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Williams G.C. (1995). Living genera of sea pens (Coelenterata: Pennatulacea): illustrated key and synopses. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 113, pp. 93-140.
20636
Williams, G. C.
1995
Living genera of sea pens (Coelenterata: Pennatulacea): illustrated key and synopses
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
113: 93-140
Publication
Ant'Phipoda Literature database
Antarctic
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
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Acanthoptilum Kolliker, 1870 (additional source)
Actinoptilon Kükenthal, 1910 accepted as Actinoptilum Kükenthal, 1911 (basis of record)
Actinoptilon echinatum Kükenthal, 1910 accepted as Echinoptilum echinatum (Kükenthal, 1910) (basis of record)
Actinoptilon molle Kükenthal, 1910 accepted as Actinoptilum molle (Kükenthal, 1910) (basis of record)
Actinoptilum Kükenthal, 1911 (additional source)
Actinoptilum molle (Kükenthal, 1910) (additional source)
Amphianthus Kükenthal, 1902 accepted as Amphiacme Kükenthal, 1903 (basis of record)
Amphianthus abyssorum Kükenthal, 1902 accepted as Amphiacme abyssorum (Kükenthal, 1902) (basis of record)
Anthoptilidae Kölliker, 1880 (additional source)
Anthoptilum Kölliker, 1880 (additional source)
Anthoptilum grandiflorum (Verrill, 1879) (additional source)
Argentella Gray, 1870 accepted as Pteroeides Herklots, 1858 (basis of record)
Argentella elegans (Herklots, 1858) (basis of record)
Balticina Gray, 1870 accepted as Halipteris Kölliker, 1869 (source of synonymy)
Balticina finmarchica (Sars, 1851) accepted as Pavonaria finmarchica (Sars, 1851) accepted as Halipteris finmarchica (Sars, 1851) (additional source)
Bathypenna Marion, 1906 accepted as Gyrophyllum Studer, 1891 (basis of record)
Bathypenna elegans Marion, 1906 accepted as Gyrophyllum hirondellei Studer, 1891 (basis of record)
Bathyptilum Kolliker, 1872 accepted as Kophobelemnon Asbjørnsen, 1856 (additional source)
Bathyptilum carpenterii Kolliker, 1872 accepted as Kophobelemnon stelliferum (Müller, 1776) (basis of record)
Benthoptilum Verrill, 1885 accepted as Anthoptilum Kölliker, 1880 (basis of record)
Benthoptilum sertum Verrill, 1885 accepted as Anthoptilum sertum (Verrill, 1885) (basis of record)
Calibelemnon Nutting, 1908 (additional source)
Calibelemnon indicum (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (additional source)
Cavernularia Valenciennes in Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1850 (additional source)
Cavernularia darwini Hickson, 1921 accepted as Cavernulina darwini (Hickson, 1921) (basis of record)
Cavernularia elegans (Herklots, 1858) (additional source)
Cavernulina Kükenthal & Broch, 1911 (additional source)
Cavernulina darwini (Hickson, 1921) (additional source)
Chunella Kükenthal, 1902 (additional source)
Chunella biflora Hickson, 1916 accepted as Chunella gracillima Kükenthal, 1902 (basis of record)
Chunella quadriflora Kükenthal & Broch, 1911 accepted as Chunella gracillima Kükenthal, 1902 (basis of record)
Chunellidae (basis of record)
Cladiscus Koren & Danielssen, 1877 accepted as Virgularia Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Cladiscus gracilis Koren & Danielssen, 1877 accepted as Virgularia tuberculata Marshall, 1883 (basis of record)
Clavella Gray, 1870 accepted as Lituaria Valenciennes, 1850 (basis of record)
Clavella australasiae (Gray, 1860) accepted as Lituaria australasiae (Gray, 1860) (basis of record)
Crassophyllum Tixier-Durivault, 1961 (additional source)
Crinillum Harting, Miguel & Hoeven, 1861 accepted as Umbellula Gray, 1870 (basis of record)
Crinillum siedenburgi Harting, Miguel & Hoeven, 1861 (basis of record)
Crispella Gray, 1870 accepted as Pteroeides Herklots, 1858 (basis of record)
Crispella sieboldii (Herklots, 1858) (basis of record)
Deutocaulon Marshall & Fowler, 1888 accepted as Virgularia Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Deutocaulon hystricis Marshall & Fowler, 1888 accepted as Virgularia mirabilis (Müller, 1776) (basis of record)
Distichoptilum Verrill, 1882 (additional source)
Dubenia abyssicola Koren & Danielssen, 1877 accepted as Stylatula elegans (Danielssen, 1860) (basis of record)
Echinoptilum Hubrecht, 1885 (additional source)
Echinoptilum echinatum (Kükenthal, 1910) (additional source)
Funiculina Lamarck, 1816 (additional source)
Funiculinidae Gray, 1870 (additional source)
Fusticularia Simpson, 1905 accepted as Cavernularia Valenciennes in Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1850 (basis of record)
Fusticularia herdmani Simpson, 1905 accepted as Cavernularia glans Kölliker, 1872 (basis of record)
Godeffroyia Kolliker, 1870 accepted as Pteroeides Herklots, 1858 (basis of record)
