WoRMS source details

Lorenz F. & Hubert A. (2000) A guide to worldwide cowries. Edition 2. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 584 pp.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnepona Iredale, 1935 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrocypraea Cossmann, 1903 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarycypraea Schilder, 1927 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarycypraea fultoni (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAfrozoila fultoni (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarycypraea fultoni amorimi Raybaudi, 1989 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAfrozoila fultoni amorimi (Raybaudi, 1989) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarycypraea fultoni fultoni (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAfrozoila fultoni fultoni (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarycypraea fultoni massieri Lorenz, 1991 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAfrozoila fultoni massieri (Lorenz, 1991) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBernaya teulerei (Cazenavette, 1845) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAfrozoila teulerei (Cazenavette, 1845) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBlasicrura pallidula (Gaskoin, 1849) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBlasicrura pallidula (Gaskoin, 1849) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBlasicrura pallidula rhinoceros (Souverbie, 1865) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBlasicrura summersi (Schilder, 1958) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula cribraria melwardi (Iredale, 1930) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula cribraria zadela (Iredale, 1939) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula cumingii (Gray, 1832) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula cumingii compta (Pease, 1860) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula exmouthensis (Melvill, 1888) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula gaskoinii [sic] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula gaskoini (Reeve, 1846) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula taitae (Burgess, 1993) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptocypraea dillwyni (F. Schilder, 1922) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea angustata globosa Vayssière, 1910 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea angustata (Gmelin, 1791) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea angustata var. albata Beddome, 1898 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea angustata (Gmelin, 1791) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea bicolor Gaskoin, 1849 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea piperita (Gray, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea castanea Anderson, 1836 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea angustata (Gmelin, 1791) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea maculata Perry, 1811 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea angustata (Gmelin, 1791) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea pantherina Lightfoot, 1786 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea philmarti Poppe, 1993 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria thomasi (Crosse, 1865) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea piperita var. leucochroa Sullioti, 1924 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea piperita (Gray, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea tigris Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea tigris schilderiana Cate, 1961 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea wilkinsi Griffiths, 1959 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea comptonii (Gray, 1847) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovula connelli connelli Liltved, 1983 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovula connelli (Liltved, 1983) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovula coronata gloriosa Shikama, 1971 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovula coronata immaculata Raybaudi, 1986 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovula cruickshanki (Kilburn, 1972) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovula fuscorubra (Shaw, 1909) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovula mikeharti Lorenz, 1985 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria acicularis acicularis (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria acicularis sanctahelenae Schilder, 1930 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria granulata (Pease, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNucleolaria granulata (Pease, 1862) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria helvola argella (Melvill, 1888) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria helvola callista (Shaw, 1909) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria helvola hawaiiensis (Melvill, 1888) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria helvola helvola (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria helvola (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria helvola meridionalis Schilder & Schilder, 1938 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria nucleus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNucleolaria nucleus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria spurca verdensium (Melvill, 1888) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErronea angioyorum Biraghi, 1978 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErronea angustata piperita var. reticulifera Schilder, 1924 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea piperita (Gray, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErronea barclayi (Reeve, 1857) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFicadusta barclayi (Reeve, 1857) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErronea fernandoi Cate, 1969 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErronea xanthodon (J.E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuttacypraea euclia Steadman & Cotton, 1946 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea pulicaria (Reeve, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuttacypraea pulicaria var. candida Coen, 1949 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea pulicaria (Reeve, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuria isabellamexicana (Stearns, 1893) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLyncina aurantium (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria annulus noumeensis (Marie, 1869) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria annulus annulus (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria annulus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria annulus sublitorea Lorenz, 1997 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria caputdraconis (Melvill, 1888) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria caputserpentis caputophidii (Schilder, 1927) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuracypraea mus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuracypraea mus bicornis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1870) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuracypraea mus mus (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuracypraea mus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaria Broderip, 1837 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaria irrorata (Gray, 1828) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea axelhuberti [sic] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrasiatica alexhuberti (Lorenz & F. Huber, 2000) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea hirasei (Roberts, 1913) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrasiatica hirasei (Roberts, 1913) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea lisetae (Kilburn, 1975) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea maricola (Cate, 1976) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea lisetae (Kilburn, 1975) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea midwayensis Azuma & Kurohara, 1967 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea sakuraii (Habe, 1970) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrasiatica sakuraii (Habe, 1970) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotadusta Schilder, 1935 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotadusta martini (Schepman, 1907) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRansoniella martini (Schepman, 1907) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea angustata (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea bicolor emblema Iredale, 1931 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea angustata (Gmelin, 1791) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea comptonii (Gray, 1847) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea comptonii casta (Schilder & Summers, 1963) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea declivis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1870) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea occidentalis Iredale, 1935 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea piperita (Gray, 1825) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea piperita bicolor (Gaskoin, 1849) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea piperita piperita (Gray, 1825) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea piperita (Gray, 1825) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea pulicaria (Reeve, 1846) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea subcarnea (Beddome, 1897) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea verconis Cotton & Godfrey, 1932 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea angustata (Gmelin, 1791) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNucleolaria cassiaui (Burgess, 1965) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNucleolaria granulata cassiaui (Burgess, 1965) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNucleolaria cassiaui (Burgess, 1965) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNucleolaria nucleus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata guttata (Gmelin, 1791) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata surinensis (Raybaudi, 1978) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata var. azumai Schilder, 1960 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPropustularia surinamensis (G. Perry, 1811) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea limacina facifer (Iredale, 1935) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea semiplota (Mighels, 1845) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea staphylaea (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea staphylaea consobrina (Garrett, 1879) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea staphylaea laevigata (Dautzenberg, 1932) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea staphylaea nolani Lorenz, 1989 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThelxinovum molleri Iredale, 1931 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea angustata (Gmelin, 1791) (source of synonymy)
Australia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata guttata (Gmelin, 1791) 
Australia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea staphylaea consobrina (Garrett, 1879) 
China Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrasiatica sakurai [sic] 
China Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea midwayensis Azuma & Kurohara, 1967 
China Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata var. azumai Schilder, 1960 
Colombia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuracypraea mus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Colombia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuracypraea mus bicornis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1870) 
Ecuador for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuria isabellamexicana (Stearns, 1893) 
Hawaiian Islands for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea tigris schilderiana Cate, 1961 
Hawaiian Islands for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria caputserpentis caputophidii (Schilder, 1927) 
Hawaiian Islands for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNucleolaria granulata (Pease, 1862) 
Indonesia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrasiatica langfordi (Kuroda, 1938) 
Japan for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrasiatica langfordi (Kuroda, 1938) 
Japan for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata var. azumai Schilder, 1960 
Maldives for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata surinensis (Raybaudi, 1978) 
Marquesas Islands for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria caputserpentis caputophidii (Schilder, 1927) 
Melanesia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrasiatica langfordi (Kuroda, 1938) 
Melanesia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea lisetae (Kilburn, 1975) 
Melanesia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata guttata (Gmelin, 1791) 
Mexico for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuria isabellamexicana (Stearns, 1893) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarycypraea fultoni amorimi Raybaudi, 1989 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarycypraea fultoni fultoni (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarycypraea fultoni massieri Lorenz, 1991 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea limacina clarissa Lorenz, 1989 
Oman for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBernaya teulerei (Cazenavette, 1845) 
Panama for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuria isabellamexicana (Stearns, 1893) 
Philippines for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrasiatica sakurai [sic] 
Philippines for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea lisetae (Kilburn, 1975) 
Philippines for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata guttata (Gmelin, 1791) 
Polynesia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea staphylaea consobrina (Garrett, 1879) 
Queensland for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata guttata (Gmelin, 1791) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea staphylaea nolani Lorenz, 1989 
St. Helena and Ascension Islands for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria acicularis sanctahelenae Schilder, 1930 
Taiwan for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea lisetae (Kilburn, 1975) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea limacina clarissa Lorenz, 1989 
Thailand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata surinensis (Raybaudi, 1978) 
Tuamotu Islands for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula cumingii compta (Pease, 1860) 
Venezuela for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuracypraea mus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Venezuela for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuracypraea mus bicornis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1870) 
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbedewed cowry [from synonym] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria irrorata (Gray, 1828)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorblood-red Cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZonaria sanguinolenta (Gmelin, 1791)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editordirty-yellow cowry [from synonym] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuria isabella isabella (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editordragon's head cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria caputdraconis (Melvill, 1888)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editordrop-covered cowry [from synonym] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa guttata guttata (Gmelin, 1791)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editordroppings cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrona stercoraria (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorgranulated cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNucleolaria granulata (Pease, 1862)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorhalf-extending cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea semiplota (Mighels, 1845)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorhorned mus cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuracypraea mus bicornis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1870)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKernel cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNucleolaria nucleus (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMexican Isabella cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuria isabellamexicana (Stearns, 1893)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormouse cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuracypraea mus (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorserpent's head cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria caputserpentis (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsieve cowrie for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula cribraria (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsmoothed staphylaea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea staphylaea laevigata (Dautzenberg, 1932)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsnake's head cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria caputserpentis caputophidii (Schilder, 1927)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea's cousin for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea staphylaea consobrina (Garrett, 1879)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorzoned cowry for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZonaria zonaria (Gmelin, 1791)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Additional information

