WoRMS source details

Böggemann, Markus 2009. Polychaetes (Annelida) of the abyssal SE Atlantic. Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 9, 252-428.
152369
Publication
Polychaeta database
The DIVA-1 (2000), DIVA-2 (2005) and BIOZAIRE (2001, 2003) expeditions to abyssal zones of three ocean basins (Angola, Cape and Guinea) in the SE Atlantic have yielded more than 23,000 specimens or fragments of Polychaeta. Most of the thirteen collecting areas were sampled with an Agassiz trawl, an epibenthic sledge and repeated box corer and multicorer hauls at depths between 3945 and 5672 m. Among the 47 families found, the best-represented were Acrocirridae, Ampharetidae, Chrysopetalidae, Cirratulidae, Hesionidae, Paraonidae, Spionidae and Sabellidae, whereas Alciopidae, Aphroditidae, Cossuridae, Pholoidae, Sternaspidae, Tomopteridae and Typhloscolecidae were rarely found. The present work generally deals with the taxa in Phyllodocida; the remaining groups are planned to be treated in future publications. The material was examined for morphological and partially for molecular characters (18S rDNA, 16S rDNA, COI, ITS1, ITS2); phylogenetic reconstructions were performed using maximum likelihood and parsimony. The following new taxa and names and other changes to nomenclature are proposed. Family Amphinomidae: Bathychloeia balloniformis sp. nov.; Chrysopetalidae: Dysponetus hesionides sp. nov., Dysponetus profundus sp. nov., Pseudodysponetus fragmentosus gen. et sp. nov.; Glyceridae: Glycera diva sp. nov., Glycera southeastatlantica sp. nov.; Hesionidae: Gyptis incisa sp. nov., Nereimyra auripalpa sp. nov., Sirsoe hessleri (Blake, 1991) comb. nov.; Lacydoniidae: Lacydonia elongata Hartmann-Schroder & Rosenfeldt, 1992 syn. nov. of L. papillata Uschakov, 1958; Nereididae: Profundilycastis Hartmann-Schroder, 1977 syn. nov. of Rullierinereis Pettibone, 1971, Ruillerinereis profundus (Hartman, 1965) comb. nov.; Phyllodocidae: Eulalia meteorensis sp. nov., Eumida angolensis sp. nov., Pseudomystides bathysiphonicola (Hartmann-Schroder, 1983) comb. nov., Pseudomystides brevicirra sp. nov., Pseudomystides rarica (Uschakov, 1958) comb. nov., Pterocirrus remus sp. nov.; Sphaerodoridae: Sphaerephesia regularis sp. nov., Sphaerodoropsis longianalpapilla sp. nov., Sphaerodoropsis inacrotubercula sp. nov., Sphaerodoropsis protuberanca sp. nov. and Sphaerodoropsis rosehipiformis sp. nov.; Syllidae: Guillermogonita abyssicola gen. et sp. nov. Identification keys to the encountered families of Polychaeta as well as to the species within each family are presented, where applicable. For the new and many previously established species, detailed morphological descriptions are given and the respective geographic distribution is discussed.
South East Atlantic (only warm temperate; cold temperate see *SUB)
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAncistrosyllis groenlandica McIntosh, 1878 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnguillosyllis capensis Day, 1963 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathychloeia balloniformis Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathychloeia sibogae Horst, 1910 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeratocephale abyssorum (Hartman & Fauchald, 1971) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysponetus caecus (Langerhans, 1880) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysponetus hesionides Böggeman, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysponetus profundus Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia anoculata Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia meteorensis Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumida angolensis Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumida nuchala (Uschakov, 1972) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone (Parexogone) wolfi San Martín, 1991 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParexogone wolfi (San Martín, 1991) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlycera capitata Örsted, 1843 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlycera diva Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlycera southeastatlantica Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuillermogonita Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuillermogonita abyssicola Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGyptis incisa Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLacydonia elongata Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1992 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLacydonia