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Polychaeta source details

Qiu, Jian-Wen; Qian, Pei-Yuan. (2000). Revision of the genus Leonnates Kinberg, 1866 (Polychaeta: Nereididae), with descriptions and comments on other species described in Leonnates. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 113(4): 1111-1146.
Qiu, Jian-Wen; Qian, Pei-Yuan
Revision of the genus <i>Leonnates</i> Kinberg, 1866 (Polychaeta: Nereididae), with descriptions and comments on other species described in <i>Leonnates</i>
Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington
113(4): 1111-1146
World Polychaeta Database
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
The genus Leonnates Kinberg, 1866 (Polychaeta: Nereididae) is characterized by the presence of both papillae and paragnaths on the pharynx, and either only spinigers or spinigers and falcigers on the notopodia. Although the identity of several Leonnates species is in doubt, no systematic revision of the genus has been undertaken. In this study, we examine the validity of the following species that have been described as Leonnates or are related to Leonnates: L. indicus Kinberg, 1866, L. virgatus Grube, 1873, L. pusillus Langerhans, 1880, L. jousseaumei Gravier, 1899, Australonereis ehlersi (Augener, 1913), L. niestraszi Horst, 1924, L. decipiens Fauvel, 1929, L. insolitus Gravier & Dantan, 1934, L. simplex Monro, 1939, L. persicus Wesenberg-Lund, 1949, Paraleonnates uschakovi Chlebovitsch & Wu, 1962, L. decipiens var. manilensis Pillai, 1965, L. stephensoni Rullier, 1965, Websterinereis glauca Pettibone, 1971, L. nipponicus Imajima, 1972, L. crinitus Hutchings & Reid, 1991, and L. bolus Hutchings & Reid, 1991. Our examination of available type specimens and additional material shows that L. virgatus and L. jousseaumei are conspecific with L. indicus; L. decipiens var. manilensis is conspecific with L. decipiens; Leonnates bolus belongs to Paraleonnates; Leonnates niestraszi, and L. insolitus, described from heteronereidid specimens, can not be fully characterized. Leonnates nipponicus was not available for examination; its original description indicates a distinct difference from L. indicus. Characters of A. ehlersi, originally described in the subgenus Leonnates in Nereis, are discussed. Leonnates pusillus is indeterminable to genus. Some specimens originally identified as L. jousseaumei are heteronereidids of Perinereis. Descriptions of Leonnates and related species and a key to atokous Leonnates species are provided.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2017-08-22 06:58:37Z
2018-04-11 21:36:24Z

 Depth range

6-64 m. [details]


Diagnosis by Bakken & Wilson (2005: 525), modified from Qiu & Qian (2000: 1112-1113): "Eversible pharynx with pair ... [details]


Australia, Indonesia; Singapore; Malaysia; Philippines; Hainan; Makassar Strait; Bay of Bengal; Arabian Sea; Persian ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

As Leonnates is masculine the adjectival species-group name should be 'insolitus' for gender agreement. That ... [details]


Not mentioned in original description. Among coral debris, or among corals and sponges, from shallow to shelf depths. [details]


Deposited at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm (SMNH 535). [details]


Leonnates insolitus is the correct species-group name spelling for gender agreement, and was used by Qiu & Qian ... [details]


As commented on by Qiu & Qian (2000: 1127) the variety 'manilensis' of Pillai (1965) is an unavailable name (they ... [details]


Leonnates insolita Gravier & Dantan, 1934 was proposed conditionally, almost as an afterthought to a description of ... [details]


Khlebovich (1996) under Leonnates comments that "L. simplex Monro, 1939 I singled out in the new genus Wuinereis, ... [details]

 Type material

The specimens studied by Fauvel (1929) from the Gulf of Mannar and the Suez Canal were not found by Qiu & Qian ... [details]