WoRMS source details

Rützler, K. (1986). Phylum Porifera (Sponges). Pp. 111-126, in: W. Sterrer (ed.) Marine Fauna and Flora of Bermuda. John Wiley & Sons, New York, i-xxx, 1-742.
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Caribbean region
Systematics, Taxonomy
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z

Aaptos bergmanni de Laubenfels, 1950 (additional source)
Acanthacarnus souriei Levi, 1952 accepted as Acarnus souriei (Lévi, 1952) (misapplication)
Adocia amphioxa (De Laubenfels, 1950) accepted as Haliclona amphioxa (de Laubenfels, 1950) (new combination reference)
Amphimedon viridis Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (additional source)
Aplysilla longispina George & Wilson, 1919 (additional source)
Aplysina fistularis (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Aplysina fistularis f. ansa De Laubenfels, 1950 accepted as Aplysina insularis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (new combination reference)
Biemna microstyla de Laubenfels, 1950 (additional source)
Callyspongia vaginalis (Lamarck, 1814) represented as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) vaginalis (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Chelonaplysilla erecta (Row, 1911) (misapplication)
Chondrilla nucula Schmidt, 1862 (misapplication)
Chondrosia collectrix (Schmidt, 1870) (additional source)
Cinachyra alloclada Uliczka, 1929 accepted as Cinachyrella alloclada (Uliczka, 1929) (additional source)
Clathrina coriacea (Montagu, 1814) (misapplication)
Cliona caribbaea Carter, 1882 (additional source)
Cliona dioryssa (de Laubenfels, 1950) (additional source)
Cliona flavifodina Rützler, 1974 (additional source)
Cliona lampa de Laubenfels, 1950 accepted as Pione lampa (de Laubenfels, 1950) (additional source)
Cliona vermifera Hancock, 1867 (additional source)
Darwinella rosacea Hechtel, 1965 (additional source)
Dictyodendrilla nux (de Laubenfels, 1950) (additional source)
Dysidea etheria Laubenfels, 1936 (additional source)
Dysidea janiae (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (additional source)
Eurypon clavatum (Bowerbank, 1866) (misapplication)
Eurypon clavatum (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Geodia gibberosa Lamarck, 1815 (additional source)
Haliclona hogarthi Hechtel, 1965 accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) tubifera (George & Wilson, 1919) (additional source)
Haliclona molitba de Laubenfels, 1949 accepted as Chalinula molitba (de Laubenfels, 1949) (additional source)
Haliclona monticulosa (Verrill, 1907) accepted as Ulosa monticulosa (Verrill, 1907) (new combination reference)
Halisarca dujardinii Johnston, 1842 (misapplication)
Homaxinella rudis (Verrill, 1907) accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (additional source)
Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (additional source)
Ircinia felix f. acuta Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (basis of record)
Ircinia felix f. felix Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (basis of record)
Ircinia felix f. fistularis (Verrill, 1907) accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (additional source)
Leiodermatium pfeifferae (Carter, 1873) (additional source)
Leucandra aspera (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Leucetta microraphis Haeckel, 1872 (misapplication)
Lissodendoryx isodictyalis (Carter, 1882) represented as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) isodictyalis (Carter, 1882) (additional source)
Mycale microsigmatosa Arndt, 1927 represented as Mycale (Carmia) microsigmatosa Arndt, 1927 (additional source)
Myriastra crassispicula (Sollas, 1886) accepted as Stelletta crassispicula (Sollas, 1886) (redescription)
Niphates erecta Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (additional source)
Pseudaxinella explicata (Wiedenmayer, 1977) accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (new combination reference)
