WoRMS source details
Hsueh M.-L., Lee H.-H., 2000. Diversity and distribution of the mangrove forests in Taiwan. Wetlands Ecology and Management 8: 233–242, 2000.
Diversity and distribution of the mangrove forests in Taiwan
Wetlands Ecology and Management
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In a survey of 1992 to 1994, mangrove forests with four species of true mangroves, Kandelia candel (L.) Druce, Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh., Rhizophora stylosa Griff., and Lumnitzera racemosa Willd., were found at 22 locations in the west coast of Taiwan. The northern range of their distribution was at Tanshui Estuary (Latitude 25110N) and the southern range at Tapen Bay (22280N). The total area was estimated to be 286.95 ha. There was an obvious change in species composition and a decrease in species number of true mangroves from south to north: the four species dominated by A. marina in the south and K. candel as the sole species in the north. Air temperature associated with sea surface temperature and oceanic currents in winter, but not soil property, was found to be the primary environmental factor, affecting the diversity and distribution of true mangroves in Taiwan as well as in the northeast region of Asia.