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Zenetos, A.; Çinar, M.E.; Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Furnari, G.; Andaloro, F.; Bellou, N.; Streftaris, N.; Zibrowius, H. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science. 6 (2): 63-118.
124391
Zenetos, A.; Çinar, M.E.; Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Furnari, G.; Andaloro, F.; Bellou, N.; Streftaris, N.; Zibrowius, H.
2005
Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species.
Mediterranean Marine Science
6 (2): 63-118.
Publication
The World Of Copepods (T. Chad Walter)
Available for editors  PDF available
This collaborative effort by many specialists across the Mediterranean presents an updated an-notated list of alien marine species in the Mediterranean Sea. Alien species have been grouped into six broad categories namely established, casual, questionable, cryptogenic, excluded and invasive, and presented in lists of major ecofunctional/taxonomic groups. The establishment success within each group is provided while the questionable and excluded records are commented in brief. A total of 963 alien species have been reported from the Mediterranean until December 2005, 218 of which have been classified as excluded (23%) leaving 745 of the recorded species as valid aliens. Of these 385 (52%) are already well established, 262 (35%) are casual records, while 98 species (13%) remain “questionable” records. The species cited in this work belong mostly to zoobenthos and in par-ticular to Mollusca and Crustacea, while Fish and Phytobenthos are the next two groups which prevail among alien biota in the Mediterranean. The available information depends greatly on the taxonomic group examined. Thus, besides the three groups explicitly addressed in the CIESM atlas series (Fish, Decapoda/Crustacea and Mollusca), which are however updated in the present work, Polychaeta, Phytobenthos, Phytoplankton and Zoo-plankton are also addressed in this study. Among other zoobenthic taxa sufficiently covered in this study are Echinodermata, Sipuncula, Bryozoa and Ascidiacea. On the contrary, taxa such as Foraminifera, Amphipoda and Isopoda, that are not well studied in the Mediterranean, are insufficiently covered. A gap of knowledge is also noticed in Parasites, which, although ubiquitous and pervasive in marine systems, have been relatively unexplored as to their role in marine invasions. Conclusively the lack of funding purely systematic studies in the region has led to underestimation of the number of aliens in the Mediterranean. Emphasis is put on those species that are current or potential threats to the marine ecosystems, namely the Worst Invasive Alien Species providing their record across major groups.
Mediterranean
Invasions, introduction of alien species
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2018-11-29 09:06:35Z
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Acabaria erythraea (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Melithaea erythraea (Ehrenberg, 1834) (additional source)
Acanthophora muscoides (Linnaeus) Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1828 (additional source)
Acanthurus monroviae Steindachner, 1876 (additional source)
Acartia (Odontacartia) centrura Giesbrecht, 1889 (additional source)
Acetabularia calyculus J.V.Lamouroux, 1824 (additional source)
Acrochaetium codicola Børgesen, 1927 accepted as Colaconema codicola (Børgesen) Stegenga, J.J.Bolton & R.J.Anderson, 1997 (additional source)
Acrothamnion preissii (Sonder) E.M.Wollaston, 1968 (additional source)
Actumnus globulus Heller, 1861 (additional source)
Aequorea conica Browne, 1905 (additional source)
Aeverrillia setigera (Hincks, 1887) (additional source)
Agardhiella subulata (C.Agardh) Kraft & M.J.Wynne, 1979 (additional source)
Alexandrium catenella (Whedon & Kofoid) Balech, 1985 (additional source)
Alexandrium insuetum Balech, 1985 (additional source)
Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 (additional source)
Alpheus audouini Coutière, 1905 accepted as Alpheus edwardsii (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Alpheus inopinatus Holthuis & Gottlieb, 1958 (additional source)
Alpheus migrans Lewinsohn & Holthuis, 1978 (additional source)
Alpheus rapacida de Man, 1908 (additional source)
Amathina tricarinata (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Amphioplus (Lymanella) laevis (Lyman, 1874) (additional source)
Amphisorus hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1839 (additional source)
Anadara natalensis (Krauss, 1848) (additional source)
Angiola punctostriata (E. A. Smith, 1872) (additional source)
Antigona lamellaris Schumacher, 1817 (additional source)
Antithamnionella ternifolia (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Lyle, 1922 (additional source)
Apanthura sandalensis Stebbing, 1900 (additional source)
Apoglossum gregarium (E.Y.Dawson) M.J.Wynne, 1985 (additional source)
Ashtoret lunaris (Forskål, 1775) (additional source)
Asparagopsis armata Harvey, 1855 (additional source)
Aspidosiphon (Aspidosiphon) elegans (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) (additional source)