Pseudoceratina crassa (Hyatt, 1875) accepted as Aiolochroia crassa (Hyatt, 1875) (additional source)
Spheciospongia othello de Laubenfels, 1950 accepted as Spheciospongia vesparium (Lamarck, 1815) (additional source)
Spirastrella mollis Verrill, 1907 (additional source)
Sycon ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) (additional source)
Tedania ignis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) represented as Tedania (Tedania) ignis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (additional source)
Terpios aurantiaca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Suberites aurantiacus (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (additional source)
Tethya actinia de Laubenfels, 1950 (additional source)
Ulosa bermuda (Laubenfels, 1950) accepted as Strongylacidon bermuda (Laubenfels, 1950) (source of synonymy)
Ulosa ruetzleri Wiedenmayer, 1977 accepted as Scopalina ruetzleri (Wiedenmayer, 1977) (additional source)
Xytopsues osburnensis (George & Wilson, 1919) accepted as Strongylacidon griseum (Schmidt, 1870) (new combination reference)
Bermuda for Aaptos bergmanni de Laubenfels, 1950 
Bermuda for Acanthacarnus souriei Levi, 1952  (inaccurate)
Bermuda for Adocia amphioxa (De Laubenfels, 1950) 
Bermuda for Amphimedon viridis Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 
Bermuda for Aplysilla longispina George & Wilson, 1919 
Bermuda for Aplysina fistularis (Pallas, 1766) 
Bermuda for Biemna microstyla de Laubenfels, 1950 
Bermuda for Callyspongia vaginalis (Lamarck, 1814) 
Bermuda for Chelonaplysilla erecta (Row, 1911)  (inaccurate)
Bermuda for Chondrilla nucula Schmidt, 1862  (inaccurate)
Bermuda for Cinachyra alloclada Uliczka, 1929 
Bermuda for Cinachyrella alloclada (Uliczka, 1929)  (doubtful)
Bermuda for Clathrina coriacea (Montagu, 1814)  (inaccurate)
Bermuda for Cliona caribbaea Carter, 1882 
Bermuda for Cliona dioryssa (de Laubenfels, 1950) 
Bermuda for Cliona flavifodina Rützler, 1974 
Bermuda for Cliona lampa de Laubenfels, 1950 
Bermuda for Cliona vermifera Hancock, 1867 
Bermuda for Darwinella rosacea Hechtel, 1965 
Bermuda for Dictyodendrilla nux (de Laubenfels, 1950) 
Bermuda for Dysidea etheria Laubenfels, 1936 
Bermuda for Dysidea janiae (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Bermuda for Eurypon clavatum (Bowerbank, 1866)  (inaccurate)
Bermuda for Geodia gibberosa Lamarck, 1815 
Bermuda for Haliclona molitba de Laubenfels, 1949 
Bermuda for Haliclona monticulosa (Verrill, 1907) 
Bermuda for Halisarca dujardinii Johnston, 1842 
Bermuda for Homaxinella rudis (Verrill, 1907) 
Bermuda for Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Bermuda for Ircinia felix f. acuta Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 
Bermuda for Ircinia felix f. felix Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 
Bermuda for Leiodermatium pfeifferae (Carter, 1873) 
Bermuda for Leucandra aspera (Schmidt, 1862)  (inaccurate)
Bermuda for Leucetta microraphis Haeckel, 1872  (inaccurate)
Bermuda for Lissodendoryx isodictyalis (Carter, 1882) 
Bermuda for Mycale microsigmatosa Arndt, 1927 
Bermuda for Myriastra crassispicula (Sollas, 1886) 
Bermuda for Pseudaxinella explicata (Wiedenmayer, 1977) 
Bermuda for Pseudoceratina crassa (Hyatt, 1875) 
Bermuda for Spheciospongia othello de Laubenfels, 1950 
Bermuda for Spirastrella mollis Verrill, 1907 
Bermuda for Sycon ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780)  (inaccurate)
Bermuda for Tedania ignis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
Bermuda for Terpios aurantiaca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 
Bermuda for Tethya actinia de Laubenfels, 1950 
Bermuda for Ulosa bermuda (Laubenfels, 1950) 
Bermuda for Ulosa ruetzleri Wiedenmayer, 1977 
Bermuda for Xytopsues osburnensis (George & Wilson, 1919) 
Bermudian Exclusive Economic Zone for Aplysina fistularis f. ansa De Laubenfels, 1950