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Porifera taxon details

Crella (Grayella) carteri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1423766  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1423766)

accepted
Species
Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886 (genus transfer and precoccupied)
Pseudoclathria compressa (Carter, 1886) (genus transfer and preoccupied)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 18 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 18) explanation for the proposed nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 18) explanation for the proposed nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Amphilectus compressus (Bowerbank, 1875) and Crella (Grayella) compressa (Carter, 1886).
1. Halichondria compressa Bowerbank, 1875: 291 (type locality Straits of Malacca). Halichondria compressa Bowerbank, 1875 is a senior primary homonym of Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886 (ICZN Art. 57.2). It has never been illustrated, so we can only deduce its probable identification from Bowerbank’s (1875: 291) original description and Vosmaer’s (1880: 112) subsequent reassignment as Amphilectus compressus. The allocation of Bowerbank’s species to Clathria Schmidt, 1862 by the World Porifera Database (2019) (which would yield a further secondary homonymy with Clathria compressa Schmidt, 1862: 58) is likely to be incorrect since the descriptions indicate only 2 categories of smooth styles-subtylostyles are present, in bundles on the surface but more sparse in the interior, and 2 forms of bidentate to tridentate isochelae, the smaller of which has unguiferous alae. No other published assignments have been ventured, so supporting Vosmaer’s allocation to Amphilectus is currently the only course available to us, although membership of Amphilectus is debatable. At least, homonymy with Clathria compressa Schmidt is avoided.
2. Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886: 450 (type locality Bass Strait, Australia). Originally described as Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886, subsequently nominated the type species of Pseudoclathria Dendy, 1897, the genus was synonymized with Crella (Grayella) Carter, 1869 by Van Soest (2002: 559–560). Crella (Grayella) compressa is a junior primary homonym, which in the absence of synonyms needs to be renamed (ICZN Art, 57.2).
3. Summary: Amphilectus compressus (Bowerbank, 1875) is the senior primary homonym (ICZN 57.2) and is to be maintained, although the species is incertae sedis. Crella (Grayella) compressa (Carter, 1886c) is a junior primary homonym, which in the absence of synonyms needs to be renamed (ICZN Art. 57.2, 60.3). To remove the homonymy, Crella (Grayella) carteri nom. nov. was proposed, named after Henry John Carter. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2021). World Porifera Database. Crella (Grayella) carteri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=1423766 on 2021-05-06
Date
action
by
2020-03-02 10:28:25Z
created
2021-03-15 09:46:14Z
changed

original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 18 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Crella (Grayella) compressa (Carter, 1886)) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Crellidae Dendy, 1922. Pp. 556-566. <em>In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 2 volumes.</em> Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, 1708 + xlviii. ISBN 0-306-47260-0 (printed version). [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Crella (Grayella) compressa (Carter, 1886)) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). Family Crellidae Dendy, 1922. Pp. 556-566. <em>In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges.</em> Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, 1708 + xlviii. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Crellidae Dendy, 1922. Pp. 556-566. <em>In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 2 volumes.</em> Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, 1708 + xlviii. ISBN 0-306-47260-0 (printed version). [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). Family Crellidae Dendy, 1922. Pp. 556-566. <em>In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges.</em> Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, 1708 + xlviii. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Pseudoclathria compressa (Carter, 1886)) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Crellidae Dendy, 1922. Pp. 556-566. <em>In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 2 volumes.</em> Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, 1708 + xlviii. ISBN 0-306-47260-0 (printed version). [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Pseudoclathria compressa (Carter, 1886)) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). Family Crellidae Dendy, 1922. Pp. 556-566. <em>In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges.</em> Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, 1708 + xlviii. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (of Pseudoclathria compressa (Carter, 1886)) Dendy, A. (1897). Catalogue of Non-Calcareous Sponges collected by J. Bracebridge Wilson, Esq., M.A., in the neighbourhood of Port Phillip Heads. Part III. <em>Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (New Series).</em> 9: 230-259. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (of Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 18 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description (unavailable nomenclaturally)  (of Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886) Carter, H.J. (1886). Supplement to the Descriptions of Mr.J. Bracebridge Wilson's Australian Sponges. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (5) 18: 271-290, 369-379, 445-466, pl. X.
page(s): 450-451 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 18) explanation for the proposed nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Amphilectus compressus (Bowerbank, 1875) and Crella (Grayella) compressa (Carter, 1886).
1. Halichondria compressa Bowerbank, 1875: 291 (type locality Straits of Malacca). Halichondria compressa Bowerbank, 1875 is a senior primary homonym of Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886 (ICZN Art. 57.2). It has never been illustrated, so we can only deduce its probable identification from Bowerbank’s (1875: 291) original description and Vosmaer’s (1880: 112) subsequent reassignment as Amphilectus compressus. The allocation of Bowerbank’s species to Clathria Schmidt, 1862 by the World Porifera Database (2019) (which would yield a further secondary homonymy with Clathria compressa Schmidt, 1862: 58) is likely to be incorrect since the descriptions indicate only 2 categories of smooth styles-subtylostyles are present, in bundles on the surface but more sparse in the interior, and 2 forms of bidentate to tridentate isochelae, the smaller of which has unguiferous alae. No other published assignments have been ventured, so supporting Vosmaer’s allocation to Amphilectus is currently the only course available to us, although membership of Amphilectus is debatable. At least, homonymy with Clathria compressa Schmidt is avoided.
2. Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886: 450 (type locality Bass Strait, Australia). Originally described as Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886, subsequently nominated the type species of Pseudoclathria Dendy, 1897, the genus was synonymized with Crella (Grayella) Carter, 1869 by Van Soest (2002: 559–560). Crella (Grayella) compressa is a junior primary homonym, which in the absence of synonyms needs to be renamed (ICZN Art, 57.2).
3. Summary: Amphilectus compressus (Bowerbank, 1875) is the senior primary homonym (ICZN 57.2) and is to be maintained, although the species is incertae sedis. Crella (Grayella) compressa (Carter, 1886c) is a junior primary homonym, which in the absence of synonyms needs to be renamed (ICZN Art. 57.2, 60.3). To remove the homonymy, Crella (Grayella) carteri nom. nov. was proposed, named after Henry John Carter. [details]


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