Godeffroyia elegans Kolliker, 1869 accepted as Pteroeides dofleini Balss, 1910 (basis of record)
Gondul Koren & Danielssen, 1883 accepted as Halipteris Kölliker, 1869 (basis of record)
Gondul mirabilis Koren & Danielssen, 1883 accepted as Pavonaria finmarchica (Sars, 1851) accepted as Halipteris finmarchica (Sars, 1851) (basis of record)
Gunneria Danielssen & Koren, 1884 accepted as Kophobelemnon Asbjørnsen, 1856 (basis of record)
Gunneria borealis Danielssen & Koren, 1884 accepted as Kophobelemnon stelliferum (Müller, 1776) (basis of record)
Gyrophyllum Studer, 1891 (additional source)
Halipteridae Williams, 1995 (original description)
Halipteris willemoesi (Kölliker, 1880) (additional source)
Halisceptrum gustavianum Herklots, 1863 accepted as Virgularia gustaviana (Herklots, 1863) (basis of record)
Helicoptilum Nutting, 1912 accepted as Distichoptilum Verrill, 1882 (source of synonymy)
Herklotsia Gray, 1860 accepted as Renilla Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Herklotsia edwardsi (Herklots, 1858) accepted as Renilla edwardsii Herklots, 1858 (basis of record)
Isis encrinus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Umbellula encrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Juncoptilum Thomson & Henderson, 1905 accepted as Distichoptilum Verrill, 1882 (basis of record)
Juncoptilum alcocki Thomson & Henderson, 1905 accepted as Distichoptilum gracile Verrill, 1882 (basis of record)
Kophobelemnidae Gray, 1860 (additional source)
Kophobelemnon Asbjørnsen, 1856 (additional source)
Kophobelemnon mulleri Asbjornsen, 1856 accepted as Kophobelemnon stelliferum (Müller, 1776) (basis of record)
Kophobelemnon stelliferum (Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Leioptilus Gray, 1860 accepted as Ptilosarcus Verrill, 1865 (basis of record)
Leptoptilum Kölliker, 1880 accepted as Funiculina Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Leptoptilum gracile Kölliker, 1880 accepted as Funiculina quadrangularis (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Lituaria Valenciennes, 1850 (additional source)
Lygomorpha Koren & Danielssen, 1877 accepted as Halipteris Kölliker, 1869 (basis of record)
Lygomorpha sarsii Koren & Danielssen, 1877 accepted as Pavonaria christii (Koren & Danielssen, 1847) accepted as Halipteris christii (Koren & Danielssen, 1848) (basis of record)
Lygus Herklots, 1858 accepted as Virgularia Lamarck, 1816 (additional source)
Malacobelemnon Tixier-Durivault, 1965 (additional source)
Mesobelemnon Gravier, 1907 accepted as Sclerobelemnon Kölliker, 1872 (source of synonymy)
Mesobelemnon gracile Gravier, 1908 accepted as Sclerobelemnon gracile (Gravier, 1908) (basis of record)
Microptilum Kölliker, 1880 accepted as Halipteris Kölliker, 1869 (basis of record)
Microptilum willemoesi Kölliker, 1880 accepted as Pavonaria willemoesi (Kolliker, 1880) accepted as Halipteris willemoesi (Kölliker, 1880) (basis of record)
Norticina Gray, 1870 accepted as Halipteris Kölliker, 1869 (basis of record)
Norticina christii (Koren & Danielssen, 1847) accepted as Halipteris christii (Koren & Danielssen, 1848) (basis of record)
Ombellula Gray, 1870 accepted as Umbellula Gray, 1870 (basis of record)
Ombellulaires Cuvier, 1817 accepted as Umbellula Gray, 1870 (basis of record)
Ombellularia Lamarck, 1836 accepted as Umbellula Gray, 1870 (basis of record)
Osteocella Gray, 1870 accepted as Halipteris Kölliker, 1869 (basis of record)
Osteocella cliftoni Gray, 1870 accepted as Pavonaria willemoesi (Kolliker, 1880) accepted as Halipteris willemoesi (Kölliker, 1880) (basis of record)
Parabelemnon Thomson & Simpson, 1909 accepted as Cavernularia Valenciennes in Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1850 (basis of record)
Parabelemnon indicum Thomson & Simpson, 1909 (basis of record)
Pavonaires Cuvier, 1817 accepted as Funiculina Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Pavonaires antennina Cuvier, 1817 accepted as Pavonaria antennina (Cuvier, 1817) accepted as Funiculina quadrangularis (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Pavonaria Kolliker, 1869 accepted as Halipteris Kölliker, 1869 (basis of record)
Pavonaria Schweigger, 1820 accepted as Funiculina Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Pavonaria (Verrillia) Stearns, 1873 accepted as Halipteris Kölliker, 1869 (basis of record)
Pavonaria (Verrillia) blakei Stearns, 1873 accepted as Pavonaria willemoesi (Kolliker, 1880) accepted as Halipteris willemoesi (Kölliker, 1880) (basis of record)
Pavonaria antennina (Cuvier, 1817) accepted as Funiculina quadrangularis (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Pavonaria finmarchica (Sars, 1851) accepted as Halipteris finmarchica (Sars, 1851) (basis of record)