Lorenz and Hubert (2000) listed coffea Sowerby, 1870 as a synonym of ursellus on page 171, but did not mention endela. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Additional information

Lorenz and Hubert (2000) listed coffea Sowerby, 1870 as a synonym of ursellus on page 171, but did not mention ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Additional information

The shell illustrated by Iredale appears to be an exceptionally wide ("fat") shell of Bistolida hirundo rouxi ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Species endemic to Easter Island and Sala y Gomez Island [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

Species incorrectly named after Midway Atoll, where it was originally believed to occur. It actually lives between ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Lorenz and Hubert (2000) listed this taxon as Erosaria granulata cassiaui (Burgess, 1965) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Lorenz and Hubert, 2000 list it as a taxon of uncertain status. The molecular database of Meyer (last updated in ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Some authors consider petitiana a subspecies of Zonaria pyrum, e.g. Lorenz and Hubert, 2000, although Lorenz 2002 ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

The spelling as gaskoinii (e.g. in Lorenz and Hubert 2000, Lorenz, 2002) is a misspelling. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

This species was named by Felix Lorenz and Franz Huber, in Lorenz and Hubert (2000), who had died just prior to the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Validity

DNA tested by Chris Meyer (CGDP) and not recognized as an Evolutionarily Significant Unit (ESU). However, it is ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Validity

The validity of this taxon remains to be confirmed. Lorenz & Hubert (2000) did not accept it as valid. However, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Validity

The validity of this taxon needs confirmation. According to Lorenz & Hubert (2000), this taxon refers explicitly to ... [details]