Isopoda source details

Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114.
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Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M
2003
Antarctic marine benthic diversity
Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review
41: 47-114
Publication
An unpublished species checklist compiled for background to this paper was used as basis for the Register of Antarctic Marine Species. The paper itself contains no species lists.
Ant'Phipoda Literature database.
Species lists have been compiled for all the major groups of Southern Ocean benthic marine invertebrates, eliminating synonymies where possible and providing a subjective estimate of completeness and reliability for each group. Antarctic marine diversity (pelagic and benthic) is relatively high at the phylum and class level, with the gaps mostly comprising minor, meiofaunal or parasitic groups. Most benthic diversity data come from the continental shelves, with relatively few samples from deeper water. Even for the continental shelves, however, sampling is highly patchy with some areas hardly investigated at all. Over 4100 benthic species have been reported from the Southern Ocean, with the most speciose groups being polychaetes, gastropods and amphipods. Comparison with tropical and temperate regions suggest that decapods, bivalves and teleost fishes are poorly represented in the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna, whereas pycnogonids, echinoderms and many suspension feeding groups are rich and diverse. Some groups that are currently low in diversity were previously well represented in the Antarctic shallow water marine fauna, notably decapods and many fishes. Other groups have undergone marked radiations in the Southern Ocean, including pycnogonids, amphipods, isopods and teleost fishes; in all cases, however, it is only some lineages that have diversified. This indicates that evolutionary questions concerning the origin, diversification or extinction of the Southern Ocean marine fauna will have no single answer; the evolutionary history of each group appears to reflect a different response to the tectonic, climatic and oceanographic changes to which they have been subject through history. The disposition of southern hemisphere continents makes it difficult to assess whether there is a latitudinal cline in shallow-water marine diversity to mirror that known from the northern hemisphere. Within Antarctica, many species appear to have circumpolar distributions, and the long established biogeographical division into continental Antarctic, Antarctic Peninsula and sub-Antarctic regions have not been challenged by recent sampling. For most groups the frequency distribution of species per genus ratios is typical, though none is well described by the predictions from current evolutionary or null models. Where data are available, size spectra indicate that many Southern Ocean taxa are small, a few spectacular examples of gigantism notwithstanding, and species abundance plots are normal. Knowledge of the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna has reached a stage where we can now ask powerful evolutionary questions, and the development of new molecular techniques provides the mechanism for answering them
Antarctic
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Acantharcturus acanthurus (Monod, 1925) accepted as Mixarcturus acanthurus (Monod, 1925) (basis of record)
Acantharcturus acutipleon Schultz, 1981 (basis of record)
Acanthaspidia acanthonotus (Beddard, 1886) accepted as Iolanthe acanthonotus Beddard, 1886 (basis of record)
Acanthaspidia drygalskii Vanhöffen, 1914 accepted as Iolanthe drygalskii (Vanhöffen, 1914) (basis of record)
Acanthaspidia iolanthoidea Vasina & Kussakin, 1982 accepted as Iolanthe iolanthoidea (Vasina & Kussakin, 1982) (basis of record)
Acanthaspidia porrecta Menzies & Schultz, 1968 accepted as Iolanthe porrecta (Menzies & Schultz, 1968) (basis of record)
Acanthomunna spinipes (Vanhöffen, 1914) (basis of record)
Acanthoserolis Brandt, 1988 (basis of record)
Acanthoserolis polaris (Richardson, 1911) (basis of record)
Acanthoserolis schythei (Lütken, 1858) (basis of record)
Accalathura gigantissima Kussakin, 1967 (basis of record)
Acutiserolis Brandt, 1988 (basis of record)
Acutiserolis gerlachei (Monod, 1925) (basis of record)
Acutiserolis johnstoni (Hale, 1952) (basis of record)
Acutiserolis spinosa (Kussakin, 1967) (basis of record)
Aega koltuni Kussakin, 1967 accepted as Aegiochus antarctica (Hodgson, 1910) (basis of record)
Aegiochus antarctica (Hodgson, 1910) (basis of record)
Aegiochus glacialis (Tattersall, 1920) (basis of record)
Antarcturus zur Strassen, 1902 (basis of record)
Antarcturus alimus Schultz, 1978 (basis of record)
Antarcturus furcatus (Studer, 1882) (basis of record)
Antarcturus giganteus Brandt, 1990 (basis of record)
Antarcturus glacialis (Beddard, 1886) (basis of record)
Antarcturus hempeli Wägele, 1988 (basis of record)
Antarcturus horridus Tattersall, 1921 (basis of record)
Antarcturus johnstoni Hale, 1946 (basis of record)
Antarcturus nonatoi Pires & Sumida, 1997 (basis of record)
Antarcturus polaris (Hodgson, 1902) (basis of record)
Antarcturus signiensis White, 1979 (basis of record)
Antarcturus spinacoronatus Schultz, 1978 (basis of record)
Antarcturus strasseni Brandt, 1990 (basis of record)
Antarcturus usitatus Schultz, 1978 (basis of record)
