WoRMS source details

San Martín G. and Hutchings P.A.. 2006. Eusyllinae (Polychaeta, Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and fifteen new species. Records of the Australian Museum. 58. 257-370.
129356
10.3853/j.0067-1975.58.2006.1466 [view]
San mart?n, G.; Hutchings, P.
2006
Eusyllinae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and fifteen new species
Rec. Aust. Mus
58(3), 257-370
Publication
Large collections of Syllidae (Polychaeta) from around Australia, housed at the Australian Museum (Sydney), have been examined and identified. Australian material from the Hamburgische Zoologische Museum der Universität, Hamburg, Germany was also examined. All known Australian species of the subfamily Eusyllinae (Syllidae) are described and figured. Some were examined using the Scanning Electron Microscope to illustrate characters and methods of reproduction in this subfamily. Keys to genera and species are given. A total of 53 species are reported from Australia belonging to 14 genera: Amblyosyllis Grube, 1857 (3 species); Anoplosyllis Claparède, 1868 (1 species); Astreptosyllis Kudenov & Dorsey, 1982 (2 species); Eusyllis Malmgren, 1867 (3 species); Nudisyllis Knox & Cameron, 1970 (1 species); Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863 (9 species); Opisthodonta Langerhans, 1879 (3 species); Paraehlersia San Martín, 2003 (2 species); Paraopisthosyllis Hartmann-Schröder, 1991 (4 species); Pionosyllis Malmgren, 1867 (15 species); Psammosyllis Westheide, 1990 (1 species); Streptodonta n.gen. (1 species); Streptosyllis Webster & Benedict, 1884 (3 species); and Syllides Örsted, 1845 (5 species). A total of 15 new species are described: Amblyosyllis enigmatica, A. multidenticulata, Odontosyllis marombibooral, Opisthodonta hanneloreae, Paraopisthosyllis alternocirra, P. ornaticirra, Syllides tam, Pionosyllis rousei, P. kalimna, P. yolandae, P. mariae, P. mayteae, P. ancori, P. koolalya, and P. heterochaetosa. A new name, Pionosyllis hartmannschroederae, is proposed for Typosyllis (Langerhansia) longisetosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1990 as this is junior homonym of Pionosyllis longisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965). Additionally, five species are new records for Australia: Odontosyllis gravelyi Fauvel, 1930; Opisthodonta morena Langerhans, 1879; Pionosyllis corallicola Ding & Westheide, 1997; Streptodonta pterochaeta (Southern, 1914) and Syllides japonicus Imajima, 1966. A discussion of the reproduction and systematics of the subfamily is given.
Australia
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
db_admin
2014-04-06 10:49:10Z
changed

