Travisia Johnston, 1840 is the only genus of the family Travisiidae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971. Travisiid species have body relatively short, papillated, fusiform, often tapered anteriorly and posteriorly, and swollen medially. They are found mainly in deep-sea sediments. Several faunistic accounts from different locations in the Brazilian coast have included records of Travisia species that need to be reassessed. The aim of this study was to describe Travisia araciae n. sp., a new species from Campos Basin, off Rio de Janeiro, Southern Brazil. The new species differs from other similar species by having 23 pairs of branchiae from chaetiger 2, and interramal pores from chaetiger 1. An updated key to identification for all species in the genus is also included.
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