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Reay, P.J. & J. Haig (1990). Coastal hermit crabs (Decapoda: Anomura) from Kenya, with a review and key to East African species. Bulletin of Marine Science 46(3): 578-589
5917
Reay, P. J.; Haig, J.
1990
Coastal hermit crabs (Decapoda: Anomura) from Kenya, with a review and key to East African species
Bulletin of Marine Science
46(3): 578-589
Publication
A collection of hermit crabs from supralittoral, intertidal and shallow sublittoral areas of the Kenya coast between latitudes 3o 50'S and 4o 30'S, revealed the occurrence of 24 species belonging to the genera Coenobita, Diogenes, Dardanus, Clibanarius, Trizopagurus and Paguristes. One of the Calcinus species is undescribed, three of the other species constitute new records for the East African mainland, and all but one are strictly new records for Kenya whose hermit crab fauna has received no attention in the literature. The species are discussed in terms of habitat and their occurrence at the five main collecting sites; the occurrence and distribution of 52 coastal hermit crab species from the whole of East Africa and adjacent islands is also reviewed, and a key for identifying the mainland species is presented.
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Aniculus maximus Edmondson, 1952 (basis of record)
Aniculus retipes Lewinsohn, 1982 (basis of record)
Aniculus ursus (Olivier, 1812) (basis of record)
Birgus latro (Linnaeus, 1767) (basis of record)
Calcinus elegans (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) (basis of record)
Calcinus gaimardii (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) (basis of record)
Calcinus laevimanus (Randall, 1840) (basis of record)
Calcinus latens (Randall, 1840) (basis of record)
Calcinus rosaceus Heller, 1861 (basis of record)
Calcinus seurati Forest, 1951 (basis of record)
Calcinus tropidomanus Lewinsohn, 1981 (basis of record)
Calcinus vachoni Forest, 1958 (basis of record)
Clibanarius eurysternus (Hilgendorf, 1879) (basis of record)
Clibanarius laevimanus Buitendijk, 1937 (basis of record)
Clibanarius merguiensis de Man, 1888 (basis of record)
Clibanarius padavensis de Man, 1888 (basis of record)
Clibanarius striolatus Dana, 1852 (basis of record)
Clibanarius virescens (Krauss, 1843) (basis of record)
Coenobita brevimanus Dana, 1852 (basis of record)
Coenobita cavipes Stimpson, 1858 (basis of record)
Coenobita perlatus H. Milne Edwards, 1837 (basis of record)
Coenobita rugosus H. Milne Edwards, 1837 (basis of record)
Coenobita scaevola (Forskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Dardanus Paul'son, 1875 (additional source)
Dardanus brachyops Forest, 1962 (basis of record)
Dardanus crassimanus (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) (basis of record)
Dardanus deformis (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) (additional source)
Dardanus gemmatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) (basis of record)
Dardanus guttatus (Olivier, 1812) (additional source)
Dardanus lagopodes (Forskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Dardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804) (basis of record)
Dardanus pedunculatus (Herbst, 1804) (basis of record)
Dardanus scutellatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) (basis of record)
Dardanus setifer (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) (basis of record)
Dardanus tinctor (Forskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Diogenes Dana, 1851 (additional source)
Diogenes avarus Heller, 1865 (basis of record)
Diogenes costatus Henderson, 1893 (basis of record)
Diogenes crosnieri Dechancé, 1964 (basis of record)
Diogenes custos (Fabricius, 1798) (basis of record)
Diogenes gardineri Alcock, 1905 accepted as Diogenes pallescens Whitelegge, 1897 (basis of record)
Diogenes jousseaumei (Bouvier, 1897) (basis of record)
Diogenes leptocerus Forest, 1957 (basis of record)
Diogenes planimanus Henderson, 1893 (basis of record)
Paguristes Dana, 1851 (additional source)
Paguristes abbreviatus Dechancé, 1963 accepted as Areopaguristes abbreviatus (Dechancé, 1963) (basis of record)
Paguristes jousseaumei Bouvier, 1892 (basis of record)
Pagurixus Melin, 1939 (basis of record)
Pagurixus anceps (Forest, 1954) (basis of record)
Pagurus hirtimanus White, 1847 accepted as Pagurus hirtimanus (Miers, 1880) (basis of record)
Kenya for Calcinus Dana, 1851 
Kenya for Calcinus elegans (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Kenya for Calcinus gaimardii (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) 
Kenya for Calcinus laevimanus (Randall, 1840) 
Kenya for Calcinus latens (Randall, 1840) 
Kenya for Clibanarius Dana, 1852 
Kenya for Clibanarius eurysternus (Hilgendorf, 1879) 
Kenya for Clibanarius laevimanus Buitendijk, 1937 
Kenya for Clibanarius virescens (Krauss, 1843) 
Kenya for Coenobita Latreille, 1829 
Kenya for Coenobita rugosus H. Milne Edwards, 1837 
Kenya for Dardanus deformis (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Kenya for Dardanus guttatus (Olivier, 1812) 
Kenya for Dardanus lagopodes (Forskål, 1775) 
