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NameKelly, M.; Sim-Smith, C. 2012. A review of Ancorina, Stryphnus, and Ecionemia (Demospongiae, Astrophorida, Ancorinidae), with descriptions of new species from New Zealand waters. Zootaxa 3480: 1–47
Type Publication
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available [request]
AbstractNew collections of New Zealand ancorinid sponges with sanidasters regular and sanidaster-like microrhabds, and amphiaster-like microscleres, has prompted us to review the integrity of ancorinid genera Ancorina Schmidt, Ecionemia Bowerbank, and Stryphnus Sollas (Demospongiae, Astrophorida, Ancorinidae). The varietal name in Ancorina progressa (von Lendenfeld 1907) var. diplococcus Dendy, 1924 has been elevated to full species status, and A. stalagmoides (Dendy, 1924) has been redescribed. Two new species, A. bellae sp. nov., from the Three Kings Islands, and A. globosa sp. nov., from Campbell Rise, have been described. Two New Zealand species previously assigned to Ancorina by Dendy (1924) have been transferred to Ecionemia: E. alata (Dendy 1924) and E. novaezelandiae (Dendy 1924). The genus Stryphnus is recorded for the first time in New Zealand waters, and 6 new species are described here; S. poculum sp. nov., S. levis sp. nov., S. novaezealandiae sp. nov., S. spelunca sp. nov., and S. atypicus sp. nov. Specimens identified as Asteropus simplex (Carter 1879) by Dendy (1924) and Bergquist (1968), a genus without triaenes, have been transferred to Stryphnus and renamed as S. ariena sp. nov., as all specimens contained rare triaenes. Discovery and description of new species, and re-evaluation of known New Zealand species, has enabled us to broaden and strengthen the diagnostic differences between Ancorina, Ecionemia, and Stryphnus, through comparison with related genera Asteropus Sollas and Melophlus Thiele, and Stellettinopsis Carter, genera in which triaenes are rare of absent. The phylogenetic origins of the microrhabds, sanidaster- and amphiaster-like microscleres of the group is considered, whether euasterose or streptasterose. The discovery of a suite of characters in the holotype of Stellettinopsis, shared with this subset of Ecionemia species, has resulted in a proposal to resurrect Stellettinopsis to accommodate them.
Geographical
term
New Zealand
Bibliographical
term
Systematics, Taxonomy
Taxonomic
term
Porifera
Taxa
(36)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina alba (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropus albus (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina bellae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina diplococcus Dendy, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina fenimorea de Laubenfels, 1934 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis fenimorea (De Laubenfels, 1934) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina geodides (Carter, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina globosa Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina novaezealandiae Dendy, 1924 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia novaezealandiae (Dendy, 1924) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina robusta (Carter, 1883) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina stalagmoides Dendy, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina suina Wiedenmayer, 1989 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus suinus (Wiedenmayer, 1989) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropus albus (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia alata (Dendy, 1924) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia cherbonnieri (Lévi, 1961) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis cherbonnieri Lévi, 1961 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia laviniensis Dendy, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis laviniensis (Dendy, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia megastylifera Wintermann-Kilian & Kilian, 1984 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis megastylifera (Wintermann-Kilian & Kilian, 1984) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia metastrosa (Lebwohl, 1914) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares metastrosa (Lebwohl, 1914) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcionemia novaezealandiae (Dendy, 1924) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares hilgendorfi (Thiele, 1898) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares metastrosa (Lebwohl, 1914) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStelletta geodides Carter, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncorina geodides (Carter, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis Carter, 1879 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis album Alcolado & Gotera, 1986 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropus albus (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis cherbonnieri Lévi, 1961 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis corticata Carter, 1879 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis fenimorea (De Laubenfels, 1934) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis laviniensis (Dendy, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis megastylifera (Wintermann-Kilian & Kilian, 1984) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStellettinopsis solida Lévi, 1965 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus ariena Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus atypicus Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus levis Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus novaezealandiae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus poculum Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus spelunca Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus suinus (Wiedenmayer, 1989) (new combination reference)
Distributions
(28)
Campbell Island for Ancorina globosa Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Central New Zealand for Ancorina diplococcus Dendy, 1924
Central New Zealand for Ecionemia alata (Dendy, 1924)
Central New Zealand for Stryphnus ariena Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Central New Zealand for Stryphnus atypicus Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Central New Zealand for Stryphnus levis Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Central New Zealand for Stryphnus novaezealandiae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Central New Zealand for Stryphnus spelunca Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Ancorina bellae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Ancorina globosa Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Stryphnus ariena Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Stryphnus atypicus Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Stryphnus levis Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Stryphnus novaezealandiae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Stryphnus poculum Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Stryphnus spelunca Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Northeastern New Zealand for Ancorina stalagmoides Dendy, 1924
Northeastern New Zealand for Ecionemia alata (Dendy, 1924)
Northeastern New Zealand for Ecionemia novaezealandiae (Dendy, 1924)
Northeastern New Zealand for Stryphnus ariena Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Northeastern New Zealand for Stryphnus levis Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Northeastern New Zealand for Stryphnus novaezealandiae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Northeastern New Zealand for Stryphnus spelunca Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Three Kings-North Cape for Ancorina bellae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Three Kings-North Cape for Ecionemia alata (Dendy, 1924)
Three Kings-North Cape for Stryphnus ariena Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Three Kings-North Cape for Stryphnus novaezealandiae Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
Three Kings-North Cape for Stryphnus poculum Kelly & Sim-Smith, 2012
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
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