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Definition of Diffraction:
Process by which energy of a wave is transmitted, radiated and dissipated laterally when reaching an obstacle such a breakwater and propagates into its sheltered region.
This is the common definition for Diffraction, other definitions can be discussed in the article

Wave diffraction around the tip of a breakwater. Image Google Earth.

See also

  1. Wave transformation
  2. Shallow-water wave theory
  3. Waves