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Böggemann, M. (2005). Revision of the Goniadidae. Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg. (Neue Folgen) 39: 1-354 [Goecke & Evers].
39061
Böggemann, M.
2005
Revision of the Goniadidae
Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg
(Neue Folgen) 39: 1-354 [Goecke & Evers]
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The Goniadidae KINBERG, 1865 are important widely distributed endopsammal benthic predators and occur from intertidal to abyssal depths. Larger species are popular subjects for ecological, physiological and biochemical studies and they are also used as fish bait for sport and commercial fisheries. Morphological data permitted the conclusion that Goniadidae and Glyceridae GRUBE, 1850 probably form a monophyletic unit called Glyceriformia FAUCHALD, 1977. Fossil jaws of both groups exist from the Triassic and a whole preserved specimen of putative Goniadidae is described from the Carboniferous. Within Glyceridae there are currently 42 recognized nominal species in three genera and the Goniadidae are currently divided into eight genera and 63 nominal species. This paper comprises the first revision of all worldwide described Goniadidae. Under the application of light and scanning electron microscopy most of the 115 described species and subspecies of Goniadidae are examined by their type material. Seven of these species (+ Alienites cuneatus KOZUR, 1967; + Alienites longidentatus KOZUR, 1967; + Goniada bakeri CHARLETTA & BOYER, 1974; + Goniada constricta KOZUR, 1971; + Goniada diversidentata SZANIAWSKI, 1974; + Goniada szaniawskii KOZUR in SZANIAWSKI, 1974 (= + Goniada multidentata KOZUR, 1971); + Pieckonia helenae THOMPSON, 1979) represent fossil taxa and are not further investigated. Glycera viridescens STIMPSON, 1954 seems to be a synonym of Goniada maculata ÖRSTED, 1843 and Lacydonia incognita RULLIER, 1965 might be a posterior fragment of Goniada congoensis GRUBE, 1877. Altogether, only 63 species (5 Bathyglycinde, 11 Glycinde, 31 Goniada, 6 Goniadella, 5 Goniadides, 3 Goniadopsis, 1 Ophiogoniada n. gen., 1 Progoniada) of the described 110 recent taxa are considered to be valid species, the others being synonyms, nomina dubia or nomina nuda. Nine of the valid taxa are herein described as new: Goniada bifida n. sp., Goniada corona n. sp., Goniada indooceanica n. sp., Goniada multichevronata n. sp., Goniada pseudofoliacea n. sp., Goniada rottnestensis n. sp., Goniadella katherineae n. sp., Goniadella tasmanensis n. sp., Goniadides madagascariensis n. sp.; the genus Ophioglycera is furthermore renamed as Ophiogoniada n. gen. About 5000 specimens from all over the world were studied and measured, and the 63 valid species together with one Goniadidae incertae sedis are described and illustrated in detail. Most of the drawings are based on light microscopy, but especially the proboscidial papillae were also studied using scanning electron microscopy to clarify their detailed structures and to avoid misinterpretations. A list of all taxa together with their synonyms and identification keys for all Goniadidae known to this date are also presented. Additionally all available biological and ecological data from the literature are listed.
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Bathyglycinde Fauchald, 1972 (basis of record)
Bathyglycinde cedroensis Fauchald, 1972 (basis of record)
Bathyglycinde cedroensis Fauchald, 1972 (source of synonymy)
Bathyglycinde lindbergi (Uschakov, 1955) (basis of record)
Bathyglycinde longiseta Levenstein, 1975 accepted as Bathyglycinde lindbergi (Uschakov, 1955) (source of synonymy)
Bathyglycinde longiseta Levenstein, 1975 accepted as Bathyglycinde lindbergi (Uschakov, 1955) (basis of record)
Bathyglycinde mexicana Fauchald, 1972 (basis of record)
Bathyglycinde profunda (Hartman & Fauchald, 1971) (basis of record)
Bathyglycinde sibogana (Augener & Pettibone in Pettibone, 1970) (new combination reference)
Bathyglycinde stepaniantsae (Averincev, 1972) (new combination reference)
Bookhoutia Mohammad, 1973 (basis of record)
