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HABs taxon details

Prorocentrum leve M.A.Faust, M.W.Vandersea, S.R.Kibler, P.A.Tester & R.W.Litaker, 2008

marine
Faust, M. A.; Vandersea, M. W.; Kibler, S. R.; Tester, P. A.; Litaker, R. W. (2008). Prorocentrum levis, a new benthic species (Dinophyceae) from a mangrove island, Twin Cays, Belize. <em>Journal of Phycology.</em> 44(1): 232-240., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2007.00450.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
Harmful effect Cells of this species from Belize were reported to produce okadaic acid and DTX2 by Faust et al. (2008) in a personal...  
Harmful effect Cells of this species from Belize were reported to produce okadaic acid and DTX2 by Faust et al. (2008) in a personal message from B. Luckas and K. Erler. Subsequent studies on European material have not demonstrated any toxins (Aligizaki et al. 2009, Pistocchi et al. 2012, David et al. 2014), and the original studies therefore need to be confirmed. [details]

Identification Similar species: P. concavum.   
Identification Similar species: P. concavum.  [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2024). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Prorocentrum leve M.A.Faust, M.W.Vandersea, S.R.Kibler, P.A.Tester & R.W.Litaker, 2008. Accessed through: Lundholm, N.; Churro, C.; Escalera, L.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Mertens, K.; Moestrup, Ø.; Murray, S.; Tillmann, U.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards) IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=838517 on 2024-02-23
Lundholm, N.; Churro, C.; Escalera, L.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Mertens, K.; Moestrup, Ø.; Murray, S.; Tillmann, U.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae. Prorocentrum leve M.A.Faust, M.W.Vandersea, S.R.Kibler, P.A.Tester & R.W.Litaker, 2008. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=838517 on 2024-02-23
Date
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2015-03-31 10:06:03Z
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2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
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original description Faust, M. A.; Vandersea, M. W.; Kibler, S. R.; Tester, P. A.; Litaker, R. W. (2008). Prorocentrum levis, a new benthic species (Dinophyceae) from a mangrove island, Twin Cays, Belize. <em>Journal of Phycology.</em> 44(1): 232-240., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2007.00450.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2023). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> searched on YYYY-MM-DD., available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Hoppenrath, M.; Murray, S. A.; Chomérat, N.; Horiguchi, T. (2014). Marine benthic dinoflagellates - unravelling their worldwide biodiversity. <em>Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe.</em> 54: 1-276. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Steidinger, K.A. & Meave del Castillo, M.E. (Eds.). (2018). Guide to the identification of harmful micoalgae in the Gulf of Mexico. <em>St. Petersburg, FL: DiggyPOD, Inc.</em>  [details]   

additional source Hoppenrath, M.; Chomérat, N.; Horiguchi, T.; Schweikert, M.; Nagahama, Y.; Murray, S. (2013). Taxonomy and phylogeny of the benthic Prorocentrum species (Dinophyceae)—A proposal and review. <em>Harmful Algae.</em> 27: 1-28., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hal.2013.03.006 [details]   

additional source Mertens, K. N.; Gu, H.; Pospelova, V.; Chomérat, N.; Nézan, E.; Gurdebeke, P. R.; Bogus, K.; Vrielinck, H.; Rumebe, M.; Meteigner, C. (2017). First record of resting cysts of the benthic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum leve in a natural reservoir in Gujan-Mestras, Gironde, France. <em>Journal of Phycology.</em> 53(6): 1193-1205., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12582 [details]   
From regional or thematic species database
Description Broad oval cells with central pyrenoid (starch ring). Smooth thecal surface with scattered pores becoming more dense towards the margin. Cells can be slightly rugose towards the plate periphery. Plate centre with fewer pores or devoid of pores. Irregular belt of more closely spaced ‘marginal’ pores. The periflagellar area is V-shaped. Seven or eight platelets. The nucleus is located posteriorly. Cells can form chains within a hyaline envelope.
 [details]

Harmful effect Cells of this species from Belize were reported to produce okadaic acid and DTX2 by Faust et al. (2008) in a personal message from B. Luckas and K. Erler. Subsequent studies on European material have not demonstrated any toxins (Aligizaki et al. 2009, Pistocchi et al. 2012, David et al. 2014), and the original studies therefore need to be confirmed. [details]

Identification Similar species: P. concavum.  [details]

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