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NameGibbons, M.J., Thibault Botha, D., 2002. The match between ocean circulation and zoogeography of epipelagic siphonophores around southern Africa. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 82 5: 801-810.
SourceID38430
Type Publication
NotePublished and unpublished records of epipelagic calycophoran siphonophores from around southern Africa were examined for zoogeographic structure. There is a close match between prevailing patterns of surface ocean circulation and zoogeography, which while similar to previous studies of intertidal taxa and euphausiids, is different from them in some key details. Separate subtropical provinces are associated with both the Angola and Agulhas Currents, and the latter system has a marked influence on the composition of (warm-temperate) assemblages along the south coast of South Africa. The nearshore waters in the Benguela upwelling ecosystem (cold temperate) are distinct, but the Luderitz upwelling cell does not appear to act as an internal boundary within the Benguela ecosystem, as has been previously noted for benthic communities. Species richness is greater in oceanic than coastal waters, and peaks in subtropical waters. High diversity is also noted offshore in the area between Capes Agulhas and Columbine, where water of Indian, Southern and Atlantic Ocean interact. Indicator species for each major water mass were tentatively identified. (only abstract)
Bibliographical
terms
Ecology
Zoogeography, Biogeography (generalities), Geographic distribution
Taxa
(1)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmophyes annectens Haeckel, 1888 (additional source)
Distributions
(19)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbylopsis tetragona (Otto, 1823)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBassia bassensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChelophyes appendiculata (Eschscholtz, 1829)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDimophyes arctica (Chun, 1897)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiphyes dispar Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnneagonum hyalinum Quoy & Gaimard, 1827
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudoxoides mitra (Huxley, 1859)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippopodius hippopus (Forssk√•l, 1776)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLensia conoidea (Keferstein & Ehlers, 1860)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLensia multicristata (Moser, 1925)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuggiaea atlantica Cunningham, 1892
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuggiaea kochii (Will, 1844)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSulculeolaria biloba (Sars, 1846)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSulculeolaria chuni (Lens & van Riemsdijk, 1908)
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSulculeolaria quadrivalvis de Blainville, 1830
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyla trigona Quoy & Gaimard, 1827
South African part of the South Atlantic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeratocymba sagittata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1827)
South East Atlantic for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphicaryon acaule Chun, 1888
South East Atlantic for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLensia fowleri (Bigelow, 1911)
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history
Date   action   by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
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