Bookhoutia oligognatha Mohammad, 1973 (basis of record)
Bookhoutia oligognatha Mohammad, 1973 (source of synonymy)
Eone longipapillata Voit, 1911 accepted as Glycinde nordmanni (Malmgren, 1866) (basis of record)
Eone longipapillata Voit, 1911 accepted as Glycinde nordmanni (Malmgren, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Eone salvati Rullier, 1972 (basis of record)
Eone salvati Rullier, 1972 (source of synonymy)
Eone trifida McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Glycinde trifida (McIntosh, 1885) (basis of record)
Eone trifida McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Glycinde trifida (McIntosh, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Epicaste Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Glycinde Müller, 1858 (basis of record)
Epicaste Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Glycinde Müller, 1858 (source of synonymy)
Epicaste armata Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Glycinde armata (Kinberg, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Epicaste armata Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Glycinde armata (Kinberg, 1866) (basis of record)
Glycera viridescens Stimpson, 1854 accepted as Goniada maculata Örsted, 1843 (basis of record)
Glycera viridescens Stimpson, 1854 accepted as Goniada maculata Örsted, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Glycinde anuwati Böggemann & Eibye-Jacobsen, 2002 (basis of record)
Glycinde armata (Kinberg, 1866) (additional source)
Glycinde armigera Moore, 1911 (basis of record)
Glycinde bonhourei Gravier, 1904 (additional source)
Glycinde capensis Day, 1960 (basis of record)
Glycinde gurjanovae Uschakov & Wu, 1962 (basis of record)
Glycinde gurjanovae Uschakov & Wu, 1962 (source of synonymy)
Glycinde hanseni Kirkegaard, 1995 accepted as Bathyglycinde stepaniantsae (Averincev, 1972) (source of synonymy)
Glycinde kameruniana Augener, 1918 (basis of record)
Glycinde lindbergi Uschakov, 1955 accepted as Bathyglycinde lindbergi (Uschakov, 1955) (basis of record)
Glycinde lindbergi Uschakov, 1955 accepted as Bathyglycinde lindbergi (Uschakov, 1955) (source of synonymy)
Glycinde Maskallensis Gravier, 1904 accepted as Goniadopsis maskallensis (Gravier, 1904) (basis of record)
Glycinde Maskallensis Gravier, 1904 accepted as Goniadopsis maskallensis (Gravier, 1904) (source of synonymy)
Glycinde multidens Müller in Grube, 1858 (additional source)
Glycinde nipponica Imajima, 1967 (source of synonymy)
Glycinde nipponica Imajima, 1967 (basis of record)
Glycinde nordmanni (Malmgren, 1866) (additional source)
Glycinde oligodon Southern, 1921 (basis of record)
Glycinde oligodon Southern, 1921 (source of synonymy)
Glycinde pacifica Monro, 1928 (basis of record)
Glycinde pacifica Monro, 1928 (source of synonymy)
Glycinde paucignatha Hartmann-Schröder, 1959 accepted as Glycinde picta Berkeley, 1927 (basis of record)
Glycinde paucignatha Hartmann-Schröder, 1959 accepted as Glycinde picta Berkeley, 1927 (source of synonymy)
Glycinde picta Berkeley, 1927 (basis of record)
Glycinde polygnatha Hartman, 1950 (source of synonymy)
Glycinde polygnatha Hartman, 1950 (basis of record)
Glycinde profunda Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 (source of synonymy)
Glycinde profunda Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 (basis of record)
Glycinde sibogana Augener & Pettibone in Pettibone, 1970 accepted as Bathyglycinde sibogana (Augener & Pettibone in Pettibone, 1970) (basis of record)
Glycinde sibogana Augener & Pettibone in Pettibone, 1970 accepted as Bathyglycinde sibogana (Augener & Pettibone in Pettibone, 1970) (source of synonymy)
Glycinde solitaria (Webster, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Glycinde stepaniantsae Averincev, 1972 accepted as Bathyglycinde stepaniantsae (Averincev, 1972) (source of synonymy)
Glycinde trifida (McIntosh, 1885) (basis of record)
Glycinde wireni Arwidsson, 1899 (basis of record)
Goniada (Glycinde) dorsalis Ehlers, 1905 accepted as Glycinde trifida (McIntosh, 1885) (basis of record)
