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Kelly, M.; Sim-Smith, C. (2012). A review of Ancorina, Stryphnus, and Ecionemia (Demospongiae, Astrophorida, Ancorinidae), with descriptions of new species from New Zealand waters. Zootaxa. 3480: 1–47.
163953
urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:51EB9328-9954-4017-9CA0-11E7D0E2DBF9 [view]
Kelly, M.; Sim-Smith, C.
2012
A review of Ancorina, Stryphnus, and Ecionemia (Demospongiae, Astrophorida, Ancorinidae), with descriptions of new species from New Zealand waters
Zootaxa
3480: 1–47
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
New collections of New Zealand ancorinid sponges with sanidasters regular and sanidaster-like microrhabds, and amphiaster-like microscleres, has prompted us to review the integrity of ancorinid genera Ancorina Schmidt, Ecionemia Bowerbank, and Stryphnus Sollas (Demospongiae, Astrophorida, Ancorinidae). The varietal name in Ancorina progressa (von Lendenfeld 1907) var. diplococcus Dendy, 1924 has been elevated to full species status, and A. stalagmoides (Dendy, 1924) has been redescribed. Two new species, A. bellae sp. nov., from the Three Kings Islands, and A. globosa sp. nov., from Campbell Rise, have been described. Two New Zealand species previously assigned to Ancorina by Dendy (1924) have been transferred to Ecionemia: E. alata (Dendy 1924) and E. novaezelandiae (Dendy 1924). The genus Stryphnus is recorded for the first time in New Zealand waters, and 6 new species are described here; S. poculum sp. nov., S. levis sp. nov., S. novaezealandiae sp. nov., S. spelunca sp. nov., and S. atypicus sp. nov. Specimens identified as Asteropus simplex (Carter 1879) by Dendy (1924) and Bergquist (1968), a genus without triaenes, have been transferred to Stryphnus and renamed as S. ariena sp. nov., as all specimens contained rare triaenes. Discovery and description of new species, and re-evaluation of known New Zealand species, has enabled us to broaden and strengthen the diagnostic differences between Ancorina, Ecionemia, and Stryphnus, through comparison with related genera Asteropus Sollas and Melophlus Thiele, and Stellettinopsis Carter, genera in which triaenes are rare of absent. The phylogenetic origins of the microrhabds, sanidaster- and amphiaster-like microscleres of the group is considered, whether euasterose or streptasterose. The discovery of a suite of characters in the holotype of Stellettinopsis, shared with this subset of Ecionemia species, has resulted in a proposal to resurrect Stellettinopsis to accommodate them.
New Zealand
Systematics, Taxonomy
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BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina alba (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropus albus (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina bellae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina diplococcus Dendy, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina fenimorea de Laubenfels, 1934 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis fenimorea (De Laubenfels, 1934) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina geodides (Carter, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina globosa Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina novaezealandiae Dendy, 1924 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia novaezealandiae (Dendy, 1924) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina robusta (Carter, 1883) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina stalagmoides Dendy, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina suina Wiedenmayer, 1989 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus suinus (Wiedenmayer, 1989) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropus albus (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia alata (Dendy, 1924) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia cherbonnieri (Lévi, 1961) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis cherbonnieri Lévi, 1961 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia laviniensis Dendy, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis laviniensis (Dendy, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia megastylifera Wintermann-Kilian & Kilian, 1984 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis megastylifera (Wintermann-Kilian & Kilian, 1984) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia metastrosa (Lebwohl, 1914) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares metastrosa (Lebwohl, 1914) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia novaezealandiae (Dendy, 1924) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares hilgendorfi (Thiele, 1898) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares metastrosa (Lebwohl, 1914) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStelletta geodides Carter, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina geodides (Carter, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis Carter, 1879 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis album Alcolado & Gotera, 1986 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropus albus (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis cherbonnieri Lévi, 1961 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis corticata Carter, 1879 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis fenimorea (De Laubenfels, 1934) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis laviniensis (Dendy, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis megastylifera (Wintermann-Kilian & Kilian, 1984) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis solida Lévi, 1965 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus ariena Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus atypicus Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus levis Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus novaezealandiae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus poculum Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus spelunca Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus suinus (Wiedenmayer, 1989) (new combination reference)
Campbell Island for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina globosa Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Central New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina diplococcus Dendy, 1924 
Central New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia alata (Dendy, 1924) 
Central New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus ariena Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Central New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus atypicus Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Central New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus levis Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Central New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus novaezealandiae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Central New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus spelunca Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina bellae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina globosa Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus ariena Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus atypicus Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus levis Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus novaezealandiae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus poculum Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus spelunca Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Northeastern New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina stalagmoides Dendy, 1924 
Northeastern New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia alata (Dendy, 1924) 
Northeastern New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia novaezealandiae (Dendy, 1924) 
Northeastern New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus ariena Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Northeastern New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus levis Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Northeastern New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus novaezealandiae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Northeastern New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus spelunca Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Three Kings-North Cape for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina bellae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Three Kings-North Cape for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia alata (Dendy, 1924) 
Three Kings-North Cape for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus ariena Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Three Kings-North Cape for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus novaezealandiae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Three Kings-North Cape for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus poculum Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 
Holotype NIWA 44225, locality Central New Zealand, identified as Stryphnus atypicus Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Holotype NIWA 52582, locality Northeastern New Zealand, identified as Stryphnus spelunca Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Holotype NIWA 54501, locality Northeastern New Zealand, identified as Stryphnus levis Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Holotype NIWA 57285, locality Northeastern New Zealand, identified as Stryphnus ariena Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Holotype NIWA 62005, locality Three Kings-North Cape, identified as Ancorina bellae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Holotype NIWA 62046, locality Three Kings-North Cape, identified as Stryphnus poculum Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Holotype NIWA 76782, locality Campbell Island, identified as Ancorina globosa Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012