Antarcturus weddelli Brandt, 1990 (basis of record)
Antennuloniscus ornatus Menzies, 1962 (basis of record)
Antias Richardson, 1906 accepted as Santia Sivertsen & Holthuis, 1980 (basis of record)
Antias charcoti Richardson, 1906 accepted as Santia charcoti (Richardson, 1906) (basis of record)
Antias mawsoni Hale, 1937 accepted as Santia mawsoni (Hale, 1937) (basis of record)
Anuropus Beddard, 1886 (basis of record)
Anuropus antarcticus Hale, 1952 (basis of record)
Anuropus australis Schultz, 1977 (basis of record)
Astrurus Beddard, 1886 (basis of record)
Astrurus ornatus Vanhöffen, 1914 (basis of record)
Austrofilius furcatus Hodgson, 1910 (basis of record)
Austrofilius serratus Vanhöffen, 1914 (basis of record)
Austroniscus ovalis Vanhöffen, 1914 (basis of record)
Austroniscus rotundatus Vanhöffen, 1914 (basis of record)
Austrosignum Hodgson, 1910 (basis of record)
Austrosignum dubia (Hale, 1937) accepted as Austronanus dubius (Hale, 1937) (basis of record)
Austrosignum glaciale Hodgson, 1910 (basis of record)
Austrosignum incisa (Richardson, 1908) accepted as Cryosignum incisum (Richardson, 1908) (basis of record)
Bathygonium Kussakin & Vasina, 1984 (basis of record)
Bathygonium moskalevi Kussakin & Vasina, 1984 (basis of record)
Betamorpha indentifrons (Menzies, 1962) (basis of record)
Betamorpha megalocephalis Thistle & Hessler, 1977 (basis of record)
Brucerolis bromleyana (Suhm, 1876) (basis of record)
Brucerolis macdonnellae (Menzies, 1962) (basis of record)
Cassidinopsis Hansen, 1905 (basis of record)
Cassidinopsis emarginata (Guérin-Méneville, 1843) (basis of record)
Cassidinopsis maculata (Studer, 1884) (basis of record)
Ceratoserolis Cals, 1977 (basis of record)
Ceratoserolis pasternaki (Kussakin, 1967) (basis of record)
Ceratoserolis trilobitoides (Eights, 1833) (basis of record)
Chaetarcturus adareanus (Hodgson, 1902) (basis of record)
Chaetarcturus bovinus (Brandt & Wägele, 1988) (basis of record)
Chaetarcturus franklini (Hodgson, 1902) (basis of record)
Chaetarcturus longispinosus Brandt, 1990 (basis of record)
Colanthura Richardson, 1902 (basis of record)
Colanthura pingouin Kensley, 1980 accepted as Califanthura pingouin (Kensley, 1980) (basis of record)
Coulmannia Hodgson, 1910 (basis of record)
Coulmannia australis Hodgson, 1910 (basis of record)
Coulmannia frigida Hodgson, 1910 (basis of record)
Cristaserolis Brandt, 1988 (basis of record)
Cristaserolis plana (Dana, 1853) (basis of record)
Cuspidoserolis Brandt, 1988 accepted as Acutiserolis Brandt, 1988 (basis of record)
Cylindrarcturus elongatus Schultz, 1981 (basis of record)
Cymodoce australis Hodgson, 1902 (basis of record)
Cymodocella Pfeffer, 1887 (basis of record)
Cymodocella georgiana Walker, 1901 (basis of record)
Cymodocella tubicauda Pfeffer, 1887 (basis of record)
Desmosoma anversense Schultz, 1979 (basis of record)
Desmosoma australis Nordenstam, 1933 (basis of record)
Desmosoma brevipes Nordenstam, 1933 (basis of record)
Desmosoma hesslera Brandt, 1992 (basis of record)
Desmosoma modestum Nordenstam, 1933 (basis of record)
Desmostylis Brandt, 1992 accepted as Macrostylis G. O. Sars, 1864 (basis of record)
Desmostylis obscurus Brandt, 1992 accepted as Macrostylis obscurus (Brandt, 1992) (basis of record)
Disconectes colemani Brandt, 1992 (basis of record)
Disconectes vanhoeffeni Malyutina, 1997 (basis of record)
Dolichiscus acanthaspidus Schultz, 1981 accepted as Dolichiscus hiemalis (Hodgson, 1910) (basis of record)
Dolichiscus brandtae Pires & Sumida, 1997 (basis of record)
Dolichiscus diana Schultz, 1981 (basis of record)
Dolichiscus ferrazi Pires & Sumida, 1997 (basis of record)
Dolichiscus hiemalis (Hodgson, 1910) (basis of record)
Dolichiscus meridionalis (Hodgson, 1910) (basis of record)
Dolichiscus mirabilis Brandt, 1990 (basis of record)
Dolichiscus profundus Schultz, 1981 (basis of record)
Echinozone magnifica Vanhöffen, 1914 accepted as Notopais magnifica (Vanhöffen, 1914) (basis of record)
Echinozone spinosa Hodgson, 1902 accepted as Notopais spinosa (Hodgson, 1902) (basis of record)
Ectias Richardson, 1906 (additional source)
Ectias turqueti Richardson, 1906 (basis of record)
 Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

 Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

 Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

 Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

 Classification

Considered to belong to the Family Munnopsidae [details]

 Classification

Considered to belong to the Family Munnopsidae [details]

 Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

 Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

 Classification

Considered to belong to the family Munnopsidae [details]

 Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

 Classification

Belongs to the family Arcturidae accoring to RAMS [details]

 Classification

Belongs to family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

 Classification

belongs to familt Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

 Classification

Considered to belong to the Family Munnopsidae [details]

 Classification

Considered to belong to the Family Munnopsidae [details]

 Classification

Belongs to family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

 Spelling

In RAMS spelled as Cymodocea australis [details]

 Spelling

This Genus is also spelled Frontoserolils in RAMS [details]

 Spelling

Jathrippa [details]


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