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NameReay, P.J. & J. Haig (1990). Coastal hermit crabs (Decapoda: Anomura) from Kenya, with a review and key to East African species. Bulletin of Marine Science 46(3): 578-589
AuthorsReay, P. J.; Haig, J.
Year1990
TitleCoastal hermit crabs (Decapoda: Anomura) from Kenya, with a review and key to East African species
JournalBulletin of Marine Science
Suffix46(3): 578-589
Type Publication
AbstractA collection of hermit crabs from supralittoral, intertidal and shallow sublittoral areas of the Kenya coast between latitudes 3o 50'S and 4o 30'S, revealed the occurrence of 24 species belonging to the genera Coenobita, Diogenes, Dardanus, Clibanarius, Trizopagurus and Paguristes. One of the Calcinus species is undescribed, three of the other species constitute new records for the East African mainland, and all but one are strictly new records for Kenya whose hermit crab fauna has received no attention in the literature. The species are discussed in terms of habitat and their occurrence at the five main collecting sites; the occurrence and distribution of 52 coastal hermit crab species from the whole of East Africa and adjacent islands is also reviewed, and a key for identifying the mainland species is presented.
Taxa
(50)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAniculus maximus Edmondson, 1952 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAniculus retipes Lewinsohn, 1982 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAniculus ursus (Olivier, 1812) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBirgus latro (Linnaeus, 1767) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalcinus elegans (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalcinus gaimardii (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalcinus laevimanus (Randall, 1840) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalcinus latens (Randall, 1840) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalcinus rosaceus Heller, 1861 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalcinus seurati Forest, 1951 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalcinus tropidomanus Lewinsohn, 1981 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalcinus vachoni Forest, 1958 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClibanarius eurysternus (Hilgendorf, 1879) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClibanarius laevimanus Buitendijk, 1937 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClibanarius merguiensis de Man, 1888 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClibanarius padavensis de Man, 1888 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClibanarius striolatus Dana, 1852 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClibanarius virescens (Krauss, 1843) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoenobita brevimanus Dana, 1852 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoenobita cavipes Stimpson, 1858 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoenobita perlatus H. Milne Edwards, 1837 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoenobita rugosus H. Milne Edwards, 1837 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoenobita scaevola (Forskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus Paul'son, 1875 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus brachyops Forest, 1962 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus crassimanus (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus deformis (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus gemmatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus guttatus (Olivier, 1812) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus lagopodes (Forskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus pedunculatus (Herbst, 1804) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus scutellatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus setifer (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus tinctor (Forskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiogenes Dana, 1851 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiogenes avarus Heller, 1865 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiogenes costatus Henderson, 1893 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiogenes crosnieri Dechancé, 1964 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiogenes custos (Fabricius, 1798) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiogenes gardineri Alcock, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiogenes pallescens Whitelegge, 1897 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiogenes jousseaumei (Bouvier, 1897) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiogenes leptocerus Forest, 1957 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiogenes planimanus Henderson, 1893 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPaguristes Dana, 1851 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPaguristes abbreviatus Dechancé, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAreopaguristes abbreviatus (Dechancé, 1963) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPaguristes jousseaumei Bouvier, 1892 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPagurixus Melin, 1939 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPagurixus anceps (Forest, 1954) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPagurus hirtimanus White, 1847 accepted as Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPagurus hirtimanus (Miers, 1880) (basis of record)