Asterina burtoni Gray, 1840 accepted as Aquilonastra burtoni (Gray, 1840) (additional source)
Atactodea glabrata (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Atactodea striata (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Atergatis roseus (Rüppell, 1830) (additional source)
Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster, 1801) (additional source)
Atys cylindricus (Helbling, 1779) accepted as Aliculastrum cylindricum (Helbling, 1779) (additional source)
Balanus trigonus Darwin, 1854 (additional source)
Barbatia trapezina (Lamarck, 1819) (additional source)
Beryx splendens Lowe, 1834 (additional source)
Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Botryocladia madagascariensis G.Feldmann, 1945 (additional source)
Bougainvillia niobe Mayer, 1894 (additional source)
Bulla ampulla Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Bursatella leachi [sic] accepted as Bursatella leachii Blainville, 1817 (additional source)
Calanopia elliptica (Dana, 1849) (additional source)
Calanopia minor Scott A., 1902 (additional source)
Calappa hepatica (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Calappa pelii Herklots, 1851 (additional source)
Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 (additional source)
Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 (additional source)
Callista florida (Lamarck, 1818) (additional source)
Caprella scaura Templeton, 1836 (additional source)
Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950) (additional source)
Carcharhinus falciformis (Müller & Henle, 1839) (additional source)
Carupa tenuipes Dana, 1852 (additional source)
Cassiopea andromeda (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kützing, 1849 (additional source)
Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh, 1873 (additional source)
Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh, 1817 (additional source)
Caulerpa taxifolia (M.Vahl) C.Agardh, 1817 (additional source)
Cellana rota (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Celleporaria aperta (Hincks, 1882) (additional source)
Centropages furcatus (Dana, 1849) (additional source)
Ceratonereis mirabilis Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Cerithium columna G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 (additional source)
Cerithium egenum Gould, 1849 (additional source)
Cerithium erythraeonense Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Cerithium nodulosum Bruguière, 1792 (additional source)
Cerithium nesioticum Pilsbry & Vanatta, 1906 (additional source)
Cerithium nodulosum Bruguière, 1792 (additional source)
Cerithium scabridum Philippi, 1848 (additional source)
Chaetoceros coarctatus Lauder, 1864 (additional source)
Chama asperella Lamarck, 1819 (additional source)
Chama aspersa Reeve, 1846, sensu Spry (1964) accepted as Chama asperella Lamarck, 1819 (additional source)
Chama pacifica Broderip, 1835 (additional source)
Charybdis (Charybdis) hellerii (A. Milne-Edwards, 1867) (additional source)
Charybdis (Goniohellenus) longicollis Leene, 1938 (additional source)
Chaunax suttkusi Caruso, 1989 (additional source)
Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill, 1815) (additional source)
Chelidonura fulvipunctata Baba, 1938 accepted as Biuve fulvipunctata (Baba, 1938) (additional source)
Chilomycterus spilostylus Leis & Randall, 1982 accepted as Cyclichthys spilostylus (Leis & Randall, 1982) (additional source)
Chiton hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) accepted as Tegulaplax hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) (additional source)
Chondria collinsiana M.A.Howe, 1920 (additional source)
Chromodoris annulata Eliot, 1904 accepted as Goniobranchus annulatus (Eliot, 1904) (additional source)
Cinachyrella australiensis (Carter, 1886) (additional source)
Cingulina isseli (Tryon, 1886) (additional source)
Circenita callipyga (Born, 1778) (additional source)
Cirriformia semicincta (Ehlers, 1905) (additional source)
Cladophoropsis javanica (Kützing) P.C.Silva, 1996 accepted as Acrocladus herpesticus (Montagne) Boedeker, 2016 accepted as Lychaete herpestica (Montagne) M.J.Wynne, 2017 (additional source)
Clementia papyracea (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Clytia hummelincki (Leloup, 1935) (additional source)
Codium taylorii P.C.Silva, 1960 (additional source)
Conus fumigatus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792 (additional source)
Coolia monotis Meunier, 1919 (additional source)
Corycaeus speciosus Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Crenidens crenidens (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Cryptosoma cristatum Brullé, 1837 (additional source)
Cycloscala hyalina (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (additional source)
Cylichnina girardi (Audouin, 1826) accepted as Ventomnestia girardi (Audouin, 1826) accepted as Mnestia girardi (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Daira perlata (Herbst, 1790) (additional source)
Dendrodoris fumata (Rüppell & Leuckart, 1830) (additional source)
Dendrostrea frons (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Dendostrea frons (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)