Alluaudella Gravier, 1905 accepted as Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863 (source of synonymy)
Amblyosyllis enigmatica San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 (original description)
Amblyosyllis multidenticulata San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 (original description)
Amblyosyllis vesiculosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1989 (additional source)
Anoplosyllis sexoculata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (redescription)
Atelesyllis Pruvot, 1930 accepted as Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863 (source of synonymy)
Eurymedusa Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Syllis Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Eusyllis autolytoides Hartmann-Schröder, 1991 accepted as Eusyllis kupfferi Langerhans, 1879 (source of synonymy)
Eusyllis dentata Hartmann-Schröder, 1990 accepted as Eusyllis lamelligera Marion & Bobretzky, 1875 (source of synonymy)
Nudisyllis Knox & Cameron, 1970 (redescription)
Nudisyllis tinihekea Knox & Cameron, 1970 (redescription)
Odontosyllis annulatus (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (redescription)
Odontosyllis brevicirra Hartmann-Schröder, 1991 accepted as Odontosyllis annulatus (Hartmann-Schröder, 1979) (source of synonymy)
Odontosyllis marombibooral San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 (original description)
Opisthodonta hanneloreae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 (original description)
Opisthodonta melaenonephra (Haswell, 1920) (new combination reference)
Opisthodonta pterochaeta Southern, 1914 accepted as Streptodonta pterochaeta (Southern, 1914) (source of synonymy)
Paraehlersia ehlersiaeformis (Augener, 1913) (new combination reference)
Paraehlersia weissmannioides (Augener, 1913) (basis of record)
Paraopisthosyllis alternocirra San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 (original description)
Paraopisthosyllis ornaticirra San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 (original description)
Pharyngeovalvata Day, 1951 accepted as Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863 (source of synonymy)
Pharyngeovalvata natalensis Day, 1951 accepted as Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 (source of synonymy)
Pionosyllis ancori San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 accepted as Brevicirrosyllis ancori (San Martín & Hutchings, 2006) (original description)
Pionosyllis divaricata (Keferstein, 1862) accepted as Nudisyllis divaricata (Keferstein, 1862) (new combination reference)
Pionosyllis ehlersiaeformis Augener, 1913 accepted as Paraehlersia ehlersiaeformis (Augener, 1913) (new combination reference)
Pionosyllis hartmannschroederae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 accepted as Perkinsyllis hartmannschroederae (San Martín & Hutchings, 2006) (original description)
Pionosyllis heterochaetosa San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 (original description)
Pionosyllis kalimna San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 accepted as Paraopisthosyllis kalimna (San Martín & Hutchings, 2006) (original description)
Pionosyllis koolalya San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 (original description)
Pionosyllis mariae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 accepted as Brevicirrosyllis mariae (San Martín & Hutchings, 2006) (original description)
Pionosyllis mayteae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 accepted as Brevicirrosyllis mayteae (San Martín & Hutchings, 2006) (original description)
Pionosyllis melaenonephra Haswell, 1920 accepted as Opisthodonta melaenonephra (Haswell, 1920) (new combination reference)
Pionosyllis pulligera (Krohn, 1852) accepted as Nudisyllis pulligera (Krohn, 1852) (new combination reference)
Pionosyllis rousei San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 accepted as Opisthodonta rousei (San Martín & Hutchings, 2006) (original description)
Pionosyllis samsonensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1980 accepted as Nudisyllis tinihekea Knox & Cameron, 1970 (source of synonymy)
Pionosyllis weissmannioides Augener, 1913 accepted as Paraehlersia weissmannioides (Augener, 1913) (new combination reference)
Pionosyllis yolandae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 accepted as Synmerosyllis yolandae (San Martín & Hutchings, 2006) (original description)
Psammosyllis curticirris (Hartmann-Schröder, 1983) (new combination reference)
Sinpalposyllis Hartmann-Schröder, 1983 accepted as Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863 (source of synonymy)
Sinpalposyllis australiensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1983 accepted as Odontosyllis australiensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1979 (source of synonymy)
Streptodonta San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 (original description)
Streptodonta pterochaeta (Southern, 1914) (new combination reference)
Syllides sexoculata Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 accepted as Anoplosyllis sexoculata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (new combination reference)
Syllides tam San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 (original description)
Syllis divaricata Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Nudisyllis divaricata (Keferstein, 1862) (new combination reference)
Syllis pulligera Krohn, 1852 accepted as Nudisyllis pulligera (Krohn, 1852) (new combination reference)
Holotype SMF 5333, locality South China Sea, identified as Psammosyllis wui Ding & Westheide, 1997
Paratype IOAS FIOQ 1001, locality South China Sea, identified as Psammosyllis wui Ding & Westheide, 1997
Holotype ZMH P-19961, locality Australia, identified as Pionosyllis hartmannschroederae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype ZMH P-19965, locality Australia, identified as Pionosyllis yambaensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1990
Holotype AM W21629, locality Australia, identified as Pionosyllis heterochaetosa San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Nontype AM W22989, locality Australia, identified as Streptodonta pterochaeta (Southern, 1914)
Nontype AM W24706, locality Australia, identified as Psammosyllis curticirris (Hartmann-Schröder, 1983)
Holotype AM W26734, locality Australia, identified as Paraopisthosyllis alternocirra San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W28222, locality Australia, identified as Pionosyllis yolandae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W28387, locality Australia, identified as Odontosyllis marombibooral San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W28393, locality Australia, identified as Opisthodonta hanneloreae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W28454, locality Australia, identified as Pionosyllis mariae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W28472, locality Australia, identified as Syllides tam San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W28945, locality Australia, identified as Pionosyllis koolalya San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W28948, locality Australia, identified as Pionosyllis kalimna San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W28949, locality Australia, identified as Paraopisthosyllis ornaticirra San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W29230, locality Tasman Sea, identified as Pionosyllis rousei San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W29244, locality Australia, identified as Pionosyllis ancori San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W29245, locality Australia, identified as Pionosyllis mayteae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
Holotype AM W502, locality Australia, identified as Amblyosyllis multidenticulata San Martín & Hutchings, 2006
 Classification

Incorporation into either the Eusyllinae or the Exogoninae was unresolved, because it possesses characters of both ... [details]

 Depth range

4.5 to 24 m, and 244 m. [details]

 Depth range

9 to 30 m; 244 m. [details]

 Depth range

9 to 30 m; 244 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 12 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 12 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 13 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 60 m. [details]

 Depth range

Shallow waters (13 m).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales; Queensland; Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, New South Wales). [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, Western Australia). [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, Western Australia, northern New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia). [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia, New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Queensland (Lizard Island); Western Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Eastern Atlantic Ocean, from North Sea to Straits of Gibraltar. Mediterranean Sea. Australia (New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

New Zealand (Snares Islands); Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Tasman Sea (Elisabeth and Middleton Reef).  [details]

 Etymology

The name of the new genus is a combination of the prefix streptos, from the Greek, meaning twisted (in reference to ... [details]

 Etymology

The name of the species is referred to the enigmatic structure found in the cirrophores of the holotype (curved ... [details]