papillata Uschakov, 1958 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLacydonia laureci Laubier, 1975 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLacydoniidae Bergström, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaetmonice benthaliana McIntosh, 1885 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLugia rarica Uschakov, 1958 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudomystides rarica (Uschakov, 1958) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMystides bathysiphonicola Hartmann-Schröder, 1983 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudomystides bathysiphonicola (Hartmann-Schröder, 1983) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMystides caeca Langerhans, 1880 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNamalycastis profundus Hartman, 1965 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis profunda (Hartman, 1965) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereimyra auripalpa Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParamphinome australis Monro, 1930 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis abyssalis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1975) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProfundilycastis Hartmann-Schröder, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis Pettibone, 1971 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProfundilycastis profundus (Hartman, 1965) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis profunda (Hartman, 1965) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudodysponetus Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudodysponetus fragmentosus Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudomystides bathysiphonicola (Hartmann-Schröder, 1983) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudomystides brevicirra Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudomystides rarica (Uschakov, 1958) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPterocirrus remus Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis profunda (Hartman, 1965) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis profundus (Hartman, 1965) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis profunda (Hartman, 1965) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSigambra magnuncus Paterson & Glover, 2000 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSirsoe hessleri (Blake, 1991) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerephesia regularis Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerodoridium campanulata Borowski, 1994 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerodoropsis chardyi Desbruyères, 1980 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerodoropsis furca Fauchald, 1974 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerodoropsis longianalpapilla Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerodoropsis macrotubercula Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerodoropsis protuberanca Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerodoropsis rosehipiformis Böggemann, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTomopteris elegans Chun, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTomopteris (Johnstonella) pacifica (Izuka, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTyphloscolex muelleri Busch, 1851 (redescription)
Holotype MNHN MNHN Type 1502, locality Angola Basin, identified as Eumida angolensis Böggemann, 2009
Paratype MNHN MNHN Type 1503, locality Angola Basin, identified as Eumida angolensis Böggemann, 2009
Paratype MNHN MNHN Type 1504, locality Angola Basin, identified as Eumida angolensis Böggemann, 2009
Holotype ZMH P25440 A, identified as Pterocirrus remus Böggemann, 2009
Holotype ZMB P25498, identified as Sphaerephesia regularis Böggemann, 2009
Holotype ZMH P25537, identified as Sphaerodoropsis longianalpapilla Böggemann, 2009
Holotype ZMH P25552, identified as Sphaerodoropsis macrotubercula Böggemann, 2009
Holotype ZMH P25557, identified as Sphaerodoropsis protuberanca Böggemann, 2009
Holotype ZMH P25558, identified as Sphaerodoropsis rosehipiformis Böggemann, 2009
Holotype MNHN Type1505, locality Angola Basin, identified as Guillermogonita abyssicola Böggemann, 2009
Holotype ZMH ZMH P25242, identified as Nereimyra auripalpa Böggemann, 2009
Holotype ZMH ZMH P25376, locality Guinea Basin, identified as Eulalia meteorensis Böggemann, 2009
Holotype ZMH ZMH P25420, locality Guinea Basin, identified as Pseudomystides brevicirra Böggemann, 2009
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