Distributions
(160)
Kenya for Calcinus Dana, 1851
Kenya for Calcinus elegans (H. Milne Edwards, 1836)
Kenya for Calcinus gaimardii (H. Milne Edwards, 1848)
Kenya for Calcinus laevimanus (Randall, 1840)
Kenya for Calcinus latens (Randall, 1840)
Kenya for Clibanarius Dana, 1852
Kenya for Clibanarius eurysternus (Hilgendorf, 1879)
Kenya for Clibanarius laevimanus Buitendijk, 1937
Kenya for Clibanarius virescens (Krauss, 1843)
Kenya for Coenobita Latreille, 1829
Kenya for Coenobita rugosus H. Milne Edwards, 1837
Kenya for Dardanus deformis (H. Milne Edwards, 1836)
Kenya for Dardanus guttatus (Olivier, 1812)
Kenya for Dardanus lagopodes (Forskål, 1775)
Kenya for Dardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804)
Kenya for Dardanus pedunculatus (Herbst, 1804)
Kenya for Dardanus scutellatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848)
Kenya for Dardanus setifer (H. Milne Edwards, 1836)
Kenya for Diogenes costatus Henderson, 1893
Kenya for Diogenes custos (Fabricius, 1798)
Kenya for Diogenes gardineri Alcock, 1905
Kenya for Paguristes abbreviatus Dechancé, 1963
Kenya for Paguristes jousseaumei Bouvier, 1892
Kenya for Trizopagurus Forest, 1952
Kenya for Trizopagurus strigatus (Herbst, 1804)
Madagascar for Aniculus Dana, 1852
Madagascar for Aniculus ursus (Olivier, 1812)
Madagascar for Birgus Leach, 1816
Madagascar for Birgus latro (Linnaeus, 1767)
Madagascar for Calcinus Dana, 1851
Madagascar for Calcinus elegans (H. Milne Edwards, 1836)
Madagascar for Calcinus gaimardii (H. Milne Edwards, 1848)
Madagascar for Calcinus laevimanus (Randall, 1840)
Madagascar for Calcinus latens (Randall, 1840)
Madagascar for Calcinus rosaceus Heller, 1861
Madagascar for Clibanarius Dana, 1852
Madagascar for Clibanarius eurysternus (Hilgendorf, 1879)
Madagascar for Clibanarius laevimanus Buitendijk, 1937
Madagascar for Clibanarius merguiensis de Man, 1888
Madagascar for Clibanarius striolatus Dana, 1852
Madagascar for Clibanarius virescens (Krauss, 1843)
Madagascar for Coenobita Latreille, 1829
Madagascar for Coenobita brevimanus Dana, 1852
Madagascar for Coenobita cavipes Stimpson, 1858
Madagascar for Coenobita perlatus H. Milne Edwards, 1837
Madagascar for Coenobita rugosus H. Milne Edwards, 1837
Madagascar for Dardanus brachyops Forest, 1962
Madagascar for Dardanus deformis (H. Milne Edwards, 1836)
Madagascar for Dardanus gemmatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848)
Madagascar for Dardanus guttatus (Olivier, 1812)
Madagascar for Dardanus lagopodes (Forskål, 1775)
Madagascar for Dardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804)
Madagascar for Dardanus pedunculatus (Herbst, 1804)
Madagascar for Dardanus scutellatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848)
Madagascar for Dardanus setifer (H. Milne Edwards, 1836)
Madagascar for Diogenes crosnieri Dechancé, 1964
Madagascar for Diogenes planimanus Henderson, 1893
Madagascar for Paguristes abbreviatus Dechancé, 1963
Madagascar for Pagurus Fabricius, 1775
Madagascar for Pagurus hirtimanus White, 1847
Mozambique for Aniculus Dana, 1852
Mozambique for Aniculus ursus (Olivier, 1812)
Mozambique for Calcinus Dana, 1851
Mozambique for Calcinus gaimardii (H. Milne Edwards, 1848)
Mozambique for Calcinus laevimanus (Randall, 1840)
Mozambique for Calcinus latens (Randall, 1840)
Mozambique for Clibanarius Dana, 1852
Mozambique for Clibanarius eurysternus (Hilgendorf, 1879)
Mozambique for Clibanarius merguiensis de Man, 1888
Mozambique for Clibanarius padavensis de Man, 1888
Mozambique for Clibanarius striolatus Dana, 1852
Mozambique for Clibanarius virescens (Krauss, 1843)
Mozambique for Coenobita Latreille, 1829
Mozambique for Coenobita rugosus H. Milne Edwards, 1837
Mozambique for Dardanus crassimanus (H. Milne Edwards, 1836)
Mozambique for Dardanus deformis (H. Milne Edwards, 1836)
Mozambique for Dardanus guttatus (Olivier, 1812)
Mozambique for Dardanus lagopodes (Forskål, 1775)
Mozambique for Dardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804)
Mozambique for Dardanus scutellatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848)
Mozambique for Dardanus setifer (H. Milne Edwards, 1836)
Mozambique for Diogenes avarus Heller, 1865
Mozambique for Diogenes costatus Henderson, 1893
Mozambique for Diogenes custos (Fabricius, 1798)
Mozambique for Diogenes gardineri Alcock, 1905
Mozambique for Diogenes jousseaumei (Bouvier, 1897)
Mozambique for Paguristes jousseaumei Bouvier, 1892
Mozambique for Trizopagurus Forest, 1952
Mozambique for Trizopagurus strigatus (Herbst, 1804)
Seychelles for Aniculus Dana, 1852
Seychelles for Aniculus maximus Edmondson, 1952
Seychelles for Aniculus ursus (Olivier, 1812)
Seychelles for Birgus Leach, 1816
Seychelles for Birgus latro (Linnaeus, 1767)
Seychelles for Calcinus Dana, 1851
Seychelles for Calcinus elegans (H. Milne Edwards, 1836)
Seychelles for Calcinus laevimanus (Randall, 1840)
Seychelles for Calcinus latens (Randall, 1840)
Seychelles for Clibanarius Dana, 1852
Seychelles for Clibanarius striolatus Dana, 1852

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