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NameCoats, D.W.; Clamp, J.C. (2009). Ciliated Protists (Ciliophora) of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 57-79 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
SourceID141212
AuthorsCoats, D.W.; Clamp, J.C.
Year2009
TitleCiliated Protists (Ciliophora) of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 57-79 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.)
JournalGulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity.
SuffixTexas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
Type Publication
Linkhttp://goo.gl/6nLK0Y
Abstract[None. Publication starts as:]
The ciliates represent a ubiquitous group of protists with representatives inhabiting most marine, freshwater, and terrestrial habitats (Corliss 1979). Their small size, rapid reproductive rate, and ability to form desiccation-resistant resting stages ensure easy dispersal of species and colonization of suitable habitats (Fenchel and Finlay 2004). Ciliates occur from the poles to the tropics and from alpine regions to the deep sea. They survive in extreme environments, including hot springs, hypersaline lakes, and desert settings, with many species adapted to anaerobic conditions. Free-living species can be found swimming in the water column, living within interstices of flocculent sediment or tidal sands, attached to hard or soft substrates, and creeping along soil particles or epiphytic mosses. Symbiotic and parasitic species live in association with a wide variety of hosts, including other protists, planktonic and benthic invertebrates, reptiles, fish, and mammals. Most ciliates feed on bacteria, microalgae, or other protists; however, some are photosynthetic, and others consume host tissues. Ciliates are generally viewed as playing pivotal roles in microbial food webs, as they regenerate nutrients through excretion (Caron and Goldman 1990) and transform bacterial and microalgal biomass into larger particles that are easily exploited by metazoan grazers (Azam et al. 1983, Stoecker and Capuzzo 1990, Gifford 1991). The number of ciliate species inhabiting the biosphere is uncertain, but estimates range as high as 30,000 (Foissner 1999), with about 7,200 species being formally described (Corliss 1979). Of these, a relatively small percentage has been reported from the Gulf of Mexico.
Geographical
term
Gulf of Mexico
Bibliographical
term
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Taxonomic
term
Protozoa
Taxa
(574)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthostomella lata Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthostomella minutissima Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthostomella obtusa Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAcineta corophii Collin, 1912 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcineta craterellus Collin, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthacineta craterellus (Collin, 1909) Jankowski, 1978 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcineta foetida Maupas, 1881 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcineta tuberosa Ehrenberg, 1833 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphileptus claparedii Stein, 1867 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphileptus fusidens Kahl, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphisiella annulata (Kahl, 1928) Borror, 1972 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAmphisiella lithophora Fauré-Fremiet, 1954 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarginotricha lithophora (Fauré-Fremiet, 1954) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphisiella milnei Kahl, 1932 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphorellopsis acuta (Schmidt, 1902) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphorides amphora (Claparède & Lachmann, 1858) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphorides minor Jörgensen, 1924 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphorides quadrilineata (Claparède & Lachmann, 1858) (additional source)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplophrya macronucleata Wichterman, 1942 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAristerostoma marinum Kahl, 1931 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscampbelliella armilla (Kofoid & Campbell, 1929) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscampbelliella obscura (Brandt, 1906) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscampbelliella urceolata (Ostenfeld, 1899) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAskenasia stellaris Leegaard, 1920 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca aculeata (Ehrenberg, 1838) Kahl, 1932 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca baltica Borror, 1965 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca pulcherrima Kahl, 1932 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca costata (Dujardin, 1841) Stein, 1859 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca cicada O. F. Müller, 1786 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca fusca Kahl, 1928 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca leptaspis Fresenius, 1865 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca lyncaster (O.F. Müller, 1773) von Stein, 1859 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca lynceus O.F. Müller, 1773 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca magna Kahl, 1932 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca polypoda (Dujardin, 1841) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca polystyla Stein, 1859 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca steini (Buddenbrock, 1920) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidisca turrita (Ehrenberg, 1831) Claparède & Lachmann, 1858 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalladyna euplotes Dragesco, 1950 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBalladyna parvula Kowalewskiego, 1882 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiggaria bermudensis (Biggar & Wenrich, 1932) Aescht, 2001 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiggaria echinometris (Biggar & Wenrich, 1932) Aescht, 2001 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBlepharisma melana Borror, 1963 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrandtiella palliata (Brandt, 1906) Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanthariella brevis Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardiostomatella vermiforme (Kahl, 1928) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardiostomatella vermiformis (Kahl, 1928) Aescht, 2001 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCaryotricha convexa Kahl, 1932 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaenea limicola Kahl, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaenea teres (Dujardin, 1841) Kent, 1881 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaenea teres (Dujardin, 1841) Kent, 1881 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaenea vorax Quennerstedt, 1867 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChaetospira monilata Jones, 1974 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetospira muelleri Lachmann, 1856 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChilodonella capucina Penard, 1922 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChilodonella caudata Stokes, 1885 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChilodonella cucullus (O. F. Müller) Ehrenberg, 1833 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChilodonella helgolandica Kahl, 1935 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChilodonella uncinata (Ehrenberg, 1838) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChilodontopsis vorax (Stokes, 1886) Kahl, 1931 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChilophrya utahensis (Pack, 1919) Kahl, 1930 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChlamydodon mnemosyne Ehrenberg, 1835 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChlamydodon obliquus Kahl, 1931 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChlamydodon triquetrus (Müller, 1786) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiliofaurea ornata (Dragesco, 1954) Dragesco, 1960 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinetochilum margaritaceum Perty, 1852 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinetochilum marinum Kahl, 1931 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClimacocylis scalaria Brandt, 1906 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClimacocylis scalaroides Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClimacostomum virens Ehrenberg, 1833 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonaria cristellula (Fol, 1884) Kofoid & Campbell, 1939 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonaria cistellula (Fol, 1884) Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonaria fimbriata (Meunier, 1931) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTintinnopsis fimbriata Meunier, 1919 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonella acuta Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonella amphorella Biedermann, 1893 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonella apicata Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonella aspera Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonella cratera Leidy, 1887 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonella cuspidata Kofoid & Campbell, 1939 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonella galea Haeckel, 1873 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonella olla Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonella perforata Entz Sr., 1884 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonellopsis americana Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonellopsis contracta Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonellopsis ecaudata (Brandt, 1906) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonellopsis lusitanica Jörgensen, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonellopsis obesa Balech, 1948 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonellopsis orthoceras (Haeckel, 1873) Jörgensen, 1924 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonellopsis pusilla (Cleve) Jörgensen, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonellopsis schabi (Brandt, 1906) Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCodonellopsis turgida Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCohnilembus caeci Powers, 1935 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCohnilembus velifer Cohn, 1866 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCohnilembus verminus (Müller, 1786) Kahl, 1933 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorColeps heteracanthus Noland, 1937 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColeps hirtus (O.F. Müller, 1786) Nitzsch, 1827 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColeps pulcher Spiegel, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColeps spiralis Noland, 1937 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColeps tesselatus Kahl, 1930 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColpoda aspera Kahl, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondylostoma arenarium Spiegel, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondylostoma enigmatica Dragesco, 1954 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondylostoma granulosum Bullington, 1940 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondylostoma magnum Spiegel, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondylostoma minutum Bullington, 1940 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondylostoma patens O.F. Müller, 1786 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondylostoma remanei Spiegel, 1928 (additional source)

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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
2016-07-31 09:31:44Z  changed  Gil, João
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