthus parvicirrus (J. Müller). <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

A single male specimen has been collected from the reef flat at LWS tide level at Leven reef, Mombasa. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

A single specimen of this species was found in the sponge Biemna fortis. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Also reported from Maldives Islands (Bruce, 1977). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Apparently associated with a variety of gorgonian and antipatharian hosts off the edges of the coral reefs. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Common in a variety of shallow sponges, often in association with anthistioides willeyi. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Common in Pinna muricata L. and P. bicolor Chemnitz <120>. Also in Yemen, Persian Gulf, Andaman and Nicobars (Bruce, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Common in small numbers on corals of the genus Acropora on all reefs. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Common on large gorgonocephalid basket starts.<120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Found in association with the echinoid Salmaciella dussunieri erythracis (H.L. Clark) <120>. Also known from Great ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Known only from the single ovigerous female holotype specimen from Kisiti Island, Kenya. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Known only from the pair of type specimens from 91.5m off Makunduchi, Zanzibar. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Known only from the holotype from Maziwi Is., Tanganyika (Bruce, 1973 c). <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Moderately common in sponges, often with P. arabicus and Thaumastocaris streptopus. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Moderately common in some species of Pocillopora corals. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Moderately common on a variety of sponges. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

No further specimens have been found since the original material was reported from Mafia Island. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Originally described from a pair collected from sponges from 25.5-27.5m from Mkokotoni Harbour, Zanzibar. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Paratypes of this species were first reported by Bruce (1970) from Bawi Island, Zanzibar. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description
 for Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor

Part of the type material for this species was collected from Pangani Bay, Tanganyika. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Probably the commonest crinoid shrimp commensal in East African waters. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Specimens referrable to this species have been collected from Acropora corals (Bruce, 1974) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

The occurrence of a pair of specimens at Makunduchi, Zanzibar has been previously reported (Bruce, 1970). <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This species appears to be associated with a variety of sponges. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Three specimens have been reported from Watamu, Kenya. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Two small specimens have been collected from the sponge Spongia officinalis var ceylonicus. <120> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Spelt as P. furtiva Bruce, 1973 in Fransen, 1994 <482>. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Synonymy only indicated as 'probable'. According to A.J. Bruce (pers. comm. 2001), the type specimen is definitely ... [details]