WoRMS source details

Cárdenas,P.; Rapp, H. T. (2012). A review of Norwegian streptaster-bearing Astrophorida (Porifera:Demospongiae:Tetractinellida), new records and a new species. Zootaxa. 3253: 1-52.
162605
Cárdenas,P.; Rapp, H. T.
2012
A review of Norwegian streptaster-bearing Astrophorida (Porifera:Demospongiae:Tetractinellida), new records and a new species
Zootaxa
3253: 1-52
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
We report and describe new material of streptaster-bearing Astrophorida sponges collected in Norway: Characella pachastrelloides, Pachastrella nodulosa sp. nov., Poecillastra compressa, Vulcanella cf. aberrans, Thenea abyssorum, Thenea levis, Thenea muricata and Thenea valdiviae. Because many of these species were described in the end of the 19th century their original descriptions are often incomplete. The Norwegian specimens are the basis for a revision of the morphology, taxonomy and distribution of these species. These are the first records of C. pachastrelloides and V. cf. aberrans from the Norwegian coast. Pachastrella nodulosa sp. nov. differs from Pachastrella monilifera by (i) its knobby surface and (ii) the absence of large oxeas, (iii) its amphiasters have on average less actines and are less spiny, finally (iv) microxeas are rare and with a distinct morphology (although there is some doubt concerning their origin). In the present study, Characella tuberosa (from South Africa), Pachastrella abyssi (from the North-West Atlantic) and Thenea schmidti (from the North-East Atlantic) are resurrected. To help their future identifications, all the Norwegian species described were associated with DNA barcodes: a cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene partial fragment and/or a 28S ribosomal gene partial fragment (C1–D2 domains). Furthermore, a key to the streptaster-bearing Astrophorida of the North-East Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea is also given (lithistids not included).
Boreal east Atlantic
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCharacella pachastrelloides (Carter, 1876) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladothenea Koltun, 1964 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNethea Sollas, 1888 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachastrella Schmidt, 1868 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachastrella abyssi Schmidt, 1870 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachastrella nodulosa Cárdenas & Rapp, 2012 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachastrellidae Carter, 1875 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoecillastra Sollas, 1888 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoecillastra compressa (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThenea abyssorum Koltun, 1964 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThenea levis Lendenfeld, 1907 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThenea muricata (Bowerbank, 1858) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThenea schmidti Sollas, 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThenea valdiviae Lendenfeld, 1907 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTheneidae Carter, 1883 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThoosidae Cockerell, 1925 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVulcanellidae Cárdenas, Xavier, Reveillaud, Schander & Rapp, 2011 (additional source)
Holotype ZMUB 85242, locality Southern Norway, identified as Pachastrella nodulosa Cárdenas & Rapp, 2012
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Characella is clearly an Astrophorid species. For the time being, we allocated it to Pachastrellidae even if its ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Lamellomorpha is clearly an Astrophorida. For the time being, we allocated it to Pachastrellidae even if its ... [details]