WoRMS source details

Zanol, J.; Halanych, K. M.; Fauchald, K. (2014). Reconciling taxonomy and phylogeny in the bristleworm family Eunicidae (polychaete, Annelida). Zoologica Scripta. 43(1), 79-100.
170166
10.1111/zsc.12034 [view]
Zanol, J.; Halanych, K. M.; Fauchald, K.
2014
Reconciling taxonomy and phylogeny in the bristleworm family Eunicidae (polychaete, Annelida)
Zoologica Scripta
43(1), 79-100
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Eunicid annelids inhabit diverse marine habitats worldwide, have ecological and economic importance and have been pictured in the news as giant predator worms. They compose a traditional stable taxon recently supported as monophyletic but characterized by plesiomorphies. Most genera within the family have been recovered as paraphyletic in previous studies. We present a phylogenetic hypothesis for eunicid based on molecular (COI, 16S rDNA, 18S rDNA) and morphological data (213 characters), including an explicit attempt to account for serial homology. Eunicidae as well as monophyletic genera Marphysa sensu stricto and Lysidice is redefined based on synapomorphies. Nematonereis is synonymized to Lysidice. Leodice and Nicidion are resurrected to name monophyletic groups including species previously included in Eunice and Marphysa sensu lato. Traditional diagnostic characters such as the absence/presence of peristomial cirri, lateral antennae and branchiae are homoplasies and not informative at the generic level. Different coding of traditional characters (i.e. articulation of prostomial appendages) and novel characters of prostomial features and regionalization of the body support the monophyly of the family and genera level clades. Thus, the phylogenetic hypothesis presented here and the evolution of characters provided background information for taxonomic changes yielding evolutionary meaningful classification and diagnoses for the family and genera.
Phylogeny, Phylogenesis
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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2013-09-23 20:43:39Z
created
2015-06-28 10:47:50Z
changed
2015-06-29 21:41:21Z
changed

