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Polychaeta taxon details

Bhawania Schmarda, 1861

129234  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129234)

accepted
Genus
Psectra Grube, 1868 · unaccepted
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 164; note: Trinkomalie, Ceylon [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Etymology Schmarda gives the etymology in a footnote as: "Bhawani, eine Hindugottheit die Gattin Siwas" [Bhawani, Hindu deity,...  
Etymology Schmarda gives the etymology in a footnote as: "Bhawani, eine Hindugottheit die Gattin Siwas" [Bhawani, Hindu deity, wife(?) of Siwas]. Presumably referring to the deity Bhavani. The type species came from Ceylon / Sri Lanka [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Bhawania Schmarda, 1861. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129234 on 2022-11-30
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-13 10:07:35Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2017-08-15 01:48:12Z
changed
2021-11-17 21:47:26Z
changed

original description Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 164; note: Trinkomalie, Ceylon [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Psectra Grube, 1868) Grube, Adolph-Eduard. (1868). eine Reihe neuer Anneliden und deren Abbildungen. <em>Jahresbericht der Schlesichen Gesellschaft für vaterländische Cultur.</em> 45: 50-52., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/46568007
page(s): 51; note: Grube states his specimen forms a separate genus Psectra and must be adjacent to Bhawania Schmarda [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis (after Perkins, 1985). Chrysopetalinae with body broad, depressed and long (to 200 segments). Paleae fan yellow to golden bright, completely imbricate dorsally, exhibiting mid-dorsal line surface smooth. Prostomium rectangular, laterally fused with the anterior segments. Pharynx with a pair of thick stylet jaws. Segment 1 reduced, dorsal and ventral cirri present; segment 2 reduced and fused with segment 3, dorsal cirri present, ventral cirri absent; segment 3 reduced, dorsal and ventral cirri present. Posterior segments with dorsal and ventral cirri. Dorsal cirri with cirrophores shorts, cirrostyles retractile into cirrophores. Notochaetae symmetrical with internal ribs and horizontal striae; at the apex, the horizontal striae and internal ribs form a fragile reticulate surface. Main paleae with raised ribs with flattened denticles. Pygidium rounded with two anal cirri, with a medial anal cone. (additional comment by Cruz-Gómez, 2021) “ Traditionally, the genus Bhawania has been recognized as worms with numerous segments, with a small retracted prostomium and lack of nuchal organ [eg Fauchald 1977]. These features are still important; however, other features to be considered are: long body with depressed dorsum; dorsum completely covered by bright yellow paleae; paleae fan markedly imbricated over the mid-dorsal line, main paleae with raised ribs with flattened denticles, and all notochaetal groups with a delicate transparent reticular distal end.  [details]

Etymology Schmarda gives the etymology in a footnote as: "Bhawani, eine Hindugottheit die Gattin Siwas" [Bhawani, Hindu deity, wife(?) of Siwas]. Presumably referring to the deity Bhavani. The type species came from Ceylon / Sri Lanka [details]

Grammatical gender female, as named after a goddess [details]