""Guillermogonita gen. nov ,is difficult to assign to any of the traditionally recognised subfamilies of Syllidae. ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

1000 m; 3945-3993 m.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

183 m; 3950-5655 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

18-3993 m. Originally found at 750 m.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

3945-5597 m.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

3950-5443 m.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

3962 to 5496 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

5058-5495 m.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

5137-5141 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Author: "The two anterior achaetous segments with dorsal cirri only and the acicular notochaetae starting from ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Angola and Guinea Basins (West Africa). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Arctic Ocean, off Greenland; NE Atlantic, from Scotland to Mediterranean Sea; NW Atlantic, from Gulf of St. Lawrence ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic abyssal plains of Porcupine, Tagus, Madeira, Cape Verde, Guinea and Angola.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic Ocean, Angola Basin.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic Ocean, Guinea Basin. Known only from the type locality.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic Ocean, Guinea Basin.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Cape Province, South Africa (Atlantic and Indian Ocean), and Cape, Angola and Guinea Basins.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

East Atlantic Ocean deep sea: Porcupine Seabight, Gambia Plain, Guinea, Angola and Cape Basins.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

NW Atlantic: off Bermuda. SE Atlantic: Angola Basin. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

NW Atlantic: off USA. SE Atlantic: Angola, Cape and Guinea Basins.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Pacific Ocean: Kuril-Kamchatka Trench. Atlantic Ocean: Guinea, Angola and Cape Basins.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"Epithet refers to the study area. It is to be treated as a compound adjective with a Latin final component for the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"Species epithet is intended to refer to the ear-like (Latin auris=ear) enlarged palpostyles. It is to be treated ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"species epithet refers to the shape of the body resembling a zeppelin airship. It is to be treated as a compound ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"The species epithet is derived from the Latin verb Incidere (to cut into), and refers to the incision in the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"The species epithet refers to the research vessel METEOR. It is to be treated as a compound adjective with a Latin ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"The species epithet refers to the type locality in the Angola Basin. It is to be treated as a compound adjective ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"The species epithet (Latin brevis = short) refers to the short cirri on the first segments. It is to be treated as ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The anterior end of this species resembles the prostomial frontal protuberance found in some phyllodocid taxa [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The first part of the genus name is chosen in honour of the syllid expert Guillermo San Martin. The second part is ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The macrotubercles look like rosehips. Epithet is to be treated as a compound adjective with a Latin final ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The species epithet (Latin -cola= dweller, inhabitant) refers to the environment in which the species was found. It ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The species epithet refers to the elongate conical medio-ventral papilla of the anus. It is to be treated as a noun ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The species epithet refers to the very large macrotubercles. It is to be treated as a compound adjective with a ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The species epithet (Latin remus = paddle) refers to the enormously enlarged flattened cirri of the second segment. ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The species epithet refers to the regularly arranged longitudinal rows of macrotubercles on the dorsum. It is to be ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably in soft sediments.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably in soft bottoms.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably in soft sediments.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably in soft sediments.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably on soft sediments.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Abyssal depths, probably in soft sediments.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

At abyssal depths, probably in soft bottoms.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Angola Basin, Atlantic Ocean off Namibia, 19 deg 7’S, 3 deg 52’ E (-19.116667° 3.866667°), 5469 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Angola Basin, Atlantic Ocean, 7 deg 39.9' S, 10 deg 0.40' E (-7.665°, 10.006667°), 3993 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Angola Basin, off W Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 19 deg 58.4’ S 2 deg 59.8’ E (-19.973333°, 2.996667°), 5493 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Angola Basin, W Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 7 deg 40.5’ S, 9 deg 59.7’ E (-7.675°, 9.995°), 3993 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Cape Basin, off Namibia, South Atlantic, 28 deg 4.10’ S, 7 deg 20.50’ E (-28.068333°, 7.341667°), 5058 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Cape Basin, offshore from Namibia, South Atlantic, 28 deg 3.1’ S, 7 deg 19.8’ E (-28.051667°, 7.33°), 5052 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Guinea Basin, off Ivory Coast, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 43' N, 5 deg 31.3' W (0.716667° -5.521667°), 5137 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Guinea Basin, off Ivory Coast, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 50' N, 5 deg 35' W (0.8333° -5.5833°), 5139 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Guinea Basin, off W. Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 8.8’ S, 2 28.8’ W (-0.146667°, -2.48°), 5048–5051 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Guinea Basin, W Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 13.3’ S, 2 deg 29.9’ W (-0.221667°, -2.498333°), 5053–5055 m  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Guinea Basin, W Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 8.8’ S, 2 deg 28.8’ W (-0.146667°,-2.48°), 5048–5051 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Guinea Basin, W Africa, Atlantic Ocean, 0 deg 0’ S, 2 deg 25’ W (0°, -2.416667°), 5065 m. [details]