Eunice aedificatrix Monro, 1933 accepted as Leodice aedificatrix (Monro, 1933) (status source)
Eunice aequabilis Grube, 1878 accepted as Leodice aequabilis (Grube, 1878) (status source)
Eunice afuerensis Hartman, 1944 accepted as Leodice afuerensis (Hartman, 1944) (status source)
Eunice americana Hartman, 1944 accepted as Leodice americana (Hartman, 1944) (status source)
Eunice amoureuxi Rullier, 1974 accepted as Nicidion amoureuxi (Rullier, 1974) (status source)
Eunice annulicornis Johnston, 1865 accepted as Leodice annulicornis (Johnston, 1865) (new combination reference)
Eunice antarctica Baird, 1869 accepted as Leodice antarctica (Baird, 1869) (status source)
Eunice antennata (Savigny in Lamarck, 1818) accepted as Leodice antennata Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (status source)
Eunice antillensis Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Leodice antillensis (Ehlers, 1887) (status source)
Eunice cariboea Grube, 1856 accepted as Nicidion cariboea (Grube, 1856) (status source)
Eunice cincta (Kinberg, 1865) accepted as Nicidion cincta Kinberg, 1865 (status source)
Eunice gracilicirrata (Treadwell, 1922) accepted as Leodice gracilicirrata Treadwell, 1922 (status source)
Eunice harassii Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833 accepted as Leodice harassii (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) (status source)
Eunice insularis Nogueira, Steiner & Amaral, 2001 accepted as Nicidion insularis (Nogueira, Steiner & Amaral, 2001) (status source)
Eunice limosa Ehlers, 1868 accepted as Leodice limosa (Ehlers, 1868) (status source)
Eunice lucei Grube, 1856 accepted as Leodice lucei (Grube, 1856) (status source)
Eunice marcusi Zanol, Paiva & Attolini, 2000 accepted as Leodice marcusi (Zanol, Paiva & Attolini, 2000) (status source)
Eunice mikeli Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998 accepted as Nicidion mikeli (Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998) (status source)
Eunice miurai Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998 accepted as Leodice miurai (Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998) (status source)
Eunice mutilata Webster, 1884 accepted as Nicidion mutilata (Webster, 1884) (status source)
Eunice notata (Treadwell, 1921) accepted as Nicidion notata (Treadwell, 1921) (status source)
Eunice rubra Grube, 1856 accepted as Leodice rubra (Grube, 1856) (status source)
Eunice samoae Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 accepted as Nicidion samoae (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) (status source)
Eunice thomasiana Augener, 1922 accepted as Leodice thomasiana (Augener, 1922) (status source)
Eunice torquata Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Leodice torquata (Quatrefages, 1866) (status source)
Eunice valens (Chamberlin, 1919) accepted as Leodice valens Chamberlin, 1919 (status source)
Leodice Lamarck, 1818 (status source)
Leodice aedificatrix (Monro, 1933) (status source)
Leodice aequabilis (Grube, 1878) (status source)
Leodice afuerensis (Hartman, 1944) (status source)
Leodice americana (Hartman, 1944) (status source)
Leodice annulicornis (Johnston, 1865) (new combination reference)
Leodice antarctica (Baird, 1869) (status source)
Leodice antennata Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (status source)
Leodice gracilicirrata Treadwell, 1922 (status source)
Leodice harassii (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) (status source)
Leodice limosa (Ehlers, 1868) (status source)
Leodice lucei (Grube, 1856) (status source)
Leodice marcusi (Zanol, Paiva & Attolini, 2000) (status source)
Leodice miurai (Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998) (status source)
Leodice rubra (Grube, 1856) (status source)
Leodice thomasiana (Augener, 1922) (status source)
Leodice torquata (Quatrefages, 1866) (status source)
Leodice valens Chamberlin, 1919 (status source)
Lysidice annulicornis (Ehlers, 1868) (status source)
Lysidice elongata (Quatrefages, 1866) (status source)
Lysidice filum (Quatrefages, 1866) (basis of record)
Lysidice hebes (Verrill, 1900) (status source)
Lysidice oculata (Ehlers, 1868) (status source)
Lysidice pectinifera (Quatrefages, 1866) (status source)
Lysidice schmardae (McIntosh, 1885) (status source)
Lysidice unicornis (Grube, 1840) (status source)
Marphysa angeli Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998 accepted as Nicidion angeli (Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998) (status source)
Marphysa hentscheli Augener, 1931 accepted as Nicidion hentscheli (Augener, 1931) (status source)
Nematonereis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Lysidice Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Nematonereis annulicornis Ehlers, 1868 accepted as Lysidice annulicornis (Ehlers, 1868) (status source)
Nematonereis elongata (Quatrefages, 1866) accepted as Lysidice elongata (Quatrefages, 1866) (status source)
Nematonereis filum (Quatrefages, 1866) accepted as Lysidice filum (Quatrefages, 1866) (status source)
Nematonereis hebes Verrill, 1900 accepted as Lysidice hebes (Verrill, 1900) (status source)
Nematonereis oculata Ehlers, 1868 accepted as Lysidice oculata (Ehlers, 1868) (status source)
Nematonereis pectinifera Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Lysidice pectinifera (Quatrefages, 1866) (status source)
Nematonereis schmardae McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Lysidice schmardae (McIntosh, 1885) (status source)
Nematonereis unicornis (Grube, 1840) accepted as Lysidice unicornis (Grube, 1840) (status source)
Nicidion Kinberg, 1865 (status source)
Nicidion amoureuxi (Rullier, 1974) (status source)
Nicidion angeli (Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998) (status source)
Nicidion cariboea (Grube, 1856) (status source)
Nicidion cincta Kinberg, 1865 (status source)
Nicidion hentscheli (Augener, 1931) (status source)
Nicidion insularis (Nogueira, Steiner & Amaral, 2001) (status source)
Nicidion mikeli (Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998) (status source)
Nicidion mutilata (Webster, 1884) (status source)
Nicidion notata (Treadwell, 1921) (status source)
Nicidion samoae (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) (status source)
Paramarphysa Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Marphysa Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
 Editor's comment

There appear to be no published usages yet of the Marphysa parvipes recombination, but Orensanz (1990: 61) ... [details]

 Synonymy

Paramarphysa diagnostically lacks branchiae, but the genus name appears not to have been used since 1992. Orensanz ... [details]