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HABs taxon details

Prymnesium polylepis (Manton & Parke) Edvardsen, Eikrem & Probert, 2011

670030  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:670030)

accepted
Species
marine
(of Chrysochromulina polylepis Manton & Parke, 1962) Manton I. & Parke M. 1962. Preliminary observations on scales and their mode of origin in <i>Chrysochromulina polylepis</i> sp. nov. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 42: 565-578. [details]   
Type locality contained in North Sea  
type locality contained in North Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Distribution The known distribution is rather patchy: Britain, Northern Europe, the Black Sea, Tasmania and the Southern Ocean.  
Distribution The known distribution is rather patchy: Britain, Northern Europe, the Black Sea, Tasmania and the Southern Ocean. [details]

Harmful effect Serious fishkills took place in Scandinavia in 1988, but the toxic principle has not been determined  
Harmful effect Serious fishkills took place in Scandinavia in 1988, but the toxic principle has not been determined [details]

Identification Although here included in the genus Prymnesium this species differs markedly form other species of Prymnesium,in the list....  
Identification Although here included in the genus Prymnesium this species differs markedly form other species of Prymnesium,in the list. Cells are ovoid-pear shaped and 6-12 micrometer long. The two flagella are 2-3 times cell length and the stiff, uncoiling haptonema is 1-1½ cell length when fully extended. Cells are covered with four types of organic scales, which are species characteristic. For critical identification to species level, the scales need to be examined, using transmission electron microscopy. In preserved samples, scales scales may have been shed, in which case molecular sequencing is required for identification. [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2021). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Prymnesium polylepis (Manton & Parke) Edvardsen, Eikrem & Probert, 2011. Accessed through: Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann-Cardella, R.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards) IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at: http://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=670030 on 2022-05-29
Lundholm, N.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Mertens, K.; Moestrup, Ø.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae. Prymnesium polylepis (Manton & Parke) Edvardsen, Eikrem & Probert, 2011. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=670030 on 2022-05-29
Date
action
by
2012-09-05 09:21:21Z
created
2013-12-12 12:40:11Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

original description  (of Chrysochromulina polylepis Manton & Parke, 1962) Manton I. & Parke M. 1962. Preliminary observations on scales and their mode of origin in <i>Chrysochromulina polylepis</i> sp. nov. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 42: 565-578. [details]   

basis of record Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2022). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> searched on YYYY-MM-DD., available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

ecology source Jones, H. L.; Leadbeater, B. S. C.; Green, J. C. (1993). Mixotrophy in marine species of Chrysochromulina (Prymnesiophyceae): ingestion and digestion of a small green flagellate. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.</em> 73(2), 283-296. [details]   

ecology source Leles, S. G.; Mitra, A.; Flynn, K. J.; Tillmann, U.; Stoecker, D.; Jeong, H. J.; Burkholder, J.; Hansen, P. J.; Caron, D. A.; Glibert, P. M.; Hallegraeff, G.; Raven, J. A.; Sanders, R. W.; Zubkov, M. (2019). Sampling bias misrepresents the biogeographical significance of constitutive mixotrophs across global oceans. <em>Global Ecology and Biogeography.</em> 28(4): 418-428., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12853 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From regional or thematic species database
Distribution The known distribution is rather patchy: Britain, Northern Europe, the Black Sea, Tasmania and the Southern Ocean. [details]

Editor's comment This species, usually known as Chrysochromulina polylepis, has recently been transferred to Prymnesium, based on some molecular data [details]

Harmful effect Serious fishkills took place in Scandinavia in 1988, but the toxic principle has not been determined [details]

Identification Although here included in the genus Prymnesium this species differs markedly form other species of Prymnesium,in the list. Cells are ovoid-pear shaped and 6-12 micrometer long. The two flagella are 2-3 times cell length and the stiff, uncoiling haptonema is 1-1½ cell length when fully extended. Cells are covered with four types of organic scales, which are species characteristic. For critical identification to species level, the scales need to be examined, using transmission electron microscopy. In preserved samples, scales scales may have been shed, in which case molecular sequencing is required for identification. [details]
Chrysochromulina polylepis
 Chrysochromulina po...
[image from synonym]

Chrysochromulina polylepis
 Chrysochromulina po...
[image from synonym]

PlanktonNet Image
PlanktonNet Image
[hosted externally; from synonym]


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