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Polychaeta name details

Cirrosyllis Schmarda, 1861

324821  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:324821)

 unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Genus

Species Cirrosyllis ceylanica Schmarda, 1861 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable Syllidae?)
Species Cirrosyllis vittata Schmarda, 1861 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable Nereididae?)

Species Cirrosyllis didymocera Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Oxydromus didymocerus (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirrosyllis incerta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Schistomeringos incerta (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination, also indeterminable)
Species Cirrosyllis picta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Amblyosyllis lineolata (A. Costa, 1864) accepted as Amblyosyllis spectabilis (Johnston in Baird, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirrosyllis tuberculata Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Autolytus tuberculatus (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 76 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Cirrosyllis Schmarda, 1861. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=324821 on 2021-12-07
Date
action
by
2008-03-05 14:39:51Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2012-07-09 02:40:51Z
changed
2021-08-18 10:16:43Z
changed

original description Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 76 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy Aguado, María Teresa; Capa, María; Lago-Barcia, Domingo; Gil, João; Pleijel, Fredrik; Nygren, Arne. (2019). Species delimitation in <i>Amblyosyllis</i> (Annelida, Syllidae). <em>PLoS ONE.</em> 14(4): e0214211., available online at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0214211
page(s): 20; note: with Oxydromus Grube, 1855 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. <em>Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper.</em> 23: 1-628.
page(s): 184, 202 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Pleijel, Fredrik. (1998). Phylogeny and classification of Hesionidae (Polychaeta). <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 27(2): 89-163, 38 figures, 7 tables., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1998.tb00433.x
page(s): 158 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

subsequent type designation Grube, Adolph Eduard. (1880). Mittheilungen über die Familie der Phyllodoceen und Hesioneen. <em>Jahres-Bericht der Schlesischen Gesellschaft für vaterländische Cultur, Breslau.</em> 57: 204-228., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/46547075
page(s): 222-223 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Schmarda (1861: 76): "Proboscis maxillis carens. Tentacula filiformia 4, nonnunquam etiam cirri tentaculares usque duodecim. Branchiae filiformes. Processus laterales monostichi aut distichi. Setae capillares et articulatae." [details]

Type designation The genus Cirrosyllis was established in Hesionidae by Schmarda (1861), to include six new species: Cirrosyllis ceylandica Schmarda, 1861 (from Sri Lanka), C. didymocera Schmarda, 1861 (Port Jackson, Australia), C. incerta Schmarda, 1861 (New Zealand), C. picta Schmarda, 1861 (Cape of Good Hope), C. tuberculata Schmarda, 1861 (Cape of Good Hope), and C. vittata Schmarda, 1861 (Croatia, Adriatic Sea). Schmarda did not designate a type species, and shortly after the genus was considered to be polyphyletic (e.g. Ehlers 1864, Quatrefages 1866, Augener 1918). With most of the types been lost (e.g. Pleijel 1998), its species have been scattered through different genera belonging to families Hesionidae, Syllidae, Dorvilleidae, and Nereididae, or stated to be indeterminable (Quatrefages 1866, Czerviavsky 1882, Ehlers 1904, Augener 1913, 1918, 1927, 1933, Fauvel 1939, Hartman 1959, Jumars 1974, Hutchings & Murray 1984, Pleijel 1998). Yet, Grube (1880: 222-223) did designate Cirrosyllis didymocera as the type species of the genus: “Cirrosyllis Schmarda. Jederseits 3 Paar Fühlercirren. Die Unterfühler sind einfache Fäden nach der Abbildung von C. didymocera Schmd. l. c. p. 77 Taf. XXVII Fig. 223, die ich als Typus dieser Gattung betrachte” [highlight by the Editor]. This subsequent type designation was overlooked since its establishment until its rediscovery and reinstatement by Aguado et al. (2019: 20). With Cirrosyllis didymocera having been combined in the genus Oxydromus Grube, 1855 by Villalobos-Guerrero & Harris (2012), as O. didymocerus (Schmarda, 1861), the genus Cirrosyllis becomes a junior synonym of Oxydromus, as noted by Aguado et al. (2019). For further details, please consult Aguado et al. (2019: 20). [details]