 Etymology

The species epithet derives from two aboriginal words, marombi, meaning shield, and booral, meaning big, or large, ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is dedicated to Dr. Olga Hartmann-Schröder, who first described the species as Typosyllis ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after María Capa, collaborator and friend of the authors.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after Dr. Greg Rouse, an Australian polychaetologist. [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after María Teresa Aguado (Mayte), collaborator and friend of the authors.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after Dr. hannelore Paxton, an Australian polychaetologist.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour to the late Ancor Núñez Brito, son of Jorge Núñez and María del Carmen Brito, ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after the characteristic pigmentation of the dorsal cirri.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after Yolanda Lucas, who helped the authors in many ways, particularly with the illustrations ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after The Australian Museum. [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the alternating sizes of the dorsal cirri along the body.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the highly denticulated trepan.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from an aboriginal word, koolalya, meaning feather epaulettes, in reference to the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the presence of several different types of chaetae on the anterior segments.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from an aboriginal word, kalimna, meaning beautiful.  [details]

 Habitat

In Caulerpa sp., at shallow waters.  [details]

 Habitat

In algae, seagrasses, and sponges.  [details]

 Habitat

In coarse sand.  [details]

 Habitat

In coarse, medium to muddy sand.  [details]

 Habitat

In dead corals and in shell debris, in shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

In encrusting algae and sponges, in shallow waters.  [details]

 Habitat

In encrusting communities and sand. [details]

 Habitat

In rocky rubble sediment and brown algae with epiphytes.  [details]

 Habitat

In sand, algae and colonial bryozoans, in intertidal and shallow waters.  [details]

 Habitat

Occurs among bryozoans and other colonial animals, in shallow depths.  [details]

 Habitat

On gorgonaceans, ascideans, sponges, and in sand. [details]

 Habitat

On rocks with encrusted Lithothamnion and Halimeda.  [details]

 Habitat

On sand, coral rubble, dead corals like Acropora and Montipora spp., and sponges, at intertidal to shallow subtidal ... [details]

 Habitat

On sandflats in mangroves, dead coral substrate, in fine sediment at foot of reef slope, in strapleaved seagrass ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Pionosyllis hartmannschroederae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 is a replacement name for Typosyllis (Langerhansia) ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Pionosyllis hartmannschroederae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 is a replacement name for Typosyllis (Langerhansia) ... [details]

 Synonymy

San Martín & Hutchings (2006) revised the holotype and single specimen of the species (HZM P-17400), which is less ... [details]

 Synonymy

San Martín & Hutchings (2006) examined the holotype of Alluaudella longicirrata Mohammad, 1973, stating that it ... [details]

 Synonymy

The synonymy of Alluaudella Gravier, 1905 with Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863 was suggested by San Martín & ... [details]

 Taxonomy

According to San Martín & Hutchings (2006) the Australian specimen may represent a new species, but as there was ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Hartman (1959: 203) considered Eurymedusa Kinberg, 1866 to be synonymous with Trypanosyllis Claparède, 1864, ... [details]

 Taxonomy

San Martín & Hutchings (2006) synonymized Pharyngeovalvata Day, 1951 with Odontosyllis Claparède, 1868, after ... [details]

 Taxonomy

San Martín & Hutchings (2006) synonymized Pharyngeovalvata Day, 1951 with Odontosyllis Claparède, 1868, after ... [details]

 Taxonomy

The genus was originally described in the subfamily Autolytinae Langerhans, 1879, and was later synonymized with ... [details]

 Type locality

Australia, New South Wales, 1.5 km SE of Dangar Island, Hawkesbury River (33º33'S, 151º14'E).  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, New South Wales, NW corner of Bowen Island, Jervis Bay.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, New South Wales, Port Jackson. [details]

 Type locality

Australia, New South Wales, Burrill Rocks.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, New South Wales, south of the airport runway extension, Botany Bay.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Queensland, Brisbane, Redcliffe Point (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Queensland, Outer Yonge Reef, Great Barrier Reef. [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Queensland, Outer Yonge Reef, Great Barrier Reef (14º36'S, 145º38'E).  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, South Australia, Speeds Point, Streaky Bay.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Western Australia, north end of beach Bundegi Reef, Exmouth Gulf.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Western Australia, inshore limestone reef, Ned's Camp, cape Range National Park [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Western Australia, Wallabi Group of Islands.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Western Australia, Red Bluff, Kalbarri.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Western Australia, off jetty adjacent to Fisheries Hut, Beacon Island. [details]

 Type locality

Queensland, Outer Yonge Reef, Great Barrier Reef (14º36'S, 145º38'E). [details]

 Type locality

Tasman Sea, Elisabeth Reef, reef flat near Yoshin Maru Iwaki wreck (29º55.48'S, 159º01.18'E). [details]

 Type locality

The geocoordinates provided in the paper are not precise, placing the type locality on land.  [details]