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Polychaeta source details

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). (1979). Opinion 1139: Paraonis Grube, 1873 (Polychaeta, Paraonidae): designation of a type species under the plenary powers. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 36(2): 114-118.
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN)
Opinion 1139: <i>Paraonis</i> Grube, 1873 (Polychaeta, Paraonidae): designation of a type species under the plenary powers.
Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature
36(2): 114-118
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
[None. Work starts as:]
RULING — (1) Under the plenary powers
(a) all designations of type species hitherto made for the nominal genus Paraonis Grube, 1873, are hereby set aside, and the nominal species Aonides fulgens Levinsen, 1884, is hereby designated type species of that genus;
(b) it is hereby ruled that the family-group name PARAONIDAE Cerruti, 1909, is to be given precedence over the family-group name LEVINSENIIDAE Mesnil & Caullery, 1898, whenever the two names are held to be synonyms.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2016-08-17 17:01:48Z
2016-08-18 22:12:57Z
2016-09-27 22:00:42Z

Aonides gracilis Tauber, 1879 accepted as Levinsenia gracilis (Tauber, 1879) (status source)
Levinsenia Mesnil, 1897 (status source)
Levinseniidae Mesnil & Caullery, 1898 accepted as Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909 (status source)
Paraonis Grube, 1873 (subsequent type designation)
Tauberia Strelzov, 1973 accepted as Levinsenia Mesnil, 1897 (status source)

The authorship and publication date of the genus is Grube, 1873, and always has been. Grube used Paraonis for ... [details]

 Editor's comment

From a current perspective it is difficult to see why the ICZN voted in 1979 to interfere to disrupt greatly the ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

Although named after a man (Georg Marius Reinald Levinsen) Levinsenia is feminine because Mesnil did not specify ... [details]


Levinseniidae as "Levinséniens nov. fam." The subsequent ICZN decision (1979, opinion 1139) on Paraonidae to ... [details]


Paraonis tenera was type by monotypy of Paraonis Grube, 1873, but was replaced as the type in ICZN Opinion 1139 ... [details]


Reversed precedence of Paraonidae (in Cerruti, 1909) over Levinseniidae (in Mesnil & Caullery, 1898) is fixed by ... [details]


In ICZN Opinion 1139 Aonides gracilis is decreed type species of Levinsenia Mesnil 1897, therefore Tauberia ... [details]

 Type designation

As its original combination of Aonides fulgens Levinsen, 1884 the species Paraonis fulgens was assigned as type ... [details]

 Type species

Two previously described Aonides species, 'fulgens' and 'gracilis' were included by Mesnil in new genus Levinsenia, ... [details]

 Type species

Type species Aonides fulgens Levinsen 1884 by ICZN Opinion 1139, replaces Paraonis tenera Grube, 1873, which was ... [details]