Kenya for Dardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804) 
Kenya for Dardanus pedunculatus (Herbst, 1804) 
Kenya for Dardanus scutellatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) 
Kenya for Dardanus setifer (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Kenya for Diogenes costatus Henderson, 1893 
Kenya for Diogenes custos (Fabricius, 1798) 
Kenya for Diogenes gardineri Alcock, 1905 
Kenya for Paguristes abbreviatus Dechancé, 1963 
Kenya for Paguristes jousseaumei Bouvier, 1892 
Kenya for Trizopagurus Forest, 1952 
Kenya for Trizopagurus strigatus (Herbst, 1804) 
Madagascar for Aniculus Dana, 1852 
Madagascar for Aniculus ursus (Olivier, 1812) 
Madagascar for Birgus Leach, 1816 
Madagascar for Birgus latro (Linnaeus, 1767) 
Madagascar for Calcinus Dana, 1851 
Madagascar for Calcinus elegans (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Madagascar for Calcinus gaimardii (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) 
Madagascar for Calcinus laevimanus (Randall, 1840) 
Madagascar for Calcinus latens (Randall, 1840) 
Madagascar for Calcinus rosaceus Heller, 1861 
Madagascar for Clibanarius Dana, 1852 
Madagascar for Clibanarius eurysternus (Hilgendorf, 1879) 
Madagascar for Clibanarius laevimanus Buitendijk, 1937 
Madagascar for Clibanarius merguiensis de Man, 1888 
Madagascar for Clibanarius striolatus Dana, 1852 
Madagascar for Clibanarius virescens (Krauss, 1843) 
Madagascar for Coenobita Latreille, 1829 
Madagascar for Coenobita brevimanus Dana, 1852 
Madagascar for Coenobita cavipes Stimpson, 1858 
Madagascar for Coenobita perlatus H. Milne Edwards, 1837 
Madagascar for Coenobita rugosus H. Milne Edwards, 1837 
Madagascar for Dardanus brachyops Forest, 1962 
Madagascar for Dardanus deformis (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Madagascar for Dardanus gemmatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) 
Madagascar for Dardanus guttatus (Olivier, 1812) 
Madagascar for Dardanus lagopodes (Forskål, 1775) 
Madagascar for Dardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804) 
Madagascar for Dardanus pedunculatus (Herbst, 1804) 
Madagascar for Dardanus scutellatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) 
Madagascar for Dardanus setifer (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Madagascar for Diogenes crosnieri Dechancé, 1964 
Madagascar for Diogenes planimanus Henderson, 1893 
Madagascar for Paguristes abbreviatus Dechancé, 1963 
Madagascar for Pagurus Fabricius, 1775 
Madagascar for Pagurus hirtimanus White, 1847 
Mozambique for Aniculus Dana, 1852 
Mozambique for Aniculus ursus (Olivier, 1812) 
Mozambique for Calcinus Dana, 1851 
Mozambique for Calcinus gaimardii (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) 
Mozambique for Calcinus laevimanus (Randall, 1840) 
Mozambique for Calcinus latens (Randall, 1840) 
Mozambique for Clibanarius Dana, 1852 
Mozambique for Clibanarius eurysternus (Hilgendorf, 1879) 
Mozambique for Clibanarius merguiensis de Man, 1888 
Mozambique for Clibanarius padavensis de Man, 1888 
Mozambique for Clibanarius striolatus Dana, 1852 
Mozambique for Clibanarius virescens (Krauss, 1843) 
Mozambique for Coenobita Latreille, 1829 
Mozambique for Coenobita rugosus H. Milne Edwards, 1837 
Mozambique for Dardanus crassimanus (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Mozambique for Dardanus deformis (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Mozambique for Dardanus guttatus (Olivier, 1812) 
Mozambique for Dardanus lagopodes (Forskål, 1775) 
Mozambique for Dardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804) 
Mozambique for Dardanus scutellatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) 
Mozambique for Dardanus setifer (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Mozambique for Diogenes avarus Heller, 1865 
Mozambique for Diogenes costatus Henderson, 1893 
Mozambique for Diogenes custos (Fabricius, 1798) 
Mozambique for Diogenes gardineri Alcock, 1905 
Mozambique for Diogenes jousseaumei (Bouvier, 1897) 
Mozambique for Paguristes jousseaumei Bouvier, 1892 
Mozambique for Trizopagurus Forest, 1952 
Mozambique for Trizopagurus strigatus (Herbst, 1804) 
Seychelles for Aniculus Dana, 1852 
Seychelles for Aniculus maximus Edmondson, 1952 
Seychelles for Aniculus ursus (Olivier, 1812) 
Seychelles for Birgus Leach, 1816 
Seychelles for Birgus latro (Linnaeus, 1767) 
Seychelles for Calcinus Dana, 1851 
Seychelles for Calcinus elegans (H. Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Seychelles for Calcinus laevimanus (Randall, 1840) 
Seychelles for Calcinus latens (Randall, 1840) 
Seychelles for Clibanarius Dana, 1852 
Seychelles for Clibanarius striolatus Dana, 1852 
 Classification

In family 'Paguridae' in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Description

Tropical Indo-Pacific, also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Remark

According to Lewinsohn 1969 <207>, Coenobita rugosus/a (and var jousseaumei), and the record for C. compressa of Bouvier ... [details]

 Spelling

Coenobita rugosa in Bouvier (1915). [details]