Goniada (Glycinde) dorsalis Ehlers, 1905 accepted as Glycinde trifida (McIntosh, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Goniada (Goniadopsis) Agnesiae Fauvel, 1928 accepted as Goniadopsis agnesiae (Fauvel, 1928) (basis of record)
Goniada (Goniadopsis) Agnesiae Fauvel, 1928 accepted as Goniadopsis agnesiae (Fauvel, 1928) (source of synonymy)
Goniada (Goniadopsis) incerta Fauvel, 1932 accepted as Goniadopsis longicirrata (Arwidsson, 1899) (source of synonymy)
Goniada (Goniadopsis) incerta Fauvel, 1932 accepted as Goniadopsis longicirrata (Arwidsson, 1899) (basis of record)
Goniada aciculata Hartman, 1940 (basis of record)
Goniada Alcockiana Carrington, 1865 accepted as Goniada maculata Örsted, 1843 (basis of record)
Goniada Alcockiana Carrington, 1865 accepted as Goniada maculata Örsted, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Goniada amacrognatha Böggemann & Eibye-Jacobsen, 2002 (basis of record)
Goniada annulata Moore, 1905 (basis of record)
Goniada annulata Moore, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Goniada antipoda Augener, 1927 (basis of record)
Goniada apisiti Böggemann & Eibye-Jacobsen, 2002 (basis of record)
Goniada asiatica Hartman, 1976 (redescription)
Goniada australensis Audouin & Milne Edwards in Grube, 1850 (basis of record)
Goniada beiraensis Kirkegaard, 1995 (basis of record)
Goniada beiraensis Kirkegaard, 1995 (source of synonymy)
Goniada bifida Böggemann, 2005 (original description)
Goniada brunnea Treadwell, 1906 (basis of record)
Goniada brunnea gorobona Imajima, 2003 accepted as Goniada antipoda Augener, 1927 (basis of record)
Goniada brunnea gorobona Imajima, 2003 accepted as Goniada antipoda Augener, 1927 (source of synonymy)
Goniada clavata Kirkegaard, 1995 (basis of record)
Goniada clavata Kirkegaard, 1995 (source of synonymy)
Goniada congoensis Grube, 1877 (basis of record)
Goniada corona Böggemann, 2005 (original description)
Goniada crudelis (Kinberg, 1866) (new combination reference)
Goniada distorta Moore, 1903 accepted as Goniada vorax (Kinberg, 1866) (basis of record)
Goniada distorta Moore, 1903 accepted as Goniada vorax (Kinberg, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Goniada echinulata Grube, 1870 (basis of record)
Goniada emerita Audouin & H Milne Edwards, 1833 (additional source)
Goniada euxina Jakubova, 1930 (source of synonymy)
Goniada euxina Jakuvoba, 1930 (basis of record)
Goniada eximia Ehlers, 1901 accepted as Goniada gigantea (Verrill, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Goniada eximia Ehlers, 1901 accepted as Goniada gigantea (Verrill, 1885) (basis of record)
Goniada felicissima Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Goniada maculata Örsted, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Goniada foliacea Moore, 1903 (basis of record)
Goniada galaica Rioja, 1923 accepted as Goniadella galaica (Rioja, 1923) (source of synonymy)
Goniada gigantea (Verrill, 1885) (basis of record)
Goniada grahami Benham, 1932 (basis of record)
Goniada hexadentes Böggemann & Eibye-Jacobsen, 2002 (basis of record)


 Classification

Exact classification uncertain [details]

 Identification

Not a lacydoniid? Based on a posterior fragment, possibly of a goniadid. Böggemann (2005:77-80) suggested the ... [details]

 Spelling

Original not seen, but 'bobrezkii' (not bobretzkii) as in Zool. Rec. Vol. 67 and in Böggemann (2005) is apparently ... [details]

 Status

Böggemann (2005) examined the type and reported the specimen is a very small form, probably a juvenile with ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy uncertain [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy uncertain [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy uncertain [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy uncertain [details]

 Taxonomy

Lacharis remained monotypic for L crudelis. Hartman's comment about being partly eunicid applies only to the figure ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Synonymy not certain [details]

 Taxonomy

The description and drawings of Audouin and Milne Edwards (1833) show that Goniada australensis is a Goniada ... [details]