WoRMS source details

Schuchert, P. (2006). The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Capitata Part 1. Revue suisse de Zoologie. 113: 325-410.
130026
Schuchert, P.
2006
The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Capitata Part 1
Revue suisse de Zoologie
113: 325-410
Publication
This study reviews all European hydrozoan species belonging to the capitate families Acaulidae, Boreohydridae, Candelabridae, Cladocorynidae, Cladonematidae, Margelopsidae, Pennariidae, Protohydridae, and Tricyclusidae. Updated diagnoses for the families and genera are provided and existing taxonomic problems solved or at least outlined. Candelabrum verrucosum Bonnevie, 1898 is regarded as a valid species and redescribed based on a new record from Greenland. Although Spadix purpurea Gosse, 1853 may be a senior synonym of Candelabrum cocksii (Cocks, 1854), the latter is regarded as the valid name, this because the former name has not been used after 1899, while the latter has been widely used (ICZN article 23.9.1.1). Likewise, two senior synonyms of Eleutheria claparedii Hartlaub, 1898 are declared as invalid as they have never been used since their original introduction by Haeckel.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcandela Stechow, 1920 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabrum de Blainville, 1830 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcauloides ammisatum Bouillon, 1965 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBoreohydra Westblad, 1937 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlotocnide Wagner, 1885 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBoreohydra simplex Westblad, 1937 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlotocnide borealis Wagner, 1885 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabridae Stechow, 1921 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabrum de Blainville, 1830 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabrum cocksii (Cocks, 1854) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabrum phrygium (Fabricius, 1780) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabrum verrucosum (Bonnevie, 1898) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladocoryne Rotch, 1871 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladocoryne floccosa Rotch, 1871 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladonema novaezelandiae Ralph, 1953 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladonema radiatum Dujardin, 1843 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDendronema stylodendron Haeckel, 1879 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria Quatrefages, 1842 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria anisonema Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria claparedii Hartlaub, 1889 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria cnidobdella Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichocnida Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria diplonema Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria claparedii Hartlaub, 1889 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria gemmipara Du Plessis, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria heptanema Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria heteronema Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria claparedii Hartlaub, 1889 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria hexanema Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria krohni Krumbach, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria octonema Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria pentanema Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria tetranema Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheriidae Russell, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladonematidae Gegenbaur, 1857 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpusa ulvae O. Schmidt, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutheria dichotoma Quatrefages, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLucernaria phrygia Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabrum phrygium (Fabricius, 1780) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMargelopsis haeckelii Hartlaub, 1897 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyriothela minuta Bonnevie, 1898 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabrum phrygium (Fabricius, 1780) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyriothela mitra Bonnevie, 1898 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabrum phrygium (Fabricius, 1780) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyriothelidae Hincks, 1868 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabridae Stechow, 1921 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennaria Goldfuss, 1820 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtohydra Greeff, 1869 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtohydra leuckarti Greeff, 1870 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammohydra Schulz, 1950 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammohydra nanna Schulz, 1950 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpadix Gosse, 1853 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabrum de Blainville, 1830 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaurocladia Hartlaub, 1917 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaurocladia portmanni Brinckmann, 1964 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSymplectaneidae Fraser, 1943 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabridae Stechow, 1921 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTricyclusa Stechow, 1919 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTricyclusa singularis (Schulze, 1876) (redescription)
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCandelabrum verrucosum (Bonnevie, 1898) 
Helgoland for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMargelopsis haeckelii Hartlaub, 1897 
New Zealand for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladonema radiatum Dujardin, 1843  (origin: alien)
North Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMargelopsis haeckelii Hartlaub, 1897  (origin: native - endemic)
Vico Equense for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaurocladia portmanni Brinckmann, 1964 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Eleutheria medusa with brood-chamber, medusae buds outside on bell rim or exumbrella, normally six tentacles, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Eleutheria medusa without brood-chamber, medusae buds within subumbrella, usually eight tentacles, tentacles ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Capitata with solitary, pelagic hydroids; hydrocaulus absent or reduced to a small process; hydranth vasiform, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Cladonematidae with branched oral tentacles; umbrella bell-shaped,with an apical cavity above manubrium. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Hydroid mostly stolonal, occasionally branched, one oral whorl of four to five capitate tentacles, with or without ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Hydroid stolonal or sessile, hydranths with an oral whorl of capitate tentacles, with or without aboral filiform ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Hydroid with an oral whorl of up to ten capitate tentacles, without aboral filiform tentacles; medusae buds carried ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Hydroid with one oral whorl of capitate tentacles, each with up to ten gastrodermal cells, with one aboral whorl ... [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editor Diagnosis

Solitary, usually benthic hydroids, having a conical to pear-shaped hydranth and tapering pedicel ending in a small ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Publication date

Publication date of Vigurs name is most likely 1850 and not 1849. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

Stechow (1921: 248) pointed out that the genus Candelabrum de Blainville, 1830 has priority over Myriothela Sars, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

McCrady used Nemopsis gibbesi for a medusa and a pelagic polyp (which proved to be unrelated). The medusa was the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Taxonomic status unclear, polyp stage unknown, usually regarded as synonym of Cladonema radiatum [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Vico Equense in the Gulf of Sorrento, Italy, Mediterranean. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Validity

Acauloides ammisatum Bouillon, 1965 strongly resembles the vegetative reproduction stage of A